Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
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The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • Benhamou, F. & Thesmar, D. (2011) Valoriser le patrimoine culturel de la France. IN Conseil d’Analyse Économique, Paris, .

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bennett, A. & Rogers, I. (2016) In the scattered fields of memory: unofficial live music venues, intangible heritage, and the recreation of the musical past. IN Space and Culture, . 1–12.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bennett, A. & Rogers, I. (2016) In the scattered fields of memory: unofficial live music venues, intangible heritage, and the recreation of the musical past. IN Space and Culture, . 1–12.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bennett, Andy AND Rogers, Ian
      Journal Space and Culture
      month #mar#
      Pages 1--12
      Title In the scattered fields of memory: unofficial live music venues, intangible heritage, and the recreation of the musical past
      Year 2016
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The live music venue has long been regarded as a space of critical importance in relation to musical experience. Like music artists themselves, venues often come to embody the zeitgeist of a particular genre or era. Liverpool’s Cavern, New York’s CBGB’s, and Brisbane’s Cloudland are but three examples of an ever-growing list of live music venues (closed down, demolished, renamed) achieving iconic status due to a connection with important and galvanizing moments in music history. Significant in this are the ways in which collective memories become textured by particular venues and how memory works to forge strong collective associations between former audiences. Drawing on theoretical frameworks utilized in space and place research and memory studies, this article will investigate the significance of unofficial, unlicensed music venues and the way in which the memory of these particular sites constitute a potent form of intangible cultural heritage in contemporary society.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bergström, L. (2003) How do we preserve knowledge and skills when their practitioners no longer exist? IN Patrimoine de l'industrie= Industrial patrimony, . 23–27.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bergström, L. (2003) How do we preserve knowledge and skills when their practitioners no longer exist? IN Patrimoine de l'industrie= Industrial patrimony, . 23–27.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bergström, Lars
      ISSN 1296-7750
      Journal Patrimoine de l'industrie= Industrial patrimony
      Language English
      Number 9
      Pages 23--27
      Title How do we preserve knowledge and skills when their practitioners no longer exist?
      Year 2003
    • Themes:

      Few practitioners, Loss of knowledge

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Berliner, D. & Bortolotto, C. (2013) Introduction. Le monde selon l’Unesco. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 4–21.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Berliner, D. & Bortolotto, C. (2013) Introduction. Le monde selon l’Unesco. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 4–21.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Berliner, David AND Bortolotto, Chiara
      ISSN 0764-8928
      Journal Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts
      Language French
      month #dec#
      Number 18
      Pages 4--21
      Title Introduction. Le monde selon l’Unesco
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      Historiquement, l’Unesco (l’Organisation des Nations unies pour la l’éducation, la science et la culture) a entretenu des relations étroites avec l’ethnologie. En 2005, dans son allocution à l’occasion des soixante ans de l’institution, Claude Lévi-Strauss, dont l’essai Race et histoire fut publié par l’Unesco en 1952, s’interrogeait d’ailleurs « sur les raisons profondes pour lesquelles un ethnologue comme lui pouvait se sentir, dans des domaines en apparence très divers, de connivence avec ...

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 1972 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://gradhiva.revues.org/2696 (2013-11-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bernier, I. (2003) A UNESCO International Convention on Cultural Diversity. IN Ministry of Culture and Communications, the Government of Québec. Available at: http://www. mcc. gouv. qc. ca/diversite-culturelle/eng/pdf/update0303. pdf (accessed 10 July 2006), .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bernier, I. (2003) A UNESCO International Convention on Cultural Diversity. IN Ministry of Culture and Communications, the Government of Québec. Available at: http://www. mcc. gouv. qc. ca/diversite-culturelle/eng/pdf/update0303. pdf (accessed 10 July 2006), .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bernier, Ivan
      Journal Ministry of Culture and Communications, the Government of Québec. Available at: http://www. mcc. gouv. qc. ca/diversite-culturelle/eng/pdf/update0303. pdf (accessed 10 July 2006)
      Language English
      Title A UNESCO International Convention on Cultural Diversity
      Year 2003
    • Themes:

      2005 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://www.unescodec.chaire.ulaval.ca/sites/unescodec.chaire.ulaval.ca/files/update0303.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bertoldi, M. (2014) Saberes Tradicionais como Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial Dinamizador do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. IN Novos Estudos Jurídicos, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bertoldi, M. (2014) Saberes Tradicionais como Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial Dinamizador do Desenvolvimento Sustentável. IN Novos Estudos Jurídicos, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bertoldi, Márcia
      Title Saberes Tradicionais como Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial Dinamizador do Desenvolvimento Sustentável
      Journal Novos Estudos Jurídicos
      Year 2014
      Language Portuguese
    • Abstract:

      O presente ensaio analisa a proteção dos conheci-mentos tradicionais das comunidades indígenas e locais, associados ao uso da biodiversidade, a partir de um marco teórico jurídico, apresentando e discutindo alguns possíveis instrumentos para o resguardo desses saberes tradicionais, não raras vezes ancestrais, transmitidos oralmente de geração em geração e que constituem um patrimônio cultural imaterial capaz de instrumentalizar o desenvolvimento sustentável.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Minority groups, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://siaiap32.univali.br/seer/index.php/nej/article/view/6018

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bertoli, C. (2011) Le Regioni e il patrimonio culturale nel diritto internazionale, europeo e nazionale. Casi di studio e comparazione tra Italia, Francia e Spagna. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bertoli, C. (2011) Le Regioni e il patrimonio culturale nel diritto internazionale, europeo e nazionale. Casi di studio e comparazione tra Italia, Francia e Spagna. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bertoli, Candida
      Language Italian
      Title Le Regioni e il patrimonio culturale nel diritto internazionale, europeo e nazionale. Casi di studio e comparazione tra Italia, Francia e Spagna
      Year 2011
      The University of Pavia
    • Abstract:

      Study of the legal system and the role of different actors, with particular attention to the regions, in the field of law of the architectural heritage, at international, EU and national and moments of comparison between the Italian system, the French and Spanish. The work is divided into three parts: the first is dedicated to the research of the historical roots of the discipline, its evolution over time, of possible new regional spaces in different levels considered. In the second one we examine three recent cases of conflict between Unesco and the national and local governments, in order to illustrate the powers and mutual intervention possibilities. They analyze three events that have had as a center of interest in certain assets registered list of cultural heritage and natural World. For the case studies were chosen three countries (Italy, France and Spain) whose regions have skills and fields of action quantitatively and qualitatively different. In particular, the regions studied are Sicily (Autonomous Region with legislative and administrative powers large), the Aquitaine Region (without legislative powers) and the Autonomous Community of Catalonia (with almost absolute powers). In the third part of the study moves to the analysis of the relevant public policies and some national and regional economic data and ends whereas the cultural heritage, enclosing itself is the universal breath aspects and elements that contribute to the full maturity of individual values, It involves the intervention of all the institutions, at every level. The Company seeks to achieve the increasingly pronounced multiculturalism postulates the presence of multiple centers of power, which move in an integrated manner, ensuring participatory levels of each level of government. Only in this way you will get the protection of the patrimony of the whole Company, formed by multiple cultural instances. Observe the different cultures in a company, ensure the values ​​and symbols, become an instrument of peace and democracy in which the role of the regions is essential to ensure the growth and evolution of the Community and taking charge of elements that contribute to the realization of an open and harmonious society.

    • Themes:

      Policy making

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Spain

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bertrand, W. (2010) Haïti : patrimoine culturel menacé et nouvelles opportunités. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 62. 35–40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bertrand, W. (2010) Haïti : patrimoine culturel menacé et nouvelles opportunités. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 62. 35–40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bertrand, Wilfrid
      Journal Museum International (édition francaise)
      Language French,English
      Number 4
      Pages 35--40
      Title Haïti : patrimoine culturel menacé et nouvelles opportunités
      Volume 62
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Inventorying, Policy making, Natural disasters

    • Country:

      Haiti

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000211860_fre

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bhattacharya, A. 2011. Developing Sustainable Tourism Destinations Offering Authentic Folk Experience. Paper read at The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bhattacharya, A. 2011. Developing Sustainable Tourism Destinations Offering Authentic Folk Experience. Paper read at The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bhattacharya, Ananya
      Title Developing Sustainable Tourism Destinations Offering Authentic Folk Experience
      Book title The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium
      Year 2011
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In 2004 banglanatak dot com initiated an experimental “Art for Livelihood” project, targeting 3200 folk artists (Patachitra - singing stories painted on scrolls, Baul Fakiri – Sufi music of Bengal, Jhumur – tribal lifestyle music and dance, Chau – tribal masked dance with martial art imbibed, Gambhira and Domni – folk theatre forms) in six economically backward districts of West Bengal. The project primarily aims at enhancing the livelihood basis of the artists while providing a new positive identity to their localities as creative hub, rather than that of impoverished rural villages. The emergence of such new rural creative hubs is in turn gradually leading to the development of new tourism destinations to bring additional income opportunities to the so-far economically marginalized areas. The paper presents innovative strategies for developing villages as heritage tourism destinations. Village of Pingla with 52 Patachitra painter families is attracting regular visitors. Yet, the village is deprived of any major historical sites of interest. Santhal communities in Tunta, not only present folk songs, dance and craft, but also take the visitors to neighbouring 6th century terracotta temples. Result is safeguarding of heritage by community themselves. Much of existing heritage tourism is largely centered on the promotion of historical monuments and sites or static imaginaries commoditizing local cultural traditions. Such tourism models have not necessarily brought expected benefit to the local population. Heritage tourism initiatives have often failed to invest in the capacity building of local human components, especially the poor segment of society. This has led to classical situation where local heritage resources are being exploited by outside business ventures leaving local communities as mere low-end tourism sector ‘labour’. The paper shares successful approaches for placing traditional artistic skill of local population as prime mover of income generation and development of sustainable community led tourism.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Economic and social development, Tourism, Performing arts, Traditional craftsmanship, SDG 1: No Poverty, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Indigenous peoples

    • Country:

      India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Chhau dance

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-17)

    • Public URL:

      http://openarchive.icomos.org/1277/1/III-3-Article6_Bhattacharya.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bialogorski, M. & Fischman, F. (2002) Una aproximación crítica a la dicotomía tangible/intangible en el abordaje del patrimonio cultural desde las nuevas perspectivas del folklore. IN Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, . 233–240.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bialogorski, M. & Fischman, F. (2002) Una aproximación crítica a la dicotomía tangible/intangible en el abordaje del patrimonio cultural desde las nuevas perspectivas del folklore. IN Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, . 233–240.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bialogorski, Mirta and Fischman, Fernando
      ISSN 1668-8104
      Journal Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy
      Language Spanish
      month #may#
      Number 18
      Pages 233--240
      Title Una aproximación crítica a la dicotomía tangible/intangible en el abordaje del patrimonio cultural desde las nuevas perspectivas del folklore
      Year 2002
    • Abstract:

      Este trabajo presenta un paralelo entre los abordajes actuales de la problemática del patrimonio cultural y los históricamente desarrollados en el campo del Folklore. A partir de un concepto desarrollado por las denominadas Nuevas Perspectivas del Folklore -la noción de actuación (performance)- se sugiere una posibilidad para superar la dicotomía tangible/intangible vigente en gran parte de la literatura sobre el patrimono cultural. Asimismo se postula una herramienta metodológica para el registro, documentación y análisis de expresiones culturales potencialmente patrimonializables.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?pid=S1668-81042002000100016&script=sci_arttext

