Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
© UNESCO

The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

Advanced search

  • Skounti, A. (2011) The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Milli Folklore Magazine, 23 (89). 28–40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. (2011) The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Milli Folklore Magazine, 23 (89). 28–40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      Journal Milli Folklore Magazine
      Language English
      Pages 28--40
      Title The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 23 (89)
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Heritage has become lately a scholarship field with multiple issues. An integral part of human cultures, heritage interests today both the decision maker, the researcher, the public but also the international organizations. UNESCO early felt all the potential of such a field, developing during the last half century, a normative arsenal covering various domains of heritage. These domains are so close that the standard-setting instruments inevitably overlap each other. This is the case of the World heritage and of the Intangible cultural heritage, respectively covered by the 1972 Convention and the 2003 Convention. This paper will consider the links that exist or not between these two conventions. It will try to make a first census of the World heritage List sites where elements of the Intangible cultural heritage Representative List exist and briefly examine the nature of the link between them. It will, finally, consider what can be the modalities of cooperation between the two standard-setting instruments.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://www.millifolklor.com/tr/sayfalar/89/05_.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. & Tebbaa, O. (2003) La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. & Tebbaa, O. (2003) La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A. AND Tebbaa, O.
      Language French,Arabic
      Publisher Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb
      Title La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité
      Year 2003
    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000160378

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. 2012. The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. 2012. The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      Book title World Heritage. Benefits Beyond Borders
      Edition Cambridge University Press and UNESCO
      Editor(s) Galla, A.
      Language English
      Pages 82--93
      Title The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      A medina among medinas Marrakesh, known as the ‘Red City’, is the largest of the thirty-one historic living towns (medinas) in Morocco with an intramural surface of 640 ha (including the Aguedal and Ménara gardens), extensive ramparts and their majestic gates, numerous monuments and residences, preserved gardens, long-inhabited markets and a vibrant craft industry. The cultural space of Jamaâ El Fna square mediates between the Medina and the external world. As an attractive interface and place of integration of populations originating from diverse backgrounds, it adds heritage value to the special role played by the Medina and the whole of this urban area in Morocco (Bigio, 2010). The population of the Medina accounts for 17.17 per cent of that of the urban area of Marrakesh, i.e. 182,637 of 1,063,415 inhabitants, according to the 2004 census, and it represents a quarter of the population of the old cities of Morocco, i.e. 182,637 of 737,945 inhabitants (Taamouti et al., 2008). Marrakesh was born out of strategic necessity. It was founded by the Almoravid dynasty in AD 1070–1071 on what seems to have been a space of commercial exchanges between mountain and plains communities. It was quasi-sacred territory, Amur, in which violence was banished, under the protection of a Berber divinity, Akuch. The sacred space of Akuch, or more precisely Amur Akuch, became Marrakesh, thus giving its name to the early urban settlement (Toufiq, 1988; Skounti, 2004).

    • Themes:

      Cities

    • Country:

      Morocco

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. 2017. Health Care as Heritage: An Etic Approach of Inscribed Elements on the Lists of the UNESCO ICH Convention.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. 2017. Health Care as Heritage: An Etic Approach of Inscribed Elements on the Lists of the UNESCO ICH Convention.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, Ahmed
      Title Health Care as Heritage: An Etic Approach of Inscribed Elements on the Lists of the UNESCO ICH Convention
      Book title Traditional Medicine: Sharing Experiences from the Field
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Eivind Falk
      Pages pp. 9 -- 20
      Publisher ICHCAP
      Postal address 95 Seohak-Ro, Wansan-Gu, Jeonju, Republic of Korea 560-120
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The scope of intangible cultural heritage related to human well-being is large. Many cultural practices, if not the majority of them, were designed by communities, groups and individuals for well-being purposes, be it physical or mental. Such practices are also intended to ensure the continuity of the society over time and to maintain social order. According to Napier, those practices related to human body and soul are embodied in cultural systems of value (Napier 2014) that overwhelm them. The representations of those two components of the human being, body and soul, are tightly linked in traditional cultures. Thus, many cultural practices were designed for the well-being of both of them. They also mix therapies intended to bring about the relief of each and/or both. Traditional pharmacopeia, music, dance, prayers and rituals are often used in combination in order to help patients recover from actual or psychosomatic diseases. Nevertheless, part of social and cultural practices is more likely conceived to deal with human health in various ways. The fourth of the five main domains defined in article 2.2 of the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage is “Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe”.1 This obviously covers a large range of topics and themes, encompassing diverse knowledge, know-how and practices intended to provide humans with the means to better define their place in their environment and, more broadly, in the whole universe. One could expect that nominations for inscription on the four mechanisms of the 2003 Convention,2 mainly the two lists defined in articles 16 and 17, were to deal with more or less traditional medical knowledge. After verification, this does not seem to be the case. As a matter of fact, the elements related to this area of knowledge and the practices inscribed on the lists are very few. No programme, and no project or activity was selected on the Register of best safeguarding practices set up by the Convention under article 18. No international assistance was approved by the Committee concerning a project in that field. This paper focuses on those inscribed elements which are explicitly related to medical knowledge and, more broadly, to human health. It is based on the information contained in files of nominations which can be accessed on the UNESCO website dedicated to the 2003 Convention. The paper will first present, in brief terms, the elements which fall under that domain, and discuss the main issues raised as well as the potential developments.

    • Themes:

      Health, Lists of the 2003 Convention, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2020-02-06)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 21.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 21.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, Ahmed
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 21
      Title Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skrydstrup, M. & Wendland, W. (2006) Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques. IN Nouvelles de l'ICOM, 59. 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skrydstrup, M. & Wendland, W. (2006) Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques. IN Nouvelles de l'ICOM, 59. 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skrydstrup, M. AND Wendland, W.
      Journal Nouvelles de l'ICOM
      Language French,English
      Number 2
      Pages 5
      Title Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques
      Volume 59
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Ethics

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Slencska, A. (2005) La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Slencska, A. (2005) La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Slencska, Anne
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smeets, R. (2004) Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum International, 56.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smeets, R. (2004) Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum International, 56.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smeets, Rieks
      Title Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal Museum International
      Year 2004
      Volume 56
      Number 1-2
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      When faced with the question as to what domains belong to the Intangible Cultural Heritage, people almost invariably mention language, often alongside music and dance. Nevertheless, article 2(1) of the 2003 Convention, which defines the intangible cultural heritage that is to be safeguarded, does not mention ‘language’ as such. The article does speak about ‘practices, representations and expressions, knowledge and skills ... that communities, groups and in some cases individuals, recognize as part of their cultural heritage’. The same paragraph also states that the heritage that is to be safeguarded, is transmitted from generation to generation, that it is constantly re-created and that it provides groups and communities with a sense of identity and continuity. Well, languages are transmitted from generation to generation, they are constantly re-created, they presuppose knowledge and skills, and speech acts can be described in terms of linguistic practices and expressions. Finally, languages as a rule play important if not crucial roles in the identities of groups and individuals. In the course of 2002 and 2003, while the draft of the Convention was being prepared at expert and intergovernmental meetings, the question of language was extensively discussed. There were a few voices in favour of the inclusion of language as such under the definition of intangible cultural heritage that is to be safeguarded. However, it was decided to include in Article 2(2) oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage as one of the domains in which the intangible cultural heritage is manifested.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Languages, Other international framework, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-22)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smeets, R. (2004) Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 156–165.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smeets, R. (2004) Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 156–165.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smeets, Rieks
      Journal Museum international
      Language French,Arabic,English,Korean,Spanish
      Number 221
      Pages 156--165
      Title Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Languages, Oral traditions and expressions

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135870_fre

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2006) Uses of heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2006) Uses of heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane
      ISBN 0-415-31830-0
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Uses of heritage
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2007) Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 159–171.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2007) Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 159–171.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane
      Journal Cultural heritage and human rights
      Language English
      Pages 159--171
      Title Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The politics of identity cannot simply be dismissed as empty or abstract gesturing. The conflicts that occur around the rights to control the expression of cultural identity have important material consequences for struggles over economic resources and struggles for equity and human rights. This chapter examines the role that archaeologists, often unwittingly, play in the arbitration of identity politics and the consequences this has for both the discipline and, more specifically, Australian Indigenous communities. Drawing on a critical reading of Foucault’s later work on governmentality (Foucault 1979), this chapter provides a theoretical framework for understanding the conflicts that arise when archaeological knowledge and expertise about the material past intersects with the use of that past as indigenous heritage.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Human rights, Indigenous peoples

    • Country:

      Australia

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2011251/Empty_gestures_Heritage_and_the_Politics_of_Recognition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2015) Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse? IN La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès, 40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2015) Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse? IN La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès, 40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Smith, Laurajane
      Journal La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès
      Language English
      Title Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse?
      Volume 40
      Year 2015
      Author Smith, Laurajane
    • Abstract:

      The Unesco Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has significantly raised international and community awareness of the legitimacy of the concept of intangible heritage. Although, in raising this awareness, the Convention has not yet provided a framework that privileges the community/sub-national orientation of intangible heritage. This paper argues that definitions and ideas of heritage developed by national and international agencies such as UNESCO and ICOMOS need challenging and reconsidering. The dichotomy between tangible and intangible heritage needs re-thinking, and indeed, I posit all heritage is intangible.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Heritage institutions

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/34518290/Intangible_Heritage_A_challenge_to_the_authorised_heritage_discourse

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Akagawa, N. (2009) Intangible heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Akagawa, N. (2009) Intangible heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane AND Akagawa, Natsuko
      ISBN 0-415-47396-9
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Intangible heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This volume examines the implications and consequences of the idea of ‘intangible heritage’ to current international academic and policy debates about the meaning and nature of cultural heritage and the management processes developed to protect it. It provides an accessible account of the different ways in which intangible cultural heritage has been defined and managed in both national and international contexts, and aims to facilitate international debate about the meaning, nature and value of not only intangible cultural heritage, but heritage more generally. Intangible Heritage fills a significant gap in the heritage literature available and represents a significant cross section of ideas and practices associated with intangible cultural heritage. The authors brought together for this volume represent some of the key academics and practitioners working in the area, and discuss research and practices from a range of countries, including: Zimbabwe, Morocco, South Africa, Japan, Australia, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, USA, Brazil and Indonesia, and bring together a range of areas of expertise which include anthropology, law, heritage studies, archaeology, museum studies, folklore, architecture, Indigenous studies and history.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, International cooperation

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299410644_Intangible_Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Campbell, G. (2017) The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage. IN Heritage and Society, 10. 26–44.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Campbell, G. (2017) The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage. IN Heritage and Society, 10. 26–44.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane AND Campbell , Gary
      Title The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage
      Journal Heritage and Society
      Year 2017
      Volume 10
      Number 1
      Pages 26-44
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This paper explores the contradictions of the advent, dissemination and use of the terms‘intangible value’ and ‘tangible value’. We examine their logical and grammaticalincoherence, and the ‘work’ that these strange terms, so often used in tandem, do todomesticate what are for some people the uncomfortable implications of the concept ofintangible cultural heritage. In developing our argument, the paper draws on a range of policyand academic documents to illustrate the extent of the professional and academic unease withthe concept of intangible heritage, and the degree to which this unease unintentionally fostersthe maintenance of the authorized heritage discourse.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, 1972 Convention

