Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
© UNESCO

The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • Ren-da, D. (2005) Protection and Development of Non-Material Culture Legacy of Chongqing Minorities. IN Journal of Chongqing Teachers College, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ren-da, D. (2005) Protection and Development of Non-Material Culture Legacy of Chongqing Minorities. IN Journal of Chongqing Teachers College, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ren-da, Dong
      Journal Journal of Chongqing Teachers College
      Language English
      Title Protection and Development of Non-Material Culture Legacy of Chongqing Minorities
      Volume 3
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The minorities of Chongqing mainly live on southeast and by Yangtze River. They have abundant non-material culture legacy. We ought to obey general protective principle and combine objective reality to inquire protecting and developing way of non-material culture legacy. In the protecting course, first of all, we have to protect and develop the precious legacy on the verge of extinction of the minorities of Miao and Tujian.

    • Themes:

      Formal education, Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Repetto Málaga, L. O. (2006) Memoria y patrimonio : algunos alcances. IN Revista Pensar Iberoamérica, . 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Repetto Málaga, L. O. (2006) Memoria y patrimonio : algunos alcances. IN Revista Pensar Iberoamérica, . 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Repetto Málaga, Luis Orlando
      ISSN 1683-3783
      Journal Revista Pensar Iberoamérica
      Language Spanish
      Number 8
      Pages 6
      Title Memoria y patrimonio : algunos alcances
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      En el mundo globalizado de hoy, la diversidad cultural, la protección del patrimonio y la memoria colectiva son temas recurrentes. El desarrollo de los canales de comunicación y de los medios de transporte ha fomentado la idea de las sociedades multiculturales y el concepto de la cultura universal, pero existe una necesidad evidente de actualizar los enfoques y los usos del patrimonio local e internacional, creando a la vez nuevas vías de cooperación, todavía mayoritariamente ejercida a través de contactos institucionales. La creación del registro euroamericano de sitios patrimoniales puede derivarse de un trabajo de identificación desarrollado por la sociedad civil, comunidades culturales, redes profesionales del patrimonio y del mundo académico, incluyendo a los estudiantes.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.oei.es/pensariberoamerica/ric08a06.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Reusser-elzingre, A. (2010) Swiss Gallo-Romance Dialects: Creation of a Heritage. IN La revue de géographie urbaine, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Reusser-elzingre, A. (2010) Swiss Gallo-Romance Dialects: Creation of a Heritage. IN La revue de géographie urbaine, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Reusser-elzingre, Aurélie
      Journal La revue de géographie urbaine
      Language English
      Number 2
      Title Swiss Gallo-Romance Dialects: Creation of a Heritage
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Languages

    • Country:

      Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rico, T. (2018) Constructing Destruction: Heritage Narratives in the Tsunami City Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rico, T. (2018) Constructing Destruction: Heritage Narratives in the Tsunami City Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rico, Trinidad
      Title Constructing Destruction: Heritage Narratives in the Tsunami City
      Publisher Routledge
      Year 2018
      Edition 1st
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Large-scale disasters mobilize heritage professionals to a narrative of heritage-at-risk and a standardized set of processes to counter that risk. Trinidad Rico’s critical ethnography analyses heritage practices in the aftermath of the tsunami that swamped Banda Aceh, Indonesia, in 2004 and the post-destruction narratives that accompanied it, showing the sociocultural, historical, and political agendas these discourses raise. Countering the typical Western ideology and practice of ameliorating heritage-at-risk were local, post-colonial trajectories that permitted the community to construct its own meaning of heritage. This book documents the emergence of local heritage places, practices, and debates countering the globalized versions embraced by the heritage professions offering a critical paradigm for post-destruction planning and practice that incorporates alternative models of heritage. Constructing Deconstruction will be of value to scholars, professionals, and advanced students in Heritage Studies, Anthropology, Geography, and Disaster Studies.

    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Climate change, Degraded habitat, Natural disasters

    • Country:

      Indonesia

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.routledge.com/Constructing-Destruction-Heritage-Narratives-in-the-Tsunami-City-1st/Rico/p/book/9781315520933

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rikoon, S. J. (2004) On the Politics of the Politics of Origins: Social (In) Justice and the International Agenda on Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, and Folklore. IN The Journal of American Folklore, 117. 325–336.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rikoon, S. J. (2004) On the Politics of the Politics of Origins: Social (In) Justice and the International Agenda on Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, and Folklore. IN The Journal of American Folklore, 117. 325–336.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rikoon, J. Sanford
      ISSN 00218715
      Journal The Journal of American Folklore
      Language English
      month #jul#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Summer, 2004 / Copyright © 2004 American Folklore Society
      Number 465
      Pages 325--336
      Title On the Politics of the Politics of Origins: Social (In) Justice and the International Agenda on Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, and Folklore
      Volume 117
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      It is a great pleasure to read Valdimar Hafstein's essay, and I applaud the Journal of American Folklore for publishing an article that raises critical issues at the intersections of folkloristics, cultural conservation, political economy, and social justice. Hafstein's essay nicely echoes the conclusion of Peggy Bulger's recent AFS presidential address (2003:388) in focusing attention on an international debate and arena of great importance to the cultures folklorists study and champion. I believe Hafstein's most significant contribution is his emphasis on the political and economic ecologies of formalized agendas in fora on cultural conservation and protection. National and international governmental agencies, as well as nongovernmental organizations, have attended to legal issues regarding the commerce and protection of traditional culture for at least the past seventy years; however, the number of actors and institutions, as well as the levels (especially national and international) at which this debate occurs, has greatly increased over the past two decades (Drahos and Mayne 2002). The history and arenas vary according to particular categories of knowledge and folklore, but today an overview of even relevant United Nations groups would include not only the target of Hafstein's essay—the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)—but also, among others, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).1 Each of these latter three institutions has established international discussions, as well as international instruments,2 with significant implications for traditional knowledge and folklore and, most important, the "holders" of these traditions.

    • Themes:

      Convention on Biological Diversity, WIPO

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/4137745

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rizk, B. J. (2007) Imagining a Continent: Recent Research on Latin American Theater and the Performing Arts. IN Latin American Research Review, 42. 196–214.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rizk, B. J. (2007) Imagining a Continent: Recent Research on Latin American Theater and the Performing Arts. IN Latin American Research Review, 42. 196–214.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rizk, Beatriz J.
      ISSN 00238791
      Journal Latin American Research Review
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: book-review / Full publication date: 2007 / Copyright © 2007 The Latin American Studies Association
      Number 1
      Pages 196--214
      Title Imagining a Continent: Recent Research on Latin American Theater and the Performing Arts
      Volume 42
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Performing arts

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/4499361

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rizzo, I. & Throsby, D. (2006) Cultural heritage: economic analysis and public policy. IN Handbook on the Economics of Art and Culture, 1. 983–1016.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rizzo, I. & Throsby, D. (2006) Cultural heritage: economic analysis and public policy. IN Handbook on the Economics of Art and Culture, 1. 983–1016.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rizzo, Ilde AND Throsby, David
      ISSN 1574-0676
      Journal Handbook on the Economics of Art and Culture
      Language English
      Pages 983--1016
      Title Cultural heritage: economic analysis and public policy
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This chapter shows how economic theory and public policy analysis can illuminate decision-making relating to cultural heritage. We argue that from an economic viewpoint the appropriate conceptualisation of heritage is as a capital asset. Regarding heritage as cultural capital invites consideration of sustainability aspects, in parallel with the treatment of natural capital in economic theory, allowing us to derive a sustainability rule for cultural capital accumulation. The application of cost-benefit analysis to heritage investment appraisal is discussed, with particular reference to the assessment of non-market benefits. Turning to policy issues, we examine ways in which governments intervene in heritage markets, with particular attention to listing and other forms of regulation. Questions of institutional design, financing and policy delivery in a multi-jurisdictional framework are discussed, and finally the role of the private sector is considered, with emphasis on the possibility of crowding out and the incentive effects of public policy on private behaviour in the heritage field.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Policy making

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Robertson, M. (2009) Àite Dachaidh: Re-connecting People with Place. Island Landscapes and Intangible Heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 15. 153–162.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Robertson, M. (2009) Àite Dachaidh: Re-connecting People with Place. Island Landscapes and Intangible Heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 15. 153–162.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Robertson, Màiri
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 2-3
      Pages 153--162
      Title Àite Dachaidh: Re-connecting People with Place. Island Landscapes and Intangible Heritage
      Volume 15
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      How we construct our relationships to the past and the impact of this for the future of cultural identity is explored with reference to the cultural context, environment and intangible heritage of the Western Isles. This paper starts from the premise that an interest in heritage and the roots of cultural traditions is not the exclusive concern of archaeologists, historians or folklorists. Cultural traditions, cultural identity and cultural aspirations influence how we create and give meaning to our environment. Local populations may assign importance and value to places and landscapes according to their own cultural criteria which may differ from that of professional groups. In the Western Isles, institutions such as local museums and Comann Eachdraidh (historical societies) are instrumental in the preservation and transmission of local memories, traditions, and local history. However, the forging of these memories through stories, monuments and cultural artefacts fall outside current professional frameworks. While moves in academic discourse to re‐inscribe the concept of collective memory into the field of local history recognise that social memories are intended to create and consolidate identities, to enable such knowledge of local heritage to be recognised and protected, this cultural criteria needs to come into the mainstream of heritage assessment and discourse.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Environment

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Robertson, M. H. (2006) The difficulties of interpreting Mediterranean voices: exhibiting intangibles using new technologies. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 25–34.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Robertson, M. H. (2006) The difficulties of interpreting Mediterranean voices: exhibiting intangibles using new technologies. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 1. 25–34.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Robertson, Margaret Hart
      Editor(s) ULPGC, L.P.G.C.
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 25--34
      Title The difficulties of interpreting Mediterranean voices: exhibiting intangibles using new technologies
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The Mediterranean Voices Project subscribed by thirteen partners (Ancona / Bologna, Beirut, Bethlehem, Ciutat de Mallorca, Granada, Nicosia (North), Nicosia (South) Chania, Alexandria, Marseilles, Istanbul, Malta and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria) and coordinated by London Metropolitan University within the framework of EuroMed Heritage II (EU) was designed to research the intangible Heritage of these cosmopolitan communities, the ‘glocalisation’ in globalisation, as made manifest through the oral testimonies of the ordinary citizens with respect to everyday life in the city. This paper investigates the tensions arising from (1) translating private interviews onto a highly public medium such as is the IT database without producing ‘reification’ and (2) the difficulties of exhibiting information based on implicit background knowledge to audiences lacking the requisite contextualisation due to the fact that they do not share the space (people from mainland Spain or other countries), the time (people of the younger generations who have not been exposed to the reality exhibited) and thus, the historical memory which is designed to be activated through the ‘triggers’ in the exhibition. Since the project is framed within the context of cultural tourism, this paper also analyses the new role to be played by the museum in the ‘Mediterranean’ context, combining the classic ‘red carpet’ culture with a new more accessible, street-wise approach, making culture more of an everyday, open air and community element.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Community participation, Information technology, Museums, Tourism, Loss of cultural spaces

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/752422/The_difficulties_of_interpreting_Mediterranean_voices_exhibiting_intangibles_using_new_technologies

