Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
© UNESCO

The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • Kuutma, K. (2009) Who owns our songs? : Authority of Heritage and Resources for Restitution. IN Ethnologia Europaea, 39. 26–40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Kuutma, K. (2009) Who owns our songs? : Authority of Heritage and Resources for Restitution. IN Ethnologia Europaea, 39. 26–40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Kuutma, Kristin
      ISSN 0425-4597
      Journal Ethnologia Europaea
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 26--40
      Title Who owns our songs? : Authority of Heritage and Resources for Restitution
      Volume 39
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This article analyses property relations in cultural expression in the ambivalent process of heritage production, and considers the implementation of intangible heritage by communities and individ-uals in the framework of cultural policy making. Ownership reflects an entanglement of interests, grounded in the established social and political domains. There appear moments that sustain or contest agency in property ownership, while modern cultural politics may dictate conflicts be-tween individual or communal property rights in the context of claiming significance to heritage. My discussion of the predicaments of collective or individual ownership, contested restitution or celebration observable in the policies of intangible cultural heritage is based on the experience of the Seto community in Estonia

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Policy making

    • Country:

      Estonia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition

    • Public URL:

      https://respatrimoni.wordpress.com/2010/03/25/publication-culture-and-property-ethnologia-europaea-392-is-out-now/ (26.12.2019)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Kuutma, K. (2011) Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to Entanglements of Knowledge, Politics and Property. IN Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics, 3. 5–12.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Kuutma, K. (2011) Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to Entanglements of Knowledge, Politics and Property. IN Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics, 3. 5–12.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Kuutma, K.
      ISSN 2228-0987
      Journal Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 5--12
      Title Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to Entanglements of Knowledge, Politics and Property
      Volume 3
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Heritage is today actively implemented in policies globally, and yet the categorisation and instrumentalisation of the realm of cultural heritage entails rather contradictory aspects. In the discourse of culture, heritage is an abstraction, and what it signifies is subject to interpretation. This contribution gives a brief overview of the contemporary discussion of the epistemological and ontological premises of cultural heritage. It has been stated that heritage is a social construction, and a mode of cultural production that emanates from a metacultural relationship. The critical assessment and theorisation of heritage includes an enquiry into tangible and intangible heritagisation, knowledge production, heritage politics, and the question of ownership.

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/30284424/Cultural_Heritage_An_Introduction_to_Entanglements_of_Knowledge_Politics_and_Property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Kuutma, K. 2007. The politics of contested representation: UNESCO and the masterpieces of Intangible cultural heritage.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Kuutma, K. 2013. Between arbitration and engineering: Concepts and contingencies in the shaping of heritage regimes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Kuutma, K. 2013. Between arbitration and engineering: Concepts and contingencies in the shaping of heritage regimes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Kuutma, Kristin
      Book title Heritage Regimes and the State
      Editor(s) Regina F. Bendix, Aditya Eggert, Arnika Peselmann
      Language English
      Pages 21-36
      Publisher Universitätsverlag Göttingen
      Title Between arbitration and engineering: Concepts and contingencies in the shaping of heritage regimes
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      The booming field of current heritage studies is complex, versatile, and often characterized by contradictory significance or interpretation, as claims for heritage can appear to be simultaneously uplifting and profoundly problematic. In essence, heritage is a value-laden concept that can never assume a neutral ground of connotation. Heritage indicates a mode of cultural production with reformative significance. My discussion of cultural heritage focuses on the practices of arbitration and engineering in the context of cultural politics. I propose to investigate the framework of concepts and contingencies that situate the emergent heritage regimes. To start with the semantics of the core terms presented in the title, the act of arbitration conveys the idea of giving an authoritative decision, of judging or deciding in case of a dispute; engineering, in turn, signifies the making or achieving or getting something through contrivance, thus implying invention and formulation. In the following paragraphs, I will observe some aspects of engineering and arbitration from an abstract perspective, via the lens of concepts and contingencies that have proven instrumental in shaping and situating the discussion of heritage regimes. This reflection on the concepts draws from the anthropology of (cultural) politics concerning the domain of cultural heritage and its emergent regimes of engineering and arbitration while exploring relations between the communities, the state and international institutions, which are defined by the circumstances of globalization, postcolonial empowerment, cross-cultural relations, and “translation” and management of cultural heritage.

    • Themes:

      Policy making

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2019-07-02)

    • Public URL:

      https://books.openedition.org/gup/367 (03.02.2020)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Kuutma, K. 2019. Inside the UNESCO apparatus: from intangible representations to tangible effects.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Kuutma, K. 2019. Inside the UNESCO apparatus: from intangible representations to tangible effects.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Kuutma, Kristin
      Book title Intangible Heritage: the practices and politics of safeguarding
      Editor(s) Natsuko Akagawa, Laurajane Smith
      Language English
      Pages 68−83
      Publisher Routledge, Taylor&Francis Group
      Title Inside the UNESCO apparatus: from intangible representations to tangible effects
      Year 2019
    • Abstract:

      This chapter argues that representations produce effect in the operational frame of United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), due to its entangled evaluative and organisational imperative. On the one hand, the evaluation process sets exemplars that modify the intangible cultural heritage (ICH) conceptualisation, and on the other hand, the inevitable, trickle-down production of the new organisational format redistributes political and socio-economic power. The chapter explores ICH-driven formulations and organisational instruments as they play out at conferences programmed by the UNESCO apparatus. The global coverage proved uneven and the Intangible Cultural Heritage Section at UNESCO pursued a wider geographical representation, also through arranging promotional events via their field offices. The chapter provides an analysis which is based on extensive anthropological fieldwork and participant observation studying the international standard-setting and decision-making organisation of UNESCO in the field of ICH.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Heritage institutions, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Policy making, Living Human Treasure, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Eritrea, Estonia, Switzerland

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Baltic song and dance celebrations

    • Suggested by:

      Kristiina Porila (2019-11-21)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429507137/chapters/10.4324/9780429507137-5

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • La Frenierre, J. (2008) Mapping Heritage: A Participatory Technique for Identifying Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN The International Journal of the Inclusive Museum, 1 (1). 97–104.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      La Frenierre, J. (2008) Mapping Heritage: A Participatory Technique for Identifying Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN The International Journal of the Inclusive Museum, 1 (1). 97–104.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author La Frenierre, Jeff
      Journal The International Journal of the Inclusive Museum
      Language English
      Pages 97--104
      Title Mapping Heritage: A Participatory Technique for Identifying Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 1 (1)
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Community participation is increasingly considered a key to success in many conservation and development related projects. Among the advantages are the ability to obtain a more accurate understanding of the needs of the community, an improved ability to adapt the project to meet local conditions, and an improved spirit of cooperation both within the community itself and between the community and outside stakeholders. Participatory mapping is a relatively new technique that provides an especially effective method for a community to identify and communicate the resources and values they deem important. While participatory mapping has thus far been used most frequently in natural resource management and indigenous land rights applications, it has clear applicability to cultural heritage management applications as well. This paper describes the process of participatory mapping and its potential role in improving the inclusivity of heritage management. An overview of a recently completed project in Fiji and a description of forthcoming research at the Luang Prabang World Heritage Site in Laos are provided.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Economic and social development, Heritage institutions

    • Country:

      Fiji, Lao People's Democratic Republic

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • La Rue, H. (2007) Hello, Here's Music, how did that get here ? Presenting Music to the unsuspecting Museum. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 43–56.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      La Rue, H. (2007) Hello, Here's Music, how did that get here ? Presenting Music to the unsuspecting Museum. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 43–56.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author La Rue, Hélène
      ISSN 09547169
      Journal Journal of Museum Ethnography
      Language English
      month #mar#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: 'Feeling the Vibes: Dealing with Intangible Heritage': Papers from the Annual Conference of the Museum Ethnographers Group Held at Birmingham Museum /& Art Gallery, 18–19 May 2006 / Full publication date: March 2007 / Copyright © 2007 Museum Ethnographers Group
      Number 19
      Pages 43--56
      Title Hello, Here's Music, how did that get here ? Presenting Music to the unsuspecting Museum
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Museums

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/40793839

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Laarissa, M. (2011) "Place folle" a-t-on dit ! IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 180.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Laarissa, M. (2011) "Place folle" a-t-on dit ! IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 180.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Laarissa, Mustapha
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 180
      Title "Place folle" a-t-on dit !
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Quel devenir pour le patrimoine culturel immatériel ? Comment en évaluer les enjeux dans le monde d'aujourd'hui ? Ses détenteurs ne sont-ils pas les vestiges d'un monde voué à disparaître, des "fossiles culturels" dont on doit archiver les propos, les gestes, les savoir-faire, dont le temps ne fait que creuser l'anachronisme ou au contraire peuvent-ils accompagner le monde qui est le nôtre ? Cet ouvrage est un plaidoyer en leur faveur mais loin de prétendre apporter une réponse définitive à cette question, il tente, grâce aux praticiens et responsables en charge du patrimoine culturel immatériel dans leurs institutions respectives, aux chercheurs venus d'horizons divers, de dresser un état des lieux des actions menées en faveur de l'identification et de la sauvegarde de ce patrimoine, dans différents pays comme le Canada, la France, le Mali, le Royaume-Uni ou le Maroc, notamment.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Transnational heritage, Loss of significance

    • Country:

      Canada, France, Mali, Morocco, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Labadi, S. (2011) Intangible Heritage and Sustainable Development: Realistic Outcome or Wishful Thinking? IN Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management, 4. 115–118.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Labadi, S. (2011) Intangible Heritage and Sustainable Development: Realistic Outcome or Wishful Thinking? IN Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management, 4. 115–118.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Labadi, Sophia
      ISSN 2159-032X
      Journal Heritage /& Society formerly Heritage Management
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 115--118
      Title Intangible Heritage and Sustainable Development: Realistic Outcome or Wishful Thinking?
      Volume 4
      Year 2011
    • Themes:

      Community participation, Economic and social development, Environment, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Mexico

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Ritual ceremony of the Voladores

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Labadi, S. (2013) UNESCO, Cultural Heritage, and Outstanding Universal Value. IN The Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention: Complementing World Heritage, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Labadi, S. (2013) UNESCO, Cultural Heritage, and Outstanding Universal Value. IN The Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention: Complementing World Heritage, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Labadi, Sophia
      Journal The Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention: Complementing World Heritage
      Language English
      Title UNESCO, Cultural Heritage, and Outstanding Universal Value
      Year 2013
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Labadi, S. & Long, C. (2010) Heritage and globalisation Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Labadi, S. & Long, C. (2010) Heritage and globalisation Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Labadi, Sophia AND Long, Colin
      ISBN 0-203-85085-8
      Language English
      Publisher Routledge
      Title Heritage and globalisation
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      This volume analyzes the politics, policy and practice of cultural heritage at the global level, identifying the major directions in which international heritage practice is moving, and exploring the key issues likely to shape the cultural heritage field well into the twenty-first century. It examines the tensions between the universal claims of much heritage practice, particularly that associated with the World Heritage system, and national and local perspectives. It explores the international legal framework developed since World War Two to protect heritage, particularly at times of war, and from theft, showing how contemporary global problems of conflict and illicit trade continue to challenge the international legal system.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Legislation, 1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lacarrieu, M. (2006) Touristes et « non-touristes » dans le monde de l’interculturalité. Un regard à partir du patrimoine immatériel. IN Autrepart, . 131–150.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lacarrieu, M. (2006) Touristes et « non-touristes » dans le monde de l’interculturalité. Un regard à partir du patrimoine immatériel. IN Autrepart, . 131–150.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lacarrieu, Monica
      ISSN 1278-3986
      Journal Autrepart
      Language French
      Number 2006/4 (n°40)
      Pages 131--150
      Title Touristes et « non-touristes » dans le monde de l’interculturalité. Un regard à partir du patrimoine immatériel
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Le but de cet article est d’analyser les rapports, à l’occasion conflictuels, qui s’établissent entre le tourisme culturel et le patrimoine immatériel, et de la même manière, ceux qui résultent des interactions entre touristes et amphitryons. En partant de l’importance acquise par la construction d’ « hyper-localités » dans le contexte des flux transnationaux de touristes, de migrants et de natifs, il nous semble essentiel de réfléchir de façon critique aux pré-concepts qui unifient romantiquement le tourisme culturel et le patrimoine immatériel, ainsi qu’aux processus de construction du tourisme/touriste culturel dans sa rencontre avec le « natif ». Nous traiterons cette problématique à partir de cas empiriques en Argentine et à Buenos Aires.