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-13)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2159032X.2017.1423225

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Waterton, E. (2009) The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England. IN Intangible heritage, . 289–302.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Waterton, E. (2009) The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England. IN Intangible heritage, . 289–302.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, L. AND Waterton, E.
      ISSN 0415473969
      Journal Intangible heritage
      Language English
      Pages 289--302
      Title The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England
      Year 2009
    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299410914_The_Envy_of_the_World_Intangible_heritage_in_England

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L., Morgan, A. & Van Der Meer, A. (2003) Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 9. 65–80.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L., Morgan, A. & Van Der Meer, A. (2003) Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 9. 65–80.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, L. AND Morgan, A. AND Van Der Meer, A.
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 65--80
      Title Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project
      Volume 9
      Year 2003
    • Abstract:

      Community involvement in heritage management is an issue that is increasingly being debated within heritage studies and management agencies. This paper examines a case study from Queensland, Australia, of a community-initiated and controlled heritage project. The paper outlines and discusses the implications that this project has to an understanding of the nature of heritage, the processes of its management and the role of expertise within management. It argues that the development of a management process that is meaningfully inclusive at a community level must overthrow the ways in which heritage is defined and understood. Not only must concepts of intangible heritage be developed, but also concepts of heritage must usefully incorporate an understanding of the nature of intangible experiences and values that are associated with the physical aspects of heritage. Moreover, it is important to understand that these experiences and values are themselves open to management and regulation. Subsequently, an inclusive management process requires a self-conscious evaluation of the role of heritage managers in the process and a conscious decision to support, or otherwise, local community aspirations.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Gender issues

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, R. (2009) Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum. IN The International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 4. 14–25.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, R. (2009) Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum. IN The International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 4. 14–25.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Rhianedd
      Journal The International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 14--25
      Title Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum
      Volume 4
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This paper is an attempt to explore the challenges of defining intangible heritage and ‘community’ in England. It uses as its case study the Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading: an urban museum with a rural theme. The paper examines current theoretical discourse around the concept of the ‘first voice’ and debate about the role of museums in the preservation of intangible heritage. It then examines the relevance of these concepts to the identification of ‘rural’ intangible heritage stake holders in England. In this way, it shows the potential for concepts of intangible heritage to influence national museums. However, by applying theory and practice which is designed to support work with well-defined ‘originating communities’ to a national museum, it also highlights the challenges of initiating community engagement in a multicultural society.

    • Themes:

      Museums, Community participation

    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Solanilla, L. (2008) The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, 3. 103–16.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Solanilla, L. (2008) The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, 3. 103–16.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Solanilla, Laura
      Journal International Journal for Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 103--16
      Title The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This paper argues that life stories and other personal biographical accounts should be considered as significant manifestations of the intangible cultural heritage. It addresses the consequences for 'memory institutions', i.e. museums, libraries, archives and similar bodies, in relation to the protection and safeguarding of this heritage. First, the main challenges that these institutions have to face in order to protect this special kind of heritage are considered. Second, there is consideration of the main changes caused by the introduction of new information communication technologies (ICTs) into the cultural heritage world, and specifically, the effect of ICT developments on the institutions responsible for autobiographical memoirs are examined.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Information technology

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/10085067/The_Internet_as_a_Tool_for_Communicating_Life_Stories_a_New_Challenge_for_Memory_Institutions_

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Soukup, B. (2006) Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity. IN Language Policy, 5. 209–218.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Soukup, B. (2006) Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity. IN Language Policy, 5. 209–218.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Soukup, Barbara
      ISSN 1568-4555
      Journal Language Policy
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 209--218
      Title Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity
      Volume 5
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This article analyzes recent news-making initiatives by UNESCO and their implications for language policy on the international level. In particular, I focus on two conventions relevant to language policy-making, the ‘Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions’ (approved October 2005), and the ‘Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage’ (which entered into force in April 2006). The adoption of the former was preceded by a widely publicized controversy regarding the status of cultural activities and goods in relation to international trade agreements and protectionism. The latter is a complement to the UNESCO World Heritage program that provides for a similar listmaking of expressions of intangible heritage (including oral traditions). I discuss both conventions in the light of media response and analyze their potential for driving language policy in Member States; and I conclude with a brief description of other UNESCO efforts at shaping language politics.

    • Themes:

      Languages, 2005 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225333611_Soukup_Barbara_2006_Language_news_in_review_UNESCO_and_the_quest_for_cultural_diversity_Language_Policy_52_209-218

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sousa, F. (2018). The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal: Memória Imaterial CRL.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sousa, F. (2018). The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal: Memória Imaterial CRL.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals
      Year 2018
      Memória Imaterial CRL
      Author Sousa, Filomena
      Publisher Memória Imaterial CRL. R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal Memória Imaterial CRL. R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal
      Postal address R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Under the DCHPII project ― Digital Cultural Heritage: Platforms and Inventories of the Intangible1 ― the Map of e-Inventories of the Intangible Cultural Heritage was published in 2017. In a preliminary analysis, it was concluded that among the 158 inventories registered in this Map, only 22 (14%) clearly announced the collaborative nature of the inventory, calling for direct participation of "Communities, Groups and Individuals" (expression hereinafter often replaced by the acronym CGIs).2 This call referred to the submission of elements to be inscribed in the inventories and instructions for filling in the online database. With few exceptions, we did not find in these platforms references to participation in other phases of the inventory, namely in the planning, structuring and evaluation of the process. Since the application of participatory methodologies is one of the research lines of the DCHPII project, and considering that CGIs’ participation has a central role in the implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (UNESCO, 2003) – i.e., in all measures of safeguards invoked in it, and not only in the inventory - the results of the Map analysis activated in the project the need to elaborate the state of art of the use of these methodologies. For this reason, a comprehensive perspective is presented in this publication, a work that addresses the issues of inventory and digital platforms, but supplants them by analysing the overall safeguarding process.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Community participation, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, Inventorying

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-21)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.memoriamedia.net/pci_docs/The_Participation_in_the_Safeguarding_of_the_ICH_Filomena_Sousa.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sørensen, M. L. S. (2009) Heritage studies: methods and approaches Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sørensen, M. L. S. (2009) Heritage studies: methods and approaches Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sørensen, Marie Louise Stig
      ISBN 0-415-43184-0
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Heritage studies: methods and approaches
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This is the first volume specifically dedicated to the consolidation and clarification of Heritage Studies as a distinct field with its own means of investigation. It presents the range of methods that can be used and illustrates their application through case studies from different parts of the world, including the UK and USA. The challenge that the collection makes explicit is that Heritage Studies must develop a stronger recognition of the scope and nature of its data and a concise yet explorative understanding of its analytical methods. The methods considered fall within three broad categories: textual/discourse analysis, methods for investigating people’s attitudes and behaviour; and methods for exploring the material qualities of heritage. The methods discussed and illustrated range from techniques such as text analysis, interviews, participant observation, to semiotic analysis of heritage sites and the use of GIS. Each paper discusses the ways in which methods used in social analysis generally are explored and adapted to the specific demands that arise when applied to the investigation of heritage in its many forms. Heritage Studies is a seminal volume that will help to define the field. The global perspective and the shared focus upon the development of reflexive methodologies ensure that the volume explores these central issues in a manner that is simultaneously case-specific and of general relevance.

    • Themes:

      Universities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Spennemann, D. H. r. & Graham, K. (2007) The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations. IN International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 7. 993–1001.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Spennemann, D. H. r. & Graham, K. (2007) The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations. IN International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 7. 993–1001.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Spennemann, Dirk H.r. AND Graham, Kristy
      ISSN 1466-8297
      Journal International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management
      Language English
      Number 6
      Pages 993--1001
      Title The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations
      Volume 7
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Disaster management for cultural heritage has been gaining recognition as an important issue for the long term management and conservation of these assets. Natural disasters are localised events and have the ability to cause widespread loss and destruction to a community's cultural heritage. The social benefits of heritage preservation are often cited as the justification for developing disaster management plans. These social benefits are generally presented in relation to the disaster recovery phase. However, these benefits are also attributable to the initial stages experienced during a disaster event. Applying these existing arguments to this initial stage may assist to transcend the existing attitudinal barriers and present the issue of disaster management for cultural heritage in a manner which is relevant to the diversity of stakeholders.

    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Community participation, Environment, Natural disasters

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stamatoudi, I. (2004) The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. IN Revue Hellénique de Droit International, 57.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stamatoudi, I. (2004) The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. IN Revue Hellénique de Droit International, 57.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stamatoudi, Irini
      Journal Revue Hellénique de Droit International
      Language English
      Title The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law
      Volume 57
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stavenhagen, R. (2005) The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance. IN Global Governance, 11. 17–23.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stavenhagen, R. (2005) The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance. IN Global Governance, 11. 17–23.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stavenhagen, Rodolfo
      ISSN 10752846
      Journal Global Governance
      Language English
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan.–Mar. 2005 / Copyright © 2005 Lynne Rienner Publishers
      Number 1
      Pages 17--23
      Title The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance
      Volume 11
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800551

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stefano M., D. P. (Ed.), (2017) The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stefano M., D. P. (Ed.), (2017) The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Stefano, M., Davis, P.
      Title The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Publisher Routledge
      Year 2017
      ISBN 978-1-315-71640-4 (ebk)
      Language English
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Heritage institutions, Museums, Policy making, 1972 Convention

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stefano, M., Davis, P. & Corsane, G. (2012) Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage UK, The Boydell Press.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stefano, M., Davis, P. & Corsane, G. (2012) Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage UK, The Boydell Press.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UK
      Author Stefano, Michelle and Davis, Peter and Corsane, Gerard
      Language English
      Publisher The Boydell Press
      Title Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • şTiucă, N. A. (2009) L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      şTiucă, N. A. (2009) L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author şTiucă, Narcisa Alexandra
      Language French
      Title L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2009
      Journal Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy
    • Themes:

      Food

    • Country:

      Romania

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stovel, H. (2004) The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level. IN Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage, . 129–135.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stovel, H. (2004) The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level. IN Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage, . 129–135.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stovel, Herb
      Journal Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage
      Language English
      Pages 129--135
      Title The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, 1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Strambi, G. 2011. I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea. Paper read at Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Strambi, G. 2011. I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea. Paper read at Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Strambi, Giuliana
      Book title Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado
      ISBN 84-8427-849-2
      Language Italian
      Pages 411--428
      Publisher Servicio de Publicaciones
      Title I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. (2018) Conceptualising the Subjective Authenticity of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 24. 919–937.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. (2018) Conceptualising the Subjective Authenticity of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 24. 919–937.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie
      Title Conceptualising the Subjective Authenticity of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Year 2018
      Volume 24
      Number 9
      Pages 919-937
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Authenticity is a significant concept in the heritage field. However, the connotations of authenticity and its relevance to Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) need further consideration. This paper ascertains the function of authenticity in the heritage field and reconceptualises authenticity so as to relate it to ICH. The subjectivities of ICH practitioners, as well as their subjective perspectives and experiences are privileged in this research, in line with the general aims of Critical Heritage Studies. Drawing on the idea of ‘existential authenticity’, which was developed in tourism studies, this paper presents a concept of ‘subjective authenticity’ with which to describe the ability of ICH practitioners to convey the dynamic, subjective and developing ICH values in both intrapersonal and interpersonal embodiments. Using case studies of ICH from Lijiang, China, the idea of subjective authenticity is evidenced and illustrated. Meanwhile, the materialist or ‘objective’ authenticity that exists in the Chinese Authorised Heritage Discourse is critiqued as inappropriate. Theoretically, this paper investigates people’s subjectivities and experiences in the process of ICH value-making, as well as identity-making. The results contribute not only to the establishment of an inclusive concept of authenticity in heritage studies, but also to the theorisation of existential authenticity in tourism studies.