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Roche, D. & Reytier, D. (2002) Le cheval et la guerre : du XVe au XXe siècle Paris, Association pour l'Académie d'art équestre de Versailles.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Roche, D. & Reytier, D. (2002) Le cheval et la guerre : du XVe au XXe siècle Paris, Association pour l'Académie d'art équestre de Versailles.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Roche, Daniel AND Reytier, Daniel
      ISBN 2-913018-02-5
      Language French
      Publisher Association pour l'Académie d'art équestre de Versailles
      Title Le cheval et la guerre : du XVe au XXe siècle
      Year 2002
    • Abstract:

      Du XVe au XXe siècle, les hommes vont apprendre à utiliser autrement les chevaux pour faire la guerre - ensemble, toujours - et de cette nouvelle relation naissent une équitation spécifique, des besoins en chevaux adaptés à des usages multiples et précis, une recherche des modèles et une éducation particulière qui distingue les soldats et les chefs des troupes montées. Dans l'Europe entière, les conflits ont mobilisé hommes et chevaux, mais avec l'intrusion de l'artillerie sur le champ des batailles, dans le siège des places, le rôle des cavaleries a changé, comme a changé celui des chevaux affectés à des tâches de plus en plus spécialisées et de plus en plus nombreuses : la selle autant que la traction des canons et des chariots, le charroi autant que la charge. De la Renaissance à l'aube du XXe siècle, le renouvellement des cavaleries, l'utilisation tactique de l'arme équestre, l'adaptation des équipements, des montures, des élevages, vont se faire au rythme de l'évolution et de la diversité des réalités militaires et civiles. Se procurer des chevaux, former des cavaliers, dresser les bêtes, les mobiliser pour la bataille ne sont pas choses simples. Malheureusement, ces pratiques - et tout ce qui ressortit à l'économie de la guerre - ont moins retenu l'attention des historiens militaires que l'étude des conditions générales de l'organisation et de l'utilisation de l'arme équestre. Elles dictent pourtant des conditions nouvelles où les maladies, les accidents, les blessures, frappent les armées en campagne et pendant la paix, accroissant une demande que l'offre à peine à suivre. Le cheval peut alors symboliser dans l'art comme dans les spectacles, l'énergie et la force domptées, et finalement révéler - mais autrement - que la guerre n'est que la politique poursuivie avec d'autres moyens.

    • Themes:

      SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Equitation in the French tradition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Roda, J. (2011) Des Judéo-espagnols à la machine unesquienne. Enjeux et défis de la patrimonialisation musicale. IN Cahiers d’ethnomusicologie. Anciennement Cahiers de musiques traditionnelles, . 123–141.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Roda, J. (2011) Des Judéo-espagnols à la machine unesquienne. Enjeux et défis de la patrimonialisation musicale. IN Cahiers d’ethnomusicologie. Anciennement Cahiers de musiques traditionnelles, . 123–141.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Roda, Jessica
      Journal Cahiers d’ethnomusicologie. Anciennement Cahiers de musiques traditionnelles
      Language French
      Number 24
      Pages 123--141
      Title Des Judéo-espagnols à la machine unesquienne. Enjeux et défis de la patrimonialisation musicale
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      À travers l’expérience d’une « participation observante » au sein de la section du Patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) au siège de l’Unesco à Paris, cet article vise à saisir les enjeux éthiques de cette nouvelle machine patrimoniale institutionnelle qui fait tant couler d’encre. Les débats et les discussions qui animent le processus autour de la liste représentative de la Convention de 2003 pour la sauvegarde du PCI sont mis en exergue, en prenant à témoin la première réunion de l’Organe subsidiaire qui a eu lieu en mai 2009. Plusieurs tensions et paradoxes de l’entreprise patrimoniale émergent, notamment les controverses autour de la notion de patrimoine, l’utilitarisme de la culture, et l’évidente modification du statut des pratiques culturelles qui acquièrent le label Unesco.

    • Country:

      Spain

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/ethnomusicologie/1752

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Roders, A. P. & Van Oers, R. (2011) Editorial: bridging cultural heritage and sustainable development. IN Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, 1. 5–14.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Roders, A. P. & Van Oers, R. (2011) Editorial: bridging cultural heritage and sustainable development. IN Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, 1. 5–14.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Roders, Ana Pereira AND Van Oers, Ron
      ISSN 2044-1266
      Journal Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 5--14
      Title Editorial: bridging cultural heritage and sustainable development
      Volume 1
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The paper aims to provide an introduction to the new journal, its scope and papers in the inaugural issue. Design/methodology/approach – The paper introduces the new journal by exploring the normative foundations of cultural heritage management and how this can be used to construct a bridge to processes of sustainable development. In doing so, the rationale is explained for a journal with this specialism, like JCHMSD, including potential areas for research. All this then is linked to the theme and respective papers especially selected for the inaugural issue. Findings – Increasingly the role of cultural heritage in processes of regeneration and sustainable development of cities and regions is being explored, while at the same time the international debate is intensifying as regards a re-orientation of the concept of sustainability and to re-emphasize its meaning in clear and unambiguous terms. In the build-up to the review of the Millennium Development Goals in 2015, the international community by way of UNESCO is promoting the inclusion of culture in the development paradigm. Originality/value – In providing an overview of the state of debate in the fields of cultural heritage management and sustainable development, the paper is useful to the readers of the journal who are interested but have limited knowledge in these fields. It clarifies the focus to those who wish to submit articles to the journal, as well as highlights some potential areas for research.

    • Themes:

      Sustainable development

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242336504_Editorial_Bridging_cultural_heritage_and_sustainable_development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rodrigues Junior, R. J. (2009) A proteção internacional do patrimônio biocultural imaterial a partir da concepção de desenvolvimento sustentável. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rodrigues Junior, R. J. (2009) A proteção internacional do patrimônio biocultural imaterial a partir da concepção de desenvolvimento sustentável. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rodrigues Junior, Rodrigues Junior
      Title A proteção internacional do patrimônio biocultural imaterial a partir da concepção de desenvolvimento sustentável
      Faculdade de Direito
      Year 2009
      Language Portuguese
    • Abstract:

      Intangible biocultural heritage (IBH) is made up of three groups of intangible biocultural resources (IBRs), namely, biological resources (BR), traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs). Historically, institutions based in industrialized countries have systematically misappropriated the IBH belonging to communities in developing countries by means of claiming Intellectual Property Rights over products derived. Since the 1960s, developing countries have unsuccessfully endeavored to reach international agreements suitable for protecting IBRs. After the Agreement on Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) came into effect in 1995, those countries have been obliged to grant legal protection to intellectual products derived from IBRs, even if those products resulted from acts of misappropriation. In response to this challenge, developing countries came together to negotiate international regimes to protect the different categories of IBRs at the Conference to the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-CBD), before the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as well as at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Their proposals, however, are rooted in the anachronistic intellectual property paradigm, ill-suited with respect to providing adequate tools to protect those resources. The negotiators representing the interests of developing countries have not realized yet that they should not treat IBRs in the same fashion as typical intellectual products originating from Western countries, provided IBRs are categorically distinct, featuring three particular dimensions human, environmental and cultural not present in intellectual property as traditionally understood, in addition to the traditional intangible intellectual element. With the end of safeguarding the multiple dimension of IBH, the present work proposes an ideal sustainable development framework based upon the essential elements that any international regime devoted to protect IBH should embrace. The application of the sustainable development framework reveals the strengths and weaknesses of the most relevant proposals of international regimes currently under construction on the international level. Furthermore, it identifies the advantages and disadvantages of legal mechanisms based on property rights, quasi property rights, liability rules, and pliability rules. Finally, the application of this sustainable development framework outlines a concrete legal and institutional arrangement, capable of simultaneously (i) protecting IBRs against acts of misappropriation, (ii) fostering the wider and facilitated use of IBRs for productive purposes, (iii) generating economic resources in favor of the conservation/restoration of natural ecosystems and the improvement of the quality of life of local communities, (iv) as well as safeguarding certain core cultural values of traditional communities.

    • Themes:

      Cultural diplomacy, Intellectual property, International cooperation, Convention on Biological Diversity, Other international framework, SDG 15: Life on Land, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, Economic and social development, Gender issues, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://teses.usp.br/teses/disponiveis/2/2135/tde-03062011-085003/pt-br.php

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rodríguez Termiño, I. (2010) Sobre el patrimonio cultural. IN Sphera Pública, . 75–117.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rodríguez Termiño, I. (2010) Sobre el patrimonio cultural. IN Sphera Pública, . 75–117.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author Rodríguez Termiño, Ignacio
      ISSN 1180-9210
      Journal Sphera Pública
      Language Spanish
      Pages 75--117
      Title Sobre el patrimonio cultural
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Una reflexión en torno a la problemática que arrastrará la considera- ción como patrimonio de las “manifestaciones inmateriales vivas”. En este sentido, el patrimonio cultural es una construcción jurídica idéntica a patrimonio histórico. Una segunda parte conectada despliega una serie de observaciones en torno a las contradicciones que genera el binomio patrimonio/identidad.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=29719717005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Romagnoli, M. (2019) Gastronomic heritage elements at UNESCO: problems, reflections on and interpretations of a new heritage category. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 14. 4–17.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Romagnoli, M. (2019) Gastronomic heritage elements at UNESCO: problems, reflections on and interpretations of a new heritage category. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 14. 4–17.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Gastronomic heritage elements at UNESCO: problems, reflections on and interpretations of a new heritage category
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Year 2019
      Volume 14
      Pages 4-17
      Language English
      Author Romagnoli, Marco
    • Abstract:

      The 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage paved the way as the first international and binding instrument to safeguard ‘intangible cultural heritage’. ICH is a relatively newlydefined concept by UNESCO, differentiated from the category of UNESCO World Heritage related to the 1972 Convention. This shift of paradigm – from tangible to intangible, from ‘cultural objects’ to ‘cultural processes’, and from protecting to safeguarding – constitutes a renewal of the definition and management of immaterial manifestations as well as their inscription on the UNESCO ICH Lists. In 2010, the Traditional Mexican Cuisine, the Mediterranean diet and the Gastronomic Meal of the French were inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. These inscriptions represented a step forward in UNESCO’s recognition of new heritage categories and, more specifically, the consideration of gastronomy with regard to its symbolic, identity and ritual role in societies. From 2010, more gastronomic elements made it to the List. Nevertheless, academic research on food heritage mainly analysed case studies about cuisine and food instead of providing theoretical perspectives, and the effects of food heritagisation on the UNESCO List are far from having been thoroughly studied and evaluated through fieldwork. The aim of this paper is to explore the ways in which heritage is constructed 1) starting by defining cultural heritage, Intangible Cultural Heritage and gastronomic heritages, 2) continuing to challenge the actual feasibility of heritagising gastronomy and the social practices associated therewith, via UNESCO, and 3) ending with some reflections on the reasons for the great interest in inscribing food heritage with UNESCO. Keywords gastronomy, gastronomic heritage, patrimonialisation, heritage construction, UNESCO, food heritagisation, social practices.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Food, Inventorying, Transnational heritage, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, Social practices, rituals and festive events, 1972 Convention, Touristification, Use of modern materials, SDG 2: Zero Hunger, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

    • Country:

      Greece, Italy, Morocco, Spain

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2020-05-06)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/42069681/Gastronomic_heritage_elements_at_UNESCO_problems_reflections_on_and_interpretations_of_a_new_heritage_category

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ronda L. Brulotte, D. G. M. A. (Ed.), (2016) Edible identities : food as cultural heritage Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ronda L. Brulotte, D. G. M. A. (Ed.), (2016) Edible identities : food as cultural heritage Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Ronda L. Brulotte, Di Giovine Michael A.
      Title Edible identities : food as cultural heritage
      Publisher Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group
      Year 2016
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Food - its cultivation, preparation and communal consumption - has long been considered a form of cultural heritage. A dynamic, living product, food creates social bonds as it simultaneously marks off and maintains cultural difference. In bringing together anthropologists, historians and other scholars of food and heritage, this volume closely examines the ways in which the cultivation, preparation, and consumption of food is used to create identity claims of 'cultural heritage' on local, regional, national and international scales. Contributors explore a range of themes, including how food is used to mark insiders and outsiders within an ethnic group; how the same food's meanings change within a particular society based on class, gender or taste; and how traditions are 'invented' for the revitalization of a community during periods of cultural pressure. Featuring case studies from Europe, Asia and the Americas, this timely volume also addresses the complex processes of classifying, designating, and valorizing food as 'terroir,' 'slow food,' or as intangible cultural heritage through UNESCO. By effectively analyzing food and foodways through the perspectives of critical heritage studies, this collection productively brings two overlapping but frequently separate theoretical frameworks into conversation.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural identity, Economic and social development, Food, Indigenous peoples, Social conflicts, Tourism, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Slovenia, Spain

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-16)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rongqi, L. (2006) The Classified Protection of Non-material Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rongqi, L. (2006) The Classified Protection of Non-material Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rongqi, Li
      Journal Study of Ethnics in Guangxi
      Language English
      Title The Classified Protection of Non-material Cultural Heritage
      Volume 2
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The protection of non - material cultural heritage must be paid attention to the classification and carry out different protection methods to different category. To protect the folk culture, we may activate the folkways cultural resources by developing rationally the folk custom tourism, establishing the protection zones of folk culture and using the modern science and technology to record and preserve them. To protect the folk literature, we must strengthen the theory study, but also must propagate and exploit its resources. To protect folk performing arts, we must create a good cultural environment and raise the quality and cultural level of the folk artists and the backbone of art. To protect traditional arts and crafts, we must identify and protect the heritor and enable them to transmit and develop skills through a variety of means.

    • Themes:

      Traditional craftsmanship, Halted transmission

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rongqi, L. (2008) The principle and method on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rongqi, L. (2008) The principle and method on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rongqi, L.
      Journal Study of Ethnics in Guangxi
      Language English
      Title The principle and method on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 2
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rosa, A. (2015) Patrimonialización de elementos culturales inmateriales y desarollo local sostenible. IN Dialnet, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rosa, A. (2015) Patrimonialización de elementos culturales inmateriales y desarollo local sostenible. IN Dialnet, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rosa, Alejandro
      Title Patrimonialización de elementos culturales inmateriales y desarollo local sostenible
      Journal Dialnet
      Year 2015
      Language Spanish
    • Abstract:

      Tourism and heritage studies in Mexico are mainly focused on two major areas: specific ecological areas and historical edifications. However, in the last ten years they have proposed initiatives to consider the practices related to the state and federal levels immaterial. Until today there are seven elements in the UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage belonging to Mexico. From conceptual review of the terms used to justify the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage in international conventions of the past fifty years, it will reflect on the relationship between processed of patrimonialization and sustainable development projects, first from a general point of view about specific problems of application in Mexico for later review.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Environment, Tourism

    • Country:

      Mexico

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=6465843

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rosón Lorente, J. (2005) Diferencias culturales y patrimonios compartidos : la ¿Toma de Granada ? y la Mezquita Mayor del Albayzín. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rosón Lorente, J. (2005) Diferencias culturales y patrimonios compartidos : la ¿Toma de Granada ? y la Mezquita Mayor del Albayzín. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rosón Lorente, Javier
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title Diferencias culturales y patrimonios compartidos : la ¿Toma de Granada ? y la Mezquita Mayor del Albayzín
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ross, S. (2016) Preserving Canadian Music Culture: The Intangible Cultural Heritage Management of Urban Spaces of Culture and the Case of the Iconic Toronto Music Venue the Silver Dollar Room. 34.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ross, S. (2016) Preserving Canadian Music Culture: The Intangible Cultural Heritage Management of Urban Spaces of Culture and the Case of the Iconic Toronto Music Venue the Silver Dollar Room. 34.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ross, Sara
      month #mar#
      Pages 34
      Title Preserving Canadian Music Culture: The Intangible Cultural Heritage Management of Urban Spaces of Culture and the Case of the Iconic Toronto Music Venue the Silver Dollar Room
      Year 2016
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      On January 13, 2015, one of Toronto, Canada’s, iconic live music venues, the Silver Dollar Room, officially received cultural heritage designation pursuant to the City of Toronto By-law 57-2015 under Part IV, Section 29 of the Ontario Heritage Act (“OHA”). What is significant about this designation, is that it was awarded, not on the basis of its physical or tangible heritage attributes but, instead, on the intangible cultural heritage value embodied within the space. Receiving cultural heritage designation is important for the future of the Silver Dollar Room as it has effectively led to the end of plans for its demolition and redevelopment that have been on the table since June 2013. By subjecting the redevelopment approval process to the greater scrutiny required due to cultural heritage designation, the interests of private developers have been better balanced with the artistic and cultural value of the Silver Dollar Room and the associated interests of the live music community culture linked to the space. This paper will examine these issues through the specific example of Toronto, but the implications of this study are applicable to the many rapidly developing cities around the world.

    • Themes:

      Cities

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Public URL:

      http://ssrn.com/abstract=2755430

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rougeron, L. (2004) La coopération UNESCO-OMPI en matière de patrimoine immatériel : vers une refonte du système de propriété intellectuelle ? Mémoire. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rougeron, L. (2004) La coopération UNESCO-OMPI en matière de patrimoine immatériel : vers une refonte du système de propriété intellectuelle ? Mémoire. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rougeron, Laetitia
      Language French
      Univeristé Pierre Mendes (Grenoble)
      Title La coopération UNESCO-OMPI en matière de patrimoine immatériel : vers une refonte du système de propriété intellectuelle ? Mémoire
      type Mémoire de Master
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rowlands, M. & De Jong, F. (2007) Reconsidering heritage and memory. IN Reclaiming Heritage. Alternative Imagineries of Memory in West Africa, . 13–28.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rowlands, M. & De Jong, F. (2007) Reconsidering heritage and memory. IN Reclaiming Heritage. Alternative Imagineries of Memory in West Africa, . 13–28.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rowlands, Michael AND De Jong, Ferdinand
      Journal Reclaiming Heritage. Alternative Imagineries of Memory in West Africa
      Language English
      Pages 13--28
      Title Reconsidering heritage and memory
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Butler's chapter narrates the historical 'Westernization' of heritage memory and the challenges made to the so-called universal, foundational qualities of Greco-European memory and the Western, Classical, and canonical heritage genealogies as they are confronted by an 'othering' identified as an 'Africanist turn'. He proposes a critical reappraisal of alternative intellectual-operational 'performative moments' in the 'traditions' of African heritage. In his chapter on the Osun sacred grove in Osogbo (Nigeria), Peter Probst demonstrates how, under colonialism, the grove and its deities had become less central to Osogbo's religious life. This chapter shows how the revitalization of a sacred grove as heritage triggers the making of narratives that include those pasts in diverging imaginations of the future. To situate the current concern with the conservation of heritage, it begins by exploring the ideological origins that underlie the globalising aims of the UNESCO world heritage policy.

    • Themes:

      Loss of knowledge

    • Country:

      Nigeria

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/22233171/Reconsidering_Heritage_and_Memory

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ru, X. (2007) On Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ru, X. (2007) On Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ru, Xin
      Language English
      Title On Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ru, X. (2008) Construction of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Collection System in Museums. IN Journal of Hebei University (Philosophy and Social Science), 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ru, X. (2008) Construction of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Collection System in Museums. IN Journal of Hebei University (Philosophy and Social Science), 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ru, Xin
      Journal Journal of Hebei University (Philosophy and Social Science)
      Language English
      Title Construction of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Collection System in Museums
      Volume 4
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      The protection and development of the intangible cultural heritage has become a part of museums functions.The paper analyzes the significance of the construction of the intangible cultural heritage collection system in museums from its imparting,diversification of cultures and the systematic management.The paper also puts forward some suggestions on how to construct the system.

    • Themes:

      Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rudolff, B. (2006) Intangible and tangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rudolff, B. (2006) Intangible and tangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rudolff, Britta
      Language English
      Title Intangible and tangible heritage
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rudolff, B. (2010) Local Identity on the Global Stage: The Challenges of Representing Diversity. IN World Heritage and Cultural Diversity, . 104.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ruggles, F. D. & Silverman, H. (2009) Intangible heritage embodied Springer Verlag.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ruggles, F. D. & Silverman, H. (2009) Intangible heritage embodied Springer Verlag.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ruggles, D. Fairchild AND Silverman, Helaine
      ISBN 1-4419-0071-3
      Language English
      Publisher Springer Verlag
      Title Intangible heritage embodied
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      Archaeological research has long focused on studying tangible artifacts to build a picture of the cultures it examines. Equally important to understanding a culture, however, are the intangible elements that become part of its heritage. In 2003, UNESCO adopted a convention specifically to protect intangible heritage, including the following: oral traditions and expressions, including language; performing arts (such as traditional music, dance, and theater); social practices, rituals, and festive events; knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; and traditional craftsmanship. Since this convention was adopted, scholars and preservationists have struggled with how to best approach intangible heritage. This volume specifically focuses on embodied intangible heritage, or the human body as a vehicle for memory, movement, and sound. The contributors to this work examine ritual and artistic movement, theater, music, oral literature, as well as the role of the internet in cultural transmission. Globalization and particularly the internet, has a complex effect on the transmission of intangible heritage: while music, dance, and other expressions are now shared easily, the performances often lack context and may be shared with a group that does not fully understand what they are seeing or hearing. This volume draws on case studies from around the world to examine the problems and possibilities of implementing the new UNESCO convention. The findings in this volume will be vital to both professionals and academics in anthropology, archaeology, history, museum studies, architecture, and anyone else who deals with issues of cultural heritage and preservation.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, Hampered transmission, Rapid sociocultural change

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000185786

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ruiz Rodríguez, C. (2014) La UNESCO, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial y las tradiciones musicales en México. IN Diario de Campo, 1. 52–57.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ruiz Rodríguez, C. (2014) La UNESCO, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial y las tradiciones musicales en México. IN Diario de Campo, 1. 52–57.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ruiz Rodríguez, Carlos
      Title La UNESCO, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial y las tradiciones musicales en México
      Journal Diario de Campo
      Year 2014
      Volume 1
      Number 2
      Pages 52-57
      month La UNESCO, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial y las tradiciones musicales en México
      Language Spanish
    • Abstract:

      Se aborda una reflexión sobre la evaluación que realizó la UNESCO a diez años de la Convención de 2003, en esta reflexión se aborda su relación con las tradiciones musicales en México.