    • Themes:

      Tourism, Touristification

    • Country:

      Argentina

    • Public URL:

      <http://www.cairn.info/revue-autrepart-2006-4.htm>

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lacarrieu, M. 2004. El patrimonio cultural inmaterial: un recurso político en el espacio de la cultura pública local. Paper read at VI Seminario sobre Patrimonio culturalat Santiago, Chile.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lacarrieu, M. 2004. El patrimonio cultural inmaterial: un recurso político en el espacio de la cultura pública local. Paper read at VI Seminario sobre Patrimonio culturalat Santiago, Chile.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Santiago, Chile
      Author Lacarrieu, Mónica
      Book title {VI} {Seminario} sobre {Patrimonio} cultural
      Language Spanish
      month #oct#
      Pages 154--190
      Publisher Patricio Heim
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial: un recurso político en el espacio de la cultura pública local
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      L'auteur porte sa réflexion sur les pratiques qui se crééent autour du processus de construction de la mémoire et du patrimoine culturel au niveau local. Lacarieu met en question la linéarité des tendances globalisantes, elle s'interroge sur la traduction locale qu'on en fait ainsi que sur les fisures, les plis et les fractures provoqués par cette traduction. La problématique du patrimoine culturel immatériel est ainsi pensée à partir de la tension qui se créée entre les mouvements globaux et les pratiques locales contemporaines, traversés par un intérêt inusité pour la mémoire et pour les patrimoines mais traversés aussi par les luttes pour sa définition et sa légitimation. Lacarieu se situe ici à l'opposé des processus de constitution et de dispute pour la mémoire afin d'envisager le patrimoine culturel immatériel comme une estratégie et comme une ressource qui rendraient possible de nouvelles formes de reconaissance sociale et identitaire.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lacarrieu, M. 2010. ¿Es necesario patrimonializar las expresiones culturales “inmateriales”? Desafíos teóricos y metodológicos en torno del patrimonio cultural “intangible”. at Costa Rica.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lacarrieu, M. 2010. ¿Es necesario patrimonializar las expresiones culturales “inmateriales”? Desafíos teóricos y metodológicos en torno del patrimonio cultural “intangible”. at Costa Rica.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Costa Rica
      vu
      Author Lacarrieu, Mónica
      Language Spanish
      Publisher UCR-UACM
      Title ¿Es necesario patrimonializar las expresiones culturales “inmateriales”? Desafíos teóricos y metodológicos en torno del patrimonio cultural “intangible”
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Langlais, D. 2005. Cybermuseology /& intangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Langlais, D. 2005. Cybermuseology /& intangible heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Langlais, Dominique
      Language English
      Title Cybermuseology /& intangible heritage
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Information technology, Museums, Rapid sociocultural change

    • Public URL:

      https://www.yorku.ca/etopia/docs/conference/Langlais.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lanier, D. & Reid, V. (2007) Whalers’ Shanties of Barouallie, St. Vincent: Observations on the Nature, Decline and Revival of a Unique Caribbean Maritime Tradition. IN Intangible Heritage, . 69.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lanier, D. & Reid, V. (2007) Whalers’ Shanties of Barouallie, St. Vincent: Observations on the Nature, Decline and Revival of a Unique Caribbean Maritime Tradition. IN Intangible Heritage, . 69.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lanier, Daniel AND Reid, Vincent
      Journal Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 69
      Title Whalers’ Shanties of Barouallie, St. Vincent: Observations on the Nature, Decline and Revival of a Unique Caribbean Maritime Tradition
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Barrouallie, a fishing community on the Caribbean island of St. Vincent, has a unique cultural heritage associated with its history as a whaling centre. As a way to alert townspeople of a successful catch, Barrouallie whalers sang occupational songs known as ‘shanties’ while rowing their whaleboats to shore. A product of diverse cultural influences, the shanties of Barrouallie may be viewed as a sub-genre, distinct from the more general body of seachanteys, the work songs of international 19th century merchant seamen. As a mode of expression - not merely a work song -a shanty could function variously as entertainment, satire, and advertisement. While economic and cultural changes in this developing island nation did not favour the continuance of shanty singing, a revival of interest in Barrouallie’s whaling traditions began in 2001, with particular attention to shanties and the generation of men who recall the role and significance of these songs in the local whaling enterprise.This 21st century renaissance of a maritime music tradition among living practitioners represents a remarkable survival that deserves greater recognition.Through the performance and recording of shanties, The Barrouallie Whalers have been interpreting and publicising Barrouallie’s whaling heritage for an international audience since 2001.

    • Themes:

      Environment, SDG 14: Life below water

    • Country:

      Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lankarani, L. (2002) L'avant-projet de convention de l'Unesco pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations. IN Annuaire français de droit international, 48. 624–656.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lankarani, L. (2002) L'avant-projet de convention de l'Unesco pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations. IN Annuaire français de droit international, 48. 624–656.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lankarani, Leila
      10.3406/afdi.2002.3719
      ISSN 0066-3085
      Journal Annuaire français de droit international
      Language French
      Number 1
      Pages 624--656
      Title L'avant-projet de convention de l'Unesco pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations
      Volume 48
      Year 2002
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, Legislation

    • Public URL:

      http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/afdi_0066-3085_2002_num_48_1_3719

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lankarini, L. (2002) L’avant projet de Convention de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations. IN Annuaire français de droit international, 48. 624–656.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lankarini, L. (2002) L’avant projet de Convention de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations. IN Annuaire français de droit international, 48. 624–656.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lankarini, Leila
      Journal Annuaire français de droit international
      Language French
      Pages 624-656
      Title L’avant projet de Convention de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : évolution et interrogations
      Volume 48
      Year 2002
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lankarini, L. & Fines, F. (2013) Patrimoine culturel immatériel et collectivités infraétatiques : dimensions juridiques et régulation Pedone (Ed.),

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lankarini, L. & Fines, F. (2013) Patrimoine culturel immatériel et collectivités infraétatiques : dimensions juridiques et régulation Pedone (Ed.),

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lankarini, Leila AND Fines, Francette
      Editor(s) Pedone
      ISBN 978-2-233-00684-4
      Language French,Spanish
      Title Patrimoine culturel immatériel et collectivités infraétatiques : dimensions juridiques et régulation
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      Le Patrimoine culturel immatériel est l'ensemble des pratiques, représentations, rituels, événements festifs, savoirs et connaissances traditionnels, ainsi que les artefacts, les objets et espaces qui leur sont associés. Porté par des collectivités notamment infraétatiques, se transmettant et se renouvelant par tradition orale, ce patrimoine est la marque de leur identité culturelle en deçà et au delà des frontières étatiques. L'avènement de la Convention de l'UNESCO pour la sauvegarde de ce patrimoine, et qui fête ses dix ans en octobre 2013, a constitué le point d'orgue de la sensibilisation, du public, des professionnels, et des politiques, à l'importance des valeurs véhiculées par ce patrimoine, mais aussi à ses enjeux de politique culturelle et juridique, conjugués à la richesse de son contenu éligible à la sauvegarde telle qu'instituée par cet instrument. La réflexion sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel, creuset de la diversité culturelle, soulève les questions délicates du rôle et de la participation effectifs des communautés culturelles dans la prise de décisions publiques pour son identification et sa promotion. Elle induit également la question du rapport de ce patrimoine aux droits de l'homme, et l'approche des valeurs culturelles d'un bien et son rôle dans le développement intergénérationnel pour la continuité de la communauté humaine qu'il représente. La sauvegarde de ce patrimoine culturel holistique rencontre également des difficultés dans sa protection juridique par les moyens usuels de protection de l'immatériel classique qu'incarne le droit de propriété intellectuelle en vigueur. Face aux Etats, les collectivités infraétatiques - support de ce patrimoine ou vecteur de sa promotion et de sa mise en valeur - devraient s'adonner à un jeu d'équilibriste entre les intérêts de politique culturelle, sous contrôle, et de diversité des expressions culturelles, en perspective. Cet ouvrage présente les Actes du Colloque international sur "Le Patrimoine culturel immatériel et les collectivités infraétatiques : dimensions juridiques et régulation", organisé par l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, sous le Haut patronage de la Commission Nationale Française pour l'UNESCO, avec le soutien du Conseil Régional d'Aquitaine. Cette manifestation internationale porte un regard concret et interdisciplinaire sur la régulation de ce patrimoine face à ses enjeux et au risque de l'uniformisation culturelle, ici, en Europe, ou ailleurs, dans d'autres contrées.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Cultural identity, Economic and social development, Human rights, Intellectual property, 2005 Convention, FARO Convention, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Canada, France, Spain

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-13)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lawthorp, L. (2015) Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 157–180.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lawthorp, L. (2015) Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 157–180.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lawthorp, Leah
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research
      Language English
      month May/December
      Number 2-3
      Pages 157-180
      Title Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity
      Volume 52
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      Kutiyattam Sanskrit theater of Kerala state was recognized as India’s first UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2001. Looking back a decade later, how has UNESCO recognition impacted both the art and the lives of its artists? Based upon two years of ethnographic research from 2008–10 among Kutiyattam artists in Kerala, India, this essay follows the art’s postrecognition tra- jectory through its increasing mediatization, institutionalization, and liberalization. Drawing on extended interviews with over fifty Kutiyattam actors, actresses, and drummers, it focuses on reclaiming the voices of affected artists on the ground.

    • Themes:

      Performing arts, Heritage institutions, Market economy

    • Country:

      India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-09-18)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2979/jfolkrese.52.2-3.157

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Le Gall, S. (2014) Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Cultural Property Protection: Cultural Signifiers in the Caribbean and the Americas London and New York, Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Le Gall, S. (2014) Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Cultural Property Protection: Cultural Signifiers in the Caribbean and the Americas London and New York, Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address London and New York
      Author Le Gall, Sharon
      ISBN 9781138665484
      Language English
      Publisher Routledge
      Title Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Cultural Property Protection: Cultural Signifiers in the Caribbean and the Americas
      Year 2014
    • Abstract:

      International developments since the mid-1990s have signalled an awareness of the importance and validity of traditional knowledge and cultural property. The adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and the establishment of the WIPO Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore demonstrate an emerging trend towards the recognition of the rights of communities and the importance of culture in shaping international law and policy. This book examines how developments to protect collectively held knowledge transpose to circumstances which may not meet the usually understood criteria of what is considered to be an indigenous or traditional group. This includes communally derived cultural products which have emerged out of communities and subsequently formed a part of the national or popular culture. The book considers the steel pan of Trinidad and Tobago, punta rock music from Belize, Brazilian capoeira, and the cajón of Peru as key cases studies of this. By exploring the impact of past and recent international developments to protect traditional knowledge, Sharon Le Gall highlights a category of cultural signifiers which lies outside the scope of intellectual property protection, as well as the protection proposed for traditional knowledge and advocated for intangible cultural property. The book proposes a reinterpretation of Joseph Raz’s interest theory of group rights in order to accommodate the rights advocated for collectively derived cultural signifiers on the basis of their value as symbols of identity. In doing so, Le Gall offers an original account of how those signifiers, which may not be described as exclusively ‘traditional’ or ‘indigenous’ and held in ways which are not ‘traditional’ or ‘customary’, may be accommodated in emerging traditional knowledge laws.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Legislation

    • Country:

      Belize, Brazil, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Capoeira circle

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2019-06-12)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Le Mentec, K. & Zhang, Q. (2017) Heritagization of disaster ruins and ethnic culture in China: Recovery plans after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. IN China Information, 31. 349–370.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Le Mentec, K. & Zhang, Q. (2017) Heritagization of disaster ruins and ethnic culture in China: Recovery plans after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. IN China Information, 31. 349–370.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Le Mentec, Katiana AND Zhang, Qiaoyun
      Journal China Information
      Language English
      month November
      Number 3
      Pages 349-370
      Title Heritagization of disaster ruins and ethnic culture in China: Recovery plans after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
      Volume 31
      Year 2017
    • Abstract:

      This article discusses state-led heritagization processes in Beichuan and Wenchuan Counties, two Qiang ethnic minority areas severely affected by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (China). Certain destroyed landscapes were preserved and turned into earthquake relic sites. In particular, the former Beichuan County seat was entirely heritagized for memorial, economic, and patriotic education purposes, causing an emotional conflict with locals still affected by loss and trauma. At the same time, Qiang cultural practices were hastily registered as national and international intangible cultural heritage, while reconstructed Qiang villages were transformed into heritage tourism destinations. These initiatives tend to reshape Qiang culture elements into fetishized commodities. Allocating massive funds to historically marginalized regions, these post-disaster heritagization programmes aimed at boosting economic recovery, as well as demonstrating state power, national unity and solidarity. Implemented using a top–down method, they appear insensitive to the affected population’s trauma and the sociohistorical context from which the newly heritagized elements originate. The disaster and Qiang culture heritage tourism not only failed to bring about sustainable economic development to the earthquake-stricken areas, but also ignored to a large extent the initial goal of ‘post-disaster cultural recovery’ and the virtues of cultural heritage in recovery processes.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Emergency situations, Indigenous peoples, Minority groups, Tourism, Degraded habitat, Natural disasters

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-24)

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0920203X17736508

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Le Potier, M. (2012) La sauvegarde et la mise en valeur du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Le rôle des politiques culturelles locales Editions universitaires européennes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Le Potier, M. (2012) La sauvegarde et la mise en valeur du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Le rôle des politiques culturelles locales Editions universitaires européennes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Le Potier, Marie
      ISBN 978-3-8417-9734-6
      Language French
      Publisher Editions universitaires européennes
      Title La sauvegarde et la mise en valeur du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Le rôle des politiques culturelles locales
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      En 2003, la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel a été adoptée par l'UNESCO. Elle marque un nouvel élargissement de la notion de patrimoine. Désormais, les traditions et expressions orales, les rituels festifs, les savoir-faire artisanaux, font partie des éléments à protéger et mettre en valeur. Nous avons souhaité nous interroger sur la diffusion de ce concept et sur l'impact de la convention à l'échelle locale. Pour cela nous avons étudié l'évolution des politiques culturelles municipales au cours de ces dernières années afin d'y rechercher un éventuel élargissement de la question patrimoniale. A travers l'exemple de Nantes, nouvelle métropole culturelle, nous nous sommes intéressé au programme politique de la ville en matière de patrimoine et aux plans d'action mis en place en faveur de ses nouvelles déclinaisons. L'objectif était de comprendre de quelle façon une ville peut participer à la sauvegarde et à la mise en valeur du patrimoine immatériel présent sur son territoire, tout en évitant les pièges de la folklorisation et de l'instrumentalisation.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Heritage institutions, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Country:

      France

    • Public URL:

      http://www.schulthess.com/buchshop/detail/ISBN-9783841797346 (2015-06-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leal González, N. (2008) Patrimonio cultural indígena y su reconocimiento institucional. IN Opción, 24. 28–43.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leal González, N. (2008) Patrimonio cultural indígena y su reconocimiento institucional. IN Opción, 24. 28–43.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leal González, Nina
      ISSN 1012-1587
      Journal Opción
      Language Spanish
      Number 56
      Pages 28--43
      Title Patrimonio cultural indígena y su reconocimiento institucional
      Volume 24
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      En el mundo global se construyen las bases legales para el recono- cimiento de la importancia de los patrimonios culturales y su conserva- ción a través de la participación activa de sus comunidades. El trabajo tiene por objetivo hacer una reflexión del marco jurídico venezolano que ha dado la oportunidad a las comunidades locales, en particular a los pueblos indígenas, de participar en la toma de decisiones sobre el reconocimiento, reestructuración y conservación de su patrimonio cultural. Desde una perspectiva antropológica se hace una lectura del marco jurídico-político que protege los derechos patrimoniales indígenas con miras a describir e interpretar las respuestas de las comunidades. Para el análisis se toma como referente la legislación venezolana a partir de 1999 y las comunidades indígenas wayuu del estado Zulia. Se concluye que es esencial que los pueblos indígenas en su interrelación institucional con el Estado construyan y apliquen las medidas de protección de su patrimonio cultural, teniendo en cuenta las oportunidades económicas y las opciones ecológicas disponibles en las diferentes áreas donde habitan.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples

    • Country:

      Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü’üi (palabrero)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=31045603

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leal, E. 2006. Patrimonio tangible e intangible dos ópticas, un mismo reto. at Cusco, Pérou.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leal, E. 2006. Patrimonio tangible e intangible dos ópticas, un mismo reto. at Cusco, Pérou.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Cusco, Pérou
      Author Leal, Eusebio
      Language Spanish
      Pages 8
      Title Patrimonio tangible e intangible dos ópticas, un mismo reto
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      El patrimonio inmaterial o intangible habita el universo de las personas, el universo de sus memorias individuales y colectivas. Las personas a su vez habitan el mundo que han ido construyendo y ordenando según la experiencia que han recibido y la que son capaces de crear, y lo pueblan de tradiciones; es decir, los seres humanos van creando su propio mundo, a imagen y semejanza de sus propios deseos, recuerdos y costumbres, en una sabia adaptación al medio natural.

    • Public URL:

      http://catalogo.crespial.org/index.php?p=digitallibrary/digitalcontent&id=12

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leanza, U. (2009) Diritto internazionale e Luoghi Santi. IN Comunità internazionale, 64. 23–30.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leanza, U. (2009) Diritto internazionale e Luoghi Santi. IN Comunità internazionale, 64. 23–30.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leanza, Umberto
      Journal Comunità internazionale
      Language Italian
      Number 1
      Pages 23--30
      Title Diritto internazionale e Luoghi Santi
      Volume 64
      Year 2009

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. (2011) La sélection paradoxale. La patrimonialisation des fêtes de transhumance peules au Mali. IN La sélection patrimoniale, Cahiers de l’Institut du patrimoine de l’UQAM, . 197–216.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. (2011) La sélection paradoxale. La patrimonialisation des fêtes de transhumance peules au Mali. IN La sélection patrimoniale, Cahiers de l’Institut du patrimoine de l’UQAM, . 197–216.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Editor(s) Drouin, Martin and Richard-Bazire, Anne
      Journal La sélection patrimoniale, Cahiers de l’Institut du patrimoine de l’UQAM
      Language French
      Pages 197--216
      Title La sélection paradoxale. La patrimonialisation des fêtes de transhumance peules au Mali
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      À partir de l’ethnographie de la mise en patrimoine de fêtes de transhumance peules du delta intérieur du Niger au Mali, classées à la liste des « chefs-d’oeuvre du patrimoine oral et immatériel de l’humanité » par l’UNESCO sous le titre d’« espac culturel du yaaral et du degal », l’auteure analyse les pratiques et les critères de la sélection patrimoniale aux différentes échelles (internationale, nationale et locale) de sa réalisation. L’étude des résultats de l’inventaire des biens culturels et du statut des acteurs qui y participent lui permet de s’interroger sur la pratique patrimoniale en tant que processus de création de tradition. La patrimonialisation est appréhendée comme le résultat de processus de sélection aux critères et aux objectifs paradoxaux. Les significations et les usages divers des pratiques inventoriées rappellent alors que l’élevage transhumant, avant d’être un bien potentiellement « patrimonialisable » et l’objet de discours néo-traditionaliste, est le support d’une activité économique centrale pour les éleveurs.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Economic and social development, Inventorying, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Mali, Niger

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal

    • Public URL:

      https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01303805

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. (2011) Le patrimoine pastoral au prisme de la décentralisation politique. Les fêtes du yaaral et du degal au Mali. IN Géographie et culture, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. (2011) Le patrimoine pastoral au prisme de la décentralisation politique. Les fêtes du yaaral et du degal au Mali. IN Géographie et culture, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Journal Géographie et culture
      Language French
      Number 79
      Title Le patrimoine pastoral au prisme de la décentralisation politique. Les fêtes du yaaral et du degal au Mali
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Cet article à partir de l’ethnographie de la patrimonialisation de fêtes de transhumance peules dans Delta intérieur du Niger par l’État malien aborde le processus de requalification patrimoniale comme une déclinaison locale des rapports entre l’État malien (et son administration) et le monde pastoral au moment où la décentralisation est effective. Les usages et les objectifs du classement ƴaaral et du degal à la liste des chefs-d’œuvre du patrimoine oral et immatériel de l’UNESCO seront interrogés à partir d’une analyse des interactions entre des procédures concrètes d’application du processus de décentralisation politique et des pratiques ordinaires du pastoralisme dans le contexte spécifique du Mali contemporain. Les réformes en cours sur le statut des jowro (responsables d’un groupe de transhumance) et des territoires pastoraux dont ils ont la charge servent d’exemple pour dénouer l’imbrication des arguments politiques, écologiques et identitaires du programme de patrimonialisation de ces institutions de gestion des ressources pastorales du Delta intérieur du Niger. La patrimonialisation des fêtes engagée par la DNPC n’est pas directement remise en question par les groupes de transhumance du Delta, mais le ƴaaral et le degal et par extension, l’organisation pastorale deltaïque ainsi que les images et les discours qu’elles supportent, en tant qu’objets patrimonialisés sont réinterprétés, recyclés, réinventés dans le nouvel espace politique créé par la décentralisation et les réformes qui l’accompagnent.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Mali, Niger

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. (2012) Au-delà du consensus patrimonial. Résistances et usages contestataires du patrimoine. IN Civilisations, 61 (1).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. (2012) Au-delà du consensus patrimonial. Résistances et usages contestataires du patrimoine. IN Civilisations, 61 (1).

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Journal Civilisations
      Language French
      Title Au-delà du consensus patrimonial. Résistances et usages contestataires du patrimoine
      Volume 61 (1)
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Social conflicts

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/civilisations/3113

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. (2012) Les paradoxes du patrimoine : le yaaral et le degal, des fêtes de transhumance peule au Mali. IN Anthropologie et sociétés, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. (2012) Les paradoxes du patrimoine : le yaaral et le degal, des fêtes de transhumance peule au Mali. IN Anthropologie et sociétés, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Journal Anthropologie et sociétés
      Language French
      Title Les paradoxes du patrimoine : le yaaral et le degal, des fêtes de transhumance peule au Mali
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      L’auteur interroge les relations conflictuelles et la dialectique entre des définitions institutionnelles et des usages locaux du patrimoine à partir de L’étude ethnographique de « l’espace culturel du yaaral et du degal », festivités de transhumance peules du Delta intérieur du Niger au Mali déclarées « chefs-d’œuvre du patrimoine oral et immatériel de l’Humanité par l’UNESCO » en novembre 2005 et inscrites sur à la Liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’humanité par l’UNESCO en 2008. C’est par une variation des jeux d’échelles, une étude des paradoxes, et des enjeux de pouvoir que ces fêtes sont étudiées. L’auteur commence par présenter la construction patrimoniale de l’« espace culturel du yaaral et du degal » par la Direction Nationale du Patrimoine Culturel (DNPC) au regard des définitions internationales du patrimoine culturel immatériel promues par l’UNESCO et de la politique culturelle malienne. Il propose ensuite une définition endogène de la patrimonialisation et de ses présentations publiques à la lumière d’un exemple sur les compétitions pastorales. Ces dernières illustrent la manière dont des éléments culturels peuvent se trouver pris dans un double processus de création patrimoniale et de transmission d’un idéal pastoral recréé. Pour finir, l’étude d’un conflit pour le poste de chef des éleveurs pose la question de la gestion patrimoniale des enjeux pastoraux locaux. La lecture patrimoniale de ces fêtes renvoie alors à une analyse du champ politique.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Transnational heritage, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Mali

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. 2012. A Policy of Intangible Cultural Heritage between Local Constraints and International Standards : "The Cultural Space of the yaaral and the degal".

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. 2012. A Policy of Intangible Cultural Heritage between Local Constraints and International Standards : "The Cultural Space of the yaaral and the degal".

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Book title Heritage Regimes and the State Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property, Volume 6
      Bendix, Regina and Peselman, Arnika
      Edition Götingen University Press
      Editor(s) Regina F. Bendix, Aditya Eggert and Arnika Peselmann
      Language English
      Pages 97-117
      Publisher Universitätsverlag Göttingen
      Title A Policy of Intangible Cultural Heritage between Local Constraints and International Standards : "The Cultural Space of the yaaral and the degal"
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Environment, Transnational heritage, SDG 15: Life on Land, 2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Economic and social development, Heritage institutions, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Sustainable development, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, Oral traditions and expressions, Social practices, rituals and festive events, article from a collective publication containing other pertinent articles to be declared, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Mali, Niger

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2306809/2012_A_policy_of_intangible_cultural_heritage_between_local_constraints_and_international_standards_the_cultural_space_of_the_yaaral_and_the_degal_in_Bendix_R._Eggert_A._and_Peselmann_A._dir._The_Heritage_Regime_and_the_State_Gottingen_G%C3%B6ttingen_University_Press_97-117?auto=download

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leblon, A. 2012. Le patrimoine immatériel face à ses enjeux territoriaux. Des fêtes de transhumance au Mali.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leblon, A. 2012. Le patrimoine immatériel face à ses enjeux territoriaux. Des fêtes de transhumance au Mali.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leblon, Anaïs
      Book title Patrimoine et désirs de territoire
      Fournier, Laurent-Sébastien and Bernier-Broissard, Catherine and Crozat, Dominique and Chastagner, Claude
      Edition Presses Universitaires de la Méditerranée
      Language French
      Title Le patrimoine immatériel face à ses enjeux territoriaux. Des fêtes de transhumance au Mali
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Transnational heritage, key information missing to evaluate the entry (full-text or at least summary)

    • Country:

      Mali

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of the Yaaral and Degal

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ledwon, L. (1997) Native American Life Stories and "Authorship": Legal and Ethical Issues. IN American Indian Quarterly, 21. 579–593.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ledwon, L. (1997) Native American Life Stories and "Authorship": Legal and Ethical Issues. IN American Indian Quarterly, 21. 579–593.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ledwon, Lenora
      ISSN 0095182X
      Journal American Indian Quarterly
      Language English
      month #oct#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Autumn, 1997 / Copyright © 1997 University of Nebraska Press
      Number 4
      Pages 579--593
      Title Native American Life Stories and "Authorship": Legal and Ethical Issues
      Volume 21
      Year 1997
    • Abstract:

      Juridical discourse concerning life stories has been primarily concerned with property and contract issues, and categories such as "ownership" and "authorship." Such legal discourse generally fails to acknowledge the unique nature of Native American life stories, particularly when such stories are written in collaboration with a non-Native editor or transcriber. This essay focuses on one fundamental question with overlapping legal and ethical aspects: how does a non-Native collaborator avoid a colonizing relationship to Native American texts? In suggesting possible answers to this vexing question, I always have on the horizon of my mind's eye two figures-Emmanuel Levinas, the philosopher, and Coyote, the trickster. Both remind me of the dangers of paradigms and the difficulty of my task. Levinas reminds me that paradigms are guilty of irresponsibility and tend to destroy Otherness. Coyote reminds me that paradigms are meant to be broken in the name of fluidity and freedom. Keeping their admonitions in mind, I will attempt the delicate task of proposing an answer via the route of the master paradigm that is the law.