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2018.1428662

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. (2019) Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. (2019) Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie
      Title Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives
      Journal Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change
      Year 2019
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Government plays a key role in addressing the tension between the protection and the use of heritage in tourism. However, the diverse perspectives of heritage officials have not been well researched, particularly in regard to intangible cultural heritage (ICH) in the context of tourism. China is typical of a country where there is an obvious tension between protection and commodification of ICH for tourism. This research has studied the perspectives of officials from national to local levels in regard to the relationship between protection (in terms of the concepts of authenticity and integrity) and commodification of the ICH in Lijiang, a popular heritage tourism area in China. The research reveals the diversity and stratification of the officials’ perspectives in China. While the national ICH policy exerts profound influence in a top-down manner, the officials at the middle and lower levels mediate any divergence between the written policy and its implementation. In particular, local officials are more sympathetic to tourism commodification of ICH. As well as providing empirical evidence of the diverse understandings of individual heritage officials, this paper also contributes to the critical study of the ICH management system in China.

    • Themes:

      Policy making, Tourism, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Touristification

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2019.1604720

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. (2019) Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 17. 247–268.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. (2019) Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 17. 247–268.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie
      Title Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China
      Journal Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change
      Year 2019
      Volume 17
      Number 3
      Pages 247-268
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      While Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) emerges as a new topic in the fields of heritage studies and tourism studies, the changeability of ICH in tourism commodification is still underresearched. The tension between protection and commodification of ICH is intensified when ICH is regarded as a heritage to protect and a resource for commodification, such as in the case of China. With a musical ICH element in Lijiang, China as the case, this paper applies a Critical Heritage Studies approach to investigate the values and components of ICH from the perspective of the music players. From both the diachronic and synchronic dimensions, the research shows that the players construct the values of their ICH in a subject, diverse and dynamic process. The less- and the more commodified forms of performance are not clearly differentiated; rather, they are regarded as equally important to realise players’ dynamic and subjective needs. Provided practitioners can engage with their ICH freely, commodification can be seen as an indispensable form of the ICH-making process. This paper aims to reveal the dynamism of ICH, to rethink the commodification of ICH, and to rethink the relationship between the commodification and the making of ICH from a critical approach.

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2018.1427102

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. & Chen, H. 2018. China: Cultural Heritage Management.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. & Chen, H. 2018. China: Cultural Heritage Management.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie AND Chen, Hong
      Title China: Cultural Heritage Management
      Book title Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology
      Year 2018
      Editor(s) Claire Smith
      Publisher New York: Springer
      Language English
    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_1148-2

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Suarez, R., Alonzo, A. & Sandra, J. J. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. IN Journal of cultural heritage, 16. 239–243.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Suarez, R., Alonzo, A. & Sandra, J. J. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. IN Journal of cultural heritage, 16. 239–243.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Suarez, Rafael AND Alonzo, Alicia AND Sandra, Juan J.
      Journal Journal of cultural heritage
      Number 2
      Pages 239--243
      Title Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
      Volume 16
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Since the end of the twentieth century the increasing importance of cultural heritage has been complemented with the recognition and protection of intangible heritage. This new approach to cultural heritage requires scientific knowledge supported by new technologies. This context is used as the starting point for furthering knowledge of the relationship between architecture, liturgy and music in Romanesque church architecture – the first artistic style to become widespread in the West – by including a new intangible dimension: sound. This case study of the emblematic cathedral of Santiago de Compostela uses computer simulation to expose the acoustic behaviour of the original Romanesque space – now covered by Baroque elements – and its effect on the functional and spatial structure.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology

    • Country:

      Spain

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sullivan, B. M. (2009) How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam. IN Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 21. 78–86.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sullivan, B. M. (2009) How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam. IN Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 21. 78–86.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sullivan, Bruce M.
      ISSN 0943-3058
      Journal Method & Theory in the Study of Religion
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 78--86
      Title How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam
      Volume 21
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This article presents issues encountered in ethnographic fieldwork in Kerala, south India, on a tradition of Sanskrit theatre called Kūtiyāttam. Key issues include recent changes in both the audience and performing troupes as Kerala's society has become more egalitarian, and reduced ritual activity by priests. Kūtiyāttam has been transformed from a devotional offering in temples to a cultural performance viewed as an art form. Ethnographic research on this tradition has contributed to international recognition and patronage. In this case, ethnographic fieldwork affects both the researchers and the subjects of their research.

    • Themes:

      Performing arts

    • Country:

      India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2140639/How_Does_One_Study_a_Masterpiece_of_the_Oral_and_Intangible_Heritage_of_Humanity_Ethnographic_Reflections_on_Keralas_Kutiyattam

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sumin, H. (2003) UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters. IN North West Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sumin, H. (2003) UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters. IN North West Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sumin, Hao
      Journal North West Minorities Research
      Language English
      Title UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters
      Volume 1
      Year 2003
    • Themes:

      Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Suremain, C. (. & Katz, E. (2008) Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Suremain, C. (. & Katz, E. (2008) Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Suremain, Charles-édouard (De) AND Katz, Esther
      Journal Anthropology of food
      Language French
      Number S4
      Title Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      « L’Autre, comme l’écrit Françoise Héritier-Augé, c’est d’abord celui qui ne mange pas comme soi » (1985 : 61). L’alimentation serait, autrement dit, le socle à partir duquel se développent les identités individuelles et collectives. Comme tout fait social, l’alimentation d’un groupe, d’une catégorie sociale ou d’une société particulière forme système et constitue un ensemble de représentations, savoirs et pratiques qui s’affirme dans ses différences par rapport à d’autres systèmes alimentaires. C’est d’ailleurs cet aspect qui est largement repris dans la littérature anthropologique : l’alimentation incarne et cristallise les différences culturelles et identitaires ; elle s’impose à ce titre comme l’un des fondements de l’existence historique des sociétés, des régions, des familles1… Pourtant, alors même que les controverses sur les phénomènes concomitants de destructions et de crispations identitaires se font de plus en plus vigoureuses, la question de la transformation des modèles alimentaires et des recompositions sociales n’est que rarement étudiée dans une perspective anthropologique.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Food

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/aof/4033

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Svensson, T. G. (2004) Knowledge and Context. The Social Life of Objects. IN ICME papers, Seoul, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Svensson, T. G. (2004) Knowledge and Context. The Social Life of Objects. IN ICME papers, Seoul, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Svensson, Tom G.
      Journal ICME papers, Seoul
      Language English
      Title Knowledge and Context. The Social Life of Objects
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      The intangible heritage which seems to have the greatest bearing on objects/artefacts are knowledge systems and life ways related to the specific objects but not part thereof. Objects do not speak for culture, or are instrumental reflections thereof unless an extensive body of knowledge/intangible heritage is attached to them. The question remains; what kind of intangible heritage/traditional knowledge should, and must, be added to reach the objective of telling fairly complete and appropriate stories through objects, thereby making objects speak for culture?

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Swiderska, K. (2009) Protecting traditional knowledge: a holistic approach based on customary laws and bio-cultural heritage. IN Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges, . 331–342.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Swiderska, K. (2009) Protecting traditional knowledge: a holistic approach based on customary laws and bio-cultural heritage. IN Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges, . 331–342.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Swiderska, Krystyna
      Journal Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges
      Language English
      Pages 331--342
      Title Protecting traditional knowledge: a holistic approach based on customary laws and bio-cultural heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This chapter explains the concept of biocultural heritage and the need to protect biocultural heritage as a whole rather than focusing only on traditional knowledge. It presents research findings on the role of customary laws in protecting traditional knowledge in indigenous communities in Peru, Panama, China, Kenya and India.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Legislation, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

    • Country:

      China, India, Kenya, Panama, Peru

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Takahashi, A. & Nemani, S. (2016) Integrating ICH in post-disaster needs assessments: a case study of Navala Village. IN ICH Courier online - ICH Courier of Asia and the Pacific, 28. 8–11.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Takahashi, A. & Nemani, S. (2016) Integrating ICH in post-disaster needs assessments: a case study of Navala Village. IN ICH Courier online - ICH Courier of Asia and the Pacific, 28. 8–11.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Takahashi, Akatsuki AND Nemani, Sipiriano
      Title Integrating ICH in post-disaster needs assessments: a case study of Navala Village
      Journal ICH Courier online - ICH Courier of Asia and the Pacific
      Year 2016
      Volume 28
      Pages 8-11
      Language English
      ISSN 2092-7959
    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Degraded ecosystem, Degraded habitat, Natural disasters, Economic and social development, Environment, Sustainable development, SDG 15: Life on Land, article from a collective publication containing other pertinent articles to be declared, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Fiji

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    • Public URL:

      https://ichcourier.unesco-ichcap.org/article/integrating-ich-in-post-disaster-needs-assessments-a-case-study-of-navala-village/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Takakura, H. 2016. Lessons from Anthropological Projects Related to the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Intangible Cultural Heritage Survey and Disaster Salvage Anthropology.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Takakura, H. 2016. Lessons from Anthropological Projects Related to the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Intangible Cultural Heritage Survey and Disaster Salvage Anthropology.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Takakura, Hiroki
      Title Lessons from Anthropological Projects Related to the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Intangible Cultural Heritage Survey and Disaster Salvage Anthropology
      Book title World Anthropologies in Practice: Situated Perspectives, Global Knowledge
      Year 2016
      Editor(s) John Gledhill
      Pages 211-224
      Publisher Bloomsbury
      Postal address New York
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The exceptionally destructive Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami had one of the strongest impacts of any recent disaster, not only in Japan but also around the world. The author is an anthropologist and a survivor of the disaster who lives and works in Sendai, Miyagi, one of the cities closest to the epicentre. Many scientific projects and social programmes were implemented after the earthquake. The responses of anthropologists in Japan reflected various individual forms of behaviour, from participating as volunteers, through organizing public lectures or workshops, to carrying out applied surveys. This paper explores the contribution of these anthropologists’ activism to the afflicted region and its communities. It asks what kind of social engagement the anthropologists’ responses represented, and examines the related effects that the anthropologists’ activities produced among the public. This paper examines these questions from the perspective of my personal experience, because the author was also personally...