    • Themes:

      Periodic reporting, Performing arts

    • Country:

      Mexico

    • Suggested by:

      Carolina Buenrostro Pérez (2019-10-20)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.revistas.inah.gob.mx/index.php/diariodecampo/article/view/5600/6445

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rusalić, D. (2009) Making the Intangible Tangible: the new interface of cultural heritage Radojičić, D. (Ed.), SASA: Institute of Ethnography - Belgrade.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rusalić, D. (2009) Making the Intangible Tangible: the new interface of cultural heritage Radojičić, D. (Ed.), SASA: Institute of Ethnography - Belgrade.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rusalić, Dragana
      Editor(s) Dragana Radojičić
      Title Making the Intangible Tangible: the new interface of cultural heritage
      Publisher SASA: Institute of Ethnography - Belgrade
      Year 2009
      Volume 63
      Edition special edition, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Art, Institute of Ethnography
      ISBN 978-86-7587-048-7
      Language English
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Awareness-raising, Intellectual property, Museums, Policy making

    • Country:

      Serbia

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Rylance, K. (2007) Archives and the Intangible. IN Archivaria, 62.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Rylance, K. (2007) Archives and the Intangible. IN Archivaria, 62.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Rylance, Keli
      ISSN 1923-6409
      Journal Archivaria
      Language English
      Number 62
      Title Archives and the Intangible
      Volume 62
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The realm of archives has always had an affinity for objects. Whether those objects were records, photographs, or artifacts determined their locus within the archival institution, or whether they were relegated to some distant storage facility or an affiliated place, such as a museum or library. But today’s altered landscape has necessitated a rethinking of archival “objecthood,” of the archives as a meaning-forming place, and of the basic tenets of archival acquisitions and appraisal strategies. UNESCO’s Program for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage provides an example of contemporary efforts to archive not only the culturally ephemeral, but also the quintessentially intangible. As such, it contributes to a reflection on the underlying premises of the archives’ preference for and elevation of objects, and suggests frameworks by which archivists may re-conceptualize their roles in preserving culturally meaningful expressions regardless of physicality.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://archivaria.ca/index.php/archivaria/article/view/12890/14121

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sa Rego, J. & Corradi, A. A. (2018) ICH and Frugal Innovation: a Contribution to Development through the Framework of the 2003 Convention. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 13. 173–187.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sa Rego, J. & Corradi, A. A. (2018) ICH and Frugal Innovation: a Contribution to Development through the Framework of the 2003 Convention. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 13. 173–187.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sa Rego, Julio AND Corradi, Ariane Agnes
      Title ICH and Frugal Innovation: a Contribution to Development through the Framework of the 2003 Convention
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Year 2018
      Volume 13
      Pages 173-187
      month June
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This paper endeavours to emphasise one particular vector of sustainable development from intangible cultural heritage: ‘frugal innovations’. It discusses the potential of ICH to generate frugal innovations, contributing to improving communities’ quality of life and enhancing the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage. A type of innovation constrained by limited resources, frugal innovation means the development of processes, products or services reduced to core functionalities with optimised performance levels, addressing the needs of the bottom of the pyramid market. When implemented at community level, it aims to create a novel solution from the scarce resources available to respond to the needs of the communities concerned. This paper presents two case studies - the Indian Mitticool, and the Australian WALFA project - to illustrate the transformation of specific traditional knowledge into frugal innovations, and their impact on their respective communities. The analysis will build on the conceptual framework proposed by Soni and Krishnan (2014) that defines the dimensions of frugal innovation in terms of mindset, process and product. This paper then analyses the institutional framework provided by the 2003 Convention, especially its Chapter VI on ‘Sustainable Development’, to legitimise and leverage ICH-related frugal innovations, as well as to ensure that this transformation is fair and collectively beneficial.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, SDG 1: No Poverty, SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy, SDG 13: Climate Action, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Australia, India

    • Suggested by:

      Julio Sa Rego (2019-11-10)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ijih.org/fileDown.down?filePath=13/dtl/9151f9cd-3b95-4ed4-9372-3ad24dfdc3d8&fileName=Intangible+Heritage+vol+13+%2811-ICH+and+%27Frugal+Innovation%27+a+Contribuition+to+Development+through+the+Framework+of+the+2003+Convention%29.pdf&contentType=volumeDtl&downFileId=711&fileType=PDF&type=pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sabbatini, M. 2006. Prodotti tipici e territorio : teoria e prassi sul territorio Ascolano. 978-88-464-8246-4.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Salaberri Zaratiegi, P. El patrimonio cultural inmaterial : ámbito de la tradición oral y de las particularidades lingüísticas Pamplona-Iruña, Universidad Pública de Navarra.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Salaberri Zaratiegi, P. El patrimonio cultural inmaterial : ámbito de la tradición oral y de las particularidades lingüísticas Pamplona-Iruña, Universidad Pública de Navarra.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Pamplona-Iruña
      Author Salaberri Zaratiegi, Patxi
      ISBN 978-84-617-2440-6
      Language Spanish
      Publisher Universidad Pública de Navarra
      Series Cátedra {Archivo} del patrimonio inmaterial de {Navarra}
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial : ámbito de la tradición oral y de las particularidades lingüísticas

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Salge Ferro, M. (2010) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial en San Basilio de Palenque, en busca de las representaciones de lo palenquero a través de la prensa nacional. IN Memorias. Revista Digital de Historia y Arqueología desde el Caribe, (13), .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Salge Ferro, M. (2010) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial en San Basilio de Palenque, en busca de las representaciones de lo palenquero a través de la prensa nacional. IN Memorias. Revista Digital de Historia y Arqueología desde el Caribe, (13), .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Salge Ferro, Manuel
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial en San Basilio de Palenque, en busca de las representaciones de lo palenquero a través de la prensa nacional
      Journal Memorias. Revista Digital de Historia y Arqueología desde el Caribe, (13)
      Year 2010
      Language Spanish
    • Abstract:

      El artículo busca evidenciar cómo la prensa escrita representa lo palenquero a partir del discurso del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. Para hacer esto caracteriza el concepto de patrimonio cultural inmaterial, el corregimiento de San Basilio de Palenque y a la prensa como productora de enunciados. Finalmente reflexiona sobre cómo Palenque se erotiza y estetiza en función del valor que le otorga el discurso legítimo del patrimonio.

    • Themes:

      Mass communication, Other international framework

    • Country:

      Colombia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Palenque de San Basilio

    • Suggested by:

      Manuel Salge Ferro (2019-11-08)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=85517354008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Salge Ferro, M. (2018) El principio arcóntico del patrimonio. Origen, transformaciones y desafíos de los procesos de patrimonialización en Colombia Universidad de los Andes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Salge Ferro, M. (2018) El principio arcóntico del patrimonio. Origen, transformaciones y desafíos de los procesos de patrimonialización en Colombia Universidad de los Andes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Salge Ferro, Manuel
      Title El principio arcóntico del patrimonio. Origen, transformaciones y desafíos de los procesos de patrimonialización en Colombia
      Publisher Universidad de los Andes
      Year 2018
      ISBN 9789587747119
      Language Spanish
    • Abstract:

      Este libro estudia cómo el discurso del patrimonio desencadena mecanismos de inclusión y exclusión a través de los cuales el Estado construye su proyecto nacional y cómo las comunidades se valen de él para anclar sus luchas sociales. El principio arcóntico del patrimonio visibiliza las tensiones y las diferentes agendas estéticas, históricas y políticas que enfrentan a los actores institucionales con los sujetos de la política patrimonial en cuatro diferentes contextos en Colombia: el Carnaval de Barranquilla espectacularizado y comercializado, que segrega y jerarquiza el acceso a la fiesta; un corregimiento como San Basilio de Palenque, donde la frustración y la desconfianza se vuelven norma ante la imposibilidad de transitar a sistemas productivos con base cultural; el Carnaval de Negros y Blancos, que por cuenta de la burocracia ha olvidado a un segmento de sus actores; y las procesiones religiosas en Popayán, que son el testimonio del monopolio de una institución frente a una creencia popular.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Country:

      Colombia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Carnaval de Negros y Blancos

    • Suggested by:

      Manuel Salge Ferro (2019-11-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sammells, C. A. 2016. Haute Traditional Cuisines: How UNESCO’s List of Intangible Heritage Links the Cosmopolitan to the Local.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sammells, C. A. 2016. Haute Traditional Cuisines: How UNESCO’s List of Intangible Heritage Links the Cosmopolitan to the Local.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sammells, Clare A.
      Title Haute Traditional Cuisines: How UNESCO’s List of Intangible Heritage Links the Cosmopolitan to the Local
      Book title Edible Identities: Food As Cultural Heritage
      Year 2016
      Editor(s) Ronda L. Brulotte, Michael A. Di Giovine, and Professor Brian Graham
      Pages 141-159
      Publisher Routledge
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In this piece I will consider three examples—two of cuisines designated as UNESCO Intangible Heritage in 2010 (French and Mexican), and one of the incorporation of a local ingredient into international touristic fare (Thai llama curry in Bolivia). The first two will illuminate how the heritage and tourism “-scapes” work to create haute traditional cuisines by linking domestic cuisines to food served in restaurants. The process of nominating and then celebrating these cuisines as intangible heritage carefully constructs and naturalizes the connections between the local and cosmopolitan. In the case of Thai llama curry, we will see how an ingredient constructed as “good to think” in the context of Bolivian touristic cuisine became incorporated into a cosmopolitan cuisine catering to tourists. In an opposite move from the intangible heritage cuisines, in this case a cosmopolitan cuisine was localized itself by incorporating an ingredient that ia not only produced nationally, but was marked as particularly local in the context of Bolivian touristic cuisine.