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bianchi, R. (2005) Patrimonio inmaterial y urbanismo cosmopolita en el mediterráneo : una visión crítica desde el proyecto 'Mediterranean Voices'. IN Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, Sevilla, Consejería de Cultura, . 84–97.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bianchi, R. (2005) Patrimonio inmaterial y urbanismo cosmopolita en el mediterráneo : una visión crítica desde el proyecto 'Mediterranean Voices'. IN Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, Sevilla, Consejería de Cultura, . 84–97.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bianchi, Raúl
      Editor(s) Carreta, Gema and Dietz, Gunther
      Journal Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, Sevilla, Consejería de Cultura
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Pages 84--97
      Series Cuadernos {IAHP}
      Title Patrimonio inmaterial y urbanismo cosmopolita en el mediterráneo : una visión crítica desde el proyecto 'Mediterranean Voices'
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Cities

    • Country:

      Spain

    • Public URL:

      http://www.iaph.es/serviciosIAPH/cuadernos/527/Raoul%20Bianchi.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bille, M. (2012) Assembling Heritage: Investigating the UNESCO Proclamation of Bedouin Intangible Heritage in Jordan. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies 18 (2), . 107–123.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bille, M. (2012) Assembling Heritage: Investigating the UNESCO Proclamation of Bedouin Intangible Heritage in Jordan. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies 18 (2), . 107–123.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bille, Mikkel
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies 18 (2)
      Language English
      Pages 107--123
      Title Assembling Heritage: Investigating the UNESCO Proclamation of Bedouin Intangible Heritage in Jordan
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      This paper examines the process of incorporating the Bedouin of Petra and Wadi Rum in Jordan on UNESCO’s list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2005. The author focuses on the Bedouin tribes around Petra, who were resettled in villages when UNESCO proclaimed the area part of the tangible heritage of humanity in 1985. Heritage is approached as a ‘process of assembling’ that emerges from the interactions of social entities operating on a smaller scale. By focusing on these entities’ various discourses about Bedouin heritage that are included in the reports and applications to UNESCO, it is argued that through the process of proclaiming intangible heritage, cultural categories are formulated so as to fit into contemporary imaginations, longings and settlement policies. Investigating the process of heritage inscription reveals the multiple, and at times contradictory, discourses that undergird the production of particular images of Bedouin culture through heritage institutions that interlock, rather than harmonise, them.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, Oral traditions and expressions

    • Country:

      Jordan

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bing'an, W. (2007) Some Theoretical and Practical Problems on the Identification of Intangible Culture Heritage. IN Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bing'an, W. (2007) Some Theoretical and Practical Problems on the Identification of Intangible Culture Heritage. IN Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bing'an, Wu
      Journal Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title Some Theoretical and Practical Problems on the Identification of Intangible Culture Heritage
      Volume 1
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bitauld, E. 2006. Comparaison des systèmes nationaux de trésors humains vivants de la Corée, de la Thaïlande, des Philippines, de la République tchèque et de la France, en vue de l’évolution du système français en fonction des objectifs de la convention sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bitauld, E. 2006. Comparaison des systèmes nationaux de trésors humains vivants de la Corée, de la Thaïlande, des Philippines, de la République tchèque et de la France, en vue de l’évolution du système français en fonction des objectifs de la convention sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bitauld, Emilie
      Language French
      Title Comparaison des systèmes nationaux de trésors humains vivants de la Corée, de la Thaïlande, des Philippines, de la République tchèque et de la France, en vue de l’évolution du système français en fonction des objectifs de la convention sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Résumé de la communication présentée le 16 juin 2006, à la Réunion des conseillers à l’ethnologie et des ethnologues régionaux, Mission à l’ethnologie (Dapa, Ministère de la culture).

    • Themes:

      Living Human Treasure

    • Country:

      Czechia, France, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blackledge, A., Creese, A., Baraç, T., Bhatt, A., Hamid, S., Wei, L., Lytra, V., Martin, P., Wu, C. & Ya?cio?lu, D. (2008) Contesting ‘language’as ‘heritage’: Negotiation of identities in late modernity. IN Applied Linguistics, 29. 533–554.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blackledge, A., Creese, A., Baraç, T., Bhatt, A., Hamid, S., Wei, L., Lytra, V., Martin, P., Wu, C. & Ya?cio?lu, D. (2008) Contesting ‘language’as ‘heritage’: Negotiation of identities in late modernity. IN Applied Linguistics, 29. 533–554.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blackledge, Adrian AND Creese, Angela AND Baraç, Taskin AND Bhatt, Arvind AND Hamid, Shahela AND Wei, Li AND Lytra, Vally AND Martin, Peter AND Wu, Chao-jung AND Ya?cio?lu, Dilek
      ISSN 0142-6001
      Journal Applied Linguistics
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 533--554
      Title Contesting ‘language’as ‘heritage’: Negotiation of identities in late modernity
      Volume 29
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      In this paper we question key terms which appear frequently in discussions of language teaching and learning: ‘language’ and ‘heritage’. The paper draws on empirical data from one of four linked case studies in a larger project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), ‘Investigating Multilingualism in Complementary Schools in Four Communities’ (RES-000-23-1180). In our analysis we argue that the relationships between ‘language’ and ‘heritage’, far from being straightforward, are complex in the way they play out in classroom interactions. The data raise a number of questions in our attempts to understand how the linguistic practices of students and teachers in Bengali schools are used to negotiate young people's multilingual and multicultural identities. First, participants articulate attitudes and values which raise questions about what constitutes ‘language’. Second, participants express views and attitudes, and perform interactional practices, which raise questions about what constitutes ‘heritage’. Our analysis finds that multilingual young people in complementary school classrooms use linguistic resources in sophisticated and creative ways to negotiate subject positions which appear to contest and subvert schools’ attempts to impose upon them ‘heritage’ identities

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Languages

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2000) On Defining the Cultural Heritage. IN The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 49. 61–85.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2000) On Defining the Cultural Heritage. IN The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 49. 61–85.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      ISSN 00205893
      Journal The International and Comparative Law Quarterly
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan., 2000 / Copyright © 2000 Cambridge University Press
      Number 1
      Pages 61--85
      Title On Defining the Cultural Heritage
      Volume 49
      Year 2000
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Heritage institutions

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/761578

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2001) Developing a new standard-setting instrument for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage: Elements for consideration UNESCO Paris.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2001) Developing a new standard-setting instrument for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage: Elements for consideration UNESCO Paris.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Language English,French
      Publisher UNESCO Paris
      Title Developing a new standard-setting instrument for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage: Elements for consideration
      Year 2001
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Policy making, 1972 Convention, Convention on Biological Diversity, WIPO

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000123744

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2006) Commentary on the UNESCO 2003 Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Leicester, UK: Institute of Art and Law (ISBN 1-903987-09-1), .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2006) Commentary on the UNESCO 2003 Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Leicester, UK: Institute of Art and Law (ISBN 1-903987-09-1), .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Journal Leicester, UK: Institute of Art and Law (ISBN 1-903987-09-1)
      Language English
      Title Commentary on the UNESCO 2003 Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000151627

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2007) Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage: challenges and approaches; a collection of essays Leicester, UK, Institute of Art and Law.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2007) Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage: challenges and approaches; a collection of essays Leicester, UK, Institute of Art and Law.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Leicester, UK
      Author Blake, Janet
      Language English,French
      Publisher Institute of Art and Law
      Title Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage: challenges and approaches; a collection of essays
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000161244

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2008) “Standard-Setting Instruments Promoting Multilingualism”: Launch of the United Nations International Year of Mother Languages—UNESCO, Paris, February 21, 2008. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 15. 433–436.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2008) “Standard-Setting Instruments Promoting Multilingualism”: Launch of the United Nations International Year of Mother Languages—UNESCO, Paris, February 21, 2008. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 15. 433–436.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      ISSN 1465-7317
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 04
      Pages 433--436
      Title “Standard-Setting Instruments Promoting Multilingualism”: Launch of the United Nations International Year of Mother Languages—UNESCO, Paris, February 21, 2008
      Volume 15
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      UNESCO launched the United Nations (UN) International Year of Languages on February 21, 2008, International Mother Language Day, with an information workshop entitled “Standard-setting Instruments Promoting Multilingualism.” UNESCO is the lead agency for carrying out activities related to the international year in view of its extensive work in the area of promoting multilingualism (in education and cyberspace, for example), safeguarding endangered languages, and supporting indigenous languages linked with traditional ecological knowledge and environmental sustainability. The international year is accompanied by the slogan “languages matter!” and this reflects the wider context within which it and its related activities have been conceived.

    • Themes:

      Languages

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2008) Le cadre juridique international de la sauvegarde et de la promotion des langues. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 60. 14–27.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2008) Le cadre juridique international de la sauvegarde et de la promotion des langues. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 60. 14–27.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Journal Museum International (édition francaise)
      Language French
      Number 3
      Pages 14--27
      Title Le cadre juridique international de la sauvegarde et de la promotion des langues
      Volume 60
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Languages, Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2011) Taking a Human Rights Approach to Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management, 4. 199–238.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2011) Taking a Human Rights Approach to Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management, 4. 199–238.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      ISSN 2159-032X
      Journal Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 199--238
      Title Taking a Human Rights Approach to Cultural Heritage Protection
      Volume 4
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The linkage between human rights and cultural heritage law is of great importance, but it has not been sufficiently examined in the literature, particularly by human rights specialists. There are obviously several elements and characteristics of cultural heritage that have strong human rights dimensions (negative as well as positive), in particular its role in cultural identity formation and affirmation, its relationship to the tricky notion of cultural diversity, the problem of cultural traditions or practices that contravene human rights standards, and the potential of heritage to exclude and serve as the vehicle for expressing social and political tensions. It is essential to understand some fundamental characteristics of human rights as well as certain theoretical challenges that cultural heritage evokes, such as relativist positions and claims for collective rights. Cultural rights, although important, are not the sole human rights applicable to the protection of cultural heritage, and we need to judge the content and performance of existing international cultural heritage instruments against all the relevant human rights. Although recent cultural heritage law-making has responded increasingly to human rights requirements, its soft law character and the strong reservation of State sovereignty are limiting factors; hence, human rights can directly influence cultural heritage protection if well understood and applied.