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Civil society, Degraded habitat, Natural disasters, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Japan

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Takizawa, K. 2019. Resilience of communities affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and restoration of their local festivals.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Takizawa, K. 2019. Resilience of communities affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and restoration of their local festivals.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Takizawa, Katsuhiko
      Title Resilience of communities affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and restoration of their local festivals
      Book title Crisis and Disaster in Japan and New Zealand
      Year 2019
      Editor(s) Bouterey, S. and Marceau, L. E.
      Pages 41-57
      Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
      Postal address Singapore
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      After the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Northeast Asian Studies Centre at Tohoku University conducted an extensive project titled, “Investigation into Damage to Folk Cultural Assets from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in Miyagi.” The project focused on “intangible folk cultural assets,” such as local festivals and folk performing arts. In this chapter, Takizawa introduces some of the challenges faced by researchers in attempting to measure the degree of damage to, and recovery of, cultural assets that are essentially “intangible” and for which, in many cases, there were no earlier written records. Issues illuminated by the project and their practical significance to society are discussed with particular reference to the reconstruction of local communities and revival of their traditional festivals.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, Community participation, Emergency situations, Degraded habitat, Loss of cultural spaces, Natural disasters, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Japan, New Zealand

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-26)

    • Public URL:

      https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-13-0244-2_4#citeas

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tamma, M. (2011) Prodotti culturali e territori : l’immateriale che “vive” nella materialità. IN Sinergie rivista di studi e ricerche, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tamma, M. (2011) Prodotti culturali e territori : l’immateriale che “vive” nella materialità. IN Sinergie rivista di studi e ricerche, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tamma, Michele
      Journal Sinergie rivista di studi e ricerche
      Language Italian
      Number 82
      Title Prodotti culturali e territori : l’immateriale che “vive” nella materialità
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tandon, A. (2016). First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis: Handbook Prince Claus Fund for Culture and Development and ICCROM.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tandon, A. (2016). First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis: Handbook Prince Claus Fund for Culture and Development and ICCROM.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis: Handbook
      Year 2016
      Prince Claus Fund for Culture and Development and ICCROM
      Author Tandon, Aparna
      Publisher International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) and Prince Claud Fund for Culture and Development
      Language English
    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Emergency situations, Conflicts, Natural disasters

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.iccrom.org/sites/default/files/2018-10/fac_handbook_print_oct-2018_final.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tauschek, M. 2017. Imaginations, Constructions and Constraints: Some Concluding Remarks on Heritage, Community and Participation.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tauschek, M. 2017. Imaginations, Constructions and Constraints: Some Concluding Remarks on Heritage, Community and Participation.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tauschek, Markus
      Title Imaginations, Constructions and Constraints: Some Concluding Remarks on Heritage, Community and Participation
      Book title Between Imagined Communities of Practice Participation, Territory and the Making of Heritage
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Nicolas Adell, Regina F. Bendix, Chiara Bortolotto and Markus Tauschek
      Publisher Göttingen University Press
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Given this background, this article argues that, from the perspective of science and technology studies, community, in the context of UNESCO’s heritage policy, can be interpreted as a form of assemblage composed by, for example, practices, norms, moral concepts, normative policies, performances and a set of very different actors (see also Macdonald 2013: 5–7; Harrison 2013: 31–32). These actors are arguing and acting within very different frames and cultural or institutional logics, as, for instance, Christoph Brumann argues (in this volume). From the perspective of a symmetrical anthropology discussed by Bruno Latour, all actors within UNESCO’s heritage policy – Brumann talks of experts as well as diplomats, etc. – build a temporally delimited community during sessions or expert meetings. However, within this performative construction process of a heterogeneous community, legal texts, guidelines, application forms – as discussed by Nicolas Adell in this volume – and so on, can also be conceptualized as powerful actants (see Akrich and Latour 1992: 259; Harrison 2013: 32–33) which have their own agency and which, for example, influence the definition, interpretation or valorization of cultural heritage. The following three examples discuss some crucial aspects of cultural heritage and community as a form of assemblage. My main argument here is that, borrowing the idea of translation from science and technology studies discussed by Michel Callon (1986), heritage policy and practices are the result of the successful construction of a social network composed of different human and non-human actors. This perspective, which eventually deconstructs UNESCO’s heritage interventions, can lead to a deeper understanding of cultural heritage in late modernity as Callon’s translation theory asks how actors define and take specific roles within a functioning network, how alliances are built and how actors follow an identical goal even if they may have different personal motivations. All these processes can also be observed when UNESCO, national or subordinate organizations and institutions identify, proclaim, manage and – from an analytical point of view – invent cultural heritage.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural diplomacy, Heritage institutions, Transnational heritage, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Belgium, France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Programme of cultivating ludodiversity: safeguarding traditional games in Flanders

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-21)

    • Public URL:

      http://books.openedition.org/gup/237

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Taylor, D. (2003) The archive and the repertoire: Performing cultural memory in the Americas Duke University Press Books.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Taylor, D. (2003) The archive and the repertoire: Performing cultural memory in the Americas Duke University Press Books.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Diana Taylor
      ISBN 0-8223-3123-3
      Language English
      Publisher Duke University Press Books
      Title The archive and the repertoire: Performing cultural memory in the Americas
      Year 2003
    • Abstract:

      In The Archive and the Repertoire preeminent performance studies scholar Diana Taylor provides a new understanding of the vital role of performance in the Americas. From plays to official events to grassroots protests, performance, she argues, must be taken seriously as a means of storing and transmitting knowledge. Taylor reveals how the repertoire of embodied memory—conveyed in gestures, the spoken word, movement, dance, song, and other performances—offers alternative perspectives to those derived from the written archive and is particularly useful to a reconsideration of historical processes of transnational contact. The Archive and the Repertoire invites a remapping of the Americas based on traditions of embodied practice.

    • Themes:

      Performing arts

    • Public URL:

      https://read.dukeupress.edu/books/book/849/The-Archive-and-the-RepertoirePerforming-Cultural

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Taylor, M. N. (2009) Intangible heritage governance, cultural diversity, ethno-nationalism. IN Focaal, 2009. 41–58.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Taylor, M. N. (2009) Intangible heritage governance, cultural diversity, ethno-nationalism. IN Focaal, 2009. 41–58.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Taylor, Mary N.
      ISSN 0920-1297
      Journal Focaal
      Language English
      Number 55
      Pages 41--58
      Title Intangible heritage governance, cultural diversity, ethno-nationalism
      Volume 2009
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      Since the early 1990s, language used to speak of cultural practices once thought of as "folklore" has become increasingly standardized around the term intangible heritage. Supranational intangible heritage policies promote a contradictory package that aims to preserve local identity and cultural diversity while promoting democratic values and economic development. Such efforts may contribute to the deployment of language that stresses mutual exclusivity and incommensurability, with important consequences for individual and group access to resources. This article examines these tensions with ethnographic attention to a Hungarian folk revival movement, illuminating how local histories of "heritage protection" meet with the global norm of heritage governance in complicated ways. I suggest the paradoxical predicament that both "liberal" notions of diversity and ethno-national boundaries are co-produced through a number of processes in late capitalism, most notably connected to changing relations of property and citizenship regimes.

    • Themes:

      Social conflicts, Unintended outcomes

    • Country:

      Hungary

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tebbaa, O. (2006) Etude du profil sociologique des acteurs de la Place Jemaâ El Fna et de la transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tebbaa, O. (2006) Etude du profil sociologique des acteurs de la Place Jemaâ El Fna et de la transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tebbaa, Ouidad
      Language French
      Title Etude du profil sociologique des acteurs de la Place Jemaâ El Fna et de la transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      L’étude a pour objet la description des profils sociologiques des acteurs de la Place Jemaâ El Fna, i.e. la connaissance de leur nombre, de leur provenance géographique, de leur condition économique et de leur statut social en tant que (re)producteurs d’une culture. La connaissance des profils sociologiques autorise un examen de la question cruciale de la transmission des savoirs et savoir-faire, en somme du patrimoine culturel immatériel dont ces acteurs sont les détenteurs. La transmission est envisagée ici autant du point de vue théorique que du point de vue pratique. Il s’agit d’en comprendre les mécanismes de fonctionnement, de défaillance et de proposer des pistes de réflexion pour lui permettre une pérennité dans le contexte actuel caractérisé par des conditions nouvelles voire inédites de production, d’énonciation et de réception. L’étude est basée sur : (i) une enquête de terrain menée auprès des acteurs de la place et (ii) des lectures bibliographiques embrassant le champ des sciences humaines et sociales relatives à la problématique définie ci- dessus de manière très succincte

    • Themes:

      Civil society, Cultural identity

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tebbaa, O. (2011) Place Jamaâ El Fna, espace en devenir. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 162.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tebbaa, O. (2011) Place Jamaâ El Fna, espace en devenir. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 162.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tebbaa, Ouidad
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 162
      Title Place Jamaâ El Fna, espace en devenir
      Year 2011
    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Techera, E. J. 2010. Synergies and Challenges for Legal Protection of Sacred Natural Sites in the South Pacific.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Techera, E. J. 2010. Synergies and Challenges for Legal Protection of Sacred Natural Sites in the South Pacific.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Techera, Erika J.
      Title Synergies and Challenges for Legal Protection of Sacred Natural Sites in the South Pacific
      Book title Sacred Natural Sites Conserving Nature and Culture
      Year 2010
      Editor(s) Bas Verschuuren, Robert Wild, Jeffrey McNeely and Gonzalo Oviedo
      Pages 170-179
      Publisher Earthscan
      Postal address Earthscan Ltd, Dunstan House, 14a St Cross Street, London EC1N 8XA, UKEarthscan LLC, 1616 P Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    • Abstract:

      The South Pacific islands are home to a diversity of peoples with a rich culture and areas of outstanding biodiversity. While monumental heritage is found in some parts of the region, all of the Pacific Islands have a wealth of customs, practices and traditional knowledge linked to natural places. Globalization, modernization and population growth are placing increasing pressure upon this culture and the associated sacred natural sites. In the past, international and domestic attention has focused heavily upon management of protected areas for biodiversity conservation rather than their intangible cultural heritage values. However, more recently attention has turned to safeguarding intangible cultural heritage. Nonetheless, law in this area remains fragmented: independent international treaties protect natural and cultural sites and intangible heritage, and in most cases domestic approaches to heritage protection separate natural areas from cultural elements. This chapter considers the international law in this area and suggests a way forward for the better protection of sacred sites in the South Pacific.

