Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
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The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • Tweed, C. & Sutherland, M. (2007) Built cultural heritage and sustainable urban development. IN Landscape and Urban Planning, 83. 62–69.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Tweed, C. & Sutherland, M. (2007) Built cultural heritage and sustainable urban development. IN Landscape and Urban Planning, 83. 62–69.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Tweed, Christopher AND Sutherland, Margaret
      ISSN 0169-2046
      Journal Landscape and Urban Planning
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 62--69
      Title Built cultural heritage and sustainable urban development
      Volume 83
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Current debates about urban sustainability tend to focus on technical issues, such as carbon emissions, energy consumption and waste management, or on the economic aspects of urban regeneration and growth. Increasingly, however, governments recognise the contribution that built cultural heritage makes to the social well-being of different groups living within increasingly cosmopolitan towns and cities. Heritage is seen as a major component of quality of life, but the two main methods of identifying and protecting built heritage – the listing of individual monuments and buildings and designation of conservation areas – are unable to deal with less tangible features of townscape, such as street patterns. Yet it is often precisely these features that give a city its unique character and provide the sense of belonging that lies at the core of cultural identity. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to examine the role that built cultural heritage can play within sustainable urban development.The paper considers changing definitions of built heritage before outlining the broad contribution it can make to sustainable urban development. The paper then considers how the built environment contributes to the satisfaction of human needs by providing symbolic meanings that bind cultural groups and communities across generations. Results from the development and application of a novel survey method, designed to assess different people's perceptions of and attitudes to urban historical areas, are presented before describing a case study of recent urban development in Belfast that highlights the problems of intangible heritage. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of shortcomings of existing approaches to urban regeneration and suggests how these might be overcome through a greater understanding of how people interact with the urban environment and its heritage.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Economic and social development, Sustainable development, Urban development, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Country:

      Ireland

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/3551746/Built_cultural_heritage_and_sustainable_urban_development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ubertazzi, B. (2011) Ambiente e convenzione Unesco sul Patrimonio Culturale Intangibile. IN Rivista giuridica dell'ambiente, . 315–325.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ubertazzi, B. (2011) Ambiente e convenzione Unesco sul Patrimonio Culturale Intangibile. IN Rivista giuridica dell'ambiente, . 315–325.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ubertazzi, Benedetta
      Journal Rivista giuridica dell'ambiente
      Language Italian
      Number 2
      Pages 315--325
      Title Ambiente e convenzione Unesco sul Patrimonio Culturale Intangibile
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ubertazzi, B. (2011) Su alcuni aspetti problematici della convenzione per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile. IN Rivista di diritto internazionale, 3. 777–798.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ubertazzi, B. (2011) Su alcuni aspetti problematici della convenzione per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile. IN Rivista di diritto internazionale, 3. 777–798.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ubertazzi, Benedetta
      Journal Rivista di diritto internazionale
      Language Italian
      Pages 777--798
      Title Su alcuni aspetti problematici della convenzione per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile
      Volume 3
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ubertazzi, B. (2015) Territorial and Universal Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage from Misappropriation. IN New Zealand Yearbook of International Law, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ubertazzi, B. (2015) Territorial and Universal Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage from Misappropriation. IN New Zealand Yearbook of International Law, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ubertazzi, Benedetta
      Title Territorial and Universal Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage from Misappropriation
      Journal New Zealand Yearbook of International Law
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In the absence of an international agreement on the protection of intangible cultural heritage (hereinafter: ICH)1 from worldwide misappropriation, three approaches to protection have developed. A first approach consists of what can be described as semi-legal protection, namely in taking extrajudicial measures in order to settle the dispute out-of-court. This approach was followed in a series of recent cases, which include the appropriation of Māori language and imagery by multinational companies as well as the misappropriation of traditional songs by certain rock groups all over the world. A second approach to protecting ICH universally consists in the so-called instances of positive protection, namely in claiming before the competent administrative or judicial authorities the protection of derivates: patents over inventions based on traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, as well as copyrights over works created by a particular author in developing the folklore further, and other intellectual property rights (hereinafter IPRs), which may provide some form of protection to ICH, such as trade secrets, collective trademarks, and geographical indications. A third approach to protecting ICH universally consists of so-called instances of defensive protection, namely petitioning the competent administrative and judicial authorities to refuse to grant or to revoke IPRs that are granted to persons not belonging to the original indigenous communities and that relate to the traditional knowledge of those communities.

    • Themes:

      Misappropriation, Environment, SDG 15: Life on Land, Intellectual property

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.nzlii.org/nz/journals/NZYbkIntLaw/2010/3.html

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      Number 1
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      C’est officiel ! Ratifiée par 30 États en un temps record, la Convention sur le PCI entrera en vigueur le 20 avril 2006. Riche de 90 chefs-d’œuvre, le programme de la Proclamation se termine avec l’entrée en vigueur de la Convention. Définir le patrimoine immatériel. Sur le terrain – Éthiopie : Ce projet de quatre ans visant à enregistrer les traditions vivantes de musique et de danse constitue une première étape vers l’ébauche d’un inventaire national complet du PCI.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Country:

      Ethiopia

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001445/144569f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      Number 2
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 2
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Le premier Centre régional pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel ouvre ses portes au Pérou. Les experts se consacrent à la question des inventaires, obligation majeure des États parties. Étude de cas : Le Venezuela ouvre la voie. L’UNESCO et les autorités colombiennes ont lancé une campagne visant à éveiller l’intérêt du public pour l’exceptionnel patrimoine vivant du pays.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Colombia, Peru, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001454/145415f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      Number 3
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 3
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Première session de l’Assemblée générale : L’organe souverain de la Convention de 2003 réuni au siège de l’UNESCO pour sa session inaugurale en juin 2006.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001468/146887f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, numéro spécial.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2006) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, numéro spécial.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      month #sep#
      Number 4
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, numéro spécial
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Numéro spécial : Langues en danger.

    • Themes:

      Languages, Loss of ancestral language, Loss of cultural spaces

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001471/147185f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      Number 5
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 5
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      En novembre 2006, le Comité intergouvernemental s’est réuni à Alger pour sa première session. Première session extraordinaire de l’Assemblée générale.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001497/149708f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French,Arabic,English,Kiswahili,Russian,Spanish
      Number 6
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 6
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      « Patrimoine vivant : à la découverte de l’immatériel » : Exposition de photos en plein air au Siège de l’UNESCO. Réunion d’experts sur la documentation et l’archivage du patrimoine culturel immatériel.

    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0015/001506/150671f.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French
      month #sep#
      Number 7
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 7
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Le Comité intergouvernemental s’est réuni à Chengdu (Chine). Les critères d’inscription du PCI sur les Listes de la Convention. Présenter le patrimoine immatériel aux jeunes.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00244-FR.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 8.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2007) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 8.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French
      month #oct#
      Number 8
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 8
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Deuxième session du Comité. Directives opérationnelles relatives aux listes de la Convention. Proposition de procédures et de calendrier relatifs aux inscriptions sur les listes. Intégration d’éléments proclamés Chefs-d’œuvre dans la Liste représentative. Utilisation du Fonds pour le patrimoine immatériel. Sélection et promotion des meilleures pratiques. Assistance internationale.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00256-FR.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2008) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 10.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2008) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 10.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French
      month #oct#
      Number 10
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 10
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Un emblème pour la Convention de 2003, symbole du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Deuxième session ordinaire de l’Assemblée générale (16-19 juin 2008). Interview avec Dragutin Dado Kovacevic, auteur du nouveau logo de l’UNESCO pour le patrimoine immatériel.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Public URL:

      http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00447-FR.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Unesco (2008) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Unesco (2008) Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Unesco
      ISSN 1818-8990
      Language French
      Number 9
      Title Le Messager du patrimoine immatériel, no 9
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Directives opérationnelles de la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. La tradition du théâtre dansé cocolo (République dominicaine). Sauvegarde des jeux de société des Afars et des Somalis dans la Corne de l’Afrique. Les banques de monnaies d’échange traditionnelles du Vanuatu. Le Shashmaqom : un patrimoine commun à préserver.

    • Country:

      Dominican Republic, Vanuatu

    • Public URL:

      http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/doc/src/00384-FR.pdf (2013-04-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • UNESCO. 2011. Identifier et protéger le patrimoine immatériel ; dossier de formation permanente pour le séminaire du 14-16 septembre 2011.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      UNESCO. 2011. Identifier et protéger le patrimoine immatériel ; dossier de formation permanente pour le séminaire du 14-16 septembre 2011.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) INP, centre de ressources documentaires
      Language French
      Title Identifier et protéger le patrimoine immatériel ; dossier de formation permanente pour le séminaire du 14-16 septembre 2011
      Year 2011
      Author UNESCO
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Inventorying, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://mediatheque-numerique.inp.fr/Dossiers-de-formation/Identifier-et-proteger-le-patrimoine-immateriel

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • UNESCO. 2015. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Gender.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      UNESCO. 2015. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Gender.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author UNESCO
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage and Gender
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Values, norms and rules related to gender are diverse among societies, communities and groups. All intangible cultural heritage expressions carry and transmit knowledge and norms related to the roles and relationships between and within gender groups in a given community. In such a way, intangible cultural heritage is a privileged context for shaping genderroles and identities and transmitting them. Intangible cultural heritage and the construction of one’s gender identity are therefore inseparable.

    • Themes:

      Gender issues, SDG 5: Gender Equality, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-18)

    • Public URL:

      https://ich.unesco.org/doc/src/34300-EN.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • UNESCO. 2015. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      UNESCO. 2015. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author UNESCO
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Development
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage recognizes the ‘importance of the intangible cultural heritage as a mainspring of cultural diversity and a guarantee of sustainable development’. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development constitutes a plan of action addressing the three dimensions – economic, social and environmental – of sustainable development through 17 Sustainable Development Goals as highly interdependent spheres of action that inform development pathways at all levels, and respecting the three fundamental principles of human rights, equality, and sustainability. Intangible cultural heritage can effectively contribute to sustainable development along each of its three dimensions, as well as to the requirement of peace and security as fundamental prerequisites for sustainable development. How can the place of intangible cultural heritage in sustainable development best be understood so that its contributions can be recognized and fully realized?