    • Themes:

      Human rights, Cultural identity

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1179/hso.2011.4.2.199?needAccess=true

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2014) Seven Years of Implementing UNESCO’s 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention—Honeymoon Period or the “Seven-Year Itch”? IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 21. 291–304.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2014) Seven Years of Implementing UNESCO’s 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention—Honeymoon Period or the “Seven-Year Itch”? IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 21. 291–304.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Title Seven Years of Implementing UNESCO’s 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention—Honeymoon Period or the “Seven-Year Itch”?
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Year 2014
      Volume 21
      Pages 291 - 304
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This article aims to examine how far our experience of implementing UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Convention, which was adopted in 2003 and entered into force in April 2006, over the last seven years has transformed our understanding of intangible cultural heritage and of its safeguarding. There have been, of course, both positive and negative impacts thus far as well as both unexpected and, thus far, unknown outcomes. The Convention broke new ground, introducing new terminology and new definitions of existing terms and requiring a reexamination of some approaches to international and national law making and policymaking. When considering the impact of the 2003 Convention internationally, we need to look, inter alia, at its impact on international policymaking (including cultural policy, the sustainable development agenda and indigenous rights), related developments in other areas of international law (including human rights and environmental law), and the way in which states treat shared heritage that crosses international frontiers. On the national level, we should consider how the Convention may have contributed to creating a new paradigm for identifying and safeguarding intangible cultural heritage (ICH), shifting the focus of significance, redefining the role of non-state actors vis-à-vis state authorities in this process and, even, moving the idea of national heritage away from a purely state-driven concept.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, International cooperation, Inventorying, Legislation, Policy making, Economic and social development, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-19)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1017/S0940739114000113

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2015) Human Rights Dimensions of Gender and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Human Rights Defender, 24. 5–7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2015) Human Rights Dimensions of Gender and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Human Rights Defender, 24. 5–7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      ISSN 1039-2637
      Journal Human Rights Defender
      Language English
      month #jul#
      Number 2
      Pages 5--7
      Title Human Rights Dimensions of Gender and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 24
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      The gender dynamics of cultural heritage have, until recently, been seriously overlooked and have certainly not featured greatly in discussions about protecting cultural heritage under international law. The multiple ways in which gender and cultural heritage interact are extremely complicated and often raise highly sensitive issues, including a number of important human rights-related ones. These are especially those connected with traditional cultural practices that appear to discriminate against subordinate gender groups, most frequently women and girls. In this article, the potential of the gendered aspects of cultural heritage to be both damaging to the human rights of, and a source of strength for, different gender-defined groups is explored and the need to take a nuanced approach to this question is shown. Although material aspects of heritage also exhibit important gendered aspects, for example the customary rules governing access by different gender groups to sacred sites or the gender-based differentiation in the production and/or use of artefacts, I focus my discussion here on intangible cultural heritage (ICH) for two reasons: first, it is in relation to ICH (traditional practices, performances, knowledge etc. and the associated material elements) that specific gender-based roles are most obvious; and, second, the human rights-related issues are generally clearer in the case of ICH.

    • Themes:

      Gender issues, Human rights

    • Public URL:

      http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=376837341141568;res=IELHSS

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2018) Museums and Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage – Facilitating Participation and Strengthening their Function in Society. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 13. 18–32.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2018) Museums and Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage – Facilitating Participation and Strengthening their Function in Society. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 13. 18–32.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake , Janet
      Title Museums and Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage – Facilitating Participation and Strengthening their Function in Society
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Year 2018
      Volume 13
      Pages 18-32
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The duality of the nature of heritage - celebrated at the same time for its universal value and for its special meaning and its significance for local and bearer communities - represents a challenge for its safeguarding and its presentation by museums. Heritage as a universal, global value has been the predominant approach in international cultural policy-setting since the second half of the twentieth century, but its significance to local and bearer communities is now increasingly well understood. This duality has been particularly challenging with regard to implementing UNESCO’s International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003). With the adoption of this treaty, the policy - and law-making - paradigm has shifted from valuing monuments, sites, artefacts and other objects, to safeguarding a living heritage that is primarily located in the skills, knowledge and know-how of contemporary human beings. With regard to the role of museums in safeguarding intangible cultural heritage (ICH), a document of great significance is the Recommendation concerning the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and their Role in Society adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 2015. This is an innovative document that recognises not only the great importance of the preservation, study and transmission of cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, for all societies, social cohesion and sustainable development, but also the central role that can be played by museums in helping to achieve this. Recently, the potential of cultural heritage has increasingly been acknowledged in international policy - and law-making - as a social, cultural and, at times, economic resource for communities, in particular the intangible heritage. Moreover, international law has now called for a greater democratisation of the heritage protection paradigm, in particular through community participation in its identification, safeguarding and management. This article examines the aforementioned shift from an emphasis on global to local heritage and the role museums can play in this with regard to safeguarding intangible aspects of heritage.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Museums, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5a84/d92529949d7e360139edf43c090566fcd441.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. (2019) Engaging “Communities, Groups and Individuals” in the International Mechanisms of the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 26. 113–137.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. (2019) Engaging “Communities, Groups and Individuals” in the International Mechanisms of the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 26. 113–137.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Title Engaging “Communities, Groups and Individuals” in the International Mechanisms of the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Year 2019
      Volume 26
      Number 2
      Pages 113-137
      month May
      ISSN 09407391
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The aim of this article is to examine how the requirement in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICHC) to ensure the effective involvement of local communities, groups, and individuals (as well as experts, centers of expertise, and research institutions) in the implementation of the Convention can be put into better effect in its international operation. Although examples exist of international treaties that involve non-governmental and other civil society bodies in their implementation at the international level, mostly with regard to Indigenous peoples, the mechanisms for such involvement are still underdeveloped and not wholly satisfactory. Since it has proved difficult to put community participation at the intergovernmental level into practice within the framework of the ICHC, the author seeks to identify approaches that can be usefully employed in the treaty—in particular, by considering participatory models found in other international treaty frameworks in the heritage and environmental protection law fields.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, 1972 Convention, Other international framework, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, Nongovernmental organizations

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-cultural-property/article/engaging-communities-groups-and-individuals-in-the-international-mechanisms-of-the-2003-intangible-heritage-convention/E406419205CB20132D95907B799FA057

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. 2008. UNESCO’s 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. 2008. UNESCO’s 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Language English
      Pages 45-73
      Title UNESCO’s 2003 Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This volume examines the implications and consequences of the idea of ‘intangible heritage’ to current international academic and policy debates about the meaning and nature of cultural heritage and the management processes developed to protect it. It provides an accessible account of the different ways in which intangible cultural heritage has been defined and managed in both national and international contexts, and aims to facilitate international debate about the meaning, nature and value of not only intangible cultural heritage, but heritage more generally. Intangible Heritage fills a significant gap in the heritage literature available and represents a significant cross section of ideas and practices associated with intangible cultural heritage. The authors brought together for this volume represent some of the key academics and practitioners working in the area, and discuss research and practices from a range of countries, including: Zimbabwe, Morocco, South Africa, Japan, Australia, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, USA, Brazil and Indonesia, and bring together a range of areas of expertise which include anthropology, law, heritage studies, archaeology, museum studies, folklore, architecture, Indigenous studies and history.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Heritage institutions, Policy making

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blake, J. 2016. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the urban environment: Some experiences gained from implementing UNESCO’s 2003 convention.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blake, J. 2016. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the urban environment: Some experiences gained from implementing UNESCO’s 2003 convention.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Blake, Janet
      Title Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the urban environment: Some experiences gained from implementing UNESCO’s 2003 convention
      Book title Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability: International frameworks, national and local governance
      Year 2016
      Editor(s) Sophia Labadi and William Logan
      Pages 114 - 134
      Publisher Routledge
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The question of urban heritage or heritage within urban spaces has, of course, been well considered over many years with regard, particularly, to the urban fabric of historic towns and cities and World Heritage Sites that are located in urban contexts (Worthing and Bond 2008; Bandarin and van Oers 2012). However, the question of how ‘living’ cultural heritage traditions and practices and their associated know-how and material elements are affected by being introduced into an urban context, and, even, how they may themselves impact upon the social and physical fabric of the urban setting, is less well considered

    • Themes:

      Gender issues, Rural-urban migration, Urban development, SDG 5: Gender Equality, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-22)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Blomac, N. D. & Roche, D. (2004) Voyer d'Argenson et le cheval des Lumières Paris, Belin.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Blomac, N. D. & Roche, D. (2004) Voyer d'Argenson et le cheval des Lumières Paris, Belin.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Blomac, Nicole De AND Roche, Daniel
      ISBN 2-7011-3454-4
      Language French
      Publisher Belin
      Series Histoire et société (Paris), ISSN 1243-003X
      Title Voyer d'Argenson et le cheval des Lumières
      Year 2004
    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Equitation in the French tradition

    • Public URL:

      https://www.cairn.info/revue-d-histoire-moderne-et-contemporaine-2008-4-page-200.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bondaz, J., Graezer Bideau, F., Isnart, C. & Leblon, A. (2014) Les vocabulaires locaux du “patrimoine”.  Traductions, négociations et transformations Lit Verlag.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bondaz, J., Graezer Bideau, F., Isnart, C. & Leblon, A. (2014) Les vocabulaires locaux du “patrimoine”.  Traductions, négociations et transformations Lit Verlag.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bondaz, Julien AND Graezer Bideau, Florence AND Isnart, Cyril AND Leblon, Anaïs
      Edition Etudes d’anthropologie sociale de l’Université de Fribourg
      Language French
      Publisher Lit Verlag
      Title Les vocabulaires locaux du “patrimoine”.  Traductions, négociations et transformations
      Year 2014
    • Themes:

      Languages

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/gradhiva/3114

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bonnemaison, J., Cambrézy, L. & Quinty-Bourgeois, L. (Eds.), (1996) Géographie et cultures n°20 : Le territoire Editions L'Harmattan.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bonnemaison, J., Cambrézy, L. & Quinty-Bourgeois, L. (Eds.), (1996) Géographie et cultures n°20 : Le territoire Editions L'Harmattan.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Bonnemaison, Joël and Cambrézy, Luc and Quinty-Bourgeois, Laurence
      ISBN 978-2-296-33192-1
      Language French
      month #dec#
      Number 20
      Publisher Editions L'Harmattan
      Series Géographie et Culture
      Title Géographie et cultures n°20 : Le territoire
      Year 1996
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/etudesafricaines/39

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Borel, S. (2002) Étude cinématique du cheval de voltige au galop sur le cercle. PhD Thesis[S.l.],

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Borel, S. (2002) Étude cinématique du cheval de voltige au galop sur le cercle. PhD Thesis[S.l.],

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address [S.l.]
      Author Borel, Stéphanie
      Audigie, Fabrice
      Language French
      École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort
      Title Étude cinématique du cheval de voltige au galop sur le cercle
      type Thèse de doctorat
      Year 2002
    • Abstract:

      L'entraîneur de l'Equipe de France de Voltige avait besoin d'une étude cinématique des mouvements du cheval dans cette discipline pour mieux les comprendre. Par ailleurs, aucune étude n'avait été réalisée sur le cheval au galop sur le cercle. Ainsi, neuf chevaux de l'Equipe de France de Voltige ont été filmés dans leur condition habituelle de travail, à l'aide de deux caméscopes placés autour d'une piste. Des marqueurs ont été placés sur la peau de chaque cheval en regard de repères anatomiques déterminés. Grâce à un logiciel particulier, les enregistrements 2D obtenus sur cinq passages ont été dépouillés et les mouvements 3D ont été reconstruits. Ainsi, le mouvement global du cheval au galop sur le cercle a pu être observé, et pour chaque animal, sa vitesse, les mouvements pendulaires de ses membres, les mouvements de sa tête et de son encolure et ceux du tronc ont pu être analysés. La précision des mesures a été vérifiée et est satisfaisante. L'étude montre que certains chevaux engagent plus leur postérieur externe que d'autres, certains génèrent une amplitude plus grande dans leurs mouvements de balancier. Mais seuls les mouvements du côté droit de l'animal ont été analysés et ce sans le voltigeur. Toutefois, cette étude a participé à l'élaboration de critères de jugement du cheval de voltige en compétition.