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention, Convention on Biological Diversity, Living Human Treasure, Deforestation, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-12-26)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, A. (2010) Notas sobre las políticas del patrimonio cultural. IN Cuadernos Interculturales, 8. 115–131.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, A. (2010) Notas sobre las políticas del patrimonio cultural. IN Cuadernos Interculturales, 8. 115–131.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author Tello, Andrés
      ISSN 0718-0586
      Journal Cuadernos Interculturales
      Language Spanish
      Number 15
      Pages 115--131
      Title Notas sobre las políticas del patrimonio cultural
      Volume 8
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Este artículo analiza el discurso sobre el “patrimonio cultural” y la importancia que juega dentro del campo cultural en nuestras sociedades. Se realiza una revisión de tratados internacionales sobre la materia, además de una revisión histórica del concepto y el contexto actual en el cual se desenvuelven sus operaciones políticas en nuestra región. La reflexión teórica y el análisis crítico en torno a estos tópicos nos llevarán a proponer una singular visión de la figura del patrimonio cultural y sus implicancias sociales, políticas y económicas.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=55217041007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, C. (2007) Relaciones interétnicas y culturales : memorias VIII. Encuentro septiembre de 2007 Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (8° : 2007 : Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia) Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Ed.), Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, C. (2007) Relaciones interétnicas y culturales : memorias VIII. Encuentro septiembre de 2007 Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (8° : 2007 : Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia) Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Ed.), Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Bogota, Colombie
      vu
      Author Tello, Carlos
      Editor(s) {Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura}
      ISBN 978-958-44-2201-9
      Language Spanish
      Title Relaciones interétnicas y culturales : memorias VIII. Encuentro septiembre de 2007 Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (8° : 2007 : Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia)
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2006) Fiestas y rituales : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2006) Fiestas y rituales : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela).

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Editor(s) Tello, Carlos and {Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura}
      ISBN 978-958-44-0419-0
      Language Spanish
      Title Fiestas y rituales : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela)
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Título del encuentro: Gestión del patrimonio inmaterial y la diversidad cultural : memorias / VII Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos, 17 al 22 de octubre de 2006.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2006) Gestión del patrimonio inmaterial y la diversidad cultural : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2006) Gestión del patrimonio inmaterial y la diversidad cultural : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Bogota, Colombie
      vu
      Editor(s) Tello, Carlos and {Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura}
      ISBN 978-958-44-0419-0
      Language Spanish
      Title Gestión del patrimonio inmaterial y la diversidad cultural : memorias. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio Inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (7° : 2006 : Venezuela)
      Year 2006
    • Public URL:

      http://catalogo.crespial.org/index.php?p=digitallibrary/digitalcontent&id=53

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2008) Lenguas y tradición oral : memorias IX. Encuentro Octubre de 2008 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (11 : 2008 : Cartagena de Indias, Colombia) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2008) Lenguas y tradición oral : memorias IX. Encuentro Octubre de 2008 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (11 : 2008 : Cartagena de Indias, Colombia) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Bogota, Colombie
      vu
      Editor(s) Tello, Carlos and {Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura}
      ISBN 978-958-98841-0-2
      Language Spanish
      Title Lenguas y tradición oral : memorias IX. Encuentro Octubre de 2008 Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (11 : 2008 : Cartagena de Indias, Colombia)
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2010) Memorias del saber hacer. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (9° : 2010 : Santa Cruz de Mompox, Colombia) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tello, C. & Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura (Eds.), (2010) Memorias del saber hacer. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (9° : 2010 : Santa Cruz de Mompox, Colombia) Bogota, Colombie,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Bogota, Colombie
      vu
      Editor(s) Tello, Carlos and {Corporación para la Promoción y Difusión de la Cultura}
      ISBN 978-958-98841-2-6
      Language Spanish
      Title Memorias del saber hacer. Encuentro para la Promoción y Difusión del Patrimonio inmaterial de Países Iberoamericanos (9° : 2010 : Santa Cruz de Mompox, Colombia)
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Testa, E. (2002) Antropologia dei patrimoni culturali : sitografia ragionata. IN patrimonio cultural, 36.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Testa, E. (2002) Antropologia dei patrimoni culturali : sitografia ragionata. IN patrimonio cultural, 36.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Testa, Eugenio
      Journal patrimonio cultural
      Language Italian
      Title Antropologia dei patrimoni culturali : sitografia ragionata
      Volume 36
      Year 2002

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Testa, I., de Varine, H., Garlandini, A. & Mazzoleni, A. Ecomuseo-logie. Interpretare il patrimonio locale.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Testa, I., de Varine, H., Garlandini, A. & Mazzoleni, A. Ecomuseo-logie. Interpretare il patrimonio locale.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Testa, Ilaria and de Varine, Hughes and Garlandini, Alberto and Mazzoleni, Alberto
      Language Italian
      Title Ecomuseo-logie. Interpretare il patrimonio locale

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Teubner, G. & Fischer-lescano, A. (2008) Cannibalizing Epistemes: Will Modern Law Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions? IN Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment, 17. 40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Teubner, G. & Fischer-lescano, A. (2008) Cannibalizing Epistemes: Will Modern Law Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions? IN Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment, 17. 40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Teubner, Gunther AND Fischer-lescano, Andreas
      Journal Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment
      Language English
      Pages 40
      Title Cannibalizing Epistemes: Will Modern Law Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions?
      Volume 17
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Legislation

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/298454373_Cannibalizing_epistemes_Will_modern_law_protect_traditional_cultural_expressions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Thebe, P. C. 2006. Intangible Heritage Management.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Thebe, P. C. 2006. Intangible Heritage Management.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Thebe, Phenyo C.
      ISBN 0-89236-826-8
      Language English
      Pages 312
      Publisher Getty Publications
      Title Intangible Heritage Management
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Thompson, A. 2017. Beyond Conventional Limits: Intangible Heritage Values and Sustainability Through Sport.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Thompson, A. 2017. Beyond Conventional Limits: Intangible Heritage Values and Sustainability Through Sport.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Thompson, Allison
      Title Beyond Conventional Limits: Intangible Heritage Values and Sustainability Through Sport
      Book title Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Albert Marie-Theres, Bandarin Francesco, Pereira Roders Ana
      Pages 133-144
      Publisher Cham : Springer
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      For over ten millennia, sport has remained an integral part of the world’s cultural heritage and identity. However, the global community has only recently begun to realize the positive effects of sport. Although amateur sport and group play are known to boost empowerment, gender equality, inclusion and tolerance, UNESCO has yet to develop any programmes that combine the power of sport with the protection and promotion of intangible cultural heritage (ICH). Sport is a low-cost, high-impact tool that when combined with educational programming is a natural driver of sustainability. Widely utilized by other agencies within the UN, due to a disparate focus on physical heritage, the use of sport has remained almost non-existent within UNESCO. Unlike tourism and other predominantly economic-based approaches, sport is already deeply engrained in the fabrics of societies worldwide. This paper discusses the feasibility of using community level sports-based programming as a means to safeguarding ICH. It takes a critical look at the correlations that exist between sport and ICH as well as the role that sport plays in cultural transmission and socialization. By evaluating current programmes and existing literature, the author examines to what extent UNESCO has begun to implement sports-based programming and how these could be utilized to drive long-term sustainability. In order to go beyond the current confines of traditional sustainability methods, transdisciplinary models incorporating sport, cultural activities and social inclusion must be developed. Thompson concludes by suggesting that UNESCO not only has the means to implement such programming but also the responsibility.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Formal education, Gender issues, Nonformal education, SDG 4: Quality Education, SDG 5: Gender Equality, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-18)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Thompson, K. (2004) Post-colonial politics and resurgent heritage: the development of Kyrgyzstan's heritage tourism product. IN Current Issues in Tourism, 7. 370–382.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Thompson, K. (2004) Post-colonial politics and resurgent heritage: the development of Kyrgyzstan's heritage tourism product. IN Current Issues in Tourism, 7. 370–382.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Thompson, Karen
      ISSN 1368-3500
      Journal Current Issues in Tourism
      Language English
      Number 4-5
      Pages 370--382
      Title Post-colonial politics and resurgent heritage: the development of Kyrgyzstan's heritage tourism product
      Volume 7
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      In 1991 the Kyrgyz Republic secured its political autonomy from the USSR and set out on the road to cultural and economic independence. Tourism was high on the development agenda, not least because of the country's abundance of natural assets, its experience with health and recreational tourism during the Soviet period and its lack of viable alternatives. During the post-colonial period, tourist activity has been based mainly on the country's mountains and lakes. More recently attempts to develop a heritage tourism product have mirrored the resurgence of ethnic Kyrgyz nationalism and Turkic culture throughout Central Asia. The paper identifies ethnic diversity and nationalist revivalism as potential constraints to the development of heritage tourism in Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, the issue of dissonant interest groups in the protection of the heritage of Kyrgyzstan is addressed. Much of the international interest in Kyrgyz heritage has been directed at the epos of the nomads of the Steppes and it is their protection, rather than that of tangible heritage sites, that has attracted sponsorship from UNESCO and other bodies. Additionally, the tangible heritage sites that have been proposed by the Kyrgyz government for World Heritage status are of domestic and regional, rather than international interest. Implications for the strategic development of Kyrgyzstan's heritage tourism product are discussed, with specific reference to world heritage.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Market economy, Tourism

    • Country:

      Kyrgyzstan

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Thornbury, B. E. (1994) The Cultural Properties Protection Law and Japan's Folk Performing Arts. IN Asian Folklore Studies, 53. 211–225.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Thornbury, B. E. (1994) The Cultural Properties Protection Law and Japan's Folk Performing Arts. IN Asian Folklore Studies, 53. 211–225.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Thornbury, Barbara E.
      ISSN 03852342
      Journal Asian Folklore Studies
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1994 / Copyright © 1994 Nanzan University
      Number 2
      Pages 211--225
      Title The Cultural Properties Protection Law and Japan's Folk Performing Arts
      Volume 53
      Year 1994
    • Abstract:

      The Cultural Properties Protection Law ("Bunkazai hogoh?"), and in particular its provision for designating important intangible folk cultural properties, has influenced Japan's folk performing arts in three important ways. The law establishes the folk performing arts as one of Japan's "cultural properties"; it provides the impetus for nationwide surveys that help provide a comprehensive picture of the arts that exist; and it aids in their survival by stimulating the formation of local preservation societies. The article concludes by suggesting that the designation process may already have gone far enough in turning the folk performing arts into cultural icons, and that their survival may now depend on leaving room for change.

    • Themes:

      Legislation, Performing arts

    • Country:

      Japan

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/1178644

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tian-pei, C. (2006) Nonmaterial Cultural Heritage Is an Important Regional Tourism Resource. IN Economic Survey, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tian-pei, C. (2006) Nonmaterial Cultural Heritage Is an Important Regional Tourism Resource. IN Economic Survey, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tian-pei, Chen
      Journal Economic Survey
      Language English
      Title Nonmaterial Cultural Heritage Is an Important Regional Tourism Resource
      Volume 2
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Nowadays, increasing attention has been directed to the development, utilization and preservation of intangible heritage. But some basic issues still remain unresolved, such as how to define nonmaterial cultural heritage, what principles should be followed in this process and what the relationship is between nonmaterial cultural heritage and regional tourism resources. And this is exactly what this paper is devoted to dealing with.