    • Themes:

      Ethics, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Legislation

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/1185713

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lee, Y. O. (2004) Preparing a vessel to contain lost life: Preservation and successful inheritance of intangible cultural heritage. IN ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage, 57. 5–6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lee, Y. O. (2004) Preparing a vessel to contain lost life: Preservation and successful inheritance of intangible cultural heritage. IN ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage, 57. 5–6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lee, O Young
      Journal ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 5--6
      Title Preparing a vessel to contain lost life: Preservation and successful inheritance of intangible cultural heritage
      Volume 57
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Museums, Halted transmission

    • Public URL:

      http://archives.icom.museum/pdf/E_news2004/p5_2004-4.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lee, Y. O. (2004) Una urna para preservar la vida : salvaguardia y legado del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Noticias del ICOM, 57. 5–7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lee, Y. O. (2004) Una urna para preservar la vida : salvaguardia y legado del patrimonio cultural inmaterial. IN Noticias del ICOM, 57. 5–7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lee, O Young
      Journal Noticias del ICOM
      Language Spanish
      Number 4
      Pages 5--7
      Title Una urna para preservar la vida : salvaguardia y legado del patrimonio cultural inmaterial
      Volume 57
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lees, E. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage in a Modernizing Bhutan: The Question of Remaining Viable and Dynamic. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 179–200.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lees, E. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage in a Modernizing Bhutan: The Question of Remaining Viable and Dynamic. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 179–200.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lees, Emma
      ISSN 1465-7317
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 02
      Pages 179--200
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage in a Modernizing Bhutan: The Question of Remaining Viable and Dynamic
      Volume 18
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      This article considers the measures being taken in Bhutan to support the cultural practices and traditions of weaving as Bhutan rapidly moves to modernize. Woven cloth is one of a number of artisan practices in Bhutan that contribute to a unique body of intangible cultural heritage, and a distinctive and instantly recognizable Bhutanese identity. Cloth and cloth production have come to have significant influence on the cultural, socioeconomic and political, as well as the ceremonial and religious life of the people of Bhutan. However with modernization and an increasingly global outlook, many socioeconomic transformations are taking place, challenging traditional cultural practices to remain relevant and viable to younger generations. Bhutan offers a unique case study as a country engaging only relatively recently with globalization after a long history of cultural isolation. Bhutan also offers up a unique policy response to modernization, its Gross National Happiness (GNH) measure, which attempts to embody a strong social, cultural, and environmental imperative within the development process. This article will analyze the various measures taking place to maintain cultural identity and cultural practices within the context of development policy and practice, and will link this discussion to measures and approaches taking place at an international level by agencies such as UNESCO.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Economic and social development, Traditional craftsmanship

    • Country:

      Bhutan

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Leimgruber, W. (2010) Switzerland and the UNESCO Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 161–196.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Leimgruber, W. (2010) Switzerland and the UNESCO Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 161–196.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Leimgruber, Walter
      ISSN 0737-7037
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 161--196
      Title Switzerland and the UNESCO Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 47
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      In 2008, Switzerland ratified both the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression and the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. In a direct democracy these decisions closely involve multiple stakeholders. In this article, organizations and associations involved in the ratification process will be introduced and discussed against the background of the history of the intangible heritage convention. Next, I will address questions about particular understandings of culture and cultural concepts held by these different organizations, as well as the cultural and sociopolitical objectives or agendas they pursue through the implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The term Volkskultur plays a particularly important role in this context since it is often directly equated with intangible culture; thus, the article discusses the implications of this equation, including the cultural and political approaches that stem from it.

    • Country:

      Switzerland

    • Public URL:

      https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2979/jfr.2010.47.1-2.161?seq=1

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lema Campillo, A. 2008. La gestión del patrimonio inmaterial en sociedades complejas del siglo XXI : propuestas para implementar políticas de actuación en la Región de Murcia, España.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lema Campillo, A. 2008. La gestión del patrimonio inmaterial en sociedades complejas del siglo XXI : propuestas para implementar políticas de actuación en la Región de Murcia, España.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lema Campillo, Aurora
      ISBN 84-7564-389-2
      Language Spanish
      Pages 71--84
      Publisher Servicio de Patrimonio Histórico
      Title La gestión del patrimonio inmaterial en sociedades complejas del siglo XXI : propuestas para implementar políticas de actuación en la Región de Murcia, España
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lemieux, C. (2011) A quoi tient le génie culinaire des Français ! IN Alternatives économiques, . 79–79.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lemieux, C. (2011) A quoi tient le génie culinaire des Français ! IN Alternatives économiques, . 79–79.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lemieux, Cyril
      Journal Alternatives économiques
      Language French
      Number 1
      Pages 79--79
      Title A quoi tient le génie culinaire des Français !
      Year 2011
    • Themes:

      Food

    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lempereur, F. (2005) Définir le patrimoine culturel immatériel... une gageure ? IN Rabaska: Revue d'ethnologie de l'Amérique française, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lempereur, F. (2005) Définir le patrimoine culturel immatériel... une gageure ? IN Rabaska: Revue d'ethnologie de l'Amérique française, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lempereur, Françoise
      Journal Rabaska: Revue d'ethnologie de l'Amérique française
      Language French
      Title Définir le patrimoine culturel immatériel... une gageure ?
      Volume 3
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      L'adoption par I'UNESCO de la déclaration d'Istanbul définissant le patrimoine culturel immatériel en septembre 2002 a marqué un temps fort pour le Québec qui avait entrepris une réflexion en vue de se doter d'une nouvelle politique culturelle ; le rapport Arpin s'en était fait l'écho en 2000 (Cf. Rabaska 1, pp.[113]-135). Par la suite, le Groupe de travail sur le patrimoine immatériel, réuni par le ministère de la Culture et des communications, a déposé son mémoire sur la question en octobre 2001. Le document officiel, que RABASKA a soumis à des experts spécialement investis dans ce champ d'activités, en est une «version revue et abrégée». Quatre d'entre eux livrent ici leur point de vue : Mme Françoise Lempereur offre d'abord le regard d'un universitaire européen, tandis que M. Pierre Chartrand d'une part et Mmcs Lisan Hubert et Danielle Martineau d'autre part exposent la perception de centres d'animation québécois sur ce dossier.

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Public URL:

      https://www.erudit.org/fr/revues/rabaska/2005-v3-rabaska3647/201713ar.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lempereur, F. (2009) La transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Réflexion sur l'importance d'une médiation culturelle (The Transmission of Intangible Heritage. Reflection on Cultural Mediation).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lempereur, F. (2009) La transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Réflexion sur l'importance d'une médiation culturelle (The Transmission of Intangible Heritage. Reflection on Cultural Mediation).

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lempereur, F.
      Language French
      Title La transmission du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Réflexion sur l'importance d'une médiation culturelle (The Transmission of Intangible Heritage. Reflection on Cultural Mediation)
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      By signing the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage , each State Party committed itself to take the necessary measures to ensure the viability of oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, traditional knowledge & craftsmanship, and everything which should be transmitted as such or as an addition to natural, movable or real-estate heritages present within its territory. In the Convention, “Safeguarding” means “measures aimed at ensuring the viability of the intangible cultural heritage, including the identification, documentation, research, preservation, protection, promotion, enhancement, transmission, particularly through formal and non-formal education, as well as the revitalization of the various aspects of such heritage”. To ensure identification with a view to safeguarding, each State Party should draw up, in a manner geared to its own situation, one or more inventories of the intangible cultural heritage present in its territory. As no general theoretical studies exist on the validity of inventory and safeguarding, this dissertation progressed into a discussion about the issues, conditions and practices of transmission. Various interdisciplinary approaches – anthropological, historical, sociological, ethical, political and even sometimes linguistical, musicological, medical or juridical – resulted in blended viewpoints. The research is as theoretical as it is pragmatical. It comes after thirty years of pratical experience and observations, of filming and recording the oral and non-verbal traditions in the small communities of Wallonia, as well as experiences elsewhere. The author's basic assumption is that the existence of an intangible cultural heritage specific to each sociocultural community (of any size or composition) which, inspite of the threat of cultural globalization, allows this community to socialize, instead of cutting it off from the others. To highlight this heritage does not mean to withdraw into oneself or one’s past but to make way for cultural diversity, without ranking. This dissertation does not claim to solve, in 415 pages, all the theoretical problems raised by transmission and safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage. It suggests a first reflection about the contents, the aims, the means of transmission and the useful mediators for sustaining cultural diversity. It shows that the permanent evolution of the patrimonial values results from the social and economic situations where they are found and that it is pointless to supervise the transmission if holders of the heritage do not themselves support, consciously or not, the transmission process.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development

    • Country:

      Belgium

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lempereur, F. (2017) Patrimoine culturel immatériel Françoise, L. (Ed.), Presses universitaires de Liège.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lempereur, F. (2017) Patrimoine culturel immatériel Françoise, L. (Ed.), Presses universitaires de Liège.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lempereur, Françoise
      Editor(s) Lempereur Françoise
      ISBN [13] 9782875621238 — [10] 2875621238 (br)
      Language French
      Publisher Presses universitaires de Liège
      Title Patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2017
    • Abstract:

      Depuis l'adoption, par l'UNESCO, de la Convention pour sa sauvegarde, le patrimoine culturel immatériel a pris une importance grandissante dans le monde académique, d'abord dans les programmes de recherche, puis dans les formations universitaires. Face au constat que la librairie francophone n'offre aucun support écrit quelque peu systématique couvrant largement les matières liées au PCI, les enseignants de la Formation en PCI des universités de Liège et de Namur ont décidé de publier un tel manuel, interdisciplinaire. Ethnologue, historien, juriste, économiste du tourisme, géographe, archéologue, muséologue, spécialiste de la communication, les auteurs du présent ouvrage reflètent une large diversité de disciplines et d'origines géographiques. Destiné à l'ensemble du monde francophone, voire au-delà, le manuel accueille aussi des regards de spécialistes sur la situation de la politique du PCI en Belgique, France, Québec, Suisse et Afrique francophone. L'ouvrage vise à cerner la notion et à en comprendre les enjeux, à dresser un état des lieux des politiques de sauvegarde et à donner des outils méthodologiques. Certains textes sont essentiellement pratiques, d'autres sont descriptifs, d'autres encore, réflexifs. Des analyses de cas offrent aux lecteurs des clés pour la compréhension du phénomène et de ses manifestations concrètes

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Museums, Tourism

    • Country:

      Belgium, Canada, France, Senegal, Switzerland

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-16)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lenoir, A. & Tyckaert, M. (2014) Trésors de l'Unesco en France Dakota éditions.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lenoir, A. & Tyckaert, M. (2014) Trésors de l'Unesco en France Dakota éditions.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lenoir, Aurélie AND Tyckaert, Maud
      ISBN 2-84640-388-0
      Language French
      month #oct#
      Publisher Dakota éditions
      Title Trésors de l'Unesco en France
      Year 2014
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    • Country:

      France

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lenzerini, F. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Living Culture of Peoples. IN European Journal of International Law, 22. 101–120.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lenzerini, F. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Living Culture of Peoples. IN European Journal of International Law, 22. 101–120.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lenzerini, Federico
      ISSN 0938-5428
      Journal European Journal of International Law
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 101--120
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Living Culture of Peoples
      Volume 22
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Intangible cultural heritage (ICH), made up of all immaterial manifestations of culture, represents the variety of living heritage of humanity as well as the most important vehicle of cultural diversity. The main 'constitutive factors' of ICH are represented by the 'self-identification' of this heritage as an essential element of the cultural identity of its creators and bearers; by its constant recreation in response to the historical and social evolution of the communities and groups concerned; by its connection with the cultural identity of these communities and groups; by its authenticity; and by its indissoluble relationship with human rights. The international community has recently become conscious that ICH needs and deserves international safeguarding, triggering a legal process which culminated with the adoption in 2003 of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. This Convention correctly highlights the main elements of ICH and is based on the right philosophical rationale, but its operational part – structured on the model provided by the 1972 World Heritage Convention – appears to be inadequate to ensure appropriate safe-guarding of the specificities of intangible heritage. This article argues that to correct such in-adequacy, international safeguarding of ICH must rely on the concomitant application, even though in an indirect manner, of international human rights law, for the reason that ICH represents a component of cultural human rights and an essential prerequisite to ensure the actual realization and enjoyment of individual and collective rights of its creators and bearers.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural identity, Human rights, Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lenzerini, F. 2014. Protecting the Tangible, Safeguarding the Intangible: A Same Conventional Model for Different Needs.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lenzerini, F. 2014. Protecting the Tangible, Safeguarding the Intangible: A Same Conventional Model for Different Needs.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lenzerini, Federico
      Book title Climate Change as a Threat to Peace
      Editor(s) Sabine von Schorlemer, Sylvia Maus
      Language English
      Pages 141-159
      Publisher Peter Lang AG.
      Title Protecting the Tangible, Safeguarding the Intangible: A Same Conventional Model for Different Needs
      Year 2014
    • Abstract:

      The model of the World Heritage Convention, adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 1972, has emerged as one of the most successful ever es- tablished by an international convention aimed at protecting a common good, id est human rights, Cultural Heritage or environment. At present, the World Heritage Convention has been ratified by 191 states and 1.007 properties are inscribed on the World Heritage List,1 the keystone around which the system established by the Convention is centred. In light of the huge success which has characterized the World Heritage Con- vention, UNESCO has replicated its model in other legal instruments aimed at safeguarding Cultural Heritage in different contexts and/or of different kinds than the World Heritage Convention itself. This has happened, in particular, with respect to the scheme of enhanced protection established by the Second Protocol of 1999 to the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict as well as to the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. As far as the issue of climate change is concerned, both the World Heritage Convention and the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, through providing for general obligations for states parties to take the necessary measures to ensure protection/safeguarding of the heritage they respectively concern, as well as through establishing systems of international co-operation to this end, in principle provide the necessary tools to face the threats posed by climate change on tangible and intangible Cultural Heritage. In practical terms, however, no adequate attention is devoted by both conventions to the threats of climate change. Nevertheless, in this respect the World Heritage Convention is certainly better equipped than the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. In any event, the concrete preservation of Cultural Heritage against the above threats ultimately depends on the willingness and capacity of states parties to the respective conventions to take effective and efficient measures in order to properly address the specific problems faced by each manifestation of Cultural Heritage as a consequence of climate change.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Environment, 1972 Convention, Climate change, SDG 13: Climate Action, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the Sanké

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-21)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv2t4cvp.13

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Létourneau, E. L. (2009) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les programmes de réhabilitation destinés aux peuples autochtones. IN Criminologie, 42.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Létourneau, E. L. (2009) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les programmes de réhabilitation destinés aux peuples autochtones. IN Criminologie, 42.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Létourneau, Eric L.
      Journal Criminologie
      Language French
      Number 2
      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel dans les programmes de réhabilitation destinés aux peuples autochtones
      Volume 42
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      Le présent article propose une réflexion critique sur les effets et les rôles du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI – traditions séculaires, rituels, chants, danses, etc.) amérindien dans les programmes de réhabilitation destinés aux populations délinquantes autochtones qui purgent une peine dans un centre de détention au Canada. Nous tentons de comprendre quels sont les effets de l’intégration des pratiques liées au PCI amérindien dans le processus de réhabilitation des délinquants.