    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Equitation in the French tradition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Borges, L. C. & Botelho, M. B. (2008) Cosmology: an Intangible Heritage Exhibition and Educational Programme at the Museum of Astronomy, Rio de Janeiro. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 3. 56–70.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Borges, L. C. & Botelho, M. B. (2008) Cosmology: an Intangible Heritage Exhibition and Educational Programme at the Museum of Astronomy, Rio de Janeiro. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 3. 56–70.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Borges, Luiz Carlos AND Botelho, Marilia Braz
      ISSN 1975-3586
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 56--70
      Title Cosmology: an Intangible Heritage Exhibition and Educational Programme at the Museum of Astronomy, Rio de Janeiro
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      The intangible heritage is not easy to present in a museum exhibition, and this is perhaps especially so in the case of what the 2003 UNESCO Intangible Heritage Convention terms 'knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe'. The Brazilian Federal Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences (MAST), Rio de Janeiro, initiated an exhibition and educational programme on this theme for International Museums Week in 2004, focusing particularly on four very different cosmologies (i.e. narratives that attempt to explain the origin of the Universe): the Biblical story in Genesis, the contemporary scientific 'Big Bang' theory, and the creation stories of two Brazilian indigenous populations: the Tukano people of the Amazon Region, and the Guarani of southern Brazil and some neighbouring countries. The event, called Myths of Origin - man and his comprehension of the Universe and of the planet on which he lives, consisted of a conceptual, sensory and educational experience whose principal objective was to challenge preconceptions while questioning also the visitors' perceptions which arise from an educational system where many of these ideas are taught as absolute truths. Following Paulo Freire's theory of learning and a non-restrictive understanding of the sciences, we chose to present the four different narratives on an equal basis and invited the visitor to explore these without preconceptions. The underlying objective was to establish a dialogue among these diverse discourses about the cosmos, which we hoped would encourage visitors to take a critical view of the sciences and the way they are interpreted in museums.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Museums, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

    • Country:

      Brazil

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2007) From Objects to Processes : Unesco's Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 21–33.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2007) From Objects to Processes : Unesco's Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 21–33.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      ISSN 09547169
      Journal Journal of Museum Ethnography
      Language English
      month #mar#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: 'Feeling the Vibes: Dealing with Intangible Heritage': Papers from the Annual Conference of the Museum Ethnographers Group Held at Birmingham Museum /& Art Gallery, 18–19 May 2006 / Full publication date: March 2007 / Copyright © 2007 Museum Ethnographers Group
      Number 19
      Pages 21--33
      Title From Objects to Processes : Unesco's Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/40793837

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2007) From the ‘monumental’ to the ‘living’ heritage: a shift in perspective. IN World Heritage: global challenges, local solutions, Proceedings of the conference at Ironbridge, . 39–45.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2007) From the ‘monumental’ to the ‘living’ heritage: a shift in perspective. IN World Heritage: global challenges, local solutions, Proceedings of the conference at Ironbridge, . 39–45.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Journal World Heritage: global challenges, local solutions, Proceedings of the conference at Ironbridge
      Language English
      Pages 39--45
      Series British {Archaeological} {Reports} {International} {Series}, {Archeopress}
      Title From the ‘monumental’ to the ‘living’ heritage: a shift in perspective
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      After the adoption of the 1972 Convention the meaning and definition of Cultural Heritage went through adjustment and reconsideration which brought to a widening of the idea of cultural heritage. Cultural landscapes and industrial archaeology are just some examples. From the end of the nineties long-claimed requests for the recognition of the importance of ethnological heritage got stronger thanks to the increasing worries for cultural homogenisation as a consequence of the globalisation process. This process of renewal culminated in the adoption of the Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage in October 2003 and the proposal of a deep renewal in the understanding and approach to heritage as a whole. This new perspective conceives heritage as a wider cultural whole and not only extends the World Heritage ‘brand’ to intangible cultural expressions but widens and redefines the previous meaning and definition of Cultural Heritage. Intangible features are more and more underlined and considered as decisive in the evaluation process of World Heritage sites focusing now on processes (social, biological or cultural) embodied in the sites. The distinction between tangible and intangible, a reflection of an administrative category, demonstrates therefore its artificial nature. Heritage is thus conceived not only as a consecrated masterpiece of the past to be venerated and preserved but as a symbolic and living space to be appropriated by local communities, the mirror of a collective and active memory. The idea of turning living cultures into heritage is however not free from contradictions. The paper shows, in an analytical perspective, the influence of the notion of intangible heritage, its theoretical contradictions and the new challenge facing cultural policies makers.

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2008) Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l'UNESCO: analisi e prospettive Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2008) Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l'UNESCO: analisi e prospettive Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      ISBN 88-240-1146-2
      Language Italian
      Publisher Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato
      Title Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l'UNESCO: analisi e prospettive
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2008) Il proceso di definizione del concetto di ‘patrimonio culturale immateriale’. Elementi per una riflessione. IN Chiara Bortolotto (a cura di), Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l’Unesco: analisi e prospettive, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma, . 7–48.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2008) Il proceso di definizione del concetto di ‘patrimonio culturale immateriale’. Elementi per una riflessione. IN Chiara Bortolotto (a cura di), Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l’Unesco: analisi e prospettive, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma, . 7–48.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      Journal Chiara Bortolotto (a cura di), Il patrimonio immateriale secondo l’Unesco: analisi e prospettive, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma
      Language Italian
      Pages 7--48
      Title Il proceso di definizione del concetto di ‘patrimonio culturale immateriale’. Elementi per una riflessione
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2008) Les enjeux de l’institution du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Compte rendu du séminaire organisé au lahic (2006-2008), Culture et Recherche, . 116–117.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2008) Les enjeux de l’institution du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Compte rendu du séminaire organisé au lahic (2006-2008), Culture et Recherche, . 116–117.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      Journal Compte rendu du séminaire organisé au lahic (2006-2008), Culture et Recherche
      Language French
      Pages 116--117
      Title Les enjeux de l’institution du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2008). Le dia de los muertos à Paris  : enjeux de la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel translocal Ville de Paris.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2008). Le dia de los muertos à Paris  : enjeux de la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel translocal Ville de Paris.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Ville de Paris
      Language French
      Title Le dia de los muertos à Paris  : enjeux de la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel translocal
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2008). Les inventaires du patrimoine culturel immatériel : l'enjeu de la participation Paris: Direction de l'architecture et du patrimoine.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2008). Les inventaires du patrimoine culturel immatériel : l'enjeu de la participation Paris: Direction de l'architecture et du patrimoine.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Direction de l'architecture et du patrimoine
      Language French
      Note ill. en coul. 30 cm. Contient un questionnaire en anglais.
      Title Les inventaires du patrimoine culturel immatériel : l'enjeu de la participation
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2009) The giant cola cola in Gravina: intangible cultural heritage, property, and territory between UNESCO discourse and local heritage practice. IN Ethnologia Europaea, 39. 81–94.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2009) The giant cola cola in Gravina: intangible cultural heritage, property, and territory between UNESCO discourse and local heritage practice. IN Ethnologia Europaea, 39. 81–94.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      ISSN 0425-4597
      Journal Ethnologia Europaea
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 81--94
      Title The giant cola cola in Gravina: intangible cultural heritage, property, and territory between UNESCO discourse and local heritage practice
      Volume 39
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      In this paper I compare the theory and the practice of heritage highlighting the gap which separates ideas underpinning the intangible cultural heritage normative definition (via the text of the Unesco Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage) and in the broad discourse of the institution (the “esprit de la convention”) from concrete application of heritage policies to “traditional culture” made by local actors. I focus on how the idea of “property” is dealt with in both contexts and consider the role that the spatial location in a territory plays in this regard. The establishment of a system of “geographical indicators” for handcrafts, the heritagization and monumentalization of a special kind of clay whistle in southern Italy is taken as an example to demonstrate how local heritage policies address issues of property – territory and intangible heritage.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Intellectual property

    • Country:

      Italy

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2010) A salvaguarda do patrimônio cultural imaterial na implementação da Convenção da UNESCO de 2003. IN Memória em Rede, 2. 6–17.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2010) A salvaguarda do patrimônio cultural imaterial na implementação da Convenção da UNESCO de 2003. IN Memória em Rede, 2. 6–17.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Journal Memória em Rede
      Language Portuguese
      Number 4
      Pages 6--17
      Title A salvaguarda do patrimônio cultural imaterial na implementação da Convenção da UNESCO de 2003
      Volume 2
      Year 2010
    • Public URL:

      http://www.ufpel.edu.br/ich/memoriaemrede/revista/edicao-04/completa-4

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2010) Globalising intangible cultural heritage? IN Heritage and globalisation, . 97.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2010) Globalising intangible cultural heritage? IN Heritage and globalisation, . 97.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      ISSN 0203850858
      Journal Heritage and globalisation
      Language English
      Pages 97
      Title Globalising intangible cultural heritage?
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) shares the widespread contemporary popular and academic concern about globalisation and responds by making the protection of ‘cultural diversity’ the pivot of its overall cultural policy. In particular, the ‘threat of globalisation’ is assumed to be especially dangerous for the most recent UNESCO heritage domain, Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage refers to the issue of globalisation in the preamble, recognising that:the processes of globalisation and social transformation, alongside the conditions they create for renewed dialogue among communities, also give rise, as does the phenomenon of intolerance, to grave threats of deterioration, disappearance and destruction of the intangible cultural heritage, in particular owing to a lack of resources for safeguarding such heritage.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Insufficient financial resources, Intolerance, Loss of significance

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2010). Identification des pratiques d’origine italienne et mexicaine pour l’inventaire du patrimoine culturel immatériel en France (Rapport de recherche pour le Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication.).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2010). Identification des pratiques d’origine italienne et mexicaine pour l’inventaire du patrimoine culturel immatériel en France (Rapport de recherche pour le Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication.).