    • Themes:

      Tourism

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tian, M. & Bao, J. (2005) Tourists' Perspectives on the Authenticity Of Ethnic Performance: a Case Study of Dai Minority in Xishuangbanna. IN Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tian, M. & Bao, J. (2005) Tourists' Perspectives on the Authenticity Of Ethnic Performance: a Case Study of Dai Minority in Xishuangbanna. IN Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tian, Mei-rong AND Bao, Ji-gang
      Journal Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism
      Language English
      Title Tourists' Perspectives on the Authenticity Of Ethnic Performance: a Case Study of Dai Minority in Xishuangbanna
      Volume 1
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      Dai Minorities' performance is one of popular tourist products in Xishuangbanna. This paper discusses the factors related to the authenticity of performance from the tourists' perspective. First, Dai minority performance is divided into several basic elements. Then based on the fieldwork, observation and interviews, questionnaire survey is conducted from 25 Sep. 2003 to 10 Oct. 2003. Statistical analysis indicates tourists all think that the dressing of the performers, the performance content, music instrument, the atmosphere, basic posture, the performers' expression and definition of the preside are elements which have the most important impact on the authenticity. Such elements as age and nature of the performer, performing place, bring up mode, whether or not the music rhythm is changing, and tradition of playacting and singing language are elements which are less important. Genders of the performers, when the performance begins and performing order is found to have no effect on the authenticity of the products.

    • Themes:

      Minority groups, Tourism, Performing arts

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ting, Z. (2006) On Protection and Management of China's Immaterial Cultural Heritages in Commercial Development. IN Journal of Lianyungang Technical College, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ting, Z. (2006) On Protection and Management of China's Immaterial Cultural Heritages in Commercial Development. IN Journal of Lianyungang Technical College, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ting, Zahng
      Journal Journal of Lianyungang Technical College
      Language English
      Title On Protection and Management of China's Immaterial Cultural Heritages in Commercial Development
      Volume 2
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Market economy

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tomczak, M. (2017) Is China a Model Member State of UNESCO in Implementing the 2003 Convention? Reasons, Benefits, and Criticisms. IN Santander Art and Culture Law Review, 2. 297–318.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tomczak, M. (2017) Is China a Model Member State of UNESCO in Implementing the 2003 Convention? Reasons, Benefits, and Criticisms. IN Santander Art and Culture Law Review, 2. 297–318.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tomczak, Marta
      Title Is China a Model Member State of UNESCO in Implementing the 2003 Convention? Reasons, Benefits, and Criticisms
      Journal Santander Art and Culture Law Review
      Year 2017
      Volume 2
      Number 3
      Pages 297-318
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This article argues that despite criticism within and out- side China of the country’s practices in safeguarding its intangible cultural heritage, China has been truly attempting to execute and enhance the UNESCO instruments and to adopt UNESCO rules and practices. In return, it has enhanced the condition of its traditional culture, legal system, and soft power, thus heading in the direction of becoming a model Member State of UNESCO. In order to sup- port this hypothesis, the article analyses how the 2003 Convention has influenced the manner in which China has sought to restore its traditional culture. To do so, I examine an authoritative list of the “Top 10” events in the field of intangible cultural heritage that took place in China during 2016. Moreover, this article suggests that the reason China has become involved in such a high-priced ICH revolution to a model degree is that quite early on the State realized the capacities hidden in traditional culture and the political potential of applying UNESCO’s policies, and has been using the latter ever since as a vehicle to enhance the projection of soft power abroad, as well as a platform to establish a new sense of national pride and mul- ti-ethnic “Chineseness” domestically. In bringing Chinese traditional culture and values back to the public discourse and making it a big part of its national project of reviving its glorious past, it can serve as a foundation for a unifying nationalism, hence serving legitimization purposes as well.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Cultural diplomacy, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Policy making, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Philipp Demgenski (2019-10-17)

    • Public URL:

      https://read.dukeupress.edu/positions/article/22/3/551-572/21706

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tornatore, J. (2007) La difficile politisation du patrimoine ethnologique.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tornatore, J. (2007) La difficile politisation du patrimoine ethnologique.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tornatore, Jean-louis
      Language French
      Title La difficile politisation du patrimoine ethnologique
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The difficult politicization of the ethnological heritageEthnology was, in the early 1980s, endowed with an institution in the state establishment for managing France’s national heritage and “patrimony”. The author’s professional experiences serve as the basis for comments on the benefits of this meeting between science and administration and on the specific place of government actions in favor of a category of the national heritage characterized by the immateriality of its objects. This specificity has placed this discipline’s representatives in a position that breaks with classical procedures for managing historical monuments and museums. This position takes a “reflexive turn” sanctioning research-action based on a double reversal of perspectives: turn any ethnological or other national heritage into the subject matter for an ethnology of activities in relation to this heritage; and shift expertise toward the center of national heritage policies so as to make ethnologists’ documentary expertise into a participatory one.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tornatore, J. (2011) Du patrimoine ethnologique au patrimoine culturel immatériel : suivre la voie politique de l’immatérialité culturelle.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tornatore, J. (2011) Du patrimoine ethnologique au patrimoine culturel immatériel : suivre la voie politique de l’immatérialité culturelle.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tornatore, Jean-louis
      Language French
      Title Du patrimoine ethnologique au patrimoine culturel immatériel : suivre la voie politique de l’immatérialité culturelle
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Ce texte est l’expression d’une première approche du patrimoine culturel immatériel, à la fois la notion et son « instrument », pour utiliser le vocabulaire de l’Unesco, la Convention de 2003. Il fait état d’une réflexion pratique inaugurée en 2007 avec l’équipe d’un parc naturel régional – dont je donnerai plus loin les grandes lignes – et d’un intérêt curieux pour la manière dont la Convention était considérée dans les instances de l’État culturel français, puisqu’elle venait d’être ratifiée, et donc pour la prise nationale dont elle allait faire l’objet, qui m’ont valu d’être invité à intervenir dans le séminaire dirigé par Chiara Bortolotto et Sylvie Grenet sur la question d’une éventuelle dimension anthropologique de cette nouvelle catégorie patrimoniale.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      France

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tornatore, J. (2012) Retour d’anthropologie : « le repas gastronomique des Français ». Eléments d’ethnographie d’une distinction patrimoniale. IN ethnographiques.org, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tornatore, J. (2012) Retour d’anthropologie : « le repas gastronomique des Français ». Eléments d’ethnographie d’une distinction patrimoniale. IN ethnographiques.org, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tornatore, Jean-louis
      Journal ethnographiques.org
      Language French,English
      Number 24
      Title Retour d’anthropologie : « le repas gastronomique des Français ». Eléments d’ethnographie d’une distinction patrimoniale
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      L’inscription du « repas gastronomique des Français » sur la liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’Unesco, en novembre 2010, a été un événement qui a suscité de nombreux commentaires. Dans la presse française, bien sûr, qui a poussé un « cocorico » triomphal, voyant dans cette distinction le signe de reconnaissance de l’excellence française. Mais aussi des commentaires et des débats au sein des instances de l’Unesco en charge du suivi de la convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. La restitution du processus d’une candidature affichée comme émanant de la volonté présidentielle montre une redéfinition de l’objet pour qu’il s’accorde avec l’esprit de la convention : c’est un repas festif et ritualisé qui a été inscrit et non la gastronomie française, comme cela était envisagé au départ. Pourtant, au final, c’est bien cette dernière qui apparaît avoir été reconnue, de même que l’inscription est bien assimilée à un label d’excellence. Qu’est-ce à dire ? Si la catégorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel a contribué à mettre en crise la notion européo-centrée de patrimoine, le cas montre que celle-ci n’a pas dit son dernier mot. En fait la situation est paradoxale : c’est au bénéfice d’une sorte de « retour d’anthropologie » – au sens de retour de manivelle – que la communauté des Français se voit distinguée et identifiée à ses pratiques alimentaires. Mais en identifiant un tel patrimoine à une communauté nationale, l’inscription fait de la France une patrie du patrimoine. La convention de 2003 contribuerait-elle à la renationalisation du patrimoine ?

    • Themes:

      Food

    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    • Public URL:

      http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/univerlag/2012/GSCP6_Bendix.pdf (2013-07-26)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tornatore, J. 2012. Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, dispositif de contrôle et agent d'émancipation. at Cerisy.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tornatore, J. 2012. Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, dispositif de contrôle et agent d'émancipation. at Cerisy.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Cerisy
      Author Tornatore, Jean-louis
      Language French
      month #sep#
      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, dispositif de contrôle et agent d'émancipation
      Year 2012
    • Public URL:

      http://www.ccic-cerisy.asso.fr/patrimoine12.html

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Torsen, M. (2006) "Anonymous, Untitled, Mixed Media": Mixing Intellectual Property Law with Other Legal Philosophies to Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions. IN The American Journal of Comparative Law, 54. 173–198.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Torsen, M. (2006) "Anonymous, Untitled, Mixed Media": Mixing Intellectual Property Law with Other Legal Philosophies to Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions. IN The American Journal of Comparative Law, 54. 173–198.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Torsen, Molly
      ISSN 0002919X
      Journal The American Journal of Comparative Law
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Winter, 2006 / Copyright © 2006 American Society of Comparative Law
      Number 1
      Pages 173--198
      Title "Anonymous, Untitled, Mixed Media": Mixing Intellectual Property Law with Other Legal Philosophies to Protect Traditional Cultural Expressions
      Volume 54
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Traditional cultural expressions are often unprotectable under existing intellectual property laws. While a sui generis approach may be appropriate for certain types of expressions and / or particular cultural communities, there may be adequate tenets embedded in current intellectual property laws and case law precedent to accommodate the needs of traditional cultures looking to protect their cultural expressions. The range of traditional cultural expressions is such that no one law--be it an existing Western law or sui generis law--will be adequate to address all the different types of cultures and expressions in existence. Case precedent from many jurisdictions and deference to specific tribal and aboriginal preferences will engender the most satisfactory results for these cultures, at least until there is adequate understanding amongst tribes and jurisdictions on an international level to create a sui generis law that is suitable for a majority of situations.

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Legislation

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/20454488

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Totcharova, P. (2009) The 2003 UNESCO Convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible cultural heritage. IN Revue Hellénique de droit international, 62. 605–615.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Totcharova, P. (2009) The 2003 UNESCO Convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible cultural heritage. IN Revue Hellénique de droit international, 62. 605–615.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Totcharova, Petya
      Title The 2003 UNESCO Convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible cultural heritage
      Journal Revue Hellénique de droit international
      Year 2009
      Volume 62
      Pages 605-615
      Language English
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Cultural diplomacy

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Traore, S. (2006) Rôle des jeunes dans la préservation du patrimoine culturel immateriel. Le cas des musiques et danses traditionnelles. IN Journée internationale des musées, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Traore, S. (2006) Rôle des jeunes dans la préservation du patrimoine culturel immateriel. Le cas des musiques et danses traditionnelles. IN Journée internationale des musées, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Traore, Sidi
      Journal Journée internationale des musées
      Language French
      Title Rôle des jeunes dans la préservation du patrimoine culturel immateriel. Le cas des musiques et danses traditionnelles
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Performing arts, Youth

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tresserras, J. (2000) Patrimonio intangible y turismo cultural. IN Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible. Primeras Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible: memorias, identidades e imaginarios sociales. 1. 81–104.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tresserras, J. (2000) Patrimonio intangible y turismo cultural. IN Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible. Primeras Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible: memorias, identidades e imaginarios sociales. 1. 81–104.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tresserras, Jordi
      Editor(s) {Comisión para la Preservación del Patrimonio Histórico Cultural de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires}
      Journal Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible. Primeras Jornadas de Patrimonio Intangible: memorias, identidades e imaginarios sociales.
      Language Spanish
      Pages 81--104
      Title Patrimonio intangible y turismo cultural
      Volume 1
      Year 2000

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Trujillo León, J. Inventario del patrimonio cultural inmaterial de las provincias de Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Cotopaxi, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchila, Napo, Orellana y Sucumbios (inédito).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Trujillo León, J. Inventario del patrimonio cultural inmaterial de las provincias de Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Cotopaxi, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchila, Napo, Orellana y Sucumbios (inédito).