    • Themes:

      Food, Market economy, Tourism, Social practices, rituals and festive events, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Bolivia (Plurinational State of), France, Mexico

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Samson, G. & Sandroni, C. (2013) The Recognition of Brazilian samba de roda and Reunion maloya as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. IN Vibrant, 10.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Samson, G. & Sandroni, C. (2013) The Recognition of Brazilian samba de roda and Reunion maloya as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. IN Vibrant, 10.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Samson, Guillaume AND Sandroni, Carlos
      Title The Recognition of Brazilian samba de roda and Reunion maloya as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
      Journal Vibrant
      Year 2013
      Volume 10
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In this essay, we present a comparative analysis of the UNESCO heritage nomination process for two African Diaspora music and dance forms: samba de roda, from the Bahian Recôncavo (a coastal area of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia), and maloya, from Reunion Island (a former French colony in the Indian Ocean, which is now officially an “overseas department of France”). Samba de roda, as the Brazilian candidate, was included in the III Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity, in 2005. And maloya, the French candidate, was inscribed onto the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in 2009. Despite a number of formal commonalities between samba de roda and maloya, such as responsorial singing, choreography, and the main musical instrument types, the controversies raised during their respective processes of nomination were quite distinct. The former is regarded as a traditional and less well known style of samba, the musical genre widely recognized as the musical emblem of Brazil. The latter competes with séga—a genre of popular music consolidated in the local media—for the position of chief musical representative of Reunion Island. The disparate symbolic identities attributed to these musical expressions pave the way for a distinct manner of employing the international resources related to the safeguarding of intangible heritage. This suggests that the local impact of the inclusion onto international lists depends as much on the contextual particularities of each candidacy as on central decision-making bodies such as UNESCO.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Policy making

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Maloya

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.vibrant.org.br/issues/v10n1/guillaume-samson-carlos-sandroni-the-recognition-of-brazilian-samba-de-roda-and-reunion-maloya-as-intangible-cultural-heritage-of-humanity/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sanchez De Las Heras, C. (2005) Proyecto RIHLA : las huellas de la memoria. Itinerarios de la cultura inmaterial entre Andalucía y Marruecos en el marco de la iniciativa europea Interreg III-A. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sanchez De Las Heras, C. (2005) Proyecto RIHLA : las huellas de la memoria. Itinerarios de la cultura inmaterial entre Andalucía y Marruecos en el marco de la iniciativa europea Interreg III-A. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author Sanchez De Las Heras, Carlos
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title Proyecto RIHLA : las huellas de la memoria. Itinerarios de la cultura inmaterial entre Andalucía y Marruecos en el marco de la iniciativa europea Interreg III-A.
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Transnational heritage

    • Country:

      Morocco, Spain

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sánchez Elías, M. V. (2005) La formación de mediadores interculturales : la experiencia de la Red Acoge. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sánchez Elías, M. V. (2005) La formación de mediadores interculturales : la experiencia de la Red Acoge. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sánchez Elías, Manuel Vicente
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title La formación de mediadores interculturales : la experiencia de la Red Acoge
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2009) Inventariando Patrimonios Culturales : Ocho entrevistas en museos portugueses. IN Revista Electrónica de Patrimonio Histórico, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. (2009) Inventariando Patrimonios Culturales : Ocho entrevistas en museos portugueses. IN Revista Electrónica de Patrimonio Histórico, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Editor(s) {Departamento de Historia del Arte, Universidad de Granada}
      Journal Revista Electrónica de Patrimonio Histórico
      Language Spanish
      month #dec#
      Number 5
      Title Inventariando Patrimonios Culturales : Ocho entrevistas en museos portugueses
      Year 2009
    • Public URL:

      http://www.revistadepatrimonio.es/revistas/numero5/institucionespatrimonio/estudios/articulo.php

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2010) Do coração do museu : Inventário e património imaterial em 11 museus portugueses. IN Newsletter ICOM, . 2–10.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. (2010) Do coração do museu : Inventário e património imaterial em 11 museus portugueses. IN Newsletter ICOM, . 2–10.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Editor(s) {Portugal.Consultar}
      Journal Newsletter ICOM
      Language Portuguese
      Number 9
      Pages 2--10
      Title Do coração do museu : Inventário e património imaterial em 11 museus portugueses
      Year 2010
    • Public URL:

      http://www.icom-portugal.org/multimedia/info%20II-9_jun-ago10(1).pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2011) Inventarios de Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial : buscando un sistema de gestión de la memoria. IN RdM (Asociación Española de Museólogos), . 16–22.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2012) Chaves da Sociomuseologia: para uma construção social do património através do inventário participado. IN Revista de Sociologia Universidade do Porto, .

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2012) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. (2012) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Language Portuguese
      Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios
      type {PhD}
      Year 2012
    • Public URL:

      http://www.museologia-portugal.net/images/stories/teses_marco/lorena_querol.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. 2009. Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. Paper read at Actas do I SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Porto.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. 2009. Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. Paper read at Actas do I SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Porto.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Porto
      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Book title Actas do {I} {SIAM} ({Seminario} {Iberoamericano} de {Investigación} en {Museología})
      Language Portuguese
      Pages 226--237
      Publisher Universidade do Porto
      Title Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial
      Volume 1
      Year 2009

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. 2011. Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo. Paper read at Actas do III SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. 2011. Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo. Paper read at Actas do III SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Book title Actas do {III} {SIAM} ({Seminario} {Iberoamericano} de {Investigación} en {Museología})
      Language Spanish
      Title Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo
      Year 2011
    • Public URL:

      http://www.siam2011.eu/?p=700

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sandholz, S. 2017. Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sandholz, S. 2017. Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sandholz, Simone
      Title Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia
      Book title Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Albert Marie-Theres, Bandarin Francesco, Pereira Roders Ana
      Pages 161-173
      Publisher Cham : Springer
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Many cities around the globe (still) comprise of historic fabric, particularly in the urban core areas. Very often intangible values, such as beliefs, events, habits or rituals, are intrinsically linked with it. This paper argues that urban heritage constitutes a crucial source of identity for present urban inhabitants, an important factor for sustainable and resilient urban development. Traditional Asian planning and architecture are not only linked to strong cosmological beliefs but at the same time a manifestation of craftsmanship skills and construction techniques. Such local wisdom comprises, among other things, knowledge of appropriate building technologies to withstand natural hazards—an aspect linking conservation and (disaster) resilience. This paper analyses the cities of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and Kathmandu, Nepal, two iconic places within their national borders which—still—comprise of impressive urban tangible and intangible heritage. At the same time, both cities are prone to different natural hazards and have suffered severe earthquakes within recent years. After assessing the potential urban heritage has for risk reduction, ranging from physical assets like regular community-based maintenance to making use of cultural expressions for awareness raising, conclusions are drawn regarding the contributions of heritage for urban resilience. Reference is also made to the Historic Urban Landscape approach, as it is linking different aspects and layers of the city, with a potential to establish more sustainable recovery processes.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Urban development, Use of modern materials, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, Natural disasters, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Indonesia, Nepal

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-18)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sandroni, C. (2010) Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity. IN Estudos Avançados, 24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sandroni, C. (2010) Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity. IN Estudos Avançados, 24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sandroni, Carlos
      Title Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity
      Journal Estudos Avançados
      Year 2010
      Volume 24
      Number 69
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In 2005, samba de roda, a music-dance form from the Recôncavo region of Bahia, Brazil, was included in UNESCO's Third Proclamation of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity. This award was the result of a twenty month-long journey in which public policy makers, anthropologists, ethnomusicologists and, especially, samba practitioners from the Recôncavo were brought together. This included the writing of a Plan of Action, scheduled to span five years, to safeguard samba de roda. In this paper, after a brief introduction about the process leading to UNESCO's award, I will address several questions raised by the implementation of the Plan, which was built around four main themes: the organization of the sambadores; the transmission; diffusion and documentation of samba de roda.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying, Policy making

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of Bahia

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-40142010000200023&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. (2005) Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural Editora Peirópolis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. (2005) Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural Editora Peirópolis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural
      Publisher Editora Peirópolis
      Year 2005
      Language Portuguese
    • Abstract:

      Este livro analisa o socioambientalismo e sua influência sobre o sistema jurídico brasileiro. Em linguagem didática e acessível aos não-especialistas, o livro mostra os caminhos percorridos pelo socioambientalismo para superar o abismo existente entre as questões sociais e ambientais, construindo pontes entre movimentos sociais e políticas públicas que tendem a atuar de forma divergente. Enfoca os paradigmas jurídicos do socioambientalismo e os "novos" direitos socioambientais, cujas bases estão na Constituição.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Environment, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Minority groups, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ethno-terroirs.cnrs.fr/gestion/applis/apetit/fichiers/UNIVERSIDADEDEBRASILIA-SANTILLI_Juliana-Socioambientalismo-e-novos-direitos.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. (2015) The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage. IN Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. (2015) The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage. IN Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage
      Journal Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The article analyzes some recent initiatives of patrimonialization of food, knowledge and eating practices at international and national levels. UNESCO analyzes the recognition processes, as an “intangible cultural heritage,” of the Mediterranean diet, the traditional Mexican cuisine, the gastronomic French food, Washoku (the Japanese culinary system), and Croatian gingerbread. IPHAN has recorded as intangible cultural heritage: the craft of acarajé from Bahia, the traditional production of cajuína in Piauí; the artisan way of making white cheese in Minas Gerais, and the traditional agricultural system of the Rio Negro, Amazonas state. There are other ongoing initiatives such as the craft of the tacacazeiras in Pará. The article discusses the main questions around such initiatives, and the potential improvements they can pose in promoting food diversity as an expression of cultural diversity

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Food, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 15: Life on Land, Agriculture, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.e-publicacoes.uerj.br/index.php/demetra/article/view/16054/18779

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. 2005. Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. 2005. Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos
      Book title Patrimônio imaterial e biodiversidade
      Year 2005
      Editor(s) Manuela Carneiro da Cunha
      Pages 62-79
      Publisher Instituto do Patrimonio Historico e Artistico Nacional
      Language Portuguese
    • Themes:

      Environment, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Minority groups, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 15: Life on Land, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-27)

    • Public URL:

      http://portal.iphan.gov.br/publicacoes/lista?categoria=&busca=revista+do+patrimonio

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues. IN Bulgarian Folklore, Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research. 89–100.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues. IN Bulgarian Folklore, Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research. 89–100.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      ISSN 0323-9861
      Journal Bulgarian Folklore
      Language English
      Number 37-1
      Pages 89--100
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues
      Volume Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The problematic field of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) stirred enormous interest worldwide, which was particularly enhanced over the last ten years, after the General Conference of UNESCO accepted a special Convention on ICH. The adoption of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?lg=en&pg=00006), hereinafter called Convention 2003, was an extremely important step in this field undertaken by the member states of this international organization. Both Bulgaria and Slovenia were involved in the process of activated interest in the issues of ICH. An important element of the joint work in this sphere was the Seminar of experts in intangible cultural heritage of Southeastern Europe organized by the Bulgarian state in 2007 in Arbanassi, Bulgaria, with the kind support of UNESCO office in Venice. The Seminar led to the creation of the first network of experts of its kind in the region that involved participants from both countries.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. (2013) Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. (2013) Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      Journal Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture
      Language English
      Title Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 2
      Year 2013
    • Themes:

      Human rights

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ptpn.poznan.pl/Wydawnictwo/czasopisma/our/OE-2013-santova.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2001. Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century. at Boyana Government Residence, Sofia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2001. Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century. at Boyana Government Residence, Sofia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Boyana Government Residence, Sofia
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Title Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century
      Year 2001
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, WIPO

    • Public URL:

      http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/ip-conf-bg/en/wipo_ectk_sof_01/wipo_ectk_sof_01_3_3.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2007. Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare. at Paris.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2007. Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare. at Paris.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language French
      Title Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2008. Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2008. Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      Book title La polyphonie corse traditionnelle peut-elle disparaître  ?
      Editor(s) Guelfucci, Michèle and Salini, Dominique
      Language French
      Pages 133--141
      Publisher L'île de Corse
      Series Hommes et {Territoires}.
      Title Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Living Human Treasure