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Environment

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-18)

    • Public URL:

      https://ich.unesco.org/doc/src/34299-EN.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Urbinati, S. 2012. Considerazioni sul ruolo di "comunità, gruppi e, in alcuni casi, individui" nell'applicazione della Convenzione UNESCO per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile. 978-88-14-17318-9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Urbinati, S. 2012. Considerazioni sul ruolo di "comunità, gruppi e, in alcuni casi, individui" nell'applicazione della Convenzione UNESCO per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile. 978-88-14-17318-9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Milano
      Author Urbinati, Sabrina
      Book title Il patrimonio culturale intangibile nelle sue diverse dimensioni
      Edition Giuffrè
      Editor(s) Scovazzi, Tullio and Ubertazzi, Benedetta and Zagato, Lauso
      ISBN 978-88-14-17318-9
      Language Italian
      Pages 51--73
      Title Considerazioni sul ruolo di "comunità, gruppi e, in alcuni casi, individui" nell'applicazione della Convenzione UNESCO per la salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale intangibile
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Urbinati, S. 2012. The Role for Communities, Groups and Individuals under the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. 978-90-04-22839-9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Urbinati, S. 2012. The Role for Communities, Groups and Individuals under the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. 978-90-04-22839-9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Urbinati, S
      Book title Cultural Heritage, Cultural Rights, Cultural Diversity. International Law Perspectives
      Borelli, S. and Lenzerini, F.
      ISBN 978-90-04-22839-9
      Language English
      Title The Role for Communities, Groups and Individuals under the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2012
      Pages 201-222
    • Abstract:

      This series offers pathbreaking studies in the dynamic field of intercultural human rights. Its primary aim is to publish volumes which offer interdisciplinary analysis of global societal problems, review past legal responses, and develop solutions which maximize access by all to the realization of universal human aspirations. Other original studies in the field of human rights are also considered for inclusion

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural identity, Human rights, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/4976172/The_Role_for_Communities_Groups_and_Individuals_under_the_Convention_for_the_Safeguarding_of_the_Intangible_Cultural_Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Uribe-jongbloed, E. (2007) Endangered languages: Heritage of humanity in dire need of protection. Four approaches which support their preservation and maintenance. IN Folios: revista de la Facultad de Humanidades, . 65–70.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Uribe-jongbloed, E. (2007) Endangered languages: Heritage of humanity in dire need of protection. Four approaches which support their preservation and maintenance. IN Folios: revista de la Facultad de Humanidades, . 65–70.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Uribe-jongbloed, Enrique
      ISSN 0123-4870
      Journal Folios: revista de la Facultad de Humanidades
      Language English
      Number 26
      Pages 65--70
      Title Endangered languages: Heritage of humanity in dire need of protection. Four approaches which support their preservation and maintenance
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss four approaches which support actions in favor of endangered language preservation and maintenance. Preservation, on the one hand, refers to the process of documenting and storing information which can later on be accessed by the public; whereas maintenance, on the other, implies a support for the users of the language to prevent its disappearance by encouraging its use. Each of the approaches is assessed on its priority in one or the other form of language protection, drawing on their justifications and main goals. Finally, conclusions are brought forth regarding the potential uses of the different approaches.

    • Themes:

      Languages, Loss of ancestral language

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0123-48702007000200006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Urla, J. (2010) Zerain.com: cultural landscape as a framework for integrating sustainable development, heritage and language preservation. IN Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Urla, J. (2010) Zerain.com: cultural landscape as a framework for integrating sustainable development, heritage and language preservation. IN Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Urla, Jacqueline
      Journal Selected Publications of EFS Faculty, Students, and Alumni
      Language English
      Number 12
      Title Zerain.com: cultural landscape as a framework for integrating sustainable development, heritage and language preservation
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      The Basque Country has been the locus of great interest in the preservation of rural communities as well as Basque language revitalization. To date, however, these projects have evolved quite separately from one another, both in theoretical frameworks and in practice. Our paper takes the case of “Zerain.com,” the website name for a project created by residents in the rural town of Zerain (pop. 250). We examine the way the notion of cultural landscape has been defined and implemented in ways that emphasize sustainability and active participation. While preserving Basque, the everyday language of local residents, was never an explicit aim of this project, we argue that the framework of cultural landscape, and the commitments to sustainable development and fostering community cohesion, offer a promising model that can address some of the thorniest issues that currently face the language preservation movement: promoting natural contexts for language use and ensuring intergenerational transmission.

    • Themes:

      Languages

    • Country:

      Spain

    • Public URL:

      http://scholarworks.umass.edu/efsp_pub_articles/12

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vadi, V. (2007) Intangible heritage: traditional medicine and knowledge governance. IN Journal of Intellectual Property Law /& Practice, 2. 682–691.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vadi, V. (2007) Intangible heritage: traditional medicine and knowledge governance. IN Journal of Intellectual Property Law /& Practice, 2. 682–691.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vadi, Valentina
      ISSN 1747-1532
      Journal Journal of Intellectual Property Law /& Practice
      Language English
      Number 10
      Pages 682--691
      Title Intangible heritage: traditional medicine and knowledge governance
      Volume 2
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Although traditional medicine constitutes a component part of the identity of the cultural communities concerned, this form of intangible cultural heritage is vulnerable in a globalizing world where little place is left for the protection of belief systems. While much has been written on traditional knowledge and IP rights, less scholarly attention has focused on the cultural dimension of traditional medicine. Further, no solution has been reached on the best way to ensure its protection. This contribution attempts to establish a linkage between different sectors of international law, addressing the complex interplay between traditional medicine, intended as a special form of intangible cultural heritage, and international knowledge governance. While the TRIPS Agreement adopts only proprietary approaches to knowledge governance, it has been questioned whether, in the case of pharmaceuticals, other non-proprietary approaches would be preferable. Different approaches will be put forward and the Draft Treaty on Medical Research and Development will be considered. This would provide a better framework for safeguarding and diffusing traditional medicine. Practical significance Protecting and promoting traditional medicine may help curing diseases spread all over the world. Thus, beyond its cultural aspects, the practical importance of traditional medicine lies in its capacity to promote the right to health and human dignity.

    • Themes:

      Health, Intellectual property, Legislation

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/249291490_Intangible_heritage_traditional_medicine_and_knowledge_governance

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vaivade, A. 2017. Intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development: case study of Suiti cultural space in Latvia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vaivade, A. 2017. Intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development: case study of Suiti cultural space in Latvia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vaivade, Anita
      Title Intangible cultural heritage and sustainable development: case study of Suiti cultural space in Latvia
      Book title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Safeguarding Experiences in Central and Eastern European Countries and China. The 10th Anniversary of the Entry into Force of the 2003 Convention through the Prism of Sustainable Development.
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Hanna Schreiber
      Pages 370-379
      organization(s) National Heritage Board of Poland
      Postal address ul. Kopernika 36/40, 00-924 Warszawa
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The Suiti nomination and safeguarding plan demonstrate clearly the necessary links between cultural, educational, and regional development policies and the importance of having a conceivably holistic view in safeguarding cultural spaces.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Minority groups, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      Estonia, Latvia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kihnu cultural space

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-11-26)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/35837041/INTANGIBLE_CULTURAL_HERITAGE._Safeguarding_Experiences_in_Central_and_Eastern_European_Countries_and_China_Warsaw_2017

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vaivade, A., Négri, V., Cornu, M., Fromageau, J., Hance, C., Martinet, L., Wagener, N. & Liga, A. (2019). Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les droits nationaux. Dialogues avec la Convention de l'UNESCO de 2003 Académie de la culture de Lettonie, Institut des sciences sociales du Politique, Centre national de la recherche scientifique.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vaivade, A., Négri, V., Cornu, M., Fromageau, J., Hance, C., Martinet, L., Wagener, N. & Liga, A. (2019). Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les droits nationaux. Dialogues avec la Convention de l'UNESCO de 2003 Académie de la culture de Lettonie, Institut des sciences sociales du Politique, Centre national de la recherche scientifique.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les droits nationaux. Dialogues avec la Convention de l'UNESCO de 2003
      Year 2019
      Académie de la culture de Lettonie, Institut des sciences sociales du Politique, Centre national de la recherche scientifique
      Author Vaivade, Anita AND Négri, Vincent AND Cornu, Marie AND Fromageau, Jérôme AND Hance, Clea AND Martinet, Lily AND Wagener, Noé AND Liga, Abele
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      Piloté par Anita Vaivade (Académie de la culture de Lettonie) et Marie Cornu (Institut des Sciences sociales du Politique, Centre national de la Recherche scientifique, ISP-CNRS), le projet franco-letton Osmose a pour objet d’étudier dans une perspective de droit comparé les différentes expériences nationales relatives au patrimoine culturel immatériel. II s’agit de comprendre, d’une part, la façon dont le droit saisit la notion de patrimoine culturel immatériel et, d’autre part, l’influence exercée par la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel (ci-après la Convention de 2003) sur le droit au niveau national et local.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Cultural identity, Environment, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Inventorying, Languages, Sustainable development, Climate change, SDG 14: Life below water, SDG 15: Life on Land, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Algeria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Congo, Egypt, Estonia, France, Germany, Iceland, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Kenya, Latvia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-12-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Valencia Restrepo, M. H. (2011) Las prácticas de creación artística en el Urabá antioqueño. Patrimonio cultural inmaterial no visibilizado. IN Civilizar. Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, 11. 133–148.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Valencia Restrepo, M. H. (2011) Las prácticas de creación artística en el Urabá antioqueño. Patrimonio cultural inmaterial no visibilizado. IN Civilizar. Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, 11. 133–148.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Valencia Restrepo, Martha Helena
      ISSN 1657-8953
      Journal Civilizar. Ciencias Sociales y Humanas
      Language Spanish
      Number 21
      Pages 133--148
      Title Las prácticas de creación artística en el Urabá antioqueño. Patrimonio cultural inmaterial no visibilizado
      Volume 11
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Esta investigación presenta un estado del arte sobre las prácticas de creación artística en seis municipios del Urabá antioqueño. Preguntarse por la invisibilidad del artista creador en el contexto de esta zona obliga a revisar, de sosla yo, pormenores sociohistóricos de una subregión estratégica en la geografía colombiana cuyas dinámicas económicas, etnográficas y culturales actuales han emergido de la lucha constante en y por un territorio vasto y provisto de grandes riquezas naturales. Con aproximadamente el 50\% de población afro-descendiente, el 15\% de población indígena y el 35\% de población mestiza, la subregión ha forjado un interesante panorama pluricultural privilegiado en expresiones artísticas que se nutren de un sinnúmero de tradiciones y costumbres propias de los grupos humanos que allí convergen; expresiones y prácticas de las cuales muchos de sus creadores no están aún identificados, reconocidos o visibilizados, asunto de competencia de las políticas públicas culturales del Estado colombiano.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=100222638008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vallard, A. (2011) Laotian textiles in between markets and the politics of culture. IN Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 42.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vallard, A. (2011) Laotian textiles in between markets and the politics of culture. IN Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 42.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vallard, Annabel
      Journal Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
      Language English
      Number 2
      Title Laotian textiles in between markets and the politics of culture
      Volume 42
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The policies of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) related to heritage preservation and promotion have been spreading worldwide for the past few decades. This ethnographically focused paper examines two UNESCO devices, the Crafts Prize and the Awards of Excellence for Handicrafts, as they apply to the contemporary Laotian textiles scene. It questions in particular the uses and values locally assigned to these international certifications of excellence and their mobilisation in the commoditisation of fabrics. On a larger scale, it considers what those devices reveal and entail regarding a 'traditional' handicraft that is, from now on, entangled between trade and the 'politics of culture'.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Market economy, Policy making, Traditional craftsmanship

    • Country:

      Lao People's Democratic Republic

    • Public URL:

      https://www.jstor.org/stable/23020275?seq=1

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Der Pol, H. (2008) Key role of cultural and creative industries in the economy. IN Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007: Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies, . 343–353.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Der Pol, H. (2008) Key role of cultural and creative industries in the economy. IN Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007: Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies, . 343–353.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Der Pol, Hendrik
      Journal Statistics, Knowledge and Policy 2007: Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies
      Language English
      Pages 343--353
      Title Key role of cultural and creative industries in the economy
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      As culture and creativity become an increasing driving force in the international marketplace, it is essential to measure their impact not only on the economy but also on society at large. UNESCO has always been at the forefront of addressing the dual cultural and economic nature of cultural goods and services, working on both the theory and the practice. The Organization’s Institute of Statistics (UIS) is currently seeking to redefine international data collection standards for the culture and creative sector so that they take into account the needs and specificities of the developing world. Providing an overview of the main approaches to assessing the economic and social importance of culture, this paper highlights the numerous limitations in current statistical information. It also includes a series of proposals based on the pragmatic approach currently being developed at UIS.