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Trujillo León, Jorge
      Language Spanish
      Title Inventario del patrimonio cultural inmaterial de las provincias de Carchi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Cotopaxi, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchila, Napo, Orellana y Sucumbios (inédito)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tsai, S. (2014) Living heritage: intangible heritage in performing arts in Taiwan. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tsai, S. (2014) Living heritage: intangible heritage in performing arts in Taiwan. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tsai, Shangrong
      Language English
      University of Birmingham
      Title Living heritage: intangible heritage in performing arts in Taiwan
      Year 2014
    • Abstract:

      Intangible heritage is a growing concept of emphasis in international communities. This study will define intangible heritage and focus on the performing arts in Taiwan. Inasmuch as Taiwanese Opera and Hand Puppetry are two of the most significant manifestations among others, research methods of qualitative interviews and non-participant observations will be used to gain an insight into their practices through investigating certain practitioners. This study will in particular explore organisational management and training approaches that ensure their artistry and skills are transmitted, contributing to the dissemination of intangible heritage. Furthermore, this study will inspect how the competent authorities determine the designation and registration of intangible heritage. Governmental schemes and their implementation for the safeguarding intangible heritage will be thoroughly examined, revealing the integrity and effectiveness of administrative systems, especially as the competent authorities are confronted by certain problems in the interpretation of intangible heritage, interaction with practitioners and controversy. These are inter-related, inter-influencing, and restrictive. In responding to these existing predicaments, coping strategies will be proposed as research outcomes.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Performing arts

    • Public URL:

      http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/5073/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tsai, T. (2009) "Tradition," Internal Debates, and Future Directions: The Concept of Tradition and Its Relation to Time in the Practices of the Chinese Seven-Stringed Zither. IN ???? . 97–124.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tsai, T. (2009) "Tradition," Internal Debates, and Future Directions: The Concept of Tradition and Its Relation to Time in the Practices of the Chinese Seven-Stringed Zither. IN ???? . 97–124.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tsai, Tsan-huan
      ISSN 1025-1383
      Journal ????
      Language English
      Number 166
      Pages 97--124
      Title "Tradition," Internal Debates, and Future Directions: The Concept of Tradition and Its Relation to Time in the Practices of the Chinese Seven-Stringed Zither
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      The aim of this paper is to explore the concept of ”tradition” of the Chinese seven-stringed zither qin 琴 and its association with issues of ”intangible heritage,” ”internal debate,” as well as its connection to the current and future practices of the instrument itself. The article introduces the discourse on ”tradition” from an anthropological perspective before turning to its relationship with the above-mentioned issues. The paper also focuses on the material aspects of the qin by examining its associations with the concept of tradition and time (the past, present, and future). As a constantly renewing process and one that is often limited to a particular pace or speed of change, the concept of ”tradition” has indeed played a very important role within contemporary qin practices and has provided a vision that projects toward the future. By using the case of the qin, the paper further suggests that an abstract concept such as ”tradition” can be useful for the understanding of performance itself in relation to the interpretation of the past and considerations for the future.

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. (2002) Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali. IN Antropologia museale, I. 54–59.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. (2002) Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali. IN Antropologia museale, I. 54–59.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Journal Antropologia museale
      Language Italian
      Number 1
      Pages 54--59
      Title Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali
      Volume I
      Year 2002

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. (2002). Strutturazione dei dati delle schede di catalogo. Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. (2002). Strutturazione dei dati delle schede di catalogo. Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      {Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione}
      Language Italian
      Pages 20--29 31--35
      Title Strutturazione dei dati delle schede di catalogo. Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali
      Year 2002

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. (2004) Come salvaguardare il patrimonio immateriale ? Il caso della scherma di Torrepaduli. IN Antropologia museale, IV. 25–31.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. (2004) Come salvaguardare il patrimonio immateriale ? Il caso della scherma di Torrepaduli. IN Antropologia museale, IV. 25–31.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Journal Antropologia museale
      Language Italian
      Number 9
      Pages 25--31
      Title Come salvaguardare il patrimonio immateriale ? Il caso della scherma di Torrepaduli
      Volume IV
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. (2005) Il Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio e i beni etnoantropologici : qualche riflessione. IN Lares, . 57–72.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. (2005) Il Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio e i beni etnoantropologici : qualche riflessione. IN Lares, . 57–72.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Journal Lares
      Language Italian
      Number 71
      Pages 57--72
      Title Il Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio e i beni etnoantropologici : qualche riflessione
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. (2005) La catalogazione dei Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali: le schede dell’Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione. IN VOCI semestrale di scienze umane, 2 (1). 51–64.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. (2005) La catalogazione dei Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali: le schede dell’Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione. IN VOCI semestrale di scienze umane, 2 (1). 51–64.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Journal VOCI semestrale di scienze umane
      Language Italian
      Pages 51--64
      Title La catalogazione dei Beni demoetnoantropologici immateriali: le schede dell’Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione
      Volume 2 (1)
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. 2000. Le catalogage des biens immatériels démo-ethno-anthropologiques en Italie et la fiche BIA du Centre de Documentation de la Région du Latium. Paper read at Acts of the Unimed – Symposium.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. 2000. Le catalogage des biens immatériels démo-ethno-anthropologiques en Italie et la fiche BIA du Centre de Documentation de la Région du Latium. Paper read at Acts of the Unimed – Symposium.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Book title Acts of the Unimed – Symposium
      Language French
      Pages 127--146
      Title Le catalogage des biens immatériels démo-ethno-anthropologiques en Italie et la fiche BIA du Centre de Documentation de la Région du Latium
      Year 2000
    • Country:

      Italy

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. 2006. Cibi e sagre nei Monti Lepini. Attività di catalogazione del Centro Regionale di Documentazione della Regione Lazio. Paper read at Pratiche e riti alimentari II, Atti del convegnoat Morolo.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. 2006. Cibi e sagre nei Monti Lepini. Attività di catalogazione del Centro Regionale di Documentazione della Regione Lazio. Paper read at Pratiche e riti alimentari II, Atti del convegnoat Morolo.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Morolo
      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Book title Pratiche e riti alimentari {II}, {Atti} del convegno
      Language Italian
      Pages 15--39
      Title Cibi e sagre nei Monti Lepini. Attività di catalogazione del Centro Regionale di Documentazione della Regione Lazio
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. 2008. Etnomusicologia e beni culturali immateriali : pertinenze, competenze, processi. Paper read at Atti del Convegno L’etnomusicologia italiana a Sessanta anni dalla nascita del CNSMP 1948at Roma.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. 2008. Etnomusicologia e beni culturali immateriali : pertinenze, competenze, processi. Paper read at Atti del Convegno L’etnomusicologia italiana a Sessanta anni dalla nascita del CNSMP 1948at Roma.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Roma
      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Book title Atti del {Convegno} {L}’etnomusicologia italiana a {Sessanta} anni dalla nascita del {CNSMP} 1948
      Editor(s) {Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia}
      Language Italian
      Title Etnomusicologia e beni culturali immateriali : pertinenze, competenze, processi
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tucci, R. 2009. Introduzione. I beni culturali immateriali : processi, competenze, scambi.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tucci, R. 2009. Introduzione. I beni culturali immateriali : processi, competenze, scambi.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Ladispoli
      Author Tucci, Roberta
      Book title Il {Patrimonio} {Dimenticato}. {SOS} {Patrimonio} {Culturale} {Immateriale}
      Editor(s) {UNPLI}
      Language Italian
      Pages 8--10
      Title Introduzione. I beni culturali immateriali : processi, competenze, scambi
      Year 2009

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tuo, Q. L. L. (2007) Intangible Heritage and the Protection of Historical and Cultural City. IN Urban Studies, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tuo, Q. L. L. (2007) Intangible Heritage and the Protection of Historical and Cultural City. IN Urban Studies, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tuo, Qu Lingyan Lin
      Journal Urban Studies
      Language English
      Title Intangible Heritage and the Protection of Historical and Cultural City
      Volume 1
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Cities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. (2005) Le patrimoine religieux du Québec : entre le cultuel et le culturel Presses Université Laval.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. (2005) Le patrimoine religieux du Québec : entre le cultuel et le culturel Presses Université Laval.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      ISBN 2-7637-8301-5
      Language French
      Publisher Presses Université Laval
      Title Le patrimoine religieux du Québec : entre le cultuel et le culturel
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      Ce recueil regroupe 41 textes de communications présentés lors du colloque « Le patrimoine religieux du Québec : de l’objet cultuel à l’objet culturel « , tenu à Québec les 12, 13 et 14 novembre 2004. Quelque 450 personnes, praticiens, chercheurs ou passionnés du patrimoine religieux s’y réunissaient pour réfléchir sur les enjeux fondamentaux de ce patrimoine menacé, entre autres, par une diminution marquée de la pratique religieuse et par le vieillissement des propriétaires et gardiens traditionnels de ces biens matériels et immatériels. Cette vaste mobilisation démontre l’attachement profond des Québécois à leur patrimoine religieux, vecteur d’affirmation et de fierté collective, qu’ils désirent conserver, valoriser et transmettre. Dans ce contexte, la « patrimonialisation », c’est-à-dire la conversion de ces biens d’Église, à vocation cultuelle, en biens culturels destinés à la société civile, semble être le seul moyen de sauvegarder cet héritage. Or cette nécessaire relation entre le cultuel et le culturel est plus qu’un lieu de passage, c’est un « espace de contact », un champ relationnel qui met en oeuvre des négociations, des stratégies d’appropriation et des postures de résistance. Par les échanges et les mélanges qu’il engendre, cet espace devient « un entre-lieu » de la culture, un espace de création où se réalisent de nouveaux consensus, de nouvelles pratiques culturelles et de nouvelles identités. Ainsi, loin de témoigner de la mort du patrimoine religieux ou d’une mutation obligée, le colloque a exposé de nombreux « entre-lieux » du cultuel et du culturel, où tout devient possible.