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Language French
      Title Identification des pratiques d’origine italienne et mexicaine pour l’inventaire du patrimoine culturel immatériel en France
      type Rapport de recherche pour le Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication.
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Mexico

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. (2013) L’Unesco comme arène de traduction. La fabrique globale du patrimoine immatériel. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 50–73.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. (2013) L’Unesco comme arène de traduction. La fabrique globale du patrimoine immatériel. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 50–73.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      ISSN 0764-8928
      Journal Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts
      Language French
      month #dec#
      Number 18
      Pages 50--73
      Title L’Unesco comme arène de traduction. La fabrique globale du patrimoine immatériel
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      Cet article explore la fabrique globale du patrimoine immatériel en suivant la circulation de cette notion des échelles nationales aux arènes internationales de gouvernance, et vice versa. L’article présente d’abord le transfert de la catégorie patrimoniale japonaise du mukei bunkazai au niveau international, répondant en miroir à l’institution, grâce à l’Exposition universelle de 1873, de la notion européenne de beaux-arts au Japon. Puis sont abordées les adaptations du standard international du patrimoine culturel immatériel aux régimes patrimoniaux italiens et français. En retraçant les controverses, frictions et ajustements que suscitent ces traductions, nous voyons comment, malgré les efforts de normalisation prévus par une convention internationale, celle-ci n’échappe pas à la diversité culturelle inhérente à sa fabrication et à ses déclinaisons nationales.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Japan

    • Public URL:

      http://gradhiva.revues.org/2708 (2013-11-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. & Grenet, S. (Eds.), (2011) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel : enjeux d'une nouvelle catégorie Paris, Éd. de la Maison des sciences de l'Homme.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. & Grenet, S. (Eds.), (2011) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel : enjeux d'une nouvelle catégorie Paris, Éd. de la Maison des sciences de l'Homme.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      A DEPOUILLER AU CHAPITRE
      Editor(s) Bortolotto, Chiara and Grenet, Sylvie
      ISBN 978-2-7351-1417-7
      Language French
      Note ill., couv. ill. en coul. 23 cm. Fait suite au séminaire "Patrimoine immatériel" organisé de 2006 à 2009 par le Laboratoire d'anthropologie et d'histoire de l'institution de la culture, LAHIC et la Mission ethnologie du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. Notes bibliogr. et discogr.
      Number 26
      Publisher Éd. de la Maison des sciences de l'Homme
      Series Ethnologie de la {France}
      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel : enjeux d'une nouvelle catégorie
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. & Neyrinc, J. 2020. Article 9: Accreditation of Advisory Organizations.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. & Neyrinc, J. 2020. Article 9: Accreditation of Advisory Organizations.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara AND Neyrinc, Jorijn
      Title Article 9: Accreditation of Advisory Organizations
      Book title Commentary to the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention
      Year 2020
      Editor(s) Janet Blake & Lucas Lixinski
      Pages 153-163
      Publisher Oxford University Press
      Language English
    • Themes:

      Nongovernmental organizations

    • Suggested by:

      Chiara Bortolotto (2020-02-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-2003-unesco-intangible-heritage-convention-9780198824787?cc=us&lang=en&#

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. & Severo, M. (2012) Inventari del patrimonio immateriale: top-down o bottom-up?

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. & Severo, M. (2012) Inventari del patrimonio immateriale: top-down o bottom-up?

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara and Severo, Marta
      Language Italian
      Title Inventari del patrimonio immateriale: top-down o bottom-up?
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. Il proceso di definizione del concetto...

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2006. La patrimonialisation de l’immatériel selon l’UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2006. La patrimonialisation de l’immatériel selon l’UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Language French
      Title La patrimonialisation de l’immatériel selon l’UNESCO
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Résumé de la communication présentée le 16 juin 2006, à la Réunion des conseillers à l’ethnologie et des ethnologues régionaux, Mission à l’ethnologie (Dapa, Ministère de la culture).

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2010. La salvaguardia del patrimonio immateriale.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2010. La salvaguardia del patrimonio immateriale.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Book title Ecosphera. {Le} {Opportunità} e le {Interdipendenze}
      Edition UTET
      Language Italian
      Pages 400--413
      Publisher Niles Eldregede, Telmo Pievani
      Title La salvaguardia del patrimonio immateriale
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2011. Le trouble du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Introduction. [text].

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2011. Le trouble du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Introduction. [text].

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Journal http://terrain.revues.org
      Language French
      month #nov#
      Title Le trouble du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Introduction
      type text
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Dernière déclinaison de la notion de patrimoine, le patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) en est peut-être aussi la plus énigmatique et déroutante. Cette nouvelle catégorie, introduite par l’Organisation des Nations unies pour l’éducation, la science et la culture (Unesco), perturbe aujourd’hui le domaine du patrimoine, historiquement fondé sur un « régime d’objet » : les institutions patrimoniales peinent à concevoir la dimension immatérielle et à l’intégrer dans leur organisation, et la prise en compte des valeurs sociales du patrimoine, enjeu véritable des politiques de sauvegarde du PCI, ne relève pas des compétences techniques et scientifiques des professionnels du patrimoine.Si l’irruption du pci pose des problèmes concrets aux responsables de la mise en œuvre des politiques culturelles, les théoriciens du patrimoine en dénoncent les limites conceptuelles, voyant dans cette notion une « aberration intellectuelle », dernier avatar de ce que Henri-Pierre Jeudy (2001) appelle « l’obsession patrimoniale », cette hantise qui rongerait la société contemporaine jusqu’à anéantir le présent dans une « rétroaction perpétuelle ». Les ethnologues ont souvent dénoncé comme universalistes les interventions de l’Unesco et les ont soupçonnées de favoriser une fixation muséalisatrice des processus culturels (Amselle 2004), d’encourager l’invention de traditions et la mise en spectacle de la culture dite « traditionnelle » à travers une revitalisation de pratiques désuètes qui n’ont plus...

    • Public URL:

      http://terrain.revues.org/14447 (2012-12-07)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2012. Gli inventari del patrimonio culturale immateriale. Quale ‘partecipazione’ per quali ‘comunità’ ?

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2012. Gli inventari del patrimonio culturale immateriale. Quale ‘partecipazione’ per quali ‘comunità’ ?

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Book title l patrimonio culturale intangibile nelle sue diverse dimensioni
      Edition Giuffrè
      Editor(s) Ubertazzi, Benedetta and Zagato, Lauso and Scovazzi, Tullio
      Language Italian
      Pages 75--91
      Title Gli inventari del patrimonio culturale immateriale. Quale ‘partecipazione’ per quali ‘comunità’ ?
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2012. The French Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Domesticating a Global Paradigm into French Heritage Regime. 978-3-86395-075-0.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2012. The French Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Domesticating a Global Paradigm into French Heritage Regime. 978-3-86395-075-0.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Book title Heritage Regimes and the State
      ISBN 978-3-86395-075-0
      Language English
      Pages 225--283
      Publisher Université de Göttingen
      Series Cultural {Property}
      Title The French Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Domesticating a Global Paradigm into French Heritage Regime
      Volume 6
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) Regina F. Bendix, Aditya Eggert, Arnika Peselmann
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      France

    • Public URL:

      http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/univerlag/2012/GSCP6_Bendix.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2015. UNESCO and Heritage Self-Determination: Negotiating Meaning in the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the ICH.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2015. UNESCO and Heritage Self-Determination: Negotiating Meaning in the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the ICH.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Title UNESCO and Heritage Self-Determination: Negotiating Meaning in the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the ICH
      Book title Between Imagined Communities of Practice Participation, Territory and the Making of Heritage
      Year 2015
      Editor(s) Nicolas Adell, Regina F. Bendix, Chiara Bortolotto and Markus Tauschek
      Pages 249-272
      Publisher Göttingen University Press
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This paper focuses on the challenges and ambiguities of the participatory policy principle put forward by the ICH Convention, a principle deserving investigation as it brings to fore representation issues, thus making particularly explicit the political nature of heritage and its intimate connection with power.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Cultural diplomacy, Cultural identity, Policy making

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-23)

    • Public URL:

      https://books.openedition.org/gup/pdf/234

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. 2020. Le patrimoine immatériel et le tabou de l’authenticité : de la pérennisation à la durabilité.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. 2020. Le patrimoine immatériel et le tabou de l’authenticité : de la pérennisation à la durabilité.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, Chiara
      Year 2020
      Title Le patrimoine immatériel et le tabou de l’authenticité : de la pérennisation à la durabilité
      Book title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel au seuil des sciences sociales Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle, septembre 2012
      Editor(s) Julia Csergo, Christian Hottin et Pierre Schmit
      Publisher Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
      Pages 1-19
      Postal address Paris
      Language French
    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, article from a collective publication containing other pertinent articles to be declared

    • Suggested by:

      Chiara Bortolotto (2020-05-17)

    • Public URL:

      http://books.openedition.org/editionsmsh/16377

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C. Participation des « communautés » dans la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Vers un nouveau paradigme patrimonial ? IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 39.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C. Participation des « communautés » dans la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Vers un nouveau paradigme patrimonial ? IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 39.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bortolotto, C.
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 39
      Title Participation des « communautés » dans la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Vers un nouveau paradigme patrimonial ?
    • Themes:

      Community participation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bortolotto, C., Demgenski, P., Karampampas, P. & Toji, S. (2020) Proving Participation: Vocational bureaucrats and bureaucratic creativity in the implementation of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Social Anthropology/Anthropoplogie sociale, 28. 66–82.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bortolotto, C., Demgenski, P., Karampampas, P. & Toji, S. (2020) Proving Participation: Vocational bureaucrats and bureaucratic creativity in the implementation of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Social Anthropology/Anthropoplogie sociale, 28. 66–82.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Proving Participation: Vocational bureaucrats and bureaucratic creativity in the implementation of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal Social Anthropology/Anthropoplogie sociale
      Year 2020
      Volume 28
      Number 1
      Pages 66-82
      Language English
      Author Bortolotto, Chiara AND Demgenski, Philipp AND Karampampas, Panas AND Toji, Simone
    • Abstract:

      This paper investigates the bureaucratisation of the (utopian) ideal of community participation in Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) safeguarding and management. The analysis considers the whole ‘policy life’ of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of ICH. Our ethnographic examples from UNESCO, Brazil, China and Greece illustrate how bureaucratic operations often disenchant the participatory ideal, alienating it from its original intention. At the same time, driven by their commitment to ‘good’ governance and informed by sentiments of frustration and disappointment with actual policy results, vocational bureaucrats at different administrative levels experiment with and conceive of new tools in order to produce evidence of participation. We demonstrate how this bureaucratic creativity has concrete consequences, which may differ from the intended utopia, but nevertheless bring to life particular interpretations of the participatory principle among the recipients for whom heritage policies were originally designed. Thus, we present a more nuanced picture of bureaucratisation in which officials’ emotions and engagement sustain their agency against structural constraints as well as the futility and fragility of administrative procedures.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      Brazil, China, Greece

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Fandango's Living Museum

    • Suggested by:

      Chiara Bortolotto (2020-02-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1469-8676.12741

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bos-seldenthuis, J. E. m. f. (2007) Life and Tradition of the Ababda Nomads in the Egyptian Desert, the Junction between Intangible and Tangible Heritage Management. IN Intangible Heritage, . 31.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bos-seldenthuis, J. E. m. f. (2007) Life and Tradition of the Ababda Nomads in the Egyptian Desert, the Junction between Intangible and Tangible Heritage Management. IN Intangible Heritage, . 31.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bos-seldenthuis, Jolanda E.m.f.
      Journal Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 31
      Title Life and Tradition of the Ababda Nomads in the Egyptian Desert, the Junction between Intangible and Tangible Heritage Management
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Environment

    • Country:

      Egypt

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Boswell, R. (2005) Heritage Tourism and Identity in the Mauritian Villages of Chamarel and Le Morne. IN Journal of Southern African Studies, 31. 283–295.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Boswell, R. (2005) Heritage Tourism and Identity in the Mauritian Villages of Chamarel and Le Morne. IN Journal of Southern African Studies, 31. 283–295.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Boswell, Rosabelle
      ISSN 03057070
      Journal Journal of Southern African Studies
      Language English
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jun., 2005 / Copyright © 2005 Journal of Southern African Studies
      Number 2
      Pages 283--295
      Title Heritage Tourism and Identity in the Mauritian Villages of Chamarel and Le Morne
      Volume 31
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The island of Mauritius, situated in the southwest Indian Ocean region, is an integral part of southern Africa. A significant majority of its population, known locally as Creoles, are the descendants of African and Malagasy slaves who were forcibly relocated by European colonisers over a period of 300 years. This article discusses the situation of the Creoles living in two villages on the west coast of the island, focusing on the juncture between attempts to reconstruct Creole identity and the state's desire to encourage heritage tourism on the island. The article argues that efforts to emphasise the black, slave aspects of Creole identity and history risk the suppression of ethnic diversity and hybridity in Mauritian society. Currently, the dominant classes on the island are keen to articulate a homogeneous identity and history for Creoles as a means to obtaining a space of value and power in a society in which ethnicity is highly politicised. Some see this as a means to achieve national reconciliation and nation building. Heritage preservation, narrowly conceived, may actually undermine nation-building processes and essentialise Creole identity and history, however, unless the diversity of Creole experience is represented in a broad-based approach to heritage preservation and management.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Indigenous peoples, Hampered transmission