    • Themes:

      2005 Convention, Economic and social development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Der Wal, A. M. (2015) Decolonising South Africa's Heritage Landscape? A Dialogical Approach to Heritage Conservation and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Stellenbosch. IN Volkskunde, . 387–404.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Der Wal, A. M. (2015) Decolonising South Africa's Heritage Landscape? A Dialogical Approach to Heritage Conservation and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Stellenbosch. IN Volkskunde, . 387–404.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Der Wal, Anne Marieke
      Journal Volkskunde
      Number 3
      Pages 387--404
      Title Decolonising South Africa's Heritage Landscape? A Dialogical Approach to Heritage Conservation and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Stellenbosch
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Country:

      South Africa

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van der zeijden, A. (2015) Naar een onderzoeksagenda voor immaterieel erfgoed Kennisontwikkeling ten behoeve van het borgen van tradities. IN Volkskunde, nr 1. 53–67.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van der zeijden, A. (2015) Naar een onderzoeksagenda voor immaterieel erfgoed Kennisontwikkeling ten behoeve van het borgen van tradities. IN Volkskunde, nr 1. 53–67.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van der zeijden, Albert
      Journal Volkskunde
      Language Dutch
      Number 116
      Pages 53--67
      Title Naar een onderzoeksagenda voor immaterieel erfgoed Kennisontwikkeling ten behoeve van het borgen van tradities
      Volume nr 1
      Year 2015

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Der Zeijden, A. 2015. Cultural Tourism and Intangible Heritage: A Critical Appraisal and Policy Guidelines.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Der Zeijden, A. 2015. Cultural Tourism and Intangible Heritage: A Critical Appraisal and Policy Guidelines.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Antwerp/Apeldoorn
      Author Van Der Zeijden, Albert
      Book title Anthropology as a Driver for Tourism Research
      Munsters, Wil and Melkert, Marjan
      Edition Maklu
      Language English
      Pages 191--202
      Title Cultural Tourism and Intangible Heritage: A Critical Appraisal and Policy Guidelines
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      The relationship between tangible heritage and tourism is a delicate issue due to the commercial excrescences of tourism which often endanger the preservation of historical sites or buildings. This is even more so with the relationship between intangible heritage and tourism, as traditions and social practices are extremely vulnerable because of their immaterial nature. Hence, the key question is: How can sustainable forms of tourism be developed in order to respect the integrity of the intangible heritage? As tourism is often seen as a threat to cultural diversity, UNESCO is hesitant to invoke the help of the tourism industry for the preservation of traditions. At the same time, tourism is considered indispensable because it brings in revenues that can be used for the safeguarding of cultures. Moreover, tourism could strengthen local people’s self-respect by attracting new markets of visitors interested in their traditions. This chapter argues that cultural tourism can contribute to the sustainable preservation of intangible heritage, but that warrants are necessary to realize this objective. That is why various policy guidelines are proposed to counter the risk of commodification. Provided that the assistance and the collaboration of communities who still practice living traditions are guaranteed, it is possible to develop successful projects from which both tourism and the intangible heritage can profit

    • Themes:

      Policy making, Sustainable development, Tourism, Rapid economic transformation, Touristification

    • Public URL:

      https://www.immaterieelerfgoed.nl/image/2017/9/14/cultural_tourism_and_intangible_heritage.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Huy, N. (2006) The role of museums in the preservation of living heritage: experiences of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology. IN Intangible Heritage, . 35.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Huy, N. (2006) The role of museums in the preservation of living heritage: experiences of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology. IN Intangible Heritage, . 35.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Huy, Nguyen
      Journal Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 35
      Title The role of museums in the preservation of living heritage: experiences of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The author stresses the high respect that the VietnamMuseum of Ethnology (VME) has for cultural diversity, asseen in its approaches to the following three areas: people,space, and time. The VME has given priority first andforemost to the representation of everyday life ? problems,stories, and concerns of peoples and of ethnic communities. The Museum's role as a research and educationalinstitution, as well as a body that appreciates and supportsthe intangible value of crafts are shown in two researchcase studies: learning to make pottery in the classroom forchildren, and giving voices to craft artisans in a photovoiceproject. The author also addresses current challenges ofthe VME, especially as it expands its research and displaypolicies to include the cultures and daily life of ethnicpeoples in other Southeast Asian Countries.

    • Themes:

      Museums, Nonformal education

    • Country:

      Viet Nam

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Praet, M. (2004) Heritage and scientific culture: the intangible in science museums in France. IN Museum International, 56. 113–121.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Praet, M. (2004) Heritage and scientific culture: the intangible in science museums in France. IN Museum International, 56. 113–121.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Praet, Michel
      ISSN 1468-0033
      Journal Museum International
      Language English
      Number 1?2
      Pages 113--121
      Title Heritage and scientific culture: the intangible in science museums in France
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Museums, Nonformal education

    • Country:

      France

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1350-0775.2004.00465.x

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Uytsel, S. (2012) Philosophies behind the Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention : Equality in Heritage Protection, Community Recognition and Cultural Diversity. IN Social Science Research Network, . 1–23.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Uytsel, S. (2012) Philosophies behind the Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention : Equality in Heritage Protection, Community Recognition and Cultural Diversity. IN Social Science Research Network, . 1–23.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Uytsel, Steven
      Title Philosophies behind the Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention : Equality in Heritage Protection, Community Recognition and Cultural Diversity
      Journal Social Science Research Network
      Year 2012
      Pages 1-23
      month February
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The view of several countries that intangible cultural heritage should have a position equal to monuments and sites can be seen as the major philosophy behind the eventual adoption of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2003 (hereinafter ICH Convention). However, a deeper analysis of the events and documents leading up to the ICH Convention reveals that the ICH Convention has a much broader philosophical basis. These broader philosophies focus on the content of the legal instrument, rather than on the choice of form of the legal instrument. This paper will argue that these content influencing philosophies behind the ICH Convention are community empowerment , to which sustainable development in all its aspects belongs, and the assurance of cultural diversity. For each of these philosophies, the paper will further describe how these philosophies have been reflected in the ICH Convention.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, SDG 4: Quality Education, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, Sustainable development, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Japan, Republic of Korea

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    • Public URL:

      http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2001835

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Uytsel, S. 2017. When Geographical Indications Meet Intangible Cultural Heritage: The New Japanese Act on Geographical Indications.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Uytsel, S. 2017. When Geographical Indications Meet Intangible Cultural Heritage: The New Japanese Act on Geographical Indications.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Uytsel, Steven
      Title When Geographical Indications Meet Intangible Cultural Heritage: The New Japanese Act on Geographical Indications
      Book title Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development, and Culture. Focus on Asia-Pacific
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Calboli Irene, Ng-Loy Wee Loon
      Publisher Cambridge University Press
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This chapter is structured as follows. Section 2 will introduce that the debate on GIs and ICH has mainly two opposing views on the role GIs can play for ICH. By unveiling the scope of the new Japanese GI Act, the section will show that part of the debate has become obsolete because, in reality, GIs could sometimes overlap with ICH. Section 3 will describe in detail the conceptualization of the new Japanese GI Act. This will pave the way for further analysis in Section 4 of the perils and promises that the extension of the GI Act has on ICH. In conclusion, Section 5 will hold that although the GI Act extends to ICH, holders of ICH should still be careful when they seek to register products that incorporate their ICH as part of the GI.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Economic and social development, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Japan

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-16)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Vuuren, C. J. (2008) The intricacy of intangible cultural heritage: some perspectives on Ndebele earthen architecture. IN South African Journal of Art History, 23. 14–24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Vuuren, C. J. (2008) The intricacy of intangible cultural heritage: some perspectives on Ndebele earthen architecture. IN South African Journal of Art History, 23. 14–24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Vuuren, Chris J.
      ISSN 0258-3542
      Journal South African Journal of Art History
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 14--24
      Title The intricacy of intangible cultural heritage: some perspectives on Ndebele earthen architecture
      Volume 23
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Intangible heritage has become a discourse both in the institutionalised heritage domain and in the academic world. This article dismantles the concept, deconstructs existing mythologies, and illuminates some of the core issues which have given rise to the current intricacies and dissonance. By using examples from Ndebele earthen architecture, such as the role of memory in the history of house form, spatial orientation in settlement, the role of gender in space and the intangibility of mural art, it is possible to gain insight into the web that weaves tangible and intangible heritage into a cohesive concept.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Country:

      South Africa

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Zanten, W. (2004) À la recherche d'une nouvelle terminologie pour le patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 37–45.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Zanten, W. (2004) À la recherche d'une nouvelle terminologie pour le patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 37–45.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Zanten, Wim
      Journal Museum international
      Language French,Arabic,English,Korean,Spanish
      Number 221
      Pages 37--45
      Title À la recherche d'une nouvelle terminologie pour le patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Digital technology

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135856_fre

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Van Zanten, W. (2004) Constructing new terminology for intangible cultural heritage. IN Museum international, 56. 36–44.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Van Zanten, W. (2004) Constructing new terminology for intangible cultural heritage. IN Museum international, 56. 36–44.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Van Zanten, Wim
      ISSN 1468-0033
      Journal Museum international
      Language English,Arabic,French,Korean,Spanish
      Number 1?2
      Pages 36--44
      Title Constructing new terminology for intangible cultural heritage
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135856