    • Themes:

      Few practitioners, Halted transmission

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. (2009) Spirit of place: Between tangible and intangible heritage Presses de l'Université Laval.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. (2009) Spirit of place: Between tangible and intangible heritage Presses de l'Université Laval.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      ISBN 2-7637-8994-3
      Language English
      Publisher Presses de l'Université Laval
      Title Spirit of place: Between tangible and intangible heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      “Life Beyond Tourism” is a project for a new style of tourism. Currently being tested in Florence, it can be experienced, measured, criticized and improved on. It's a flower whose petals are the “encounters”, “communication”, “knowledge”, “conservation” and “economy” (Figure 1). It's a new vision of tourism, not consumer-driven and not standardized but strategically designed: - to safeguard “spirit of place”; - to communicate “spirit of place”; - to encourage visitors of all cultural levels to truly familiarize with their destination; - to promote acquaintance and friendship among tourists from different countries; - to foster a sense of respect in a non-standardized context. In “Life Beyond Tourism”: - people working in the tourist business give their work added value by not only providing a service but also by being aware that they are working to promote peace; - tourists become potential heralds of peace; - sites reaffirm their identity as “laboratories” for familiarization with, and for the enhancement and communication of “spirit of place”.

    • Themes:

      Sustainable development, Tourism

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. (2010) Introduction. Du matériel à l'immatériel. Nouveaux défis, nouveaux enjeux. IN Ethnologie française, 40. 389–399.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. (2010) Introduction. Du matériel à l'immatériel. Nouveaux défis, nouveaux enjeux. IN Ethnologie française, 40. 389–399.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      Journal Ethnologie française
      Language French
      Number 3
      Pages 389--399
      Title Introduction. Du matériel à l'immatériel. Nouveaux défis, nouveaux enjeux
      Volume 40
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel immatériel représente aujourd’hui un enjeu majeur dans les manières de penser et de pratiquer le patrimoine en Amérique du Nord francophone et ailleurs dans le monde. Il tend à renouveler le mouvement du patrimoine ethnologique et à s’imposer comme référence incontournable aux praticiens et penseurs de tous les patrimoines. Il trouble les classifications établies et les cadres de pensée de la culture administrée. Il provoque des réaménagements dans les structures gouvernementales de gestion et de direction, et dans les programmes de formation universitaire qui doivent désormais en tenir compte. Il bouscule les règles canoniques de la conservation et participe largement à la définition des nouvelles politiques patrimoniales. Il renouvelle les débats sur le droit d’auteur, les droits humains, les pratiques muséologiques et le patrimoine matériel. Il invite à une réflexion de fond sur le sens du patrimoine lui-même.

    • Public URL:

      https://www.cairn.info/revue-ethnologie-francaise-2010-3-page-389.htm#

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. (2010) Le patrimoine immatériel de l’Amérique française. IN Ethnologie française, XL. 173.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. (2010) Le patrimoine immatériel de l’Amérique française. IN Ethnologie française, XL. 173.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      Journal Ethnologie française
      Language French
      Number 3
      Pages 173
      Title Le patrimoine immatériel de l’Amérique française
      Volume XL
      Year 2010
      Note numéro thématique spécial
    • Abstract:

      La parution récente d’un numéro de la revue Ethnologie française consacré au patrimoine immatériel de l’Amérique française offre l’occasion d’un nouvel échange de points de vue. À cette fin, Rabaska a fait appel à des ethnologues dont l’expérience et le contexte qui leur sont propres engendrent des jugements contrastés : Marie-Armelle Barbier-Le Déroff est maître de conférences à l’Université de Bretagne Occidentale, doyen de la Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines et codirectrice du master « Développement de projets en tourisme culturel » ; Françoise Lempereur est maître de conférences à l’Université de Liège et chercheur à l’Unité de recherche en médiation culturelle au département des Arts et sciences de la communication ; Bertrand Bergeron, professeur de français au Collège d’Alma, Québec, et ethnologue, est spécialiste de l’imaginaire et de l’orature ; enfin, Ronald Labelle, expert en patrimoine immatériel, est titulaire de la Chaire de recherche McCain en ethnologie acadienne à l’Université de Moncton. Ces quatre spécialistes proposent ici les réflexions que cette lecture attentive leur inspire

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. (2010) Towards a Museology of the Intangible. IN Musées, . 8–25.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. (2010) Towards a Museology of the Intangible. IN Musées, . 8–25.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      Journal Musées
      Language English
      Number 29
      Pages 8--25
      Title Towards a Museology of the Intangible
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. & Divers, M. (2010) Intangible cultural heritage in the rebuilding of Jacmel and Haiti: Jakmèl kenbe la, se fòs peyi a ! IN Museum International, LXII(62). 106–115.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. & Divers, M. (2010) Intangible cultural heritage in the rebuilding of Jacmel and Haiti: Jakmèl kenbe la, se fòs peyi a ! IN Museum International, LXII(62). 106–115.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier AND Divers, Michele
      Journal Museum International
      Language English,French
      Number 4 / 248
      Pages 106--115
      Title Intangible cultural heritage in the rebuilding of Jacmel and Haiti: Jakmèl kenbe la, se fòs peyi a !
      Volume LXII(62)
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      This article aims to show that intangible cultural heritage is an important tool for rebuilding the town of Jacmel, and the whole of Haiti. The authors suggest reinstating the Jacmel Carnival as soon as possible, because it was one of the town’s economic and social drivers before the earthquake. Income from the Carnival and other events could gradually be reinvested in rebuilding tangible heritage. The authors also highlight the creation of an inventory of intangible heritage. This is seen not simply as an archive collection but as a dynamic tool for managing, promoting, transmitting and revitalizing the region’s heritage and society.

    • Themes:

      Environment, Inventorying, Natural disasters

    • Country:

      Haiti

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000211870

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. & Forget, C. Inventorier le patrimoine immatériel, l’exemple de l’IREPI au Québec. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 74.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. & Forget, C. Inventorier le patrimoine immatériel, l’exemple de l’IREPI au Québec. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 74.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier and Forget, Célia
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 74
      Title Inventorier le patrimoine immatériel, l’exemple de l’IREPI au Québec

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. & St-pierre, L. (2009) Le patrimoine immatériel religieux au Québec : sauvegarder l’immatériel par le virtuel. IN Ethnologies, 31. 201–233.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. & St-pierre, L. (2009) Le patrimoine immatériel religieux au Québec : sauvegarder l’immatériel par le virtuel. IN Ethnologies, 31. 201–233.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier AND St-pierre, Louise
      Journal Ethnologies
      Language French
      Number 1
      Pages 201--233
      Title Le patrimoine immatériel religieux au Québec : sauvegarder l’immatériel par le virtuel
      Volume 31
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      Cette étude présente les résultats d’un projet pilote destiné à mettre sur pied une méthodologie de sauvegarde et de mise en valeur du patrimoine immatériel religieux du Québec, aujourd’hui menacé par l’effondrement de la pratique religieuse, le vieillissement prononcé des communautés religieuses, la fermeture des paroisses et des églises, et la vente forcée d’objets sacrés. À partir de l’étude de huit communautés, nous proposons des méthodes virtuelles novatrices d’inventorisation qui, à l’aide des nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication, visent à la fois à conserver et à communiquer efficacement ce patrimoine. La cueillette et la saisie audiovisuelles des récits de lieux, d’objets, de pratiques et de vie permettent de capter les divers aspects de ce patrimoine, de le rendre plus visible et palpable, de bien contextualiser ses usages sociaux et d’intégrer ses dimensions matérielles et immatérielles. Grâce à la grille des pratiques culturelles de Jean Du Berger, nous avons élaboré un système de classement du patrimoine immatériel religieux qui est opératoire dans toutes les communautés religieuses étudiées (catholique, protestante, juive, orthodoxe et amérindienne). Cette première grille de classification pourrait être utilisée dans d’autres cultures et dans d’autres pays en raison de son caractère souple, polyvalent, efficace et universel. Le projet pilote nous a également permis de développer une approche participative pour mettre en valeur ce patrimoine directement sur le terrain en collaboration avec les communautés par des actions culturelles diverses : des sites Web, des expositions muséales, des productions multimédia de DVD, des modules pédagogiques et des publications d’articles et de livres. Une fois numérisé, le patrimoine immatériel religieux s’offre à des adaptations et à des applications diverses, à des appropriations et à des réappropriations par de nombreux acteurs sociaux. La base de données virtuelle devient elle-même un engin d’hybridation et de création sans limites.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Information technology, Aged practitioners, Few practitioners

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Public URL:

      https://www.erudit.org/en/journals/ethno/1900-v1-n1-ethno3558/038505ar/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. 2009. Le patrimoine ethnologique et les nouvelles technologies. Paper read at Patrimoine 3.0, Actes du douzième colloque international sur le document électronique (CIDE.12)at Paris.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. 2009. Le patrimoine ethnologique et les nouvelles technologies. Paper read at Patrimoine 3.0, Actes du douzième colloque international sur le document électronique (CIDE.12)at Paris.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      Book title Patrimoine 3.0, Actes du douzième colloque international sur le document électronique (CIDE.12)
      Language French
      Pages 1--4
      Title Le patrimoine ethnologique et les nouvelles technologies
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Information technology

    • Public URL:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hF-AkzQVtcA

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turgeon, L. Musées et patrimoine immatériel au Québec : enjeux politiques et sociaux. IN Legitimaciones Sociales de las Políticas Patrimoniales y Museísticas, . 27.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turgeon, L. Musées et patrimoine immatériel au Québec : enjeux politiques et sociaux. IN Legitimaciones Sociales de las Políticas Patrimoniales y Museísticas, . 27.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turgeon, Laurier
      Journal Legitimaciones Sociales de las Políticas Patrimoniales y Museísticas
      Language French
      Pages 27
      Title Musées et patrimoine immatériel au Québec : enjeux politiques et sociaux
    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Country:

      Canada

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Turnpenny, M. (2004) Cultural Heritage, an Ill-defined Concept? A Call for Joined-up Policy. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 10. 295–307.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Turnpenny, M. (2004) Cultural Heritage, an Ill-defined Concept? A Call for Joined-up Policy. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 10. 295–307.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Turnpenny, Michael
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 295--307
      Title Cultural Heritage, an Ill-defined Concept? A Call for Joined-up Policy
      Volume 10
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      Cultural heritage is of immense importance in the construction of identities and, therefore, the behaviour of society. It is argued here that traditional approaches, reflected in British government legislation and policy, ignore elements integral to community perceptions of cultural heritage. The current framework of heritage management also hinders practitioners from exploring, conserving, presenting and challenging these constructs This paper calls for the development of integrated and inclusive heritage‐management practice and a recognition of the contribution of recent research into constructs of cultural heritage It is argued that there is a need to investigate the opportunities for, and feasibility of, developing more integrated approaches that reflect the diverse and joined‐up nature of cultural heritage.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Heritage institutions, Policy making

    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Tussyadiah, I. P. (2005) Tourism Resource Management of Regional Culture. IN Annals of Tourism Research, 32. 275–277.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tussyadiah, I. P. (2005) Tourism Resource Management of Regional Culture. IN Annals of Tourism Research, 32. 275–277.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tussyadiah, Iis P.
      ISSN 0160-7383
      Journal Annals of Tourism Research
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 275--277
      Title Tourism Resource Management of Regional Culture
      Volume 32
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Tourism

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Top