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Indigenous peoples, Social conflicts

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Public URL:

      https://www.erudit.org/fr/revues/crimino/2009-v42-n2-crimino3560/038603ar/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Li-zhen, W. (2005) Preservation and Education of Intangible Heritage of Ethnic Minorities. IN Ethnic Education Study, 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Li-zhen, W. (2005) Preservation and Education of Intangible Heritage of Ethnic Minorities. IN Ethnic Education Study, 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Li-zhen, Wang
      Journal Ethnic Education Study
      Language English
      Title Preservation and Education of Intangible Heritage of Ethnic Minorities
      Volume 6
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Formal education, Minority groups

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Li, L. & Chen, H. (2009) Eco-museum: The New Technology of Intangible Cultural Heritage Conservation. IN Urban Studies, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Li, L. & Chen, H. (2009) Eco-museum: The New Technology of Intangible Cultural Heritage Conservation. IN Urban Studies, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Li, Li AND Chen, Hua
      Journal Urban Studies
      Language English
      Title Eco-museum: The New Technology of Intangible Cultural Heritage Conservation
      Volume 1
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      The paper introduces the concept of Eco-museum,including the idea,the development process and the current situation of Eco-museums in the world. After that,the author puts forward a concept of cultural space,and point out that the intangible and tangible cultural heritage has highly consistency. On the ground,the paper discusses the feasibility of taking Eco-museum as a new technology of the intangible cultural heritage conservation. In the end,the author proposes a planning method of Eco-museum construction.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liang, Y. (2013) Turning Gwer Sa La Festival into Intangible Cultural Heritage: State Superscription of Popular Religion in Southwest China. IN China: An International Journal, 11. 58–75.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liang, Y. (2013) Turning Gwer Sa La Festival into Intangible Cultural Heritage: State Superscription of Popular Religion in Southwest China. IN China: An International Journal, 11. 58–75.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liang, Yongjia
      ISSN 0219-8614
      Journal China: An International Journal
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 58-75
      Title Turning Gwer Sa La Festival into Intangible Cultural Heritage: State Superscription of Popular Religion in Southwest China
      Volume 11
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      The Gwer Sa La Festival of the Bai in southwest China was recently announced as a national Intangible Cultural Heritage Project and nominated for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation world ICH candidacy, largely due to the local government's promotion of Gwer Sa La's religiosity by constructing and materialising the rhetoric of survival by a primitive fertility cult and ethnic carnival. However, the key concern of the participants is Gwer Sa La's potency of prosperity, related to a series of encompassing powers vested in the patron god temples, taken care of by women congregations who renew the power of prosperity during the Festival. It is argued here that the state's efforts to turn Gwer Sa La into an ICH project is an attempt of "superscription without encompassment". The efforts are based on an imagined, primitive fertility cult that leads to sexual promiscuity and which entirely overlooks the locals' concerns.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Unintended outcomes

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Philipp Demgenski (2020-06-11)

    • Public URL:

      https://muse-jhu-edu-s.sargasses.biblio.msh-paris.fr/article/520437

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liang, Y. & Jie, H. (2007) Study about Immaterial Cultural Heritages Protection in Scenic Spot: Take the project Exploitation of Xiangbala Culture Garden in Kangting Sichuan. IN Journal of Chengdu University of Technology (Social Sciences), 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liang, Y. & Jie, H. (2007) Study about Immaterial Cultural Heritages Protection in Scenic Spot: Take the project Exploitation of Xiangbala Culture Garden in Kangting Sichuan. IN Journal of Chengdu University of Technology (Social Sciences), 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liang, Yan AND Jie, He
      Journal Journal of Chengdu University of Technology (Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title Study about Immaterial Cultural Heritages Protection in Scenic Spot: Take the project Exploitation of Xiangbala Culture Garden in Kangting Sichuan
      Volume 2
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Immaterial Cultural Heritages is the important mark of the nation spiritual culture,and important attracting tourism resource.The exploitation of Xiangbala Garden in Kangting takes use of abundant resources,beautiful scene,convenient traffic and booming tourism to successfully develop the immaterial cultural heritages in Kangting.However,the inheriting and protection of immaterial cultural heritages should be respected during the exploitation,take various exploring modes so as to form the virtuous circle between government and enterprise,protection and exploitation.

    • Themes:

      Tourism

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liangyu, C. (2006) A Record on the Appraisal Process at the Third Session of the Jury for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Mankind. IN People's Music, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liangyu, C. (2006) A Record on the Appraisal Process at the Third Session of the Jury for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Mankind. IN People's Music, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liangyu, Cai
      Journal People's Music
      Language English
      Title A Record on the Appraisal Process at the Third Session of the Jury for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Mankind
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liévaux, P. & Franchet D'espèrey, P. (2010) Architecture équestre : hauts lieux dédiés au cheval en Europe Arles, Actes sud.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liévaux, P. & Franchet D'espèrey, P. (2010) Architecture équestre : hauts lieux dédiés au cheval en Europe Arles, Actes sud.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Arles
      Author Liévaux, Pascal AND Franchet D'espèrey, Patrice
      Language French
      Publisher Actes sud
      Series Arts équestres, ISSN 1962-6746
      Title Architecture équestre : hauts lieux dédiés au cheval en Europe
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Ecuries, manèges, académies, écoles et quartiers de cavalerie, haras privés royaux ou nationaux : les multiples usages du cheval ont nécessité la construction de bâtiments d'une extrême diversité. C'est cet ensemble, à la fois abondant et hétéroclite, que les auteurs du présent ouvrage appellent l'Architecture équestre. Si de nombreux édifices, destinés à l'origine au cheval. ont, sous l'effet de la modernisation, changé d'affectation, ce patrimoine reste de nos jours encore d'une extraordinaire richesse et pourtant fort peu étudié - exception faite de quelques bâtiments célèbres. tels ceux de Chantilly où, selon la légende, le duc de Condé, persuadé d'être après sa mort réincarné en cheval, fit construire les fameuses et somptueuses Grandes écuries, dignes de le recevoir un jour. Sous l'égide de l'Ecole nationale d'équitation (Saumur), Patrice Franchet d'Espèrey, écuyer du Cadre Noir, et Pascal Liévaux, conservateur en chef du Patrimoine, ont mis fin à cette anomalie en réunissant une équipe interdisciplinaire d'une vingtaine de spécialistes, dont on trouvera ici les contributions. Celles-ci attirent l'attention sur des monuments et hauts lieux souvent trop peu connus, les replaçant dans leur contexte hippologique, politique, social et culturel. Volontairement limité au patrimoine européen, de la fin du Moyen Age à nos jours, le champ d'étude du présent ouvrage englobe l'architecture équestre sous toutes ses formes - que ce soit à des fins militaires, académiques, économiques, de loisir ou de représentation - et sous ses différents aspects : le rôle des commanditaires et des architectes, la disposition des bâtiments, les matériaux et techniques employés, le style et le décor architectural, les influences, enfin, au plan national et international.

    • Themes:

      Environment

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Equitation in the French tradition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Linxi, Y. (2007) The difference of the Intangible Heritage Protection System between China and Korea from the case study of Gangneung Danoje Festival. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Linxi, Y. (2007) The difference of the Intangible Heritage Protection System between China and Korea from the case study of Gangneung Danoje Festival. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Linxi, Yang
      Journal Study of Ethnics in Guangxi
      Language English
      Title The difference of the Intangible Heritage Protection System between China and Korea from the case study of Gangneung Danoje Festival
      Volume 1
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The Gangneung Danoje Festival was appeared in the World Heritage List successfully made a big influence in China. The origin of Chinese Duanwu Festival and Korean Gangneung Danoje Festival is actually the protection and development of the Chinese traditional culture heritage. The academic returns focus on the culture itself but not the Protection system of the intangible heritage. The difficulty of obtaining the Korean material makes this study tougher. This paper did the research with the Korean materials and research into the cultural origin, compared with the cultural difference between them, then analyzed the Korean protection system for the intangible heritage. It reminds us that in the period of the development of the society, we should also be aware of the protection of the traditional culture, or we will lose our cultural identification and cultural origin.

    • Themes:

      International cooperation, Transnational heritage, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      China, Republic of Korea

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gangneung Danoje festival

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lipp, T. Picturing Intangible Heritage: Challenge for Visual Anthropology Vision of an Intangible Heritage Media Institute.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lipp, T. Picturing Intangible Heritage: Challenge for Visual Anthropology Vision of an Intangible Heritage Media Institute.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lipp, Thorolf
      Language English
      Title Picturing Intangible Heritage: Challenge for Visual Anthropology Vision of an Intangible Heritage Media Institute

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lira, S. & Amoeda, R. (2009) Constructing Intangible Heritage Green lines Institute.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lira, S. & Amoeda, R. (2009) Constructing Intangible Heritage Green lines Institute.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lira, Sergio AND Amoeda, Rogerio
      Language English
      Publisher Green lines Institute
      Title Constructing Intangible Heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      http://clok.uclan.ac.uk/10701/1/CIH_Contents.pdf

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance

    • Public URL:

      http://www.greenlines-institute.org/greenlines-institute/Pdfs/pdfs_bookstore/CIH_Contents.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Littler, J. 2008. Heritage and ‘Race’.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Littler, J. 2008. Heritage and ‘Race’.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Littler, Jo
      Book title Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity
      Editor(s) Brian Graham and Peter Howard
      Language English
      Pages 89-104)
      Publisher Ashgate
      Title Heritage and ‘Race’
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-19)

    • Public URL:

      http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/6030/1/heritage%20and%20'race'.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liu, L. (2002) Yunnan Should Attach Importance to the Protection of Ethnic Cultures in the Process of Modernization. IN Journal of Yunnan Institute of The Nationalities (Social Sciences), 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liu, L. (2002) Yunnan Should Attach Importance to the Protection of Ethnic Cultures in the Process of Modernization. IN Journal of Yunnan Institute of The Nationalities (Social Sciences), 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liu, Lan-kai
      Journal Journal of Yunnan Institute of The Nationalities (Social Sciences)
      Language English
      Title Yunnan Should Attach Importance to the Protection of Ethnic Cultures in the Process of Modernization
      Volume 4
      Year 2002
    • Themes:

      Minority groups, Loss of significance, Rapid economic transformation

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liu, L. & He, J. 2009. Empirical Study on the Recognition Degree for Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Masse. A Case Study on the Recognition of Liaoning's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Shenyang Citizens.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liu, L. & He, J. 2009. Empirical Study on the Recognition Degree for Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Masse. A Case Study on the Recognition of Liaoning's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Shenyang Citizens.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liu, Li-hua AND He, Jun
      Language English
      Title Empirical Study on the Recognition Degree for Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Masse. A Case Study on the Recognition of Liaoning's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Shenyang Citizens
      Volume 4
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Civil society, Community participation