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vandiver, P. B. 2004. Craft Knowledge as an Intangible Cultural Property: A Case Study of Samarkand Tiles and Traditional Potters in Uzbekistan.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vandiver, P. B. 2004. Craft Knowledge as an Intangible Cultural Property: A Case Study of Samarkand Tiles and Traditional Potters in Uzbekistan.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vandiver, Pamela B.
      Language English
      Publisher Cambridge Univ Press
      Title Craft Knowledge as an Intangible Cultural Property: A Case Study of Samarkand Tiles and Traditional Potters in Uzbekistan
      Volume 852
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vaquer Caballería, M. (2005) La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Museos.es : Revista de la Subdirección General de Museos Estatales, . 88–99.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vaquer Caballería, M. (2005) La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Museos.es : Revista de la Subdirección General de Museos Estatales, . 88–99.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vaquer Caballería, Marcos
      ISSN 1698-1065
      Journal Museos.es : Revista de la Subdirección General de Museos Estatales
      Language Spanish
      Number 1
      Pages 88--99
      Title La protección jurídica del patrimonio cultural inmaterial
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      La Convención para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial aprobada en París por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO, el 17 de octubre de 2003, supone un reto para todos los que se dedican, desde la Museología, desde el Derecho y desde la gestión pública o privada, a la protección del patrimonio cultural. En este artículo se estudia la noción del patrimonio cultural inmaterial y su encaje dentro del supraconcepto del patrimonio cultural, con el objeto último de proponer algunas claves para su adecuada protección jurídica.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.mcu.es/museos/docs/MC/MES/Rev1/s2_7ProteccionJuridica.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vargas Clavijo, M. (2008) Patrimonio cultural inmaterial : Otra forma de observar la fauna silvestre en Colombia. Tema Central. IN Colombia Boletín de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Conservación y Manejo de Vida Silvestre ALCOM, 6. 3–8.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vargas Clavijo, M. (2008) Patrimonio cultural inmaterial : Otra forma de observar la fauna silvestre en Colombia. Tema Central. IN Colombia Boletín de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Conservación y Manejo de Vida Silvestre ALCOM, 6. 3–8.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vargas Clavijo, Mauricio
      Journal Colombia Boletín de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Conservación y Manejo de Vida Silvestre ALCOM
      Language Spanish
      Pages 3--8
      Title Patrimonio cultural inmaterial : Otra forma de observar la fauna silvestre en Colombia. Tema Central
      Volume 6
      Year 2008
    • Public URL:

      http://www.alcomlatino.org/boletines/2008/ene_mar/tema_central.html

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vecco, M. (2010) A definition of cultural heritage: From the tangible to the intangible. IN Journal of Cultural Heritage, 11. 321–324.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vecco, M. (2010) A definition of cultural heritage: From the tangible to the intangible. IN Journal of Cultural Heritage, 11. 321–324.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vecco, Marilena
      ISSN 1296-2074
      Journal Journal of Cultural Heritage
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 321--324
      Title A definition of cultural heritage: From the tangible to the intangible
      Volume 11
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      The aim of this work is to analyse the evolution of the concept of cultural heritage in West European states. In the last decades of the 20th century, the term “heritage” was characterised by expansion and semantic transfer, resulting in a generalisation of the use of this word, frequently used in the place of another, such as, monument and cultural property. However, all these terms are not able to cover the same semantic field. Starting by the reflection on the semantic evolution of the notion of cultural heritage in France, we approach to the international definition of heritage given by the directives, charters and international resolutions in order to define a global outline of the meaning of heritage that is not just limited to a particular national dimension. From a purely normative approach, one went to a less restrictive approach, one based on the capacity of the object to arouse certain values that led the society in question to consider it as heritage and therefore, to a further step in which heritage is no longer defined on the basis of its material aspect. This development has also made it possible to recognise intangible cultural heritage, which was ignored for a long time, as heritage to be protected and safeguarded.

    • Public URL:

      https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1296207410000361

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Veg, S. (2010) Le patrimoine culturel à Hong Kong.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Veltman, K. H. (2005) Challenges for ICT/UCT applications in cultural heritage. IN Digithum, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Veltman, K. H. (2005) Challenges for ICT/UCT applications in cultural heritage. IN Digithum, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Veltman, Kim H.
      Journal Digithum
      Language English
      Number 007
      Title Challenges for ICT/UCT applications in cultural heritage
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      While a precise forecast for the next decades is clearly impossible, some major challenges that need to be addressed in the next 10-20 years can be identified. Technologically there will be a shift from Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to Universal Convergence Technologies (UCT). In the cultural realm, these challenges include problems of repositories, the changing scope of cultural heritage; new links between national, regional and local; between culture, knowledge and scholarship; approaches to intellectual property and to models of culture. Five dangers are outlined, namely, over-zealous commercialism; anti-technology among scholars, anti-universal narratives; forgetting the past and a systematic destruction of memory. The need for a permanent E-Culture Net is outlined which would a) address these challenges; b) develop critical methods; c) create new models of culture that transcend Euro-Centric visions and d) focus on a Distributed European Electronic Resource (DEER). The American vision of the Internet remains focusses largely on uni-lingual e-commerce. By contrast, the European vision, through its links with tourism, clearly has financial dimensions, and at the same time is developing a multi-lingual approach to cultural heritage that includes historical and cultural dimensions. This vision extends beyond culture to new definitions of knowledge. While the rhetoric of the day may focus on profit schedules for the next quarter, it is important to recall that major changes in new media have much longer cycles entailing decades and even centuries before their full effects are appreciated.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Information technology, Rapid economic transformation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Verdelli, L. (2007) Mises en scène du patrimoine et risques de la sur-patrimoniallisation. IN DIOP, M., y BENOIST, J. L’Afrique des associations: entre culture et développement. Paris, Francia: Éditions Crepos Karthala, . 63–77.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Verdelli, L. (2007) Mises en scène du patrimoine et risques de la sur-patrimoniallisation. IN DIOP, M., y BENOIST, J. L’Afrique des associations: entre culture et développement. Paris, Francia: Éditions Crepos Karthala, . 63–77.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Verdelli, Laura
      Journal DIOP, M., y BENOIST, J. L’Afrique des associations: entre culture et développement. Paris, Francia: Éditions Crepos Karthala
      Language French
      Pages 63--77
      Title Mises en scène du patrimoine et risques de la sur-patrimoniallisation
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Theatrification

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vernières, M. (2011) Patrimoine, patrimonialisation, développement local : un essai de synthèse interdisciplinaire. IN Patrimoine et Development, . 7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vernières, M. (2011) Patrimoine, patrimonialisation, développement local : un essai de synthèse interdisciplinaire. IN Patrimoine et Development, . 7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vernières, Michel
      Journal Patrimoine et Development
      Language French
      Pages 7
      Title Patrimoine, patrimonialisation, développement local : un essai de synthèse interdisciplinaire
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      La notion de patrimoine peut prendre des formes trés diverses mais est toujours un construit social, résultat d'un processus de patrimonialisation. Ce processus est, d'un territoire à l'autre, trés varié. En particulier, les pouvoirs publics y jouent un rôle essentiel de coordination et d'arbitrage. A l'issue de ce processus, le patrimoine peut être un facteur important de développement local. Cet apport varie selon la géographie et l'histoire du territoire considéré. Mais, dans tous les cas, la valorisation économique du patrimoine suppose de mobiliser les ressources humaines qui lui sont liées et de diversifier ses modes de valorisation. Pour être durable, celle-ct suppose une bonne intégration des activités directement liées au patrimoine et des autres activités productives du territoire.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vernières, M. (2015) Le patrimoine : une ressource pour le développement. IN Techniques Financières et Développement, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vernières, M. (2015) Le patrimoine : une ressource pour le développement. IN Techniques Financières et Développement, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vernières, Michel
      Title Le patrimoine : une ressource pour le développement
      Journal Techniques Financières et Développement
      Year 2015
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel est issu d’un processus complexe de patrimonialisation propre à chaque pays qui le reconnaît comme un bien collectif. Sa valeur, longtemps envisagée sous son seul angle culturel, est désormais de plus en plus considérée par les acteurs du développement humain comme une ressource économique à mobiliser pour favoriser ce dernier. Dès lors, son financement entre en concurrence avec les autres projets de développement, en particulier quant au rôle de la coopération internationale.

    • Themes:

      International cooperation

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.cairn.info/revue-techniques-financieres-et-developpement-2015-1-page-7.htm?contenu=resume

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Victor, I. (2010) The Centre of Memories: work in progress. Case of the Michel Giacometti Labour Museum, Setúbal, Portugal. IN Cadernos de Sociomuseologia, 38. 199–216.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Victor, I. (2010) The Centre of Memories: work in progress. Case of the Michel Giacometti Labour Museum, Setúbal, Portugal. IN Cadernos de Sociomuseologia, 38. 199–216.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Victor, Isabel
      Journal Cadernos de Sociomuseologia
      Language English
      Pages 199--216
      Title The Centre of Memories: work in progress. Case of the Michel Giacometti Labour Museum, Setúbal, Portugal
      Volume 38
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      The work on Social Memory, focused on the biographic method and the paths of immaterial Heritage, are the fabric that we have chosen to substantiate the idea of museum. The social dimensions of memory, its construction and representation, are the thickness of the exhibition fabric. The specificity of museological work in contemporary times resembles a fine lace, a meticulous weaving of threads that flow from time, admirable lace, painstaking and complex, created with many needles, made up of hollow spots and stitches (of memories and things forgotten). Repetitions and symmetries are the pace that perpetuates it, the rhythmic grammar that gives it body. A fluid body, a single piece, circumstantial. It is always possible to create new patterns, new compositions, with the same threads. Accurately made, properly made, this lace of memories and things forgotten is always an extraordinary creation, a web of wonder that expands fantasy, generates value and feeds the endless reserve of the community’s knowledge, values and beliefs.

    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Country:

      Portugal

    • Public URL:

      http://revistas.ulusofona.pt/index.php/cadernosociomuseologia/article/view/1653

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vidal González, M. (2008) Intangible heritage tourism and identity. IN Tourism Management, 29. 807–810.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vidal González, M. (2008) Intangible heritage tourism and identity. IN Tourism Management, 29. 807–810.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vidal González, Miguel
      ISSN 0261-5177
      Journal Tourism Management
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 807--810
      Title Intangible heritage tourism and identity
      Volume 29
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This note seeks to examine the relationship between existential intangible tourism and personal identity. Due to the impacts of globalization, tourism faces a new paradigm of increasing social complexity and the recent impotence of traditional boundaries. In such an environment, the past liaison between identity and local place vanishes. The discussion indicates that intangible heritage tourism can provide a source of identity separate from local places, becoming in effect an “existential tourism”. In this paper, Japanese flamenco tourism is used to shed light on the theme in general.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Economic and social development, Tourism

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/12057880/Intangible_heritage_tourism_and_identity

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Villaseñnor Alonso, I. & Zolla Márquez, E. (2012) Del patrimonio cultural inmaterial o la patrimonialización de la cultura. IN Cultura y representaciones sociales, 6. 75–101.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Villaseñnor Alonso, I. & Zolla Márquez, E. (2012) Del patrimonio cultural inmaterial o la patrimonialización de la cultura. IN Cultura y representaciones sociales, 6. 75–101.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author Villaseñnor Alonso, Isabel and Zolla Márquez, Emiliano
      Journal Cultura y representaciones sociales
      Language Spanish
      month #mar#
      Number 12
      Pages 75--101
      Title Del patrimonio cultural inmaterial o la patrimonialización de la cultura
      Volume 6
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      La noción de patrimonio cultural inmaterial ha sido recibida de manera entusiasta por los Estados miembros de la UNESCO, entre ellos México. Sin embargo, existen muy pocos análisis críticos sobre los diversos fenómenos sociales, económicos y políticos detrás de la patrimonialización de las prácticas culturales. La nueva conceptualización del patrimonio por parte de las instituciones culturales está heredando los vicios de la conceptualización tradicional, entre los que se encuentra la visión esencialista del patrimonio, la apropiación material y simbólica de éste por parte de los grupos hegemónicos, el énfasis en lo grandioso y espectacular, y la búsqueda por la conservación de la autenticidad, definida ésta desde ópticas externas a las de los sujetos que construyen dicho patrimonio. A pesar de los diversos lineamientos de la UNESCO, los procesos de declaratoriay difusión de las expresiones culturales con frecuencia conllevan el riesgo de folclorización y de la pérdida o deslocalización de los contenidos y significados culturales, aunque también abren nuevos espacios y posibilidades para los agentes sociales vinculados a dichas expresiones.