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2009. Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage. at Safranbolu.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2009. Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage. at Safranbolu.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Safranbolu
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Pages 19--23
      Title Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2009
    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More. at Riga.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More. at Riga.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Riga
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language Latvian
      Pages 8--16
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Vilnius
      Author Santova, Mila
      ISBN 978-9955-868-39-2
      Language English
      Pages 24--27
      Publisher Lithuanian Culture Research Institute
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The Bulgarian national Inventory of ICH encompasses the basic domains of ICH according to Convention 2003, in agreement with the specificities of the Bulgarian ICH. The Inventory is based on elements of ICH and contains lists organized on two levels: national and regional. The elements enlisted in the Bulgarian National Inventory of ICH are arranged in “rows” at typological level. The choice of constructing the Inventory on elements or bearers involves the issue of man’s participation. With the approach based on bearers, the man is personified: only this person(s) as a performer(s) of only this element(s). With the approach based on elements, the man is more or less depersonalized – the element is centered in the meaning of the performance skill occurring or not in execution by and from various eligible people. The naming of elements in the Inventory signifies cultural practices as parts of the totality – ICH of the respective state. According to this perspective the Inventory is a framework – it arranges the perception of ICH (of community, region, and state). The knowledge provided is framed knowledge which indicates but does not participate in the occurring of the element. The function of element indication of the Inventory actually leads to a situation in which the constructed framework determines the perception of the cultural heritage of a given community in the sphere of intangibility. This function corresponds well with the so called today’s heritage construction policy(s). In the sphere of ICH at present, the Inventory, as a basic instrument of the state, is also a basic instrument participating intensely in the construction of alternative type of memory in terms of ICH.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2012. Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2012. Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Vilnius
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language Latvian
      Publisher Lithuanian Culture Research Institute
      Title Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2012. The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria. at Zagreb.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2012. The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria. at Zagreb.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Zagreb
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Title The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Museums, Rapid sociocultural change

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santoyo, Á. 2006. Investigación para la definición de un marco conceptual sobre la política del patrimonio cultural inmaterial en Colombia. ICANH.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santoyo, A. A. 2006. Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santoyo, A. A. 2006. Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Editor(s) {Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia. Subdirección Científica}
      Language Spanish
      Title Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial
      Year 2006
      Author Santoyo, Alvaro Andrés

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Satoru, H. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Satoru, H. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Satoru, Hyoki
      Language English
      Title Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities
    • Themes:

      Legislation

    • Country:

      Japan

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Savova, N. D. (2007) Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte. IN The International Journal of the Arts in Society, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Savova, N. D. (2007) Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte. IN The International Journal of the Arts in Society, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Savova, Nadezhda Dimitrova
      Journal The International Journal of the Arts in Society
      Language English
      Title Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Why is it that cultural policy cuts are hardly ever mentioned in the discourses on the inadequacies of welfare and education under the neo-liberalist logic after the collapse of the Soviet Union? Why, indeed, when there are joint ministries of culture and education pointing to their common function of formation of civic values? This paper attempts to describe how this is partially due to a misunderstood concept of cultural policy as an elitist, "high arts" master narrative, and uses an observable phenomenon in Bulgaria that presents an alternative kind of cultural politics focused on local arts. The study examines the chitalishte, or the Bulgarian state-funded community cultural centers, connected in a network of close to 4000 chitalishtes, where locals (amateurs) engage in various forms of performance and visual arts productions. The chitalishte represents a unique public tool for creativity encouragement pre-dating communism, as it localizes cultural policy and, simultaneously, de-professionalizes cultural production by affirming the role of the amateur artist in the making of what the research names "community creative capital," i.e. a locus of intersection between social and cultural capital enhancing creative forms of civil society participation. The"grounding"and"de-professionalization"of cultural policy in the Bulgarian case is analyzed within the international context of the "immaterialization of cultural policy," evident in UNESCO's conventions on heritage and development, where policy-makers are starting to comprehend the social salience of the arts down to the community level, as well as of the living - not archiving - of cultural heritage in society.

    • Themes:

      Register of good safeguarding practices, Community participation

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Bulgarian Chitalishte (Community Cultural Centre): practical experience in safeguarding the vitality of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Savova, N. D. (2009) Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum. IN Anthropological Quarterly, 82. 547–585.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Savova, N. D. (2009) Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum. IN Anthropological Quarterly, 82. 547–585.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Savova, Nadezhda Dimitrova
      ISSN 00035491
      Journal Anthropological Quarterly
      Language English
      month #apr#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Spring, 2009 / Copyright © 2009 The George Washington University Institute for Ethnographic Research
      Number 2
      Pages 547--585
      Title Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum
      Volume 82
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      In Providencia, Rio de Janeiro's oldest favela (shantytown), the Municipality created the "Open-Air/ Living Museum" to celebrate its history and link it to a larger infrastructure development project, within the agenda of Brazilian cultural policy to implement UNESCO's global recommendations on safeguarding local intangible heritage world-wide. How do local interpretations of cultural heritage affirm, modify, or enrich the institutional (municipality, state, and UNESCO) policies on tangible and intangible heritage? And how does tourism connect to the imagining of community cultural revival? I develop the concept of heritage kinaesthetics as the moving bodily practices that people imagine and enact to enliven the built environment's static aesthetic looks, or the immobile quality usually ascribed to historic sites. The five main heritage kinaesthetics practiced by residents and visitors include: visual (photographing; seeing vs looking), ambulatory (walking around as exploration), performative (enacting intangible cultural heritage such as samba, capoeira, football, and music; tour guides' performances), oral (telling stories/imagining history), and acoustic (re-creating place-specific sounds). Local heritage kinaesthetics practices are placed within the larger context of Brazilian and internationally UNESCO's cultural policy on heritage safeguarding conceptualized to enhance community quality of life.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Tourism

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/25488282

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scepi, G. & Petrillo, P. 2014. The cultural Dimension of the Mediterranean Dieat as an Intangible cultural Heritage of Humanity.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scepi, G. & Petrillo, P. 2014. The cultural Dimension of the Mediterranean Dieat as an Intangible cultural Heritage of Humanity.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scepi, Giovanni AND Petrillo, Pierluigi
      Title The cultural Dimension of the Mediterranean Dieat as an Intangible cultural Heritage of Humanity
      Book title Cultural Heirtage and value creation
      Year 2014
      Editor(s) G. Golinelli,
      Pages 171-188
      Publisher Springer
    • Abstract:

      The contribution aims to analyse the importance of the Mediterranean Diet iscription in ICH List in 2010. This element has a great value for the communities who share this practice, since it is more than just a food practice, but it is a true lifestyle modelthat has remained constant over time. Unesco recognition, therefore, becomes a useful tool for protecting the expression of this cultural tradition from the homologating risk of globalisation, making the communities themselves and the States Parties more aware of the value of this practice

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Cultural identity, Food

    • Country:

      Italy

    • Suggested by:

      chiara d'alessandro (2020-04-17)

    • Public URL:

      https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-08527-2

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schaaf, T. & Rossler, M. 2010. Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schaaf, T. & Rossler, M. 2010. Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schaaf , Thomas AND Rossler, Mechtild
      Title Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action
      Book title Sacred Natural Sites Conserving Nature and Culture
      Year 2010
      Editor(s) Bas Verschuuren, Robert Wild, Jeffrey McNeely and Gonzalo Oviedo
      Pages 161-169
      Publisher Earthscan
      Postal address Earthscan Ltd, Dunstan House, 14a St Cross Street, London EC1N 8XA, UKEarthscan LLC, 1616 P Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    • Abstract:

      The introduction of sacred natural sites to the international arena more than a decade ago has led to major actions by the international community concerned with environmental conservation. Beginning with research pilot projects on sacred natural sites, and discussions about definitions, key conferences and workshops involving concerned stakeholders have also taken place in India, Mexico, China, Japan and Mongolia. These have helped to formulate the IUCN-UNESCO Guidelines for the Conservation and Management of Sacred Natural Sites. This chapter discusses inscription of sacred natural sites and landscapes within the regulatory framework of the World Heritage Convention and the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. Despite legally protected area status, core areas of biosphere reserves are not always respected by local people, who are often compelled to revert to poaching or illegal logging even in the protected core areas so as to satisfy their immediate livelihood needs. In search for solutions this chapter outlines experience based on a UNESCO MAB research project in Ghana which studied sacred groves and the importance of sacred natural sites for biodiversity conservation and local livelihoods. The project employed an interdisciplinary approach for establishing baselines based on scientific knowledge of the natural world for the planning of restoration activities. These revealed higher biodiversity levels at the edges of sacred groves than inside the groves but also more birds, reptiles and mammals within the sacred groves than outside. Socio-cultural values and belief systems were also assessed in combination with the development of environmental educational programmes. Traditional beliefs regulating hunting activities helped to provide insight into traditional leadership enforcing the respect of responsibilities and taboos regarding the sacred groves. Incomegenerating activities beyond the confines of the sacred sites were developed in consultation with and for the benefit of local people. Because of their biodiversity values sacred natural sites can signal potential restoration sites for the elaboration of integrated conservation strategies. These should be supported by modern and legal instruments. The recognition of the importance of safeguarding sacred natural sites will not only serve the protection of species and the environment at large, but also the spiritual and qualitative well-being of humankind.

    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Indigenous peoples, Social practices, rituals and festive events, 1972 Convention, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 15: Life on Land, Environment

    • Country:

      Ghana, Kenya

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-12-26)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/5970179/Sacred_natural_sites_conserving_nature_and_culture_edited_by_Bas_Verschuuren_Robert_Wild_Jeffrey_McNeely_and_Gonzalo_Oviedo?email_work_card=view-paper

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scheermeyer, C. (2005) A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa. IN The South African Archaeological Bulletin, . 121–123.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scheermeyer, C. (2005) A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa. IN The South African Archaeological Bulletin, . 121–123.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scheermeyer, Colette
      ISSN 0038-1969
      Journal The South African Archaeological Bulletin
      Language English
      Pages 121--123
      Title A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The purpose of the chapter is to unpack the meaning of heritage resources for those involved in management and further to put emphasis on the direct and indirect roles of municipalities, specifically as provided for in the applicable framework of South African law.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Legislation

    • Country:

      South Africa

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326914002_Heritage_resources_management

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scher, P. W. (2010) UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 197–202.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scher, P. W. (2010) UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 197–202.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scher, Philip W.
      ISSN 0737-7037
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 197--202
      Title UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource
      Volume 47
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2444194/UNESCO_Conventions_and_Culture_as_a_resource

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit. IN Geographische Zeitschrift, 93. 237–253.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit. IN Geographische Zeitschrift, 93. 237–253.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 00167479
      Journal Geographische Zeitschrift
      Language German
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2005 / Copyright © 2005 Franz Steiner Verlag
      Number 4
      Pages 237--253
      Title Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit
      Volume 93
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      In 1998 UNESCO started a new programme for the declaration of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, a pre-project for the new UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakesh, known for its performers, story-tellers, musicians, fortune tellers, etc., was one of the first Masterpieces proclaimed by UNESCO in 2001. With the declaration of these Masterpieces and the forthcoming establishment of a Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. UNESCO has created a new kind of global cultural geography. The paper examines the background, genesis and history of this new UNESCO concept for safeguarding intangible heritage as a case study of global-local processes of interaction. The Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo, who has lived in Marrakesh on and off since the 1980s, gave the decisive impulse for the new UNESCO concepts in 1996 with his efforts to safeguard Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakesh. Fearing that current local authority plans would definitively change the character of the square and destroy its oral, musical and popular spiritual traditions, Goytisolo asked UNESCO to declare the square to be "oral heritage of humanity": This was the starting point for the new UNESCO measures. Goytisolo can be regarded as a scalar hybrid social actor, able to act – in the context of the case study - on a local social scale (in Marrakesh), as well as on a global scale (as an internationally known writer), able to create effective contact with the most important international organisation concerned with cultural policy. The paper compares the history of the new concept with hypotheses on the emergence of ideas in other international institutions, and discusses some basic elements of the new UNESCO concept and its relevance for Cultural Geography.