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Liu, T., Zhang, Y., Gao, L. & Wang, Y. (2009) Rescue and vigor revival on the intangible heritage of ancient town. A Case Study of The Dayang Ancient Town, Shanxi Province. IN Human Geography, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Liu, T., Zhang, Y., Gao, L. & Wang, Y. (2009) Rescue and vigor revival on the intangible heritage of ancient town. A Case Study of The Dayang Ancient Town, Shanxi Province. IN Human Geography, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Liu, Ting AND Zhang, Yang-sheng AND Gao, Lian-hai AND Wang, Yin
      Journal Human Geography
      Language English
      Title Rescue and vigor revival on the intangible heritage of ancient town. A Case Study of The Dayang Ancient Town, Shanxi Province
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      As a particular district, the characters of ancient towns can be expressed by not only its tangible,but also its intangible heritages, such as folk custom, music, which are the important resources and signs of ancient towns. The existent circumstance of the intangible heritages of ancient town, however, is still ignored and the protection work on the intangible heritages of the ancient town is also confronted with many problems in China, including the lack of whole protection consciousness, inadequate protecting strength, imperfect related system, insufficient fund devotion, severe waste of resources, and so on. The paper, first, describes the composition, characteristics, important value and currently dangerous situation about the intangible heritages in China. The authors believe that intangible heritages have extremely important value to whole mankind, being the carrier of civil inheritance and linking the past, present and future of human being. Then, taking Dayang, an ancient town of Shanxi Province as a case, the paper analyzes the reasons causing the above problems. Finally, the paper brings forward some relevantly scientific strategies for the rescue, protection and vigor revival of intangible heritages in ancient town, including 1) the local culture resources should be investigated; 2) the intangible heritages should be registered and protected on the basis of humanism; 3) and the public involvement system should be perfected; 4) and the new carrier of intangible heritages should be chosen. Specifically, the paper argues that industrialization of culture is the most effective way to revive the vigor of intangible heritages in ancient town, making the culture resources of ancient town into the dominant position, enhancing both vigor and competitiveness of the ancient town, and bringing both social and economical benefits. The authors hold that culture industry provides the new drive for the conservation of ancient town while the development of the culture industry makes up the conflict between the economical development and the culture protection. The relevant scientific strategies in paper make a good theoretic infrastructure for commence and further development of the ancient town's cultural industry.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Economic and social development, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2011) Selecting Heritage: The Interplay of Art, Politics and Identity. IN The European Journal of International Law, 22. 81–100.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2011) Selecting Heritage: The Interplay of Art, Politics and Identity. IN The European Journal of International Law, 22. 81–100.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal The European Journal of International Law
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 81-100
      Title Selecting Heritage: The Interplay of Art, Politics and Identity
      Volume 22
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      This article discusses the international protection of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) by a UNESCO-based regime created by the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. This Convention has experienced very fast ratification (127 states parties less than seven years after its approval), but this is in no small part attributable to a certain lack of ‘legal bite’ of the instrument. There are several layers of state sovereignty imbued in the instrument, as well as weak mechanisms for community participation. These are reflected by a state prerogative in determining what the intangible heritage within their territories is for international safeguarding purposes, therefore having the chance to stifle in- ternal dissent by ignoring minority cultures or even appropriating them and depriving them of political meanings. The early practice under the Convention, including the first nomina- tions, puts these structural shortcomings in further evidence. However, recent reforms to the operational directives for the implementation of the Convention have already taken decisive steps towards increasing community participation, even when this means eroding state privi- leges with regard to the Convention.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Community participation

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-10-20)

    • Public URL:

      https://academic.oup.com/ejil/article/22/1/81/436556

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2012) Luci e Ombre : The Bright and Dark Sides of International Heritage Law. IN Italian Yearbook of International Law, 22. 133–153.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2012) Luci e Ombre : The Bright and Dark Sides of International Heritage Law. IN Italian Yearbook of International Law, 22. 133–153.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, L.
      Journal Italian Yearbook of International Law
      Language English
      Pages 133--153
      Title Luci e Ombre : The Bright and Dark Sides of International Heritage Law
      Volume 22
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      The article discusses the achievements of international legal regimes for the protection and safeguarding of cultural heritage, focusing on the regimes created under the auspices of UNESCO. It argues that, even though there are many achievements of these regimes, and that these should be celebrated, each major achievement (bright side) casts a shadow (a dark side), which comes to show the unintended consequences of international heritage law. The dark sides often stem from an over-reliance on the law as a vocabulary for articulating heritage matters, while overlooking the limitations of the law as a discipline and a tool in the constantly-changing realm of heritage. The article calls for a more self-aware international heritage law, one that is willing to consider both the lights and the shadows of these regimes.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Awareness-raising, Heritage institutions, Legislation, Other international framework

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2013) Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2013) Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, L.
      Edition Oxford University Press
      Language English
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      This book offers a comprehensive look at the legal safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage (ICH). It maps the legal possibilities, both within institutions and more substantive solutions, pertaining ICH. By incorporating different disciplinary takes on the issues associated with safeguarding intangible heritage, this book tells a story about how the law works and ought to work towards protecting communities, as those from where ICH stems, and to whom benefits of its exploitation must return. ICH can be safeguarded by institutions on three different levels: international, regional and national. At the international level, the foremost initiative is the specific UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003). At the regional level, initiatives are undertaken both in schemes of political and economic integration, a common thread being that ICH helps promote a common identity for the region, becoming thus a desirable staple of integration. Domestically, responses range from strong constitutional forms of protection to rather weak policy initiatives aimed primarily at attracting foreign aid. Intangible heritage can also be safeguarded via substantive law, and, in this respect, the book looks at the potentials and pitfalls of human rights law, intellectual property tools and contractual approaches. Human rights law is a useful tool because of the connection between ICH and cultural identity, but it disregards the important group dimension of heritage. Intellectual property offers the strongest form of protection, but it easily ossifies heritage. Finally, contractual approaches can be used, meaning legal arrangements directly amongst the different stakeholders interested in economically exploiting intangible heritage.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Heritage institutions, Intellectual property, Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2013) International Cultural Heritage Regimes, International Law, and the Politics of Expertise. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 20. 407–429.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2013) International Cultural Heritage Regimes, International Law, and the Politics of Expertise. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 20. 407–429.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 407-429
      Title International Cultural Heritage Regimes, International Law, and the Politics of Expertise
      Volume 20
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      The article examines the problematic politics of expertise in the formation of international legal rules in the field of heritage, looking specifically at international conventions made under the auspices of UNESCO. The article shows that, even within this seemingly small and cohesive universe, there is a lot of room for disagreement, and much of it can be traced back to what Laurajane Smith has called “the Authorized Heritage Discourse” (AHD). The AHD is responsible for the dichotomization of heritage between intangible and tangible, as heritage professionals strive to hold on to and expand their self-created professional legitimacy and importance. Heritage professionals, in striving to maintain their relevance, tend to create self-referential regimes that exclude heritage holders and communities. I argue that lawyers, because of their own professional tendencies, might be in a position to offer a counterpoint to rule by experts in international cultural heritage management.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, 1954 Convention, 1972 Convention, Other international framework

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2014) A Tale of Two Heritages: Claims of Ownership over Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Myth of "Authenticity". IN Transnational Dispute Management, 11 (2).

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2014) A Tale of Two Heritages: Claims of Ownership over Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Myth of "Authenticity". IN Transnational Dispute Management, 11 (2).

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, L.
      Journal Transnational Dispute Management
      Language English
      Title A Tale of Two Heritages: Claims of Ownership over Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Myth of "Authenticity"
      Volume 11 (2)
      Year 2014
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Conflicts

    • Country:

      China, Republic of Korea

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Dragon Boat festival

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/21706690/A_Tale_of_Two_Heritages_Claims_of_Ownership_over_Intangible_Cultural_Heritage_and_the_Myth_of_Authenticity

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2015) Heritage Listing as a Tool for Advocacy: The Possibilities for Dissent, Contestation, and Emancipation in International Law Through International Cultural Heritage Law. IN Asian Journal of International Law, 5. 387–409.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2015) Heritage Listing as a Tool for Advocacy: The Possibilities for Dissent, Contestation, and Emancipation in International Law Through International Cultural Heritage Law. IN Asian Journal of International Law, 5. 387–409.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal Asian Journal of International Law
      Pages 387-409
      Title Heritage Listing as a Tool for Advocacy: The Possibilities for Dissent, Contestation, and Emancipation in International Law Through International Cultural Heritage Law
      Volume 5
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      This paper discusses the possible uses of heritage listing under UNESCO for the promotion of broader political and social agendas by minority groups. The paper uses as a case-study the “Buddhist Chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India”. This heritage showcases issues of Tibetan autonomy (both within India and more broadly), relationships between Tibetan and Muslim cultures, and regional autonomy and accommodation of cultural minorities in the Indian state. There are many uses of listing Ladakhi heritage, ranging from listing as a means for autonomy of the Ladakhi, to listing as an instrument of domination, or even geographical control. I argue that heritage listing is not as “apolitical” as normally thought of, and it can be used as a mechanism to both benefit or harm minority groups and the advocacy of their claims within or against the territorial state.

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2015) Sustainable Development in International Heritage Law: Embracing a Backwards Look for the Sake of Forwardness? IN Australian Yearbok of International Law, 32. 65–86.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2015) Sustainable Development in International Heritage Law: Embracing a Backwards Look for the Sake of Forwardness? IN Australian Yearbok of International Law, 32. 65–86.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal Australian Yearbok of International Law
      Language English
      Pages 65-86
      Title Sustainable Development in International Heritage Law: Embracing a Backwards Look for the Sake of Forwardness?
      Volume 32
      Year 2015
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Sustainable development, 1972 Convention, Freezing

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Marimba music, traditional chants and dances from the Colombia South Pacific region and Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2018) Food as Heritage and Multi-Level International Legal Governance'. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 25. 469–490.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2018) Food as Heritage and Multi-Level International Legal Governance'. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 25. 469–490.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Pages 469-490
      Title Food as Heritage and Multi-Level International Legal Governance'
      Volume 25
      Year 2018
    • Abstract:

      This article focuses on the issue of framing of food in international law, as a means to highlight the specific dimensions of food that are the focus of food as heritage under the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The specific example of Mexican traditional cuisine is used as a prism through which to analyze regulatory choices across a range of organizations in the United Nations System, yielding a number of frames: food as heritage, food as a human right, food as indigeneity, food as biodiversity, and food as a regulatory object. The frames are natural consequences of the mandates of the bodies addressing food, and the article argues that food as heritage needs to be more clearly engaged with other dimensions of food in international law, lest food becomes just a tourist attraction under the intangible heritage regime.

    • Themes:

      Food, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Convention on Biological Diversity

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2018) Trialogical Subsidiarity in International and Comparative Law: Engagement with International Treaties by Sub-State Entities as Resistance or Innovation. IN Canadian Yearbook of International Law, 55. 1–32.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2018) Trialogical Subsidiarity in International and Comparative Law: Engagement with International Treaties by Sub-State Entities as Resistance or Innovation. IN Canadian Yearbook of International Law, 55. 1–32.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Journal Canadian Yearbook of International Law
      Pages 1-32
      Title Trialogical Subsidiarity in International and Comparative Law: Engagement with International Treaties by Sub-State Entities as Resistance or Innovation
      Volume 55
      Year 2018
    • Abstract:

      This article proposes a new model for the engagement of sub-state units with the international legal order. “Trialogical subsidiarity” acknowledges that some areas are best regulated locally, but it also argues that international law has an increasing say in areas traditionally reserved for local law. The implementation of an international cultural heritage treaty by constituent units (CUs) in federal states, despite objections of the federal authorities, is a case study for the possibilities and implications of the use of international law by CUs without the filtering of the central state. This use enhances the legitimacy of international law and can lead to better outcomes for local populations, moving international law closer to its promise of being a law of peoples rather than of states.

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. (2019) International Heritage Law for Communities Exclusion and Re-Imagination UNSW Faculty of Law, Oxford University Press.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. (2019) International Heritage Law for Communities Exclusion and Re-Imagination UNSW Faculty of Law, Oxford University Press.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UNSW Faculty of Law
      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Publisher Oxford University Press
      Title International Heritage Law for Communities Exclusion and Re-Imagination
      Year 2019
    • Abstract:

      This book critically engages the shortcomings of the field of international heritage law, seen through the lenses of the five major UNESCO treaties for the safeguarding of different types of heritage. It argues that these five treaties have effectively prevented local communities, who bear the brunt of the costs associated with international heritage protection, from having a say in how their heritage is managed. The exclusion of local communities often alienates them not only from international decision-making processes but also from their cultural heritage itself, ultimately meaning that systems put in place for the protection of cultural heritage contribute to its disappearance in the long term. International Heritage Law for Communities adds to existing literature by looking at these UNESCO treaties not as isolated regimes, but rather as belonging to a discursive continuum on cultural heritage. In doing so, the book focuses on themes that cut across the relevant UNESCO regimes like the use of expert rule in international heritage law, economics, the relationship between heritage and the environment, among others, rather than the regimes themselves. It uses this mechanism to highlight the blind spots and unintended consequences of UNESCO treaties and how choices made in their drafting have continuing and potentially negative impacts on how we think about and safeguard heritage.