    • Public URL:

      http://www.academia.edu/1452889/Del_patrimonio_cultural_inmaterial_o_la_patrimonializacion_de_la_cultura (2013-04-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vincent, M. (2009) Le sens du patrimoine culturel immatériel dans la formation de l'identité propre aux Québecois d'origine canadienne francaise. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vincent, M. (2009) Le sens du patrimoine culturel immatériel dans la formation de l'identité propre aux Québecois d'origine canadienne francaise. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vincent, Mélissa
      Language French
      UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A TROIS-RIVIERES
      Title Le sens du patrimoine culturel immatériel dans la formation de l'identité propre aux Québecois d'origine canadienne francaise
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Country:

      Canada

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Viriri, A. 2003. Language planning in Zimbabwe: The conservation and management of indigenous languages as intangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Viriri, A. 2003. Language planning in Zimbabwe: The conservation and management of indigenous languages as intangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Viriri, Advice
      Language English
      Note africa
      Title Language planning in Zimbabwe: The conservation and management of indigenous languages as intangible heritage
      Year 2003
    • Abstract:

      It is necessary to promote and enhance African languages as intangible cultural heritage. This heritage needs conservation and management in the form of language planning and policy making that would contribute towards the restoration of the indigenous speakers’ humanity, identity and culture. Our indigenous languages seek to focus on African philosophy, aesthetics, art, performing arts, politics, sociology, sport and other subjects. These languages would explore ways in which the forms of African cultural life and expression will help to shape, inform and influence cultures and intellectual traditions across the globe. It is necessary to transcend colonial alienation as “part and parcel of the anti-imperialist struggles of [Zimbabweans] and African peoples” whose indigenous languages “were associated with negative qualities of backwardness, underdevelopment, humiliation and punishment.” (Ngugi, 1981:28). This paper will testify the superiority of our indigenous languages to English. The researcher believes in the maxim “free your mind”: the mind must be liberated even from the confines of biased Afro-centric thought. These languages will convey the profound need for the Zimbabwean people to be re-located historically, economically, socially, linguistically, politically, and philosophically. For a number of years, Africans have been devoid of their cultural, economic, religious, political and social heritage. They have been living on the periphery of Europe. It is this “illusion of the fringes” that this paper seeks to eliminate and restore “the African person as an agent in human history…” (Asante, 2003:1)This will answer questions on how African cultural and intellectual traditions radically and indelibly shape the world. In demanding to know the total system of truth about the world, the first step is to know the reality of our own existence through our indigenous languages.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Languages

    • Country:

      Zimbabwe

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Visentin, C. (2010) I paesaggi delle archeologie, una passeggiata culturale nella memoria. IN Il paesaggio agrario italiano. Protostorico e antico. Storia e didattica. Summer school Emilio Sereni (26-30 agosto 2009), a cura di G. Bonini, A. Brusa e R. Cervi, Istituto Alcide Cervi, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Visentin, C. (2010) I paesaggi delle archeologie, una passeggiata culturale nella memoria. IN Il paesaggio agrario italiano. Protostorico e antico. Storia e didattica. Summer school Emilio Sereni (26-30 agosto 2009), a cura di G. Bonini, A. Brusa e R. Cervi, Istituto Alcide Cervi, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Visentin, Chiara
      Journal Il paesaggio agrario italiano. Protostorico e antico. Storia e didattica. Summer school Emilio Sereni (26-30 agosto 2009), a cura di G. Bonini, A. Brusa e R. Cervi, Istituto Alcide Cervi
      Language Italian
      Title I paesaggi delle archeologie, una passeggiata culturale nella memoria
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vlachaki, M. (2007) Crossing Cultures through the Intangible Heritage: an Educational Programme about Migration in Greece. IN Intangible Heritage, . 93.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vlachaki, M. (2007) Crossing Cultures through the Intangible Heritage: an Educational Programme about Migration in Greece. IN Intangible Heritage, . 93.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vlachaki, Maria
      Journal Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 93
      Title Crossing Cultures through the Intangible Heritage: an Educational Programme about Migration in Greece
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Formal education, Migration

    • Country:

      Greece

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Voudouri, D. (2004) Une nouvelle convention internationale relative au patrimoine culturel, sous le signe de la reconnaissance de la diversité culturelle : la convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Revue Hellénique de droit international, 57. 103–148.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Voudouri, D. (2004) Une nouvelle convention internationale relative au patrimoine culturel, sous le signe de la reconnaissance de la diversité culturelle : la convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Revue Hellénique de droit international, 57. 103–148.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Voudouri, Daphné
      Title Une nouvelle convention internationale relative au patrimoine culturel, sous le signe de la reconnaissance de la diversité culturelle : la convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Journal Revue Hellénique de droit international
      Year 2004
      Volume 57
      Pages 103-148
      Language French
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Cultural identity

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vrdoljak, A. F. (2007) Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and International Law. IN Thesaurus Acroasium, 35. 377–396.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vrdoljak, A. F. (2007) Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and International Law. IN Thesaurus Acroasium, 35. 377–396.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vrdoljak, Ana Filipa
      Journal Thesaurus Acroasium
      Language English
      Pages 377--396
      Title Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and International Law
      Volume 35
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      This note considers the impact of the ICTY jurisprudence and the 2003 UNESCO Declaration upon two discernible trends in the international law concerning cultural heritage. First, the dissolving of the divide between the protection afforded during period of armed conflict and peacetime. Second, the recognition of the importance of cultural heritage to subjects beyond the State in which it may be located: namely, humanity generally (including future generations), and non-state groups. These trends are complementary and reflect the increasing significance of the protection and promotion of cultural diversity in international law. Yet, they are also being met with significant trepidation by States, as exemplified by their reluctance to create new legal obligations with the 2003 UNESCO Declaration. Nonetheless, the events which triggered these developments highlight that the stakes are significant because the consequences of such acts are often irreversible.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Heritage institutions, Legislation, 1954 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://heritage.sense-agency.com/assets/Uploads/sg-7-13-vrdoljak-destruction-en.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vrdoljak, A. F. 2005. Minorities, cultural rights and the protection of intangible cultural heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vrdoljak, A. F. 2005. Minorities, cultural rights and the protection of intangible cultural heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vrdoljak, Ana Filipa
      Language English
      Pages 26--28
      Title Minorities, cultural rights and the protection of intangible cultural heritage
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The protection of intangible cultural heritage has often been regarded as the long neglected area of international cultural heritage law. Indeed, while international conventions for the protection of movable and immovable, tangible heritage have been operational for several decades, a specialist multilateral instrument covering intangible heritage was only finalised in 2003. Yet, the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage has preoccupied international law for well over a century. I argued that the question of intangible cultural heritage in international law has influenced, and is influenced by, the protection of minorities and the articulation of cultural rights. Treaties covering these various areas contain similar rationales and objectives; disputes about the right holders and the nature of the rights; debate about obligations placed on States parties and the role of the international community; mechanisms of implementation; and the definition of 'culture'. I examine the resurgent interest in minorities, cultural rights and the protection of intangible cultural heritage in international and European law. Their interconnectedness is reflected in their concomitant rise and decline during specific moments in modern international law. These moments are defined by the importance placed on cultural diversity in attaining stability and prosperity by the international community and States. The primary areas of investigation are: (1) the phases of minority protection in international law from the early twentieth century to the present, and its interplay with cultural diversity, cultural rights and intangible cultural heritage; (2) the legacy of these phases upon the current conceptualisation and promotion of cultural rights in international, and European, law; and (3) the transformative impact of the 2003 UNESCO International Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage on long-held rationales and mechanisms for the protection of cultural heritage in international law. I focus on Europe not because it alone has minorities within its borders. Rather, its haunting of European consciousness has consistently and significantly defined the development of international law in these areas. They are a central concern to current European integration and constitutional negotiations. 2 Cultural Diversity and Minority Protection Minority protection incorporates some of the earliest articulations of cultural rights and the protection of intangible cultural property in international law. Although cultural diversity was encouraged by such treaty provisions, it was often not their explicit purpose. Instead, peace and progress have been the consistent rationales attached to the inclusion, or otherwise, of such provisions.

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Minority groups

    • Public URL:

      https://esil-sedi.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Vrdoljak09-05.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vrdoljak, A. F. 2016. Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vrdoljak, A. F. 2016. Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address London
      Author Vrdoljak, Ana Filipa
      Book title Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Edition Routledge
      Editor(s) Logan, William and Antons, Christoph
      Title Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations
      Year 2016
    • Abstract:

      This chapter concentrates on the participation of indigenous peoples in multilateral initiatives to protect cultural heritage, with specific reference to intangible heritage. While an international instrument for the protection of intangible heritage was adopted over a decade ago, the importance of intangible heritage for indigenous peoples is evident in their work in various UN fora. I examine indigenous peoples’ interventions before UNESCO and bodies established to implement the Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage; within WIPO in respect of ongoing moves to adopt specialist instruments on traditional knowledge and cultural expressions; and finally, within UNEP and the implementation of Article 8(j) of the Convention on Biological Diversity. They reflect indigenous peoples’ determination to engage in the implementation of specialist instruments adopted by states and more significantly, their growing push to effectively participate in the drafting and negotiation of multilateral instruments. It is these latter efforts which are yielding more comprehensive and potentially lasting avenues for their effective engagement in the protection of their intangible heritage.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Heritage institutions, Human rights, Intellectual property, Legislation, Convention on Biological Diversity, Other international framework, WIPO, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    • Public URL:

      http://ssrn.com/abstract=2676448

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Vrdoljak, A. F. 2018. Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Vrdoljak, A. F. 2018. Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Vrdoljak, Ana Filipa
      Title Indigenous Peoples, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Participation in the United Nations
      Book title Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Indigenous Cultural Heritage
      Year 2018
      Editor(s) Christoph Antons and William Logan
      Pages 50-66
      Publisher Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group
      Postal address 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This chapter focuses on the participation of indigenous peoples in multilateral initiatives to protect cultural heritage, with specific reference to intangible heritage. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is the United Nations specialist agency in the field of culture. World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) Member States have emphasized the need to facilitate and strengthen the participation of observers in the Intergovernmental Committee's work. The Convention on Biological Diversity adopted under the auspices of United Nations Environmental Program predates the Intangible Heritage Convention and the current WIPO initiatives. UNESCO's normative work on intangible heritage started in 1973 with a Bolivian proposal for a protocol to protect folklore to be attached to the Universal Copyright Convention. The Intangible Heritage Convention, its Operational Directives and the reports of related committees have consistently reaffirmed the importance of ensuring that the implementation of the treaty conform with international human rights norms, especially of vulnerable groups.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, SDG 5: Gender Equality, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315714288

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wang, J. (2007) Intangible cultural heritage and the construction of cultural ecology. IN Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University (Philosophy and Social Science), 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wang, J. (2007) Intangible cultural heritage and the construction of cultural ecology. IN Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University (Philosophy and Social Science), 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wang, Jinzhu
      Journal Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University (Philosophy and Social Science)
      Language English
      Title Intangible cultural heritage and the construction of cultural ecology
      Volume 1
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Environment, Sustainable development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wang, L. (2013) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Son application en droits français et chinois.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wang, L. (2013) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Son application en droits français et chinois.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wang, Li
      Edition L'Harmattan
      ISBN 978-2-336-00470-9
      Language French
      Title La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Son application en droits français et chinois
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      A l'origine de la problématique de patrimoine culturel immatériel se trouve la question de la protection du "folklore". Le droit de propriété intellectuelle classique est inadapté pour offrir une protection. La Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'Unesco (2003) propose une vision différente. Elle évoque la sauvegarde des éléments du patrimoine culturel immatériel en tant que tels par les moyens du droit administratif et des actions publiques, au lieu de chercher à protéger les droits sur ces éléments.