    • Country:

      Mauritius

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/25064995

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Boswell, R. (2006) Say what you like: Dress, identity and heritage in Zanzibar. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 12. 440–457.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Boswell, R. (2006) Say what you like: Dress, identity and heritage in Zanzibar. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 12. 440–457.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Boswell, Rosabelle
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Note africa
      Number 5
      Pages 440--457
      Title Say what you like: Dress, identity and heritage in Zanzibar
      Volume 12
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The paper considers the significance of dress to identity and power among women living on the island of Zanzibar. Drawing on her own preliminary fieldwork in Zanzibar (June 2004) and on the work of Laura Fair (2001), the author discusses the ways in which dress (in general), and the wearing of kanga fabrics in particular, offers women a means of communication in an image conscious and historically stratified society. It is argued that kangas are still an integral part of ritual and social activities in Zanzibar and that they shed light on the complex history of the Swahili coast. Placing the ethnography in a broader and contemporary context, the author states that kangas contribute to the intangible heritage of Zanzibar in their encapsulation of the island's oral history, art, social commentary and concepts of beauty. The author concludes by outlining some of the challenges that heritage regimes face in the Indian Ocean region and potential strategies for preserving or managing its mixed cultural resources.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions

    • Country:

      United Republic of Tanzania

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Boswell, R. (2008) Scents of identity: Fragrance as heritage in Zanzibar. IN Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 26. 295–311.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Boswell, R. (2008) Scents of identity: Fragrance as heritage in Zanzibar. IN Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 26. 295–311.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Boswell, Rosabelle
      ISSN 0258-9001
      Journal Journal of Contemporary African Studies
      Language English
      Note africa
      Number 3
      Pages 295--311
      Title Scents of identity: Fragrance as heritage in Zanzibar
      Volume 26
      Year 2008
    • Country:

      United Republic of Tanzania

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bouchenaki, M. (2003) The interdependency of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bouchenaki, M. (2003) The interdependency of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bouchenaki, Mounir
      Language English
      Title The interdependency of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage
      Year 2003
    • Abstract:

      Over the past thirty years, the concept of cultural heritage has been continually broadened. The Venice Charter (1964) made reference to “monuments and sites” and dealt with architectural heritage. The question rapidly expanded to cover groups of buildings, vernacular architecture, and industrial and 20th century built heritage. Over and above the study of historic gardens, the concept of “cultural landscape” highlighted the interpenetration of culture and nature. Today an anthropological approach to heritage leads us to consider it as a social ensemble of many different, complex and interdependent manifestations. This is now reflecting the diversity of cultural manifestations. The quest for the “message” of cultural properties has become more important. It requires us to identify the ethical values, social customs, beliefs or myths of which intangible heritage is the sign and expression. The significance of architectural or urban constructions and the transformation of natural landscapes through human intervention are more and more connected to questions of identity.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bouchenaki, M. (2007) A major advance towards a holistic approach to heritage conservation: the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 2. 106–109.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bouchenaki, M. (2007) A major advance towards a holistic approach to heritage conservation: the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 2. 106–109.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bouchenaki, Mounir
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 106--109
      Title A major advance towards a holistic approach to heritage conservation: the 2003 Intangible Heritage Convention
      Volume 2
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Boufoy-bastick, B. (2009) Educational, economic and social influences on cultural heritage in Trinidad. IN Policy Futures in Education, 7. 368–378.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Boufoy-bastick, B. (2009) Educational, economic and social influences on cultural heritage in Trinidad. IN Policy Futures in Education, 7. 368–378.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Boufoy-bastick, Béatrice
      ISSN 1478-2103
      Journal Policy Futures in Education
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 368--378
      Title Educational, economic and social influences on cultural heritage in Trinidad
      Volume 7
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Formal education

    • Country:

      Trinidad and Tobago

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Boylan, P. J. (2006) The Intangible Heritage: a Challenge and an Opportunity for Museums and Museum Professional Training. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 53–65.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Boylan, P. J. (2006) The Intangible Heritage: a Challenge and an Opportunity for Museums and Museum Professional Training. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 53–65.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Boylan, Patrick J.
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 53--65
      Title The Intangible Heritage: a Challenge and an Opportunity for Museums and Museum Professional Training
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The main emphasis of most museums over the centuries has been on the material or tangible cultural or natural heritage. However, from very early times some museums have also been closely involved in preserving and presenting the immaterial or intangible culture as well. On 20th April 2006 the new UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage 2003 came into force, so it is timely to consider the implications of this major new development for museums. Will new organisations and services, a new profession even, be created to give effect to the new treaty that will challenge, threaten even, the traditional roles of museums and museum professionals in relation to the heritage? Or can museums, the museum profession, and not least museum professional training, respond positively to these serious potential challenges and take a major role in ensuring that the admirable aims of the Intangible Heritage Convention are achieved in relation to all, or most, of its five key areas: oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, and traditional craftsmanship?

    • Themes:

      Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bratspies, R. M. (2006) The New Discovery Doctrine: Some Thoughts on Property Rights and Traditional Knowledge. IN American Indian Law Review, 31. 315–340.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bratspies, R. M. (2006) The New Discovery Doctrine: Some Thoughts on Property Rights and Traditional Knowledge. IN American Indian Law Review, 31. 315–340.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bratspies, Rebecca M.
      ISSN 0094002X
      Journal American Indian Law Review
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Symposium: Lands, Liberties, and Legacies: Indigenous Peoples and International Law / Full publication date: 2006/2007 / Copyright © 2006 Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma
      Number 2
      Pages 315--340
      Title The New Discovery Doctrine: Some Thoughts on Property Rights and Traditional Knowledge
      Volume 31
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/20070790

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bräuchler, B. 2012. Intangible cultural heritage and peace building in Indonesia and East Timor.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bräuchler, B. 2012. Intangible cultural heritage and peace building in Indonesia and East Timor.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bräuchler, Birgit
      Title Intangible cultural heritage and peace building in Indonesia and East Timor
      Book title Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) Patrick Daly, Tim Winter
      Pages 15
      Publisher Routledge
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Conflicts and wars have long been recognised as threats to tangible cultural heritage. Well-known examples include the Buddhas of Bamiyan and the Mostar Bridge in Bosnia-Herzegovina, both of which show the importance of safeguarding such sites (see for example, Albert 2006: 32-33, Stanley-Price 2007b: 4-5). However, much less attention has been paid to intangible heritage in times of conflict, although the 2003 UNESCO Convention explicitly ascribes intangible cultural heritage an invaluable role ‘in bringing human beings closer together and ensuring exchange and understanding among them’, in other words, peace (UNESCO 2003; see also Albert 2006: 30, Albert and Gauer-Lietz 2006: 20, van Ginkel 2005: 25). The destruction of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) such as social and cultural structures, relationships and identities is usually not visible, thus much more difficult to detect, but potentially more grave in its consequences and more difficult to heal (compare Nordstrom 1997: 93). In this chapter, I argue that the destruction or disregard of ICH damages or ignores some of the very means needed to solve problems, prevent conflicts and for social reconstruction. In an era of ethnic and religious wars, one often seems to forget that religion and culture are not only (mis)used to mobilise people to fight each other. On the contrary, they can also help prevent and resolve violent conflict and enable reconciliation. To explore the subject further, this chapter aims to bring together the discourses on cultural heritage and traditional justice mechanisms as internationally recognised ‘peace tools’. To date, they have hardly crossed paths, although there are essential overlaps. This contribution looks into the question of whether it makes sense to declare traditional justice mechanisms as ‘cultural heritage’. Arguing for a progressive merging of the two discourses and a careful integration of traditional justice mechanisms into the body of internationally recognised ICH, the chapter draws on two case studies – East Timor and Indonesia.1. It reflects on shortcomings of traditional justice mechanisms and discusses the linking up of traditional justice and cultural heritage via one of the central features of both discourses: ritual performances. 2. The chapter concludes with some challenges, problems and prospects of viewing traditional conflict resolution and justice mechanisms as part of Asia’s intangible cultural heritage and a critical part of dealing with conflicts and social unrest in parts of Asia.

    • Themes:

      Social practices, rituals and festive events, Cultural identity, Emergency situations, International tensions, Social conflicts, Unintended outcomes, Conflicts

    • Country:

      Indonesia, Timor-Leste

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-23)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brayet, A. (2011) Du patrimoine au matrimoine. Perspectives et réflexions sur les patrimoines des arts ménagers en cuisine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brayet, A. (2011) Du patrimoine au matrimoine. Perspectives et réflexions sur les patrimoines des arts ménagers en cuisine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brayet, Aurélie
      Journal Anthropology of food
      Language French
      Number 8
      Title Du patrimoine au matrimoine. Perspectives et réflexions sur les patrimoines des arts ménagers en cuisine
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bredekamp, H. J. C. (2006) Transforming Representations of Intangible Heritage at Iziko (National) Museums, South Africa. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 75–82.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bredekamp, H. J. C. (2006) Transforming Representations of Intangible Heritage at Iziko (National) Museums, South Africa. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 75–82.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bredekamp, Henry C. Jatti
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 75--82
      Title Transforming Representations of Intangible Heritage at Iziko (National) Museums, South Africa
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions

    • Country:

      South Africa

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2938578/Transforming_representations_of_Intangible_Heritage_at_Iziko_Museums_SA

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bridgewater, P., Arico, S. & Scott, J. (2007) Biological Diversity and Cultural Diversity: The Heritage of Nature and Culture through the Looking Glass of Multilateral Agreements. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 13. 405–419.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bridgewater, P., Arico, S. & Scott, J. (2007) Biological Diversity and Cultural Diversity: The Heritage of Nature and Culture through the Looking Glass of Multilateral Agreements. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 13. 405–419.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bridgewater, Peter AND Arico, Salvatore AND Scott, John
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 4-5
      Pages 405--419
      Title Biological Diversity and Cultural Diversity: The Heritage of Nature and Culture through the Looking Glass of Multilateral Agreements
      Volume 13
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Biological diversity is a concept that has been developed and enshrined in multilateral agreements in a very short space of time. It is generally agreed that it was in 1986 that the concept was introduced. Much older in concept is cultural diversity. These two diversities are now meeting each other in many ways, not least through Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). And both diversities are recognised, explicitly and implicitly, as part of the global heritage of humankind, with the attendant responsibilities that flow from that. In this paper we show the extent to which the two diversities are mutually self‐supporting, and yet how in many cases MEAs seem to have ignored their mutual strengths. However, the very needs that are promoting synergies between the MEAs and broader UN programmes are also now promoting new ways of viewing interaction between the diversities. Nowhere is this clearer than in cultural landscapes, which feature explicitly in some MEAs but have impacts in all. For the future some seven key areas of research and development will help to build the strengths and mutual interaction of the diversities, within the policy framework of the MEAs.