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/27819060

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences. IN The Arab World Geographer, 8. 173–195.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences. IN The Arab World Geographer, 8. 173–195.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 1480-6800
      Journal The Arab World Geographer
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 173--195
      Title Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences
      Volume 8
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      Jemaa el Fna Square in the Medina of Marrakech is known for its performing street artistes: story-tellers, acrobats, Arab and Berber musicians, and Gnauwa groups and seers, who work daily before a local, regional, and foreign tourist audience in the specific form of a halqa ("circle"). In 2001, following an initiative by the Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo, who sought to prevent the execution of plans to build a glass tower close by, the square was proclaimed a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. This proclamation and the growing popularity of Marrakech as a destination for international tourists can be seen as two global influences on the square. In addition, social changes in Morocco have influenced both the performers and the local audience in the square. This article examines the effects and the interconnection of these different global influences on Jemaa el Fna. The feasibility of "safeguarding" the oral and intangible traditions of the square, as required by UNESCO, and the difficulties this entails are discussed in light of the pressures of tourism and recent social changes.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, Rapid sociocultural change, Touristification

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274256696_Jemaa_el_Fna_Square_in_Marrakech_-_Changes_to_a_Social_Space_and_to_a_UNESCO_Masterpiece_of_the_Oral_and_Intangible_Heritage_of_Humanity_as_a_Result_of_Global_influence

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2008) The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 14. 95–111.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2008) The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 14. 95–111.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 95--111
      Title The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots
      Volume 14
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      In 1998 UNESCO started a programme for the proclamation of ‘Masterpieces of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity’, a pre‐project for the new UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech was one of the first Masterpieces proclaimed by UNESCO in 2001. This paper examines the genesis and history of this new UNESCO concept of safeguarding intangible heritage. The Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo gave the decisive impulse for the new UNESCO concept in 1996 in order to safeguard Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech. Worrying that contemporary plans of local authorities would definitely change the character of the square and destroy its cultural traditions, Goytisolo asked UNESCO to proclaim the square as ‘oral heritage of humanity’. The wish to protect Jemaa el Fna Square on the one hand, and the existing Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on the other, can be seen as two reference points for the new UNESCO concept.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233251479_The_UNESCO_Concept_of_Safeguarding_Intangible_Cultural_Heritage_Its_Background_and_Marrakchi_Roots

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schramm, K. (2007) Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana. IN Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa, . 71–98.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schramm, K. (2007) Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana. IN Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa, . 71–98.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schramm, Katharina
      Journal Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa
      Language English
      Pages 71--98
      Title Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Repressive policies

    • Country:

      Ghana

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305806046_Slave_Route_Projects_Tracing_the_Heritage_of_Slavery_in_Ghana

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schreiber, H. 2017. Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schreiber, H. 2017. Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schreiber, Hanna
      Title Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Book title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Safeguarding Experiences in Central and Eastern European Countries and China. The 10th Anniversary of the Entry into Force of the 2003 Convention through the Prism of Sustainable Development.
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Hanna Schreiber
      Pages 475
      organization(s) National Heritage Board of Poland
      Postal address ul. Kopernika 36/40, 00-924 Warszawa
      Language English
      Note Full text aviable on the URL
    • Abstract:

      10 remarks: 1. The 2003 Convention has radically changed the way of thinking about and defining cultural heritage. 2. The 2003 Convention is a ‘sister’ of the 1972 and the 2005 Conventions. 3. The 2003 Convention is a legal, social, but also a political instrument, which in certain cases is misused and leads to ‘side effects’. 4. The Representative List is everything. And it lives its own life. 5. The 2003 Convention reinforces the prestige and the soft power of the countries and UNESCO itself. 6. The Convention evoked new processes of patrimonialisation (heritagisation). 7. The 2003 Convention created new fields of power for the research about the human and culture, especially for cultural anthropology (ethnology, ethnography, folklore studies). 8. The 2003 Convention was the first to give voice and subjectivity to communities, groups, and individuals. 9. The well-thought implementation of the 2003 Convention on the local level is its most powerful advantage, which may in practice ensure the realisation of the concept of sustainable development. 10. The Convention is the biggest achievement of the contemporary international cultural heritage law, and at the same time it leads to its further fragmentation.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Sustainable development, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-11-25)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/35837041/INTANGIBLE_CULTURAL_HERITAGE._Safeguarding_Experiences_in_Central_and_Eastern_European_Countries_and_China_Warsaw_2017

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scovazzi, T. (2007) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel. IN Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scovazzi, T. (2007) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel. IN Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scovazzi, Tullio
      Journal Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur
      Language French
      Title La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scovazzi, T. (2009) Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel. IN L'Observateur des Nations Unies, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scovazzi, T. (2009) Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel. IN L'Observateur des Nations Unies, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scovazzi, Tullio
      Journal L'Observateur des Nations Unies
      Language French
      Title Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention, 2005 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2004) Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations. IN Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2004) Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations. IN Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Journal Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural
      Language English
      Title Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2009) Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5. IN Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa, . 112–28.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2009) Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5. IN Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa, . 112–28.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Journal Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa
      Language English
      Pages 112--28
      Title Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Nongovernmental organizations

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2015) Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 269–280.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2015) Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 269–280.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Title Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research
      Year 2015
      Volume 52
      Number 2-3
      Pages 269-280
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      When people attribute a position or action to UNESCO, they rarely specify to which of its many parts they refer. UNESCO is a nation-state based organization located in Paris, advised by hundreds of affiliated NGOs, with many national and regional centers and institutions and national commissions in many nations. Even when its member nation-states sign its conventions, their national cultural policies can vary widely in how the conventions are implemented. The complexity of UNESCO’s organization suggests that discussions of policies attributed to it must be grounded in an understanding of its structure and the relative autonomy, or lack of it, among its various parts. This essay presents such a description of UNESCO from the perspective of an international NGO, the International Council for Traditional Music (ICTM) and makes observations about the involvement of different parts of UNESCO in the discussions of on-the-ground events described in the other chapters.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Suggested by:

      Lisa Gilman (2019-11-08)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.2979/jfolkrese.52.2-3.269

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Segadika, P. (2006) Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo. IN Museum International, 58. 31.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Segadika, P. (2006) Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo. IN Museum International, 58. 31.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Segadika, Phillip
      ISSN 1350-0775
      Journal Museum International
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 31
      Title Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo
      Volume 58
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Botswana

    • Public URL:

      https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/777e/781617e0a6547eeb0ad6e93b937b002e22bd.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sekik, N. (2010) À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sekik, N. (2010) À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sekik, Nozha
      Language French
      Title À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, tel que défini par la Convention de l’Unesco de 2003, présente une évolution dynamique caractéristique, marquée par la tradition et l’innovation. Ainsi, les communautés se chargeant de préserver ce fragile équilibre héritent du savoir-faire de leurs ancêtres qu’elles transmettent aux nouvelles générations au fil d’un processus vivant et évolutif. En Tunisie, les artisanes de Sejnane constituent un modèle de sauvegarde du patrimoine immatériel. Les techniques utilisées par ces femmes pour modeler la céramique sont millénaires et, depuis des siècles, leur ont permis de vivre modestement du commerce de leurs œuvres.

    • Themes:

      Gender issues, SDG 5: Gender Equality

    • Country:

      Tunisia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Semedo, A. 2010. Práticas (i) materiais em museus. Paper read at Actas do I Seminário de Investigação em Museologia dos Países de Língua Portuguesa e Espanholaat Porto.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Semedo, A. 2010. Práticas (i) materiais em museus. Paper read at Actas do I Seminário de Investigação em Museologia dos Países de Língua Portuguesa e Espanholaat Porto.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Porto
      Author Semedo, Alice
      Book title Actas do {I} {Seminário} de {Investigação} em {Museologia} dos {Países} de {Língua} {Portuguesa} e {Espanhola}
      Editor(s) Noronha Nascimento, Elisa
      Language Portuguese
      Publisher Universidade do Porto
      Title Práticas (i) materiais em museus
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Serrano, K. & Stefanova, M. 2011. Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Serrano, K. & Stefanova, M. 2011. Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Serrano, Katarina AND Stefanova, Milena
      Book title Island Futures. Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region
      Baldacchino, Godfrey and Niles, Daniel
      Edition Springer Japan
      Language English
      Pages 19--36
      Title Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Developing island states often struggle to identify and manage natural resources in settings characterized by ‘legal pluralism’. The existence of multiple rule systems with competing claims to legitimacy is a hallmark of Vanuatu’s institutional landscape. The resilience of local systems, the limited reach of central institutions and the rhetorical support of state actors for kastom nevertheless present an opportunity to think creatively about governance in Vanuatu and to develop innovative tools and methods to manage the impact of development in a way that is beneficial for local communities. On the basis of a case study of Vanuatu’s Chief Roi Mata’s Domain an – official UNESCO world heritage site since 2008 – the article explores options for the utilization of international and regional agreements in the sustainable development and preservation of heritage sites. The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the impact such agreements have on the protection of Vanuatu’s cultural heritage, bearing in mind challenges that a small island country like Vanuatu may experience in the attempt to utilize international and regional conventions for the protection of cultural heritage. The ultimate question, however, is how indigenous culture can be protected and simultaneously sustainably accessed as a ‘development resource’.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Legislation, Sustainable development, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Vanuatu

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Severo, M. (2012) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux. IN Culture et recherche, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Severo, M. (2012) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux. IN Culture et recherche, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Severo, Marta
      Editor(s) Hottin, Christian and Chaulac, Marina and Barbe, Noël
      Journal Culture et recherche
      Language French
      Number 127
      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      La Convention de l'Unesco (2003) pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) est explicitement adressée aux États et leur attribue plusieurs tâches, telles que « assurer la sauvegarde » (art.11), « dresser…un ou plusieurs inventaires » (art.12) et « assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus » (art.15). Sans doute, pourtant, aucun État ne pourrait accomplir toutes ces tâches sans l’assistance d'un vaste réseau d'institutions, d’associations, de professionnels et de particuliers. Les nouvelles pratiques de sauvegarde du patrimoine immatériel, mises en place par l’État, croisent, imbriquent et souvent transforment les routines existantes en modifiant les relations entre les acteurs. Les réseaux d’acteurs, construits ou reconstruits dans chaque État en raison de la Convention offrent un objet de recherche très prometteur puisqu’ils reflètent l'approche nationale dans la gestion du PCI. Cet article vise à comparer trois réseaux nationaux (France, Italie, Suisse) impliqués dans la mise en oeuvre de la Convention, afin de mettre en évidence les particularités majeures de chaque pays. L’analyse a été effectuée à travers l’application d’une méthode numérique1 particulièrement innovante : la cartographie du web. Il s’agit de retracer dans un graphe le réseau créé par les liens hypertextes présents sur un ensemble de pages web. En considérant les relations entre sites web comme représentatives des liaisons entre les acteurs, la cartographie du web s’avère une méthode à la fois robuste et utile dans l’étude des phénomènes collectifs. Bien qu’elle ne puisse fournir une description exhaustive du phénomène en question, cette méthode peut aider à en avoir une vision générale et à en identifier les directions de recherche les plus fécondes.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Heritage institutions

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Severo, M. & Venturini, T. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods. IN New Media /& Society, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Severo, M. & Venturini, T. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods. IN New Media /& Society, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Severo, Marta AND Venturini, Tommaso
      10.1177/1461444814567981
      Journal New Media /& Society
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Title Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      The 2003 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention for the safeguard of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is addressed to the States and assigns them several tasks. However, no State can accomplish all these tasks without mobilizing a wide network of institutions, associations, and individuals. The national ICH policies intersect, overlap, and often transform the existing relationships among these actors. This study aims at comparing several national networks (France, Italy, and Switzerland) involved in the implementation of the 2003 UNESCO Convention to highlight national trends and specificities. The analysis has employed an innovative methodology based on digital methods and is aimed at exploring the landscapes of websites dedicated to the intangible heritage. By analyzing the hyperlinking strategies of ICH actors, we have identified the specific web topology of each nation, showing which actors are central and peripheral, whether clusters or cliques are formed, and who plays the roles of authority and hub.