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Legislation

    • Country:

      China, France

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wang, Q., Bai, J. & Xia, C. (2007) Some Considerations to the Oral Non-substantial Culture Heritage of West Ethnic Minority Groups and Its Development in the View of Modernization. IN Journal of the Central University for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wang, Q., Bai, J. & Xia, C. (2007) Some Considerations to the Oral Non-substantial Culture Heritage of West Ethnic Minority Groups and Its Development in the View of Modernization. IN Journal of the Central University for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wang, Qian AND Bai, Jing-lan AND Xia, Chen-ru
      Journal Journal of the Central University for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)
      Language English
      Title Some Considerations to the Oral Non-substantial Culture Heritage of West Ethnic Minority Groups and Its Development in the View of Modernization
      Volume 3
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wang, Y. & Ma, M. (2007) A Research on the Path of Transforming Intangible Cultural Heritage into Tourism Product: A Case Study of the Real Life of staged Limestone Cave Scenery Yi Shui Li Chuan. IN Tourism Science, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wang, Y. & Ma, M. (2007) A Research on the Path of Transforming Intangible Cultural Heritage into Tourism Product: A Case Study of the Real Life of staged Limestone Cave Scenery Yi Shui Li Chuan. IN Tourism Science, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wang, Yuming AND Ma, Mulan
      Journal Tourism Science
      Language English
      Title A Research on the Path of Transforming Intangible Cultural Heritage into Tourism Product: A Case Study of the Real Life of staged Limestone Cave Scenery Yi Shui Li Chuan
      Volume 4
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      In recent years,much attentions have been given to protecting tourism development of intangible cultural heritage.Large real-life scenery stage plays,exemplified by Impression ·LIU San-jie,becomes an important materialization form of transforming intangible cultural heritage into tourism product.This form of transformation shows a tremendous effect on tourism market.The practice of Yi Shui Li Chuan in Tenglong Cave in Hubei Province suggests that large real-life scenery stage plays offers indeed an important form and successful path of transforming intangible cultural heritages into tourism products.Certainly this form of transformation must enforce the authenticity of intangible cultural heritage and blend with the natural landscape to achieve sustainable development.

    • Themes:

      Tourism, Sustainable development, Touristification

    • Country:

      China

    • Public URL:

      http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-LUYX200704008.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Waterton, E. & Smith, L. (2010) The recognition and misrecognition of community heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16. 4–15.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Waterton, E. & Smith, L. (2010) The recognition and misrecognition of community heritage. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16. 4–15.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Waterton, Emma AND Smith, Laurajane
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 4--15
      Title The recognition and misrecognition of community heritage
      Volume 16
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      This paper revisits the notion of ‘community’ within the field of heritage, examining the varied ways in which tensions between different groups and their aspirations arise and are mediated. Our focus is a close examination of the conceptual disjunction that exists between a range of popular, political and academic attempts to define and negotiate memory, place, identity and cultural expression. To do so, the paper places emphasis on those expressions of community that have been taken up within dominant political and academic practice. Such expressions, we argue, are embedded with restrictive assumptions concerned with nostalgia, consensus and homogeneity, all of which help to facilitate the extent to which systemic issues tied up with social justice, recognition and subordinate status are ignored or go unidentified. This, inevitably, has serious and far‐reaching consequences for community groups seeking to assert alternative understandings of heritage. Indeed, the net result has seen the virtual disappearance of dissonance and more nuanced ways of understanding heritage. Adopting an argument underpinned by Nancy Fraser's notion of a ‘politics of recognition’, this paper proposes a more critical practice of community engagement.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Social conflicts

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Waterton, E. 2006. Intangible heritage and the dominant heritage discourse.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Waterton, E. 2006. Intangible heritage and the dominant heritage discourse.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Waterton, E.
      Language English
      Title Intangible heritage and the dominant heritage discourse
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Watson, E. F. (2010) Cultural heritage and the knowledge economy: the role and value of sound archives and sound archiving in developing countries.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Watson, E. F. (2010) Cultural heritage and the knowledge economy: the role and value of sound archives and sound archiving in developing countries.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Watson, Elisabeth F.
      Language English
      Title Cultural heritage and the knowledge economy: the role and value of sound archives and sound archiving in developing countries
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      At first glance the concepts of cultural heritage and the knowledge economy may appear to be divorced from each other. Indeed, the contrary is the case. According to UNESCO, cultural heritage “encompasses living expressions and the traditions that countless groups and communities worldwide have inherited from their ancestors and transmit to their descendants, in most cases orally.” The “in most cases orally” caveat signifies that whereas during colonization the peoples of the Caribbean and Africa were considered to be culture-less our societies and communities were in fact very rich and vibrant culturally. This created heritages that could successfully rival any from any other part of the world. However, the vast repertoire of heritage of the peoples of these areas does not often factor in general considerations of heritage. The perception that colonized communities were culture-less was nourished on the notion that because many of our cultural expressions and practices were not codified in printed books, music scores and other European means of communication and preservation – therefore there was no culture according to those measures. The knowledge economy is often narrowly defined by many as being that which is associated with/driven by ICT technologies. In reality, the knowledge economy is that which is based on the intellectual capital of a nation, community or individual. This more pragmatic concept of the knowledge economy would therefore, of necessity, include cultural creativity and expressions as two important factors of this mode of production, driver of growth, creator of wealth and provider of employment. According to Nurse “in economic terms, the cultural industries sector is one of the fastest growing sectors of the world economy”. Thus, in economic terms, culture and cultural heritage must be viewed as critical aspects of the knowledge economy, given that they depend on knowledge that is culturally-based as their mainstay and an intellectual capital whose means of production, distribution and preservation are often intangible. Music and song were two of the critical means of communicating culture and transmitting heritage from generation-to-generation within Africa and the Caribbean. And yet, the music and song of these spaces is often hard to find, is poorly documented and not well preserved/conserved in libraries throughout these regions. This presentation will examine the role and value of sound archives and sound archiving for both cultural heritage and the development and furtherance of the knowledge economy of African and Caribbean societies.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Information technology

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Watson, S. & Waterton, E. (2010) Heritage and community engagement. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Watson, S. & Waterton, E. (2010) Heritage and community engagement. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Watson, Steve AND Waterton, Emma
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Language English
      Title Heritage and community engagement
      Year 2010
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Volume 16
      Number 1-2
    • Themes:

      Community participation, Heritage institutions

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/433748/Heritage_and_Community_Engagement_Finding_a_New_Agenda

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Weerasinghe, J. (2011) Living sacred heritage and authenticity in South East Asia. IN Heritage, memory /& identity, 4. 139.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Weerasinghe, J. (2011) Living sacred heritage and authenticity in South East Asia. IN Heritage, memory /& identity, 4. 139.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Weerasinghe, Jagath
      ISSN 085702390X
      Journal Heritage, memory /& identity
      Language English
      Pages 139
      Title Living sacred heritage and authenticity in South East Asia
      Volume 4
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The key concept of authenticity, argues the author of this chapter, needs to be re-examined and adjusted in the era of globalization, particularly in relation to the category of living sacred heritage. Local cultural contexts are no longer isolated islands of thought and tradition; they are in fact ‘globalized contexts’ inhabited by communities and individuals conscious of their rights who may well resist the interventions of heritage professionals who are solely guided by the authorized heritage discourse. The heritage can no longer be seen as a static entity belonging in the past.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wei, C. & Nengxin, C. (2008) On the Protective Tourism Development of Minority's Non-Material Cultural Heritage. A Case Study of Liao Song of Zhuang Minority. IN Reformation /& Strategy, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wei, C. & Nengxin, C. (2008) On the Protective Tourism Development of Minority's Non-Material Cultural Heritage. A Case Study of Liao Song of Zhuang Minority. IN Reformation /& Strategy, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wei, Chen AND Nengxin, Chen
      Journal Reformation /& Strategy
      Language English
      Title On the Protective Tourism Development of Minority's Non-Material Cultural Heritage. A Case Study of Liao Song of Zhuang Minority
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Minority groups, Tourism

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wei, L. (2009) Thinking about Promotion of Protection on the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Education. IN Journal of Shenyang College of Education, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wei, L. (2009) Thinking about Promotion of Protection on the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Education. IN Journal of Shenyang College of Education, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wei, Li
      Journal Journal of Shenyang College of Education
      Language English
      Title Thinking about Promotion of Protection on the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Education
      Volume 4
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Nonformal education, Tourism

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Weimin, Z. & Wenwei, D. (2006) On the Educational Form of Protecting and Developing Non-material Cultural Heritage. IN Art /& Design, 11.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Weimin, Z. & Wenwei, D. (2006) On the Educational Form of Protecting and Developing Non-material Cultural Heritage. IN Art /& Design, 11.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Weimin, Zhang AND Wenwei, Dong
      Journal Art /& Design
      Language English
      Title On the Educational Form of Protecting and Developing Non-material Cultural Heritage
      Volume 11
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Nonformal education

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wen-ke, W. (2006) Protect the Immaterial Heritage according to the Law of the Cultural Construction. Take the Protection of Quyi for Example. IN Journal of Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences (Social Sciences Edition), 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wen-ke, W. (2006) Protect the Immaterial Heritage according to the Law of the Cultural Construction. Take the Protection of Quyi for Example. IN Journal of Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences (Social Sciences Edition), 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wen-ke, Wu
      Journal Journal of Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences (Social Sciences Edition)
      Language English
      Title Protect the Immaterial Heritage according to the Law of the Cultural Construction. Take the Protection of Quyi for Example
      Volume 5
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Legislation, Oral traditions and expressions