    • Themes:

      Convention on Biological Diversity, Environment, Convention on Wetlands (RAMSAR)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Broccolini, A. (2012) Intangible Cultural Heritage Scenarios within the Bureaucratic Italian State. IN Heritage Regimes and the State, . 283–302.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Broccolini, A. (2012) Intangible Cultural Heritage Scenarios within the Bureaucratic Italian State. IN Heritage Regimes and the State, . 283–302.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Broccolini, Alessandra
      Journal Heritage Regimes and the State
      Language English
      Pages 283--302
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage Scenarios within the Bureaucratic Italian State
      Year 2012
    • Country:

      Italy

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brooks, G. 2011. Heritage as a Driver for Development - Its contribution to sustainable tourism in contemporary society. Paper read at The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brooks, G. 2011. Heritage as a Driver for Development - Its contribution to sustainable tourism in contemporary society. Paper read at The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brooks, Graham
      Title Heritage as a Driver for Development - Its contribution to sustainable tourism in contemporary society
      Book title The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium
      Year 2011
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The Paris 2011 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium will explore how Heritage can contribute to and stimulate development in a modern world. Theme 3 -Tourism and Development focuses on the role of heritage in the development of sustainable tourism and on the potential for tourism to be a major factor in building public awareness and support for heritage conservation. The contribution that tourism can make to poverty alleviation, to conservation of the natural and cultural heritage and to overall sustainable development, can be substantial. Tourism and culture are seen as two powerful drivers for growth in many parts of the world. They play a vital role in fostering a greater understanding of the rich diversity of regional cultures. Cultural tourism is an inevitable component of cultural heritage. Tourism has the power to deliver significant earnings for environmental protection, as well as giving economic value to cultural heritage. It is a sector built on bringing people together in order to learn about and understand each other, fostering mutual respect and tolerance. As one of the world’s most powerful economic and social forces, well managed tourism can and does give heritage, both tangible and intangible, a major role in contemporary society, reinforcing cultural identity and diversity as key reference points for development. The tourism sector is well aware of the issues surrounding heritage conservation and its role in contemporary development. Natural and cultural heritage sites are now major components of the world’s tourism assets. The UN World Tourism Organization research demonstrates that interest in the environment, culture and heritage is a primary motivation for more than 50% of travel, and is consistently growing as a market sector. The paper will summarise the contribution of the ICOMOS International Cultural Tourism Committee and others over the last decade to the development of well managed tourism as a major contemporary force for heritage conservation and human development.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Tourism, SDG 1: No Poverty, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://openarchive.icomos.org/1207/1/III-1-Article1_Brooks.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Broude, T. 2017. From Chianti to Kimchi: Geographical Indications, Intangible Cultural Heritage, and Their Unsettled Relationship with Cultural Diversity.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Broude, T. 2017. From Chianti to Kimchi: Geographical Indications, Intangible Cultural Heritage, and Their Unsettled Relationship with Cultural Diversity.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Broude, Tomer
      Title From Chianti to Kimchi: Geographical Indications, Intangible Cultural Heritage, and Their Unsettled Relationship with Cultural Diversity
      Book title Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development, and Culture. Focus on Asia-Pacific
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Calboli Irene, Ng-Loy Wee Loon
      Pages 461-484
      Publisher Cambridge University Press
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This chapter provides a critical perspective on the impact of two particular international legal constructs – geographical indications (GIs) and intangible cultural heritage (ICH) – on cultural diversity, with a focus on culinary culture. International law increasingly comprises a broad range of direct and indirect interactions with cultural diversity, such as international trade law, international human rights law, and cultural heritage law itself.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Food, SDG 2: Zero Hunger

    • Country:

      Republic of Korea

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kimjang, making and sharing kimchi in the Republic of Korea

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-16)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brown, M. F. (2004) Heritage as property. IN Property in question: value transformation in the global economy, . 49–68.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brown, M. F. (2004) Heritage as property. IN Property in question: value transformation in the global economy, . 49–68.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brown, Michael F.
      Journal Property in question: value transformation in the global economy
      Language English
      Pages 49--68
      Title Heritage as property
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brown, M. F. (2005) Heritage trouble: recent work on the protection of intangible cultural property. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 12. 40–61.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brown, M. F. (2005) Heritage trouble: recent work on the protection of intangible cultural property. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 12. 40–61.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brown, Michael F.
      ISSN 0940-7391
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 40--61
      Title Heritage trouble: recent work on the protection of intangible cultural property
      Volume 12
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      A major factor driving contemporary concerns about the fate of intangible cultural property is the rise of the Information Society, which has proven adept at stripping information from the cultural contexts that give it meaning. Efforts to preserve intangible heritage have tended to follow Information Society models by proposing that heritage be inventoried, then removed from the public domain and returned to the exclusive control of its putative creators. This essay reviews recent scholarly work and policy initiatives related to intangible cultural property, with an eye toward identifying their merits and flaws. It argues for a more ecological perspective, one that takes account of the unpredictable quality of information flows as well as the costs of attempting to manage them. Also explored are some of the difficult, unanswered questions about whether all intangible cultural heritage is equally worthy of protection.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brugman, F. (2005) La Convención para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial (The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural heritage). IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, 17. 55–66.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brugman, F. (2005) La Convención para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial (The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural heritage). IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, 17. 55–66.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brugman, Fernando
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía, Consejería de Cultura, Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico, Granada}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Pages 55--66
      Title La Convención para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial (The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural heritage)
      Volume 17
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      A lo largo de este trabajo se realiza un balance histórico de la evolución del concepto de patrimonio cultural a través de los documentos generados por un organismo intergubernamental como es la UNESCO, hasta llegar a evaluar los condicionantes políticos y culturales que dieron pie al proceso de elaboración del documento que sirvió de base para la Convención para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial, y las consiguientes acciones impulsadas tanto por la UNESCO, como por las decisiones tomadas en el marco de reglamentación internacional sobre el patrimonio cultural inmaterial acerca de su conservación y protección fundamentalmente.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brumann, C. (2013) Comment le patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco devient immatériel. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 22–49.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brumann, C. (2013) Comment le patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco devient immatériel. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 22–49.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brumann, Christoph
      ISSN 0764-8928
      Journal Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts
      Language French
      month #dec#
      Number 18
      Pages 22--49
      Title Comment le patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco devient immatériel
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      La Convention du patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco, qui constitue aujourd’hui le système de conservation du patrimoine le plus influent au niveau international, accorde une place croissante aux aspects immatériels. À côté des sites associés à des idées, des événements (tragiques) et des personnages célèbres, la nouvelle catégorie des paysages culturels permet d’inclure des sites spirituels importants pour les peuples indigènes. En outre, la réévaluation des critères d’authenticité a entraîné la réhabilitation des projets de reconstruction. De la même manière, les biens en série, qui sont de plus en plus populaires, reposent eux aussi sur des « idées » et non sur la matérialité de chaque site. Cependant, cette réorientation n’est que partielle : l’impulsion continue de venir des États-nations, toujours aussi avides d’inscrire des sites sur la liste du patrimoine mondial.

    • Public URL:

      http://gradhiva.revues.org/2698 (2013-11-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Brutti, L. (2008) Documentare l'intangibile.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Brutti, L. (2008) Documentare l'intangibile.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Brutti, Lorenzo
      Language Italian
      Title Documentare l'intangibile
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bucur, C. I. (2007) Project Report: The National ‘Human Living Treasures’ Programme of Astra Museum, Sibiu, Romania. IN International Journal of Intangible Heirtage, 2. 111–116.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bucur, C. I. (2007) Project Report: The National ‘Human Living Treasures’ Programme of Astra Museum, Sibiu, Romania. IN International Journal of Intangible Heirtage, 2. 111–116.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bucur, Corneliu Ioan
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heirtage
      Language English
      Pages 111--116
      Title Project Report: The National ‘Human Living Treasures’ Programme of Astra Museum, Sibiu, Romania
      Volume 2
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Living Human Treasure, Museums

    • Country:

      Romania

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Budry Carbo, A. Comment le tourisme a figé le folklore suisse. IN Hémisphères, 9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Budry Carbo, A. Comment le tourisme a figé le folklore suisse. IN Hémisphères, 9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Budry Carbo, Adria
      Journal Hémisphères
      Language French
      Title Comment le tourisme a figé le folklore suisse
      Volume 9
    • Abstract:

      Du XIXe siècle à nos jours, l’industrie touristique suisse a exploité l’image d’un pays alpin et traditionnel. Ces clichés ont façonné la manière dont les Helvètes se perçoivent encore aujourd’hui.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Tourism

    • Country:

      Switzerland

    • Public URL:

      http://www.largeur.com/?p=4461&fb (2015-07-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Buggey, S. (2000) Associative Values: Exploring Nonmaterial Qualities in Cultural Landscapes. IN APT Bulletin, 31. 21–27.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Buggey, S. (2000) Associative Values: Exploring Nonmaterial Qualities in Cultural Landscapes. IN APT Bulletin, 31. 21–27.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Buggey, Susan
      ISSN 08488525
      Journal APT Bulletin
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Managing Cultural Landscapes / Full publication date: 2000 / Copyright © 2000 Association for Preservation Technology International (APT)
      Number 4
      Pages 21--27
      Title Associative Values: Exploring Nonmaterial Qualities in Cultural Landscapes
      Volume 31
      Year 2000
    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/1504673

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Burden, M. (2007) Museums and the Intangible Heritage: the Case Study of the Afrikaans Language Museum. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 2. 81–92.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Burden, M. (2007) Museums and the Intangible Heritage: the Case Study of the Afrikaans Language Museum. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 2. 81–92.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Burden, M.
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 81--92
      Title Museums and the Intangible Heritage: the Case Study of the Afrikaans Language Museum
      Volume 2
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Languages, Museums

    • Country:

      South Africa

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Burlingame, B. & Dernini, S. (2011) Sustainable diets: the Mediterranean diet as an example. IN Public Health Nutrition, 14. 2285.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Burlingame, B. & Dernini, S. (2011) Sustainable diets: the Mediterranean diet as an example. IN Public Health Nutrition, 14. 2285.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Burlingame, Barbara AND Dernini, Sandro
      ISSN 1368-9800
      Journal Public Health Nutrition
      Language English
      Number 12
      Pages 2285
      Title Sustainable diets: the Mediterranean diet as an example
      Volume 14
      Year 2011
    • Themes:

      Food, Health

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Mediterranean diet

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Byrne, D. (2002) An archaeology of attachment: Cultural heritage and the post-contact. IN After Captain Cook: the archaeology of the recent indigenous past in Australia, . 135–146.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Byrne, D. (2002) An archaeology of attachment: Cultural heritage and the post-contact. IN After Captain Cook: the archaeology of the recent indigenous past in Australia, . 135–146.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Byrne, Denis
      Journal After Captain Cook: the archaeology of the recent indigenous past in Australia
      Language English
      Pages 135--146
      Title An archaeology of attachment: Cultural heritage and the post-contact
      Year 2002
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Byrne, D. (2004) Les partenariats en matière de patrimoine des" déplacés". IN Museum international, . 87–95.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Byrne, D. (2004) Les partenariats en matière de patrimoine des" déplacés". IN Museum international, . 87–95.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Byrne, Denis
      Journal Museum international
      Language French
      Number 224
      Pages 87--95
      Title Les partenariats en matière de patrimoine des" déplacés"
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      La communauté de la conservation en matière de patrimoine mondial a décidé de prendre au sérieux la catégorie de patrimoine immatériel. Les conséquences induites sont importantes au niveau des partenariats avec les minorités autochtones et les personnes déplacées en général. L’auteur suggère que la définition du patrimoine immatériel, comme le stipule l’UNESCO dans la Convention de 2003, puisse considérer comme patrimoine les expériences de vie des minorités autochtones vivant dans des paysages colonisés. Il propose de cartographier ce patrimoine.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Caballería Vaquer, M. (2005) La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Revista No1 Museos. es, . 97.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Caballería Vaquer, M. (2005) La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Revista No1 Museos. es, . 97.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Caballería Vaquer, Marcos
      Journal Revista No1 Museos. es
      Language Spanish
      Pages 97
      Title La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cabral, C. B. (2010) Património Cultural Imaterial: Proposta de uma Metodologia de Inventariação. Dissertação de mestrado. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cabral, C. B. (2010) Património Cultural Imaterial: Proposta de uma Metodologia de Inventariação. Dissertação de mestrado. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cabral, Clara Bernard
      Language Portuguese
      Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
      Title Património Cultural Imaterial: Proposta de uma Metodologia de Inventariação. Dissertação de mestrado
      type Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Public URL:

      http://www.repository.utl.pt/handle/10400.5/3034

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cabral, C. B. (2011) Património Cultural Imaterial: Convenção da UNESCO e seus contextos. IN Arte /& Comunicação; .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cabral, C. B. (2011) Património Cultural Imaterial: Convenção da UNESCO e seus contextos. IN Arte /& Comunicação; .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cabral, Clara Bernard
      Journal Arte /& Comunicação;
      Language Portuguese
      Number 98
      Title Património Cultural Imaterial: Convenção da UNESCO e seus contextos
      Year 2011
    • Public URL:

      http://www.almedina.net/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=16192

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cabral, C. B. Collaborative internet-mediated ICH inventories», in International Journal of Intangible Heritage. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 6. 36–43.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cabral, C. B. Collaborative internet-mediated ICH inventories», in International Journal of Intangible Heritage. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 6. 36–43.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cabral, Clara Bernard
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 36--43
      Title Collaborative internet-mediated ICH inventories», in International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Volume 6
    • Abstract:

      The purpose of the investigation project described here was to develop an intangible heritage inventorying methodology suitable for Portugal and in accordance with the provisions of the UNESCO 2003 Convention, the Operational Directives and the recommendations of experts. Within the project, the inventorying methodology and the instruments developed were tested on a sample of people involved with specific elements of ICH from the five Convention domains, and with an ICH element from the domain of traditional craftwork - the production of inlaid ceramics in Nisa, a small Portuguese village in North Alentejo.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Portugal

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ijih.org/volumeMgr.ijih?cmd=volumeView&manuType=02

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Caiping, W. (2008) Studying the Protection and Development Chinese Wushu from South-Korea and Japan Non-material Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Wushu Science, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Caiping, W. (2008) Studying the Protection and Development Chinese Wushu from South-Korea and Japan Non-material Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Wushu Science, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Caiping, Wang
      Journal Wushu Science
      Language English
      Title Studying the Protection and Development Chinese Wushu from South-Korea and Japan Non-material Cultural Heritage Protection
      Volume 2
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cameron, C. (2008) From Warsaw to Mostar: The World Heritage Committee and Authenticity. IN APT Bulletin, 39. 19–24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cameron, C. (2008) From Warsaw to Mostar: The World Heritage Committee and Authenticity. IN APT Bulletin, 39. 19–24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cameron, Christina
      ISSN 08488525
      Journal APT Bulletin
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2008 / Copyright © 2008 Association for Preservation Technology International (APT)
      Number 2/3
      Pages 19--24
      Title From Warsaw to Mostar: The World Heritage Committee and Authenticity
      Volume 39
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      How authentic are reconstructed heritage sites reborn out of the ashes of war?

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention, Social conflicts, International tensions

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/25433947

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Camps Mirabet, N. (2000) La Protección internacional del patrimonio cultural. PhD ThesisLleida,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Camps Mirabet, N. (2000) La Protección internacional del patrimonio cultural. PhD ThesisLleida,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Lleida
      Author Camps Mirabet, Nuria
      Language Spanish
      Note Realizada bajo la dirección del Dr. ALBERT GALINSOGA JORDÁ, Profesor titular de Derecho Internacional Público de la Universitat de Lleida.
      Universidad de Lleida
      Title La Protección internacional del patrimonio cultural
      type Tesis presentada para aspirar al título de {Doctor}/a en {Derecho}
      Year 2000
    • Abstract:

      La presente investigación tiene por objeto el estudio de la protección internacional del patrimonio cultural desde la perspectiva del Derecho Internacional Público con especial detenimiento en el régimen de protección adoptado en el ámbito regional europeo.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.tdx.cat/bitstream/handle/10803/8133/tncm1de2.pdf;jsessionid=A3B0D2CABF628BBBBF46DE8238C58A4B.tdx2?sequence=1

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cang, V. G. (2007) Defining intangible cultural heritage and its stakeholders: the case of Japan. IN Intangible Heritage, . 45.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cang, V. G. (2007) Defining intangible cultural heritage and its stakeholders: the case of Japan. IN Intangible Heritage, . 45.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cang, Voltaire Garces
      Journal Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 45
      Title Defining intangible cultural heritage and its stakeholders: the case of Japan
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Performing arts, Social practices, rituals and festive events, Community participation, Cultural identity

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cang, V. G. (2007) Foreign women and Japanese tea: Ethnographic narratives of non-Japanese female chado practitioners. IN Journal of Intercultural Communication, . 51–62.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cang, V. G. (2007) Foreign women and Japanese tea: Ethnographic narratives of non-Japanese female chado practitioners. IN Journal of Intercultural Communication, . 51–62.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cang, Voltaire Garces
      Journal Journal of Intercultural Communication
      Language English
      Number 10
      Pages 51--62
      Title Foreign women and Japanese tea: Ethnographic narratives of non-Japanese female chado practitioners
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Gender issues

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cang, V. G. (2008) Preserving intangible heritage in Japan: The role of the iemoto system. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, . 71–81.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cang, V. G. (2008) Preserving intangible heritage in Japan: The role of the iemoto system. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, . 71–81.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cang, Voltaire Garces
      Journal International Journal for Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 71--81
      Title Preserving intangible heritage in Japan: The role of the iemoto system
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Many forms of Japan's intangible heritage, including its three 'Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity', are headed by hereditary masters called iemoto. This paper examines the iemoto system as it relates to the exclusive rights of the iemoto. Through case studies taken mainly from the traditions of the tea ceremony, Nogaku, and Kabuki, the state of Japanese art traditions under the said system is also discussed. Although the iemoto system is shown to be authoritarian in various ways, it has also played a crucial role in the preservation of intangible heritage in Japan.

    • Country:

      Japan

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cang, V. G. (2009) Food as heritage: Prospects and perils. Multicultural Relations. IN Multicultural Relations, . 111–123.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cang, V. G. (2009) Food as heritage: Prospects and perils. Multicultural Relations. IN Multicultural Relations, . 111–123.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cang, Voltaire Garces
      Journal Multicultural Relations
      Language English
      Number 6
      Pages 111--123
      Title Food as heritage: Prospects and perils. Multicultural Relations
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This study examines the situation of food within the discourse of intangible heritage. Food is discussed as a potential and independent category in UNESCO's formal definition of intangible heritage, as contended in applications submitted by countries that currently seek formal heritage designation for their national cuisines, and through issues such as identity and symbolic violence that are attendant to the concept of food as heritage. Although food may rightfully belong in the heritage discourse, its formal designation as heritage requires careful consideration in light of such issues.

    • Themes:

      Food, Cultural identity, Social conflicts

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cang, V. G. (2011) “National” cuisines as heritage: as viewed from the Japanese kaiseki meal. IN Heritage 2011, . 32–329 ?

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cang, V. G. (2011) “National” cuisines as heritage: as viewed from the Japanese kaiseki meal. IN Heritage 2011, . 32–329 ?

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cang, Voltaire Garces
      Journal Heritage 2011
      Language English
      Pages 32--329 ?
      Title “National” cuisines as heritage: as viewed from the Japanese kaiseki meal
      Year 2011
    • Themes:

      Food

    • Country:

      Japan

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New Year

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Canova, N. 2009. Questionner les risques de la mobilisation du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) dans le développement territorial. Paper read at 2ndes journées internationales du patrimoine immatériel.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Canova, N. 2009. Questionner les risques de la mobilisation du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) dans le développement territorial. Paper read at 2ndes journées internationales du patrimoine immatériel.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Canova, Nicolas
      Title Questionner les risques de la mobilisation du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) dans le développement territorial
      Book title 2ndes journées internationales du patrimoine immatériel
      Year 2009
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      Pour poursuivre sur la lancée de Cyril Isnard, ainsi que des illustrations proposées par Jean Pinard, je tenterais d’aborder de façon schématique et générale la question des risques existants dans la mobilisation du patrimoine à des fins de développement. Il s’agira principalement d’identifier les blocages résidants dans les préconisations et de proposer le lancement d’un chantier pluridisciplinaire sur l’évaluation possible de ces risques. Le constat qui est collectivement fait, et qui est donc largement revenu dans lesdiscussions de ces journées, est celui de la forte assimilation du patrimoine à une ressource pour le développement. Pour les formes de développement « classiques », cela ne fait plus de doute. Développement économique et culturel, développement local…, la ressource patrimoniale est un atout qu’i l est difficile d’oublier. Mais qu’en est-il pour le développement territorial ? Le patrimoine peut-il s’assimiler à la ressource dite « territoriale » (Gumuchian ; Pecqueur, 2009) ? Cette question mérite d’être posée au préalable car, dans notre hypothèse d’une vision positivée de la ressource territoriale, un double critère d’atténuation des risques peut être mis en avant dans sa participation à la dynamique territoriale (la ressource serait territoriale lorsqu’elle permet la territorialisation et lorsqu’elle permet le renouvellement des conditions de départ de sa mobil isation). Aussi, les deux réponses qui émergent aujourd’hui des travaux sur cette question montrent que : soit le patrimoine peut-être constitutif de la ressource territoriale (Landel ; Senil, 2008) ; soit il peut constituer en soi la ressource territoriale (Canova ; Landel, 2009). Toujours est-il que dans les deux cas, il aura certainement un grand rôle à jouer dans les modes de développement territorial de demain.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Economic and social development, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00923054/document

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Cao, Y. & Li, H. (2007) The Values of Sports Fitness and Minority Traditional Sports in Yunnan. IN Journal of Chuxiong Normal University, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Cao, Y. & Li, H. (2007) The Values of Sports Fitness and Minority Traditional Sports in Yunnan. IN Journal of Chuxiong Normal University, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Cao, Yan AND Li, Hong-mei
      Journal Journal of Chuxiong Normal University
      Language English
      Title The Values of Sports Fitness and Minority Traditional Sports in Yunnan
      Volume 3
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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