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://global.oup.com/academic/product/international-heritage-law-for-communities-9780198843306?cc=au&lang=en

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. & Buckingham, L. 2015. Propertization, safeguarding and the cultural commons The turf wars of intangible cultural heritage and traditional cultural expressions.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. & Buckingham, L. 2015. Propertization, safeguarding and the cultural commons The turf wars of intangible cultural heritage and traditional cultural expressions.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas AND Buckingham, Louise
      Book title Culture and International Economic Law
      Editor(s) Valentina Vadi and Bruno de Witte
      Language English
      Pages 160-174
      Publisher Routledge
      Title Propertization, safeguarding and the cultural commons The turf wars of intangible cultural heritage and traditional cultural expressions
      Year 2015
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, WIPO, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, International cooperation, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. & Schreiber, H. (2017) Guest Editorial: Intangible Cultural Heritage: Successes, Disappointments, and Challenges. IN Santander Art & Culture Law Review, 2017. 17–20.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. & Schreiber, H. (2017) Guest Editorial: Intangible Cultural Heritage: Successes, Disappointments, and Challenges. IN Santander Art & Culture Law Review, 2017. 17–20.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas AND Schreiber, Hanna
      Journal Santander Art & Culture Law Review
      Number 2
      Pages 17-20
      Title Guest Editorial: Intangible Cultural Heritage: Successes, Disappointments, and Challenges
      Volume 2017
      Year 2017
    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2014. Heritage for Whom? Individuals' and Communities' Roles in International Cultural Heritage Law.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2014. Heritage for Whom? Individuals' and Communities' Roles in International Cultural Heritage Law.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title International Law for Common Goods - Normative Perspectives on Human Rights, Culture and Nature
      Editor(s) Federico Lenzerini and Ana Vrdoljak
      Language English
      Pages 193-213
      Publisher Hart Publishing
      Title Heritage for Whom? Individuals' and Communities' Roles in International Cultural Heritage Law
      Year 2014
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Legislation, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.hartpub.co.uk/BookDetails.aspx?ISBN=9781849465199

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2016. Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2016. Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title Culture and Human Rights – The Wroclaw Commentaries
      Editor(s) Wiesand A; Chainoglou K; Sledzinska-Simon A; Donders Y
      Language English
      Pages 189-191
      Publisher De Gruyter
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2016
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Human rights, Minority groups, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2017. Falling Short: the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Regime, Indigenous heritage and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2017. Falling Short: the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Regime, Indigenous heritage and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UNSW Faculty of Law
      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title Indigenous Rights: Changes and Challenges in the 21st Century
      Editor(s) Sarah Sargent
      Language English
      Pages 37-54
      Publisher Buckingham University Press
      Title Falling Short: the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Regime, Indigenous heritage and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
      Year 2017
    • Themes:

      Human rights, Indigenous peoples, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Colombia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü’üi (palabrero)

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    • Public URL:

      https://ubpl.buckingham.ac.uk/?wpsc-product=indigenous-rights-changes-and-challenges-in-the-21st-century

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2017. Heritage Listing as Self-determination.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2017. Heritage Listing as Self-determination.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UNSW Faculty of Law
      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title Heritage, Culture and Rights: Challenging Legal Discourses
      Editor(s) Andrea Durbach and Lucas Lixinski
      Language English
      Pages 227-249
      Publisher Hart Publishing
      Title Heritage Listing as Self-determination
      Year 2017
    • Themes:

      Community participation, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Inventorying, Minority groups, 1954 Convention, 1972 Convention, Other international framework, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Colombia, India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2018. Intangible heritage economics and the law Listing, commodification and market alienation.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2018. Intangible heritage economics and the law Listing, commodification and market alienation.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title Safeguarding Intangible Heritage Practices and Politics
      Editor(s) Natsuko Akagawa and Laurajane Smith
      Language English
      Pages 54-67
      Title Intangible heritage economics and the law Listing, commodification and market alienation
      Year 2018
    • Abstract:

      A common assumption among heritage lawyers is that cultural heritage is too special, too unique, to be put alongside other things. This chapter examines the under-developed relationship between intangible cultural heritage (ICH) and economics. It traces initial attempts at tackling economics in revisions of the Operational Directives to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, as well as the relationship between ICH and economics in fora like the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the World Tourism Organization. The WIPO draft articles on the protection of Traditional Cultural Expressions make an effort to engage with communities, and thus set themselves apart from conventional IP regimes. Economic interests can be coopted by the tourist industry or by governments, but it never seems to be within reach of the communities, whether they wish to embrace or reject the commodification and exploitation of their heritage.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Market economy, Tourism, Convention on Biological Diversity, Other international framework, WIPO, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. 2018. Regional and international treaties on intangible cultural heritage: between tradition and contemporary culture.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. 2018. Regional and international treaties on intangible cultural heritage: between tradition and contemporary culture.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UNSW Faculty of Law
      Author Lixinski, Lucas
      Book title Research Handbook on Contemporary Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Heritage
      Editor(s) Waelde C; Cummings C; Pavis M; Enright H
      Language English
      Pages 15-34
      Title Regional and international treaties on intangible cultural heritage: between tradition and contemporary culture
      Year 2018
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Human rights, Intellectual property, 1972 Convention, FARO Convention, Other international framework

    • Suggested by:

      Lucas Lixinski (2019-11-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lixinski, L. Between Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: the Troubled Relationships between Heritage Studies and Heritage Law. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lixinski, L. Between Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: the Troubled Relationships between Heritage Studies and Heritage Law. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lixinski, L.
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Title Between Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: the Troubled Relationships between Heritage Studies and Heritage Law
    • Abstract:

      This article discusses the relationships between heritage law (HL) and heritage studies (HS) from the perspective of international law. More specifically, it focuses on the ways in which HL scholars have integrated (or failed to integrate) HS considerations into their work, and vice versa. The paper shows that the relationship between HL and HS is better resolved with respect to orthodox approaches to both law and heritage. More specifically, orthodox HS and HL take each other into account only lightly, a strategy that, while unsatisfactory on many grounds, is balanced on both sides. However, when it comes to heterodox (critical) analyses in these fields, the relationship is far more fragile and unbalanced, from the point of view of heterodox HS, the law tends to be neglected or even sometimes rejected; whereas from the point of view of HL, there is a more conscious effort to fully engage with HS, which is made difficult by heterodox HS’s push against the law. This dissonance can lead to severe difficulties in understanding heritage work and even the field itself.

    • Themes:

      Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lizcano Angarita, M. S. & Gonzales Cueto, D. (2005) Carnaval de Barranquilla : Patrimonio de la humanidad.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lizcano Angarita, M. S. & Gonzales Cueto, D. (2005) Carnaval de Barranquilla : Patrimonio de la humanidad.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lizcano Angarita, Martha Sofia AND Gonzales Cueto, Danny
      Language Spanish
      Title Carnaval de Barranquilla : Patrimonio de la humanidad
      Year 2005
    • Country:

      Colombia

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Carnival of Barranquilla

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lizet, B. (1989) La Bête noire : à la recherche du cheval parfait.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lizet, B. (1989) La Bête noire : à la recherche du cheval parfait.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lizet, Bernadette
      ISBN 2-7351-0317-X
      Language French
      Note Collection : Ethnologie de la France
      Title La Bête noire : à la recherche du cheval parfait
      Year 1989
    • Abstract:

      À partir d'une patiente et minutieuse enquête ethnohistorique sur le cheval noir de la Nièvre, Bernadette Lizet nous invite à une passionnante réflexion sur l’émergence des races de trait au siècle dernier et interroge la notion de « sang sous la masse ».

    • Themes:

      SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Equitation in the French tradition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lloyd, G. (2009) The Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Policy. A case study of Angkor.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lloyd, G. (2009) The Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Policy. A case study of Angkor.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lloyd, Georgina
      Language English
      Title The Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Policy. A case study of Angkor
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Legislation, Other international framework

    • Country:

      Cambodia

    • Public URL:

      https://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/7027

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Loba, T. & Del Carmelo, E. (2004) Herencia patrimonial intangible en la Comarca de Lorca. Las cuadrillas en el ocaso del mundo tradicional: aportaciones en torno a su música. IN Alberca: Revista de la Asociación de Amigos del Museo Arqueológico de Lorca, . 231–245.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Loba, T. & Del Carmelo, E. (2004) Herencia patrimonial intangible en la Comarca de Lorca. Las cuadrillas en el ocaso del mundo tradicional: aportaciones en torno a su música. IN Alberca: Revista de la Asociación de Amigos del Museo Arqueológico de Lorca, . 231–245.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Loba, Tomas and Del Carmelo, Emilio
      ISSN 1697-2708
      Journal Alberca: Revista de la Asociación de Amigos del Museo Arqueológico de Lorca
      Language Spanish
      Number 2
      Pages 231--245
      Title Herencia patrimonial intangible en la Comarca de Lorca. Las cuadrillas en el ocaso del mundo tradicional: aportaciones en torno a su música
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W. (2007) Heritage education at universities. IN Heritage Education: Capacity Building in Heritage Management. Frankfurt am Main/Cottbus, Germany, IKO-Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation/Brandenburg Technical University, . 64–69.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W. (2007) Heritage education at universities. IN Heritage Education: Capacity Building in Heritage Management. Frankfurt am Main/Cottbus, Germany, IKO-Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation/Brandenburg Technical University, . 64–69.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William
      Journal Heritage Education: Capacity Building in Heritage Management. Frankfurt am Main/Cottbus, Germany, IKO-Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation/Brandenburg Technical University
      Language English
      Pages 64--69
      Title Heritage education at universities
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W. (2011) Playing the devil’s advocate: protecting intangible cultural heritage and the infringement of human rights. IN Historic environment, 22. 14–18.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W. (2011) Playing the devil’s advocate: protecting intangible cultural heritage and the infringement of human rights. IN Historic environment, 22. 14–18.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William
      ISSN 0726-6715
      Journal Historic environment
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 14--18
      Title Playing the devil’s advocate: protecting intangible cultural heritage and the infringement of human rights
      Volume 22
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Adopted in 2003 and coming into force in 2006, the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage has now been ratified or otherwise approved by 112 national governments. It is notable, however, that a number of countries which have been strongly involved in the World Heritage system have so far chosen not to ratify the Convention. Australia is one of these countries. This paper explores some of the reasons for this widespread resistance in terms of the key concepts, the system now set up under the Operational Directives, the impacts on communities whose intangible heritage has been nominated or not nominated for inscription on the Representative List, and human rights. In writing this paper, I am playing Devil’s Advocate, raising the issues that cause concern but with the view that, if these issues can be resolved, resistance to ratification may disappear. Nevertheless the paper concludes that, as an alternative to adopting the listing established under the Convention, a more democratic and broadly based set of consultative programs might achieve more effective maintenance of the diverse intangible cultural heritage of Australia and other resistant nations.

    • Themes:

      Human rights, 2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    • Country:

      Australia

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306256667_Playing_the_devil's_advocate_protecting_intangible_cultural_heritage_and_the_infringement_of_human_rights

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W. 2008. Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W. 2008. Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William
      Book title The Ashgate research companion to heritage and identity
      Graham, Brian J. and Howard, Peter
      Edition Ashgate Publishing
      Language English
      Pages 439--454
      Title Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This theoretically innovative anthology investigates the problematic linkages between conserving cultural heritage, maintaining cultural diversity, defining and establishing cultural citizenship, and enforcing human rights. It is the first publication to address the notions of cultural diversity, cultural heritage and human rights in one volume. Heritage provides the basis of humanity’s rich cultural diversity. While there is a considerable literature dealing separately with cultural diversity, cultural heritage and human rights, this book is distinctive and has contemporary relevance in focusing on the intersection between the three concepts. Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights establishes a fresh approach that will interest students and practitioners alike and on which future work in the heritage field might proceed.

    • Themes:

      Human rights

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273389163_Cultural_Diversity_Heritage_and_Human_Rights_Intersections_in_Theory_and_Practice

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W. S. (2007) Closing Pandora’s Box: Human Rights Conundrums in Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 33–52.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W. S. (2007) Closing Pandora’s Box: Human Rights Conundrums in Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 33–52.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William S.
      Journal Cultural heritage and human rights
      Language English
      Pages 33--52
      Title Closing Pandora’s Box: Human Rights Conundrums in Cultural Heritage Protection
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      On 20 January 2006, Romania became the 30th State Party to sign UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage. This meant that the Convention, which had been approved by UNESCO’s General Conference in 2003, entered into force on 20 April 2006 (as it required 30 signatories to become operational). The Convention signaled the expansion of the global system of heritage protection from the tangible (that is, heritage places and artifacts) to the intangible. Article 2 of the Convention describes intangible cultural heritage as “practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills” — in other words, heritage that is embodied in people rather than in inanimate objects. It is an expansion that many heritage professionals, including some in UNESCO itself, see as opening up a Pandora’s box of difficulties, confusions, and complexities. The chapter deals mostly with global efforts to protect cultural heritage, although much also applies at the national and local levels. It aims to set a broad agenda for the specific, detailed case studies that must follow as well as for educational curricula in heritage studies. The chapter reflects my personal involvement in the cultural heritage field over three decades, including extensive work with UNESCO and other global agencies, notably ICOMOS and ICCROM, although I hasten to add that the opinions expressed are my own and are not intended to represent the official views of any of these organizations.