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wen-yan, X. (2010) Study on the application of tourism exploitation to intangible cultural heritage protection. IN Tourism Research, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wen-yan, X. (2010) Study on the application of tourism exploitation to intangible cultural heritage protection. IN Tourism Research, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wen-yan, Xu
      Journal Tourism Research
      Language English
      Title Study on the application of tourism exploitation to intangible cultural heritage protection
      Volume 4
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Tourism

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wen, C. (2005) Discussing the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage from the View of the Leisure Market. IN Journal of Yibin Teachers College, 9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wen, C. (2005) Discussing the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage from the View of the Leisure Market. IN Journal of Yibin Teachers College, 9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wen, Cai
      Journal Journal of Yibin Teachers College
      Language English
      Title Discussing the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage from the View of the Leisure Market
      Volume 9
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The protection of the intangible cultural heritage or the traditional folk cultural heritage becomes a focus recently. Some experts have put forward many ways to protect the intangible cultural heritage. Therefore, the paper will discuss the protection of the intangible cultural heritage from the view of the leisure market.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Market economy

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wendland, W. (2004) Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property: challenges and future prospects. IN Museum international, 56. 97–107.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wendland, W. (2004) Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property: challenges and future prospects. IN Museum international, 56. 97–107.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wendland, Wend
      ISSN 1468-0033
      Journal Museum international
      Language English
      Number 1?2
      Pages 97--107
      Title Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property: challenges and future prospects
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Community participation, Intellectual property, WIPO

    • Public URL:

      https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1350-0775.2004.00463.x

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wendland, W. (2004) Patrimonio inmaterial y propiedad intelectual : retos y perspectivas. IN Revista MUSEUM INTERNACIONAL, . 98–109.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wendland, W. (2004) Patrimonio inmaterial y propiedad intelectual : retos y perspectivas. IN Revista MUSEUM INTERNACIONAL, . 98–109.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wendland, Wend
      Journal Revista MUSEUM INTERNACIONAL
      Language Spanish
      Number 221/222
      Pages 98--109
      Title Patrimonio inmaterial y propiedad intelectual : retos y perspectivas
      Year 2004
    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001358/135852s.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wenjian, J. (2007) The theory and practice research in intangible cultural heritage protection by university library. IN Researches in Library Science, 7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wenjian, J. (2007) The theory and practice research in intangible cultural heritage protection by university library. IN Researches in Library Science, 7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wenjian, Jin
      Journal Researches in Library Science
      Language English
      Title The theory and practice research in intangible cultural heritage protection by university library
      Volume 7
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Universities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Westra, L. (2017) On Hunger Brown Walker Press.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Westra, L. (2017) On Hunger Brown Walker Press.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Westra, Laura
      Title On Hunger
      Publisher Brown Walker Press
      Year 2017
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      On Hunger focuses on the interface between food and public health and on the flawed regulations intended to protect us. Food not only represents nourishment for the body; it also possesses other valuable aspects that are protected by international legal instruments. Westra argues for the importance of effecting radical changes: to protect and improve the present system of food production and distribution. Starting from several reports produced by the FAO and the WHO, Westra argues for the need of a complete and radical re-evaluatio of current practices and systems in order to meet the obligation of the international community to prevent hunger. There is a particular emphasis on the problems facing the poor in the third world, but also the different but equally grave problems of those in developed countries, where the emphasis remans on corporate profit rather than on the protection of individuals, as present dangers affect all, starting from the children of all ages. Most of the existing literature on hunger and food does not address the harm that current practices inflict on people globally. Laura Westra’s On Hunger focuses on the interface between food and public health and on the flawed regulations intended to protect us. Food not only represents nourishment for the body; it also possesses other valuable aspects that are protected by international legal instruments. Westra argues for the importance of effecting radical changes: to protect and improve the present system of food production and distribution. This timely book explores every aspect of this challenge, from the impact of climate change, the role of the media and obligations to future generations. Westra also considers the legality of financial contributions on the part of agribusiness to political figures and campaigns, as well as their intrusion in the drafting of bills and regulatory regimes. Finally, the book highlights more positive developments,including the expansion of the remit of the International Criminal Court to include environmental crimes. On Hunger offers an original take on this increasingly important issue and will provide fascinating reading for scholars and students in law, philosophy and human rights.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Environment, Food, Other international framework, Health, Indigenous peoples, Sustainable development, SDG 2: Zero Hunger, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://books.google.com.br/books?id=Xlg0DwAAQBAJ&pg=PR7&hl=pt-BR&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wilson, M. & Ballard, C. (2017). Safeguarding and Mobilising Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Natural and Human-Induced Hazards. UNESCO Living Heritage Entity.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wilson, M. & Ballard, C. (2017). Safeguarding and Mobilising Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Natural and Human-Induced Hazards. UNESCO Living Heritage Entity.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Safeguarding and Mobilising Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Natural and Human-Induced Hazards.
      Year 2017
      UNESCO Living Heritage Entity
      Author Wilson, Meredith AND Ballard, Chris
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This concept paper reports on a review of the literature relating to the safeguarding and mobilisation by local communities of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) in the context of disasters triggered by natural hazards. What is the current state of knowledge regarding the impact of natural hazards on ICH? What role is played by ICH in mitigating the impacts of these disasters on local communities? ICH is a relatively new concept in the public domain and in the disaster risk management (DRM) field, and is seldom explicitly identified in these terms. The concept of local knowledge, which is more widely used and understood, serves as a synonym or proxy for ICH in much of the literature on disasters. To date, however, the two distinct fields and literatures of ICH and disasters are only rarely in direct conversation with each other. Local knowledge and, by extension, ICH play a crucial role in mitigation at every step of the disaster management cycle, from preparedness through response to recovery. This role is increasingly evident and appreciated in disaster management and risk reduction practice. However, there is only limited understanding of the longer-term structures that generate and sustain ICH and render it viable, and of the broader significance of non-technical ICH for disaster mitigation.

    • Themes:

      Natural disasters, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    • Public URL:

      https://ich.unesco.org/doc/src/38266-EN.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wingfield, C. (2007) Feeling the vibes: dealing with intangible heritage. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 9–20.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wingfield, C. (2007) Feeling the vibes: dealing with intangible heritage. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 9–20.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wingfield, Christopher
      ISSN 09547169
      Journal Journal of Museum Ethnography
      Language English
      month #mar#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: 'Feeling the Vibes: Dealing with Intangible Heritage': Papers from the Annual Conference of the Museum Ethnographers Group Held at Birmingham Museum /& Art Gallery, 18–19 May 2006 / Full publication date: March 2007 / Copyright © 2007 Museum Ethnographers Group
      Number 19
      Pages 9--20
      Title Feeling the vibes: dealing with intangible heritage
      Year 2007
    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/40793836

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wong, I. 2009. The Heritage of Kunqu: Preserving Music and Theater Traditions in China.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wong, I. 2009. The Heritage of Kunqu: Preserving Music and Theater Traditions in China.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address New-York
      Author Wong, Isabel
      Book title Intangible Heritage Embodied
      Edition Springer
      Language English
      Pages 15--35
      Title The Heritage of Kunqu: Preserving Music and Theater Traditions in China
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      Kunqu (pronounced kwun-chü) is a form of Chinese musical theater. The first syllable of the name is derived from the name of its birthplace Kunshan, a small city in the Lower Yangzi region, situated between Shanghai and Suzhou. The second syllable, “qu,” denotes either aria lyrics, a vocal style, an aria repertory, or a type of musical theater, depending on contexts. As musical theater, kunqu rose to a dominant position on the national stage around the mid-sixteenth century when the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) was at the height of its glory. The Ming had remarkable achievements in culture and the arts, and Ming skills in printing and the manufacture of porcelain and silk reached high technical achievements. Flourishing commerce in the Ming period created a new level of prosperity and supported a sophisticated urban life in which kunquformed an important component. The Ming were succeeded by the Manchu, who subsequently established the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). The Manchu realized that...

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, Performing arts

    • Country:

      China

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kun Qu opera

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Woodcock, D. G. (2009) Academic Preparation for Preservation Practice. IN APT Bulletin, 40. 43–49.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Woodcock, D. G. (2009) Academic Preparation for Preservation Practice. IN APT Bulletin, 40. 43–49.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Woodcock, David G.
      ISSN 08488525
      Journal APT Bulletin
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2009 / Copyright © 2009 Association for Preservation Technology International (APT)
      Number 3/4
      Pages 43--49
      Title Academic Preparation for Preservation Practice
      Volume 40
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Information technology

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/40284503

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wright, P. 2002. El Lugar de los Mitos, Rituales y Celebraciones en las Políticas del Patrimonio Cultural. Paper read at “El Espacio Cultural de los Mitos, Ritos, Leyendas, Celebraciones y Devociones”at Buenos Aires, Centro Cultural General San Martín.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wright, P. 2002. El Lugar de los Mitos, Rituales y Celebraciones en las Políticas del Patrimonio Cultural. Paper read at “El Espacio Cultural de los Mitos, Ritos, Leyendas, Celebraciones y Devociones”at Buenos Aires, Centro Cultural General San Martín.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Buenos Aires, Centro Cultural General San Martín
      Author Wright, Pablo
      Book title “{El} {Espacio} {Cultural} de los {Mitos}, {Ritos}, {Leyendas}, {Celebraciones} y {Devociones}”
      Language Spanish
      Title El Lugar de los Mitos, Rituales y Celebraciones en las Políticas del Patrimonio Cultural
      Volume 26
      Year 2002

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wulf, C. (2004) Crucial Points in the Transmission and Learning of Intangible Heritage. IN Marianne Krüger-Potratz (Hg.) Das Bildungsprogramm der UNESCO–von der Erziehung zum Pluralismus bis zum Nachhaltigkeitslernen, . 45.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wulf, C. (2004) Crucial Points in the Transmission and Learning of Intangible Heritage. IN Marianne Krüger-Potratz (Hg.) Das Bildungsprogramm der UNESCO–von der Erziehung zum Pluralismus bis zum Nachhaltigkeitslernen, . 45.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Wulf, Christoph
      Journal Marianne Krüger-Potratz (Hg.) Das Bildungsprogramm der UNESCO–von der Erziehung zum Pluralismus bis zum Nachhaltigkeitslernen
      Language English
      Pages 45
      Title Crucial Points in the Transmission and Learning of Intangible Heritage
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Hampered transmission