    • Themes:

      Information technology

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shagdarsuren, N. 2012. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges. Paper read at Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shagdarsuren, N. 2012. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges. Paper read at Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shagdarsuren, Nomindari
      Title Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges
      Book title Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Pages 70-80
      organization(s) National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Publisher National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Adoption of UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2003 was definitely a milestone for the dissemination of the notion of intangible cultural heritage and the importance of its safeguarding all around the world. However, the main concepts and terms of this Convention have quite vague definitions, which lead the State members to interpret its spirit and principles from their own different point of views, depending on their diverse historical and socio-cultural backgrounds, as well as different political and economic interests. Mongolia is characterized by its unique nomadic culture and richness of its tangible and intangible expressions which have been transmitted throughout hundreds of years from generation to generations. As it recognized the fact that Mongolian traditional culture, oral and intangible heritage are strongly challenged in the face of the waves of globalization, industrialization and modernization, Mongolia ratified the Convention in 2005. Defining its development policy mainly relying on its rich natural resources, Mongolia has inscribed 9 elements in the UNESCO Lists of intangible cultural heritage so far. Although “listing” is a good practice and a tool to enhance and promote ICH elements all around the world, the “safeguarding” of ICH doesn’t limit to simply inscribe different ICH elements on the aforementioned Lists. It should be highlighted that we have to go further. While emphasizing the existing need for the Mongolians to express their cultural identity through diverse expressions of traditional nomadic culture, this paper aims to address the challenges face to the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia at the theoretical and practical levels. Through the examples, it notes the main shortcomings of the measures taken for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and offers some proposals for the future.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Awareness-raising, Heritage institutions, Nongovernmental organizations, Policy making, Civil society

    • Country:

      Mongolia

    • Suggested by:

      Nomindari Shagdarsuren (2019-11-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/8471758/Safeguarding_ICH_in_Mongolia_Needs_and_Challenges_Nomindari_Shagdarsuren

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shan, L. & Xiang-kui, Y. (2008) Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shan, L. & Xiang-kui, Y. (2008) Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shan, Liang AND Xiang-kui, Yao
      Journal Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic
      Language English
      Title Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sheng-jin, H. (2006) On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital". IN Nationalities Research in Qinghai, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sheng-jin, H. (2006) On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital". IN Nationalities Research in Qinghai, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sheng-jin, Huang
      Journal Nationalities Research in Qinghai
      Language English
      Title On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital"
      Volume 4
      Year 2006
    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shi, M. & Sun, M. (2010) Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing. IN Tourism Tribune, 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shi, M. & Sun, M. (2010) Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing. IN Tourism Tribune, 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shi, Mei-yu and Sun, Meng-yang
      Journal Tourism Tribune
      Language English
      Title Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing
      Volume 6
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shi, Y., Hao, J. & Sun, S. 2008. The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shi, Y., Hao, J. & Sun, S. 2008. The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shi, Yuanwu AND Hao, Jianfeng AND Sun, Shouqian
      ISBN 1-4244-3290-1
      Language English
      Pages 1196--1199
      Publisher IEEE
      Title The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This paper is going to discuss the application and researches of digital in the protection of intangible cultural heritage, and stresses on the issues involved in the construction of digital museum, such as the artistic form applied in the construction, the humanistic concerns in the construction, the psychological analysis of the intending visitors of the museum, and the interaction between the visitors and museum. In this way, while the goal of protecting intangible cultural heritage is reached, another bran-new visiting mode is created to make visitors find interaction and enjoyment in a larger degree.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shitao, L. (2007) Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shitao, L. (2007) Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shitao, Li
      Journal Study of Ethnics in Guangxi
      Language English
      Title Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage
      Volume 3
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shorlemer, S. & Maus, S. (Eds.), (2014) Climate Change as a Threat to Peace - Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity Peter Lang AG.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shorlemer, S. & Maus, S. (Eds.), (2014) Climate Change as a Threat to Peace - Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity Peter Lang AG.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Sabine Shorlemer and Sylvia Maus
      Title Climate Change as a Threat to Peace - Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity
      Publisher Peter Lang AG
      Year 2014
      Language English
      Series Dresden Papers on Law and Policy of the United Nations
      ISBN 9783653052053, 9783631662236
    • Abstract:

      This volume takes a fresh look at climate change as a threat to peace and its impacts on cultural heritage and cultural diversity. It proceeds under the assumption that the impacts of climate change on cultural heritage and cultural diversity may challenge sustainable global peace. As innovative feature, the interdisciplinary nexus between cultural heritage and peace is explicitly taken account of. Accordingly, corresponding threats on climate change and conflict on the one hand, and protection of cultural property and climate change on the other, are pulled together into one conceptual triangle. While the importance of the protection of cultural heritage in armed conflicts tends to become more and more recognized, the crucial role of cultural policy as a reconciliatory, proactive element of building and securing of sustainable peace has so far been largely underestimated. This volume brings together opinions of renowned experts in the fields of international law as well as natural sciences, engineering, humanities and social sciences. The focus lays on the legal and institutional challenges faced by national and international stakeholders, by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in particular. Moreover, it alludes to broader issues of mitigation, adaptation and resilience.

    • Themes:

      Climate change, SDG 13: Climate Action, Environment, International cooperation, Policy making, Sustainable development, Conflicts, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, publication to be referenced article by article, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH, Legislation

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-20)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv2t4cvp

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sibley, M. & Fadli, F. (2008) The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions. IN International Journal of Architectural Research, . 93.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sibley, M. & Fadli, F. (2008) The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions. IN International Journal of Architectural Research, . 93.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sibley, Magda AND Fadli, Fodil
      Journal International Journal of Architectural Research
      Language English
      Pages 93
      Title The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Unlike the other medinas in the Arab-Islamic world, the medina of Tripoli (capital city of Libya), has never had many historic public baths. This is probably due to a more conservative tradition where most of the Libyan women use the hamm.m only once, as part of their pre-wedding preparation and celebration. This paper presents an analysis of the three and only remaining hamm.ms of Tripoli and the way they are used and perceived today. Based on the results of a survey conducted by the authors in July 2008 (as part of an AHRC funded research project on the historic hammams of North Africa) the architectural characteristics of these historic structures are presented along with their increasing usage by a cosmopolitan population (Tunisians, Moroccans and Sudanese) living inside the medina. This paper also outlines a number of guidelines for the sustainable use and adaptation of the hamm.m within the Libyan context.

    • Themes:

      Civil society, Halted transmission

    • Country:

      Libya

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sibley, M. 2006. The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sibley, M. 2006. The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sibley, M.
      Language English
      Pages 6--8
      Title The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The public bath, or hammām, is a building type which has been integral to the urban fabric of Islamic cities. Whereas other building types have attracted much attention and research in the past, studies of hammām buildings have remained scarce and far apart. Based on surveys carried by the author on the historic public baths of Damascus and Fez, this paper highlights the characteristics of this building type as a sustainable urban facility which not only promotes cleanliness and health of the urban dwellers but also social interaction and a support for a rich intangible heritage. The paper also highlights the lessons that this building type provides in terms of thermal comfort, under-floor heating system, water heating and management and recycling of by- products from local small industries. The paper then discusses possible future adaptive re-use of this building type in the light of Sustainable Development Agenda.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Health

    • Country:

      Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sicard, H. 2017. Le numérique au secours du patrimoine culturel immatériel ?

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sicard, H. 2017. Le numérique au secours du patrimoine culturel immatériel ?

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sicard, Hugues
      Title Le numérique au secours du patrimoine culturel immatériel ?
      Book title Patrimoine culturel immatériel et numérique
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) SEVERO Marta & CACHAT Séverine (dir.)
      Pages pp. 31-40
      Publisher L’Harmattan
      Postal address Paris
      Language French
    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Digital technology, Inventorying

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2020-03-05)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sicard, H. 2018. The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sicard, H. 2018. The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sicard, Hugues
      Editor(s) Valentinčič Furlan, Nadja
      Title The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO
      Pages 59-76
      Publisher The Slovene Ethnographic Museum
      Year 2018
      Postal address Ljubljana
      Language English,Slovenian
      Book title Visualizing Intangible Cultural Heritage
    • Abstract:

      Since 2000, UNESCO has developed mechanisms for the listing of intangible cultural heritage, which has raised a major interest all over the world. States nominating elements have to submit videos in the candidature files in addition to written texts, which is unique to all UNESCO programmes and Conventions. Based on public and internal documents, the author analyses the role played by videos in the examination of files, establishing that it was decisive during the initial years, while later videos became relatively marginal compared to written texts, although they offer a rare opportunity to hear communities speaking about their heritage. After describing technical processing of videos and publication strategies, he reveals that videos are essential for the indexers and general public. He hopes that UNESCO evaluators will feel increasingly comfortable in fully taking into account the wealth of information provided in nomination videos which encounter an exceptional success online with more than 30 million views.

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2019-07-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sicard, L. Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sicard, L. Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sicard, Lucy
      Language French
      Title Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire
    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Public URL:

      http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/8160ac

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silberman, N. (2008) Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage. IN New heritage: new media and cultural heritage, . 81.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silberman, N. (2008) Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage. IN New heritage: new media and cultural heritage, . 81.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silberman, Neil
      ISSN 0415773563
      Journal New heritage: new media and cultural heritage
      Language English
      Pages 81
      Title Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This book is assembled with a confident, if not always fully examined, assumption: namely, that the digital media – according to the announcement of the theme of the conference – have “the capacity to become a tool to capture both the tangible and intangible essence of both the cultural heritage and the society that created or used the sites” (New Heritage Conference 2006). Even the most enthusiastic promoters of the new cultural technologies admit that there are still a number of unresolved problems. The technology itself has to be developed, democratized, and made more widely accessible. Visualization alone should not be the primary goal. The profundity of the interpretation needs improving, as does the permanence of the data storage media. But since we all agree that we are at the very beginning of the process, there is faith that conferences like this one and other digital heritage initiatives will eventually overcome the existing obstacles “to capture the complexity of cultural heritage and the related social, political, and economic issues surrounding the sites or artefacts.”

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Digital technology, Social media

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/26548710/Chasing_the_Unicorn_The_Quest_for_Essence_in_Digital_Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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