    • Themes:

      Human rights, 2003 Convention genesis

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226197399_Closing_Pandora's_Box_Human_Rights_Conundrums_in_Cultural_Heritage_Protection

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W. S. (2007) Reshaping the ‘sunburnt country’: Heritage and cultural politics in contemporary Australia. IN Geographies of Australian Heritages: Loving a Sunburnt Country, . 207–223.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W. S. (2007) Reshaping the ‘sunburnt country’: Heritage and cultural politics in contemporary Australia. IN Geographies of Australian Heritages: Loving a Sunburnt Country, . 207–223.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William S.
      Journal Geographies of Australian Heritages: Loving a Sunburnt Country
      Language English
      Pages 207--223
      Title Reshaping the ‘sunburnt country’: Heritage and cultural politics in contemporary Australia
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Minority groups, Policy making

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Logan, W., Langfield, M. & Craith, M. N. (2010) Intersecting concepts and practices. IN Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights: intersections in theory and practice, . 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Logan, W., Langfield, M. & Craith, M. N. (2010) Intersecting concepts and practices. IN Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights: intersections in theory and practice, . 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Logan, William AND Langfield, Michele AND Craith, Máiréad Nic
      ISSN 0415563666
      Journal Cultural diversity, heritage and human rights: intersections in theory and practice
      Language English
      Pages 1
      Title Intersecting concepts and practices
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      This volume in the Key Issues in Cultural Heritage series investigates the linkages between conserving cultural heritage, maintaining cultural diversity and enforcing human rights. The three concepts of cultural diversity, heritage and human rights have been researched widely over the past 60 years since the United Nations Organization (1945) and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO 1946) were formed and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted (1948). In the scholarly world, however, the concepts have tended to be studied separately, with the various disciplines focusing more on one concept than the others, whereas, in fact, the concepts developed alongside each other and are inextricably linked. Recognition of these linkages influences the way in which the purpose of heritage conservation is seen and heritage protection work is carried out. These linkages are enshrined today in much of the agenda and discourse of the UN and its associated global bodies, such as UNESCO, as well as in some nation states and local governments and their agencies. The linkages appear to be well understood in the international committees and secretariats of the global heritage bodies. In 2008 the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), for instance, ranked human rights issues associated with heritage, both natural and cultural, as one of seven 'new and complex global pressures' impacting negatively on conservation outcomes (ICOMOS 2008: 5). But the linkages remain poorly understood by the heritage conservation profession in many countries, where too often heritage work is seen as merely technical. It is essential for those engaged in heritage conservation projects to understand the broader economic, political and social context of their work and to recognize that official heritage interventions can have many motives, be used to achieve political aims, and, at their worst, can undermine rather than strengthen community identity, cultural diversity and human rights.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Human rights

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265351985_Intersecting_concepts_and_practices

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lombardo, V., Pizzo, A. & Damiano, R. (2016) Safeguarding and Accessing Drama as Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH), 9.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lombardo, V., Pizzo, A. & Damiano, R. (2016) Safeguarding and Accessing Drama as Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH), 9.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lombardo, Vincenzo AND Pizzo, Antonio AND Damiano, Rossana
      Journal Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage (JOCCH)
      Language English
      Number 1
      Title Safeguarding and Accessing Drama as Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 9
      Year 2016
    • Abstract:

      Storytelling, especially in the form called drama, is pervasive across cultures and ages. Though much attention has been devoted to the preservation of the physical supports of drama (e.g., films and tapes), there is a widespread acknowledgment that such tangible heritage is the expression of an intangible notion of drama. This article introduces drama as a form of intangible cultural heritage and presents a solution for its preservation in terms of a formal encoding through a computational ontology. After the review of a formal representation of drama, called Drammar, developed in previous works, we show how an abstraction of drama can be encoded into a digital item. We also show how the method proposed is compliant with the major initiatives for the documentation of cultural heritage, namely CIDOC-CRM and FRBR. Finally, we test the applicability of our solution by showing how the major tenets of two well-known theories of drama can be encoded in Drammar and presenting the results of a focus group of drama scholars and practitioners who have accessed the encoding through a visualization system. The encoding and visualization system have turned out to be a promising support for teaching and investigating drama.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Oral traditions and expressions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Londrès, C. (2004) The registry of intangible heritage: the Brazilian experience. IN Museum international, 56. 166–173.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Londrès, C. (2004) The registry of intangible heritage: the Brazilian experience. IN Museum international, 56. 166–173.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Londrès, Cecilia
      ISSN 1468-0033
      Journal Museum international
      Language English,Arabic,French,Korean,Spanish
      Number 1?2
      Pages 166--173
      Title The registry of intangible heritage: the Brazilian experience
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Register of good safeguarding practices

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135871

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Long-fei, W. & Zhong-gan, Y. (2008) Protection of Shaolin Kungfu from viewpoint of intangible cultural heritage. IN Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Long-fei, W. & Zhong-gan, Y. (2008) Protection of Shaolin Kungfu from viewpoint of intangible cultural heritage. IN Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Long-fei, Wang AND Zhong-gan, Yu
      Journal Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education
      Language English
      Title Protection of Shaolin Kungfu from viewpoint of intangible cultural heritage
      Volume 4
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Taking Shaolin Kungfu as the study objective and viewing from the angle of the intangible cultural heritage,this paper analyzed the inefficient state of Shaolin Kungfu protection by using other countries successful experience in the intangible cultural heritage protection for reference.It was indicated that the key to protecting Shaolin Kungfu was to reserve its living environment,and to adapt itself to the development of the society.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Long, L. (2008) Protection of the non-material cultural heritage and the landscape planning in the new rural construction. IN Shanxi Architecture, 24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Long, L. (2008) Protection of the non-material cultural heritage and the landscape planning in the new rural construction. IN Shanxi Architecture, 24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Long, Liu
      Journal Shanxi Architecture
      Language English
      Title Protection of the non-material cultural heritage and the landscape planning in the new rural construction
      Volume 24
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Combined with the policy and the environment of the new rural construction,the author studies the non-material cultural heritage and the landscape planning in the rural,analyzes the problems,and discusses the reasonable solution of the landscape planning,the protection of the non-material cultural heritage and the creation of the harmonious intergrowth environment.

    • Themes:

      Environment, SDG 15: Life on Land

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • López Bravo, C. (2004) El Patrimonio cultural inmaterial en la legislación española. Una reflexión desde la Convención de la UNESCO de 2003. IN Patrimonio cultural y derecho, . 203–216.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      López Bravo, C. (2004) El Patrimonio cultural inmaterial en la legislación española. Una reflexión desde la Convención de la UNESCO de 2003. IN Patrimonio cultural y derecho, . 203–216.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author López Bravo, Carlos
      ISSN 1138-3704
      Journal Patrimonio cultural y derecho
      Language Spanish
      Number 8
      Pages 203--216
      Title El Patrimonio cultural inmaterial en la legislación española. Una reflexión desde la Convención de la UNESCO de 2003
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • López López, J. D. D. & García Castano, J. F. (2011) Tradición, conflicto y valores en la fiesta: El patrimonio inmaterial desde un enfoque intercultural. IN Actas del I Congreso Internacional sobre Migraciones en Andalucía, . 1893–1901.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      López López, J. D. D. & García Castano, J. F. (2011) Tradición, conflicto y valores en la fiesta: El patrimonio inmaterial desde un enfoque intercultural. IN Actas del I Congreso Internacional sobre Migraciones en Andalucía, . 1893–1901.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author López López, Juan De Dios AND García Castano, F. Javier
      Editor(s) {Instituto de Migraciones}
      ISSN 978-84-921390-3-3
      Journal Actas del I Congreso Internacional sobre Migraciones en Andalucía
      Language Spanish
      Pages 1893--1901
      Title Tradición, conflicto y valores en la fiesta: El patrimonio inmaterial desde un enfoque intercultural
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      El texto comienza situando el origen de la cuestión del patrimonio inmaterial en los discursos del folklore decimonónico, señalando sus paralelismos y subrayando cómo ha ido evolucionando el concepto. En segundo lugar, examinamos cómo han sido observados los rituales festivos desde la óptica del patrimonio y, mediante la comparación de determinados casos etnográficos concretos, nos detenemos en tres operaciones básicas por las cuáles determinadas fiestas pueden pasar a formar parte del acervo patrimonial: la producción de consenso, la vinculación con la tradición y la atribución de valores colectivos. Finalmente, reflexionamos acerca de cuáles pueden ser las contribuciones de una “antropología de la interculturalidad” al concepto de patrimonio inmaterial, y apostamos por la convergencia entre los estudios interculturales y los estudios sobre patrimonio.

    • Themes:

      Social conflicts

    • Public URL:

      http://migraciones.ugr.es/congreso2011/libroacta/Mesa17/012_Lopez.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lorenzetti, E. & Mariotti, L. (2011). Patrimonio culturale materiale e immateriale: verso un modello integrato Ipotesi progettuale per il distretto tecnologico dei beni culturali (rapporto tecnico No. 38). Istituto di Ricerca sulla Crescita Economica Sostenibile.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lorenzetti, E. & Mariotti, L. (2011). Patrimonio culturale materiale e immateriale: verso un modello integrato Ipotesi progettuale per il distretto tecnologico dei beni culturali (rapporto tecnico No. 38). Istituto di Ricerca sulla Crescita Economica Sostenibile.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lorenzetti, Edoardo and Mariotti, Luciana
      Istituto di Ricerca sulla Crescita Economica Sostenibile
      Language Italian
      Number 38
      Pages 16
      Title Patrimonio culturale materiale e immateriale: verso un modello integrato Ipotesi progettuale per il distretto tecnologico dei beni culturali
      type rapporto tecnico
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The relationship between intangible culture and tangible cultural heritage is so close that it is impossible to separate. It includes monuments and sites, which constitute the primary objectives of the UNESCO activity, as well as historical centers and urban spaces, is so close that it is impossible to separate. The project proposal concerns knowledge of the cultural intangible heritage with in the site identified in a sample of those entered in the World Heritage List, in the Italian regions (Sicily, Puglia and Campania) included in Technological District of the Cultural Heritage, especially with reference to the historical urban spaces, included in the site or in its buffer zone.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lorenzetti, E. & Paparello, A. (2010) Rapporto Tecnico N. 35 Ottobre 2010.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lorenzetti, E. & Paparello, A. (2010) Rapporto Tecnico N. 35 Ottobre 2010.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lorenzetti, E. and Paparello, A.
      Language Italian
      Title Rapporto Tecnico N. 35 Ottobre 2010
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lotz, M. (2002) Colliding Worlds: Indigenous Rights, Traditional Knowledge, and Plant Intellectual Property. IN Business & Professional Ethics Journal, 21. 71–94.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lotz, M. (2002) Colliding Worlds: Indigenous Rights, Traditional Knowledge, and Plant Intellectual Property. IN Business & Professional Ethics Journal, 21. 71–94.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lotz, Marianne
      ISSN 02772027
      Journal Business & Professional Ethics Journal
      Language English
      month #oct#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Selected Papers from the 2001 Conference of the Australian Association for Professional and Applied Ethics / Full publication date: Fall-Winter 2002 / Copyright © 2002 Philosophy Documentation Center
      Number 3/4
      Pages 71--94
      Title Colliding Worlds: Indigenous Rights, Traditional Knowledge, and Plant Intellectual Property
      Volume 21
      Year 2002
    • Abstract:

      In this paper I suggest a number of reasons for concluding that Australia's existing Plant Intellectual Property system (henceforth "PIP system") is incompatible with the provision of adequate protection of ownership of indigenous peoples' traditional plant knowledge.

    • Themes:

      Environment, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property

    • Country:

      Australia

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/27801290

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Loulanski, T. (2006) Revising the concept for cultural heritage: the argument for a functional approach. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 13. 207.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Loulanski, T. (2006) Revising the concept for cultural heritage: the argument for a functional approach. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 13. 207.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Loulanski, Tolina
      ISSN 0940-7391
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 207
      Title Revising the concept for cultural heritage: the argument for a functional approach
      Volume 13
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This article presents a more human, dynamic, and holistic perspective of cultural heritage, closely referring to the currently observed changes in its conceptual development. It argues that the conceptual focus of cultural heritage has shifted alongside three interrelated and complementary directions: 1) from monuments to people; 2) from objects to functions; and thus 3) from preservation per se to purposeful preservation, sustainable use, and development. The reappearing and alive functional heritage is discussed as opposed to the objectified, glass-covered, and frozen heritage of the past by referring to both practical and theoretical heritage domains. Conclusions are drawn in favor of an adequate reexamination and readaptation of the conceptual framework of cultural heritage, based on accepting its new functional socioeconomic dimension and integrating multiple perspectives from a variety of academic fields.

    • Themes:

      Sustainable development

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/231887932_Revising_the_Concept_for_Cultural_Heritage_The_Argument_for_a_Functional_Approach

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lowe, T. (2013) Cultural Heritage as a Tool for Development and Diplomacy: Examining Further Uses of UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage-Based Socioeconomic Development Programs for Women. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lowe, T. (2013) Cultural Heritage as a Tool for Development and Diplomacy: Examining Further Uses of UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage-Based Socioeconomic Development Programs for Women. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lowe, Tiffany
      Language English
      month October
      Graduate School-New Brunswick
      Title Cultural Heritage as a Tool for Development and Diplomacy: Examining Further Uses of UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage-Based Socioeconomic Development Programs for Women
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      This thesis will examine UNESCO trend on policies and conventions that focus on and affect the creation of intangible heritage-based women’s socioeconomic development programs. Following this line of inquiry, the thesis will next examine in detail intangible heritage policies and conventions, and the execution and implementation of preservation policies and treaties. The research will then specifically detail and analyze development projects that were initiated by UNESCO as case studies of how heritage based development policies operate and succeed. The conclusion of this paper will propose how the combination of intangible heritage preservation and women’s development projects can be used to further international cultural diplomatic efforts and relations. This can be achieved by the creation of bilateral treaties between nations and through the application of these culturally focused women’s development programs, including post-conflict recovery opportunities.

    • Themes:

      Cultural diplomacy, Economic and social development, Gender issues, SDG 5: Gender Equality, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-18)

    • Public URL:

      https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e3a9/2721d03ccb03e554737b84e4da95eea1ff85.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Lowthorp, L. (2015) Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Lowthorp, L. (2015) Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Lowthorp, Leah
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research
      Language English
      Number 2-3
      Title Voices on the Ground: Kutiyattam, UNESCO, and the Heritage of Humanity
      Volume 52
      Year 2015
    • Country:

      India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre

    • Suggested by:

      Lisa Gilman (2019-11-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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