    • Public URL:

      http://www.mondialisations.org/php/public/art.php?id=17210&lan=EN

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Wulf, C. 2015. Performativity and Dynamics of Intangible Cultural Heritage. 978-1-137-39762-1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Wulf, C. 2015. Performativity and Dynamics of Intangible Cultural Heritage. 978-1-137-39762-1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Basingstoke
      Author Wulf, Christoph
      Book title Globalization, Culture and Development. The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity
      Edition Palgrave Macmillan
      Editor(s) De Beukelaer, Christiaan and Pyykkönen, Miikka and Singh, J.P.
      ISBN 978-1-137-39762-1
      Language English
      Pages 132--146
      Title Performativity and Dynamics of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      The practices of intangible cultural heritage are central to the cultural heritage of humanity, which comprises practices from a plethora of different cultures as well as monuments listed as world cultural heritage. These oeuvres and practices play an important role in the cultural identity of human beings: “The ‘intangible cultural heritage’ means the practices, representation, expressions, knowledge skills — as well as the instruments objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith — that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage” (UNESCO, 2003a, Article 2). These practices are manifested in the following domains: a) oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage; (b) performing arts; (c) social practices, rituals and festive events; (d) knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; (e) traditional craftsmanship.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057%2F9781137397638_10

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xi-cheng, L. (2005) Cultural Properties of Intangible Culture Heritages. IN NorthWest Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xi-cheng, L. (2005) Cultural Properties of Intangible Culture Heritages. IN NorthWest Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xi-cheng, Liu
      Journal NorthWest Minorities Research
      Language English
      Title Cultural Properties of Intangible Culture Heritages
      Volume 1
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xi-cheng, L. (2006) Concerning the Cultural Nature of Intangible Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Fujian Institute of Socialism, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xi-cheng, L. (2006) Concerning the Cultural Nature of Intangible Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Fujian Institute of Socialism, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xi-cheng, Liu
      Journal Journal of Fujian Institute of Socialism
      Language English
      Title Concerning the Cultural Nature of Intangible Heritage of Humanity
      Volume 1
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xi-cheng, L. (2006) On the Inheritance and Inheritor. IN Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences), .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xi-cheng, L. (2006) On the Inheritance and Inheritor. IN Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences), .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xi-cheng, Liu
      Journal Journal of Henan Institute of Education (Philosophy and Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title On the Inheritance and Inheritor
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The evolution of the intangible cultural heritage depends on inheritance and development.The definition of the intangible cultural heritage emphasis on the inheritance for generations and recreation and acceptation constantly in groups and community,which defined by United Nations Educational Science Culture Organization Treaty.The definition is different from the traditional folk custom(folk culture) in our research circle,which emphasis on the status of author and inheritor.Four styles to inherit as followed: group inheritance,family inheritance,society inheritance and God inheritance.Inheritors appear mainly in the realm of oral literature,performance art,handwork technique,folk knowledge and so on.The investigation,confirmation and management to the inheritor are the problems urgently to solve in China intangible cultural heritage general investigation in 21st century.

    • Themes:

      Hampered transmission

    • Country:

      China

    • Public URL:

      http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HZJX200605003.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xian-qiong, L. (2006) Connotation and Characters of Intangible Cultural Heritage and Its Protection. IN Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xian-qiong, L. (2006) Connotation and Characters of Intangible Cultural Heritage and Its Protection. IN Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xian-qiong, Long
      Journal Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities (Philosophy and Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title Connotation and Characters of Intangible Cultural Heritage and Its Protection
      Volume 5
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiang-gui, Z. (2004) The Concept of the Law on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiang-gui, Z. (2004) The Concept of the Law on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiang-gui, Zhu
      Journal Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities
      Language English
      Title The Concept of the Law on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 3
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiang-gui, Z. (2006) Basic Principles of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Law. From the Perspective of Ecological Law. IN Journal of South-Central University for Nationalities (Humanities and Social Sciences), 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiang-gui, Z. (2006) Basic Principles of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Law. From the Perspective of Ecological Law. IN Journal of South-Central University for Nationalities (Humanities and Social Sciences), 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiang-gui, Zhu
      Journal Journal of South-Central University for Nationalities (Humanities and Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title Basic Principles of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Law. From the Perspective of Ecological Law
      Volume 2
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Environment, Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiao-bing, W. (2007) Cultural Memory, Tradition Renewal and Heritage of Traditional Festivals. IN Journal of Renmin University of China, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiao-bing, W. (2007) Cultural Memory, Tradition Renewal and Heritage of Traditional Festivals. IN Journal of Renmin University of China, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiao-bing, Wang
      Journal Journal of Renmin University of China
      Language English
      Title Cultural Memory, Tradition Renewal and Heritage of Traditional Festivals
      Volume 1
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      According to the theory of cultural memory raised by the German scholar Jan Assmann, ritual and text are two main mediums of cultural memory.Among all kinds of social rituals, annual festivals are most publicly,well organized and often accompanied by narrative literature with historical backgrounds.Thus, they offer the best possibilities for reserving and communicating cultural memory.In modern society, the participation of mass media enables the wide spread of ceremonial events, so that rural festivals become common cultural heritage of the entire population.They attract more public interest than in earlier times.The revitalized traditional festivals transmit cultural messages from the past, and play a symbolic role in the public consciousness of ethnicity, nationality and cultural identity.The maintenance of traditional festivals should be undertaken under the cooperation between the central and local government, experts and media.As a form of cultural transmission and a symbol of nation, their content and performances can be modified according to aesthetic and socio-educational needs.

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Civil society, Mass communication, Social media, Social practices, rituals and festive events

    • Public URL:

      http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZRDX200701010.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiao-li, Z. (2004) Main Features of Law on Safeguarding Chinese Ethnic Traditional Culture and Folklore and Some Suggestions. IN Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities, 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiao-li, Z. (2004) Main Features of Law on Safeguarding Chinese Ethnic Traditional Culture and Folklore and Some Suggestions. IN Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities, 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiao-li, Zang
      Journal Journal of Hubei Institute For Nationalities
      Language English
      Title Main Features of Law on Safeguarding Chinese Ethnic Traditional Culture and Folklore and Some Suggestions
      Volume 5
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Legislation, Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiao-sheng, C. (2008) The Present Situation and Its Protection Countermeasures of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Liangping. IN Journal of Chongqing Three Gorges University, 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiao-sheng, C. (2008) The Present Situation and Its Protection Countermeasures of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Liangping. IN Journal of Chongqing Three Gorges University, 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiao-sheng, Chen
      Journal Journal of Chongqing Three Gorges University
      Language English
      Title The Present Situation and Its Protection Countermeasures of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Liangping
      Volume 5
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Policy making

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xiaobo, Y. & Yanfeng, C. (2009) A New Exploration of Knowledge Intellectual Property Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Academic Exchange, 7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xiaobo, Y. & Yanfeng, C. (2009) A New Exploration of Knowledge Intellectual Property Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Academic Exchange, 7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xiaobo, Yuan AND Yanfeng, Cui
      Journal Academic Exchange
      Language English
      Title A New Exploration of Knowledge Intellectual Property Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 7
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xin, P. (2008) Zhou Ji's Contribution to Protection and Spreading of Uygur Muqam. IN Journal of Xinjiang Arts University, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xin, P. (2008) Zhou Ji's Contribution to Protection and Spreading of Uygur Muqam. IN Journal of Xinjiang Arts University, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xin, Pen
      Journal Journal of Xinjiang Arts University
      Language English
      Title Zhou Ji's Contribution to Protection and Spreading of Uygur Muqam
      Volume 1
      Year 2008
    • Country:

      China

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xing, L. (2006) The Substantial Layer of Oral Non-substantial Heritage. IN Journal of The Central University For Nationalities, 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xing, L. (2006) The Substantial Layer of Oral Non-substantial Heritage. IN Journal of The Central University For Nationalities, 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xing, Li
      Journal Journal of The Central University For Nationalities
      Language English
      Title The Substantial Layer of Oral Non-substantial Heritage
      Volume 6
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xue-cai, Y. & Ji-guang, S. (2006) A Summary of Research on Intangible Heritage in Recent Years. IN Journal of Changsha University, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xue-cai, Y. & Ji-guang, S. (2006) A Summary of Research on Intangible Heritage in Recent Years. IN Journal of Changsha University, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xue-cai, Yu AND Ji-guang, Shi
      Journal Journal of Changsha University
      Language English
      Title A Summary of Research on Intangible Heritage in Recent Years
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      By analyzing the documents on the intangible heritage research in recent years,the essay makes summary on importance and definition of intangible heritage the UNESCO has recognized,the protective conditions and actions,the value and characteristic of domestic intangible heritage and educational system on protecting the intangible heritage.The essay puts forward opinions about weakness of intangible heritage culture research in China and key points of intangible heritage research in future.

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Xue-mei, A. (2007) Compatibility and Interaction on Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Rights System. IN Hebei Law Science, 12.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Xue-mei, A. (2007) Compatibility and Interaction on Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Rights System. IN Hebei Law Science, 12.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Xue-mei, An
      Journal Hebei Law Science
      Language English
      Title Compatibility and Interaction on Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Rights System
      Volume 12
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Intangible Cultural Heritage is specific nation's information and behalves about their cultural and cognition formed by changing the nature. Their objects is intangible, its features are different from the objects of Intellectual Property Rights However, it is possible to acquire the protection by Intellectual Property Rights system. Actually, the protection system on Intangible Cultural Heritage is compatible with Intellectual Property Rights system in some degree, it can be achieved harmonization through adjusting them at the same time. Consequently this kind of protection system will promote the inheritance and innovation of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    • Public URL:

      https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10023933-200712-25-12-65-70-a

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Yan-qin, L. (2008) Intangible Culture Heritage and its Industrialization. IN Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Yan-qin, L. (2008) Intangible Culture Heritage and its Industrialization. IN Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Yan-qin, Lv
      Journal Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism
      Language English
      Title Intangible Culture Heritage and its Industrialization
      Volume 2
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      The preservation of intangible cultural heritage has become the hotspot in academe since UNESCO passed the 2003 Convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage.Different viewpoints are put forward and argued.This paper brings forward the industrialization in the field of preservation by the foundation of intangible cultural heritage——National Park in Chengdu.The feasibility of intangible cultural heritage's industrialization is discussed and related experiences are summarized.

    • Themes:

      Environment, Degraded ecosystem, Industrial production, Rapid economic transformation

    • Country:

      China

    • Public URL:

      http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GLGZ200802011.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Yan, L. (2007) The Tourism Education in the Intangible Culture Heritage Originative Place. IN Journal of Educational Science of Hunan Normal University, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Yan, L. (2007) The Tourism Education in the Intangible Culture Heritage Originative Place. IN Journal of Educational Science of Hunan Normal University, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Yan, Liu
      Journal Journal of Educational Science of Hunan Normal University
      Language English
      Title The Tourism Education in the Intangible Culture Heritage Originative Place
      Volume 4
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      In the light of the spirit of some international conventions, the paper explains the essence of the tourism education in the intangible culture heritage originative place, and discusses the object, practical meaning and the major content of the tourism education in the intangible culture heritage originative place. It considers that there are three major problems in the tourism education in China: The first is the conflict of the tendency of industrialization and political utilitarianism in education and the value inclination of the tourism education in the intangible culture; the second is the conflict of the education executive system and the administrative system; the third is the conflict of supply and demand of tourism education in the intangible culture originative place. Supported by an analysis of the statistic data from national tourism bureau, this paper points out the social responsibility that the tourism education units should shoulder.

    • Themes:

      Nonformal education, Tourism, Industrial production, Touristification

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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