Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
© UNESCO

The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • Sancho Querol, L. (2011) Inventarios de Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial : buscando un sistema de gestión de la memoria. IN RdM (Asociación Española de Museólogos), . 16–22.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2012) Chaves da Sociomuseologia: para uma construção social do património através do inventário participado. IN Revista de Sociologia Universidade do Porto, .

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. (2012) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. (2012) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios. PhD Thesis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Language Portuguese
      Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial y la sociomuseología : estudio sobre inventarios
      type {PhD}
      Year 2012
    • Public URL:

      http://www.museologia-portugal.net/images/stories/teses_marco/lorena_querol.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. 2009. Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. Paper read at Actas do I SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Porto.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. 2009. Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. Paper read at Actas do I SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Porto.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Porto
      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Book title Actas do {I} {SIAM} ({Seminario} {Iberoamericano} de {Investigación} en {Museología})
      Language Portuguese
      Pages 226--237
      Publisher Universidade do Porto
      Title Musealizando el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial
      Volume 1
      Year 2009

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sancho Querol, L. 2011. Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo. Paper read at Actas do III SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sancho Querol, L. 2011. Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo. Paper read at Actas do III SIAM (Seminario Iberoamericano de Investigación en Museología)at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
      Author Sancho Querol, Lorena
      Book title Actas do {III} {SIAM} ({Seminario} {Iberoamericano} de {Investigación} en {Museología})
      Language Spanish
      Title Museos, memorias y participación cultural: la vida en un diálogo
      Year 2011
    • Public URL:

      http://www.siam2011.eu/?p=700

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sandholz, S. 2017. Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sandholz, S. 2017. Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sandholz, Simone
      Title Shaken Cityscapes: Tangible and Intangible Urban Heritage in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Yogyakarta, Indonesia
      Book title Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Albert Marie-Theres, Bandarin Francesco, Pereira Roders Ana
      Pages 161-173
      Publisher Cham : Springer
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Many cities around the globe (still) comprise of historic fabric, particularly in the urban core areas. Very often intangible values, such as beliefs, events, habits or rituals, are intrinsically linked with it. This paper argues that urban heritage constitutes a crucial source of identity for present urban inhabitants, an important factor for sustainable and resilient urban development. Traditional Asian planning and architecture are not only linked to strong cosmological beliefs but at the same time a manifestation of craftsmanship skills and construction techniques. Such local wisdom comprises, among other things, knowledge of appropriate building technologies to withstand natural hazards—an aspect linking conservation and (disaster) resilience. This paper analyses the cities of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and Kathmandu, Nepal, two iconic places within their national borders which—still—comprise of impressive urban tangible and intangible heritage. At the same time, both cities are prone to different natural hazards and have suffered severe earthquakes within recent years. After assessing the potential urban heritage has for risk reduction, ranging from physical assets like regular community-based maintenance to making use of cultural expressions for awareness raising, conclusions are drawn regarding the contributions of heritage for urban resilience. Reference is also made to the Historic Urban Landscape approach, as it is linking different aspects and layers of the city, with a potential to establish more sustainable recovery processes.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Urban development, Use of modern materials, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, Natural disasters, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Indonesia, Nepal

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-18)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sandroni, C. (2010) Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity. IN Estudos Avançados, 24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sandroni, C. (2010) Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity. IN Estudos Avançados, 24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sandroni, Carlos
      Title Samba de roda, supernal heritage of humanity
      Journal Estudos Avançados
      Year 2010
      Volume 24
      Number 69
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In 2005, samba de roda, a music-dance form from the Recôncavo region of Bahia, Brazil, was included in UNESCO's Third Proclamation of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity. This award was the result of a twenty month-long journey in which public policy makers, anthropologists, ethnomusicologists and, especially, samba practitioners from the Recôncavo were brought together. This included the writing of a Plan of Action, scheduled to span five years, to safeguard samba de roda. In this paper, after a brief introduction about the process leading to UNESCO's award, I will address several questions raised by the implementation of the Plan, which was built around four main themes: the organization of the sambadores; the transmission; diffusion and documentation of samba de roda.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying, Policy making

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of Bahia

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-40142010000200023&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. (2005) Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural Editora Peirópolis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. (2005) Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural Editora Peirópolis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title Socioambientalismo e Novos Direitos - Proteção jurídica à diversidade biológica e cultural
      Publisher Editora Peirópolis
      Year 2005
      Language Portuguese
    • Abstract:

      Este livro analisa o socioambientalismo e sua influência sobre o sistema jurídico brasileiro. Em linguagem didática e acessível aos não-especialistas, o livro mostra os caminhos percorridos pelo socioambientalismo para superar o abismo existente entre as questões sociais e ambientais, construindo pontes entre movimentos sociais e políticas públicas que tendem a atuar de forma divergente. Enfoca os paradigmas jurídicos do socioambientalismo e os "novos" direitos socioambientais, cujas bases estão na Constituição.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Environment, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Minority groups, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ethno-terroirs.cnrs.fr/gestion/applis/apetit/fichiers/UNIVERSIDADEDEBRASILIA-SANTILLI_Juliana-Socioambientalismo-e-novos-direitos.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. (2015) The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage. IN Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. (2015) The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage. IN Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title The recognition of foods and food-related knowledge and practices as an intangible cultural heritage
      Journal Demetra: Alimentação, Nutrição e Saúde
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The article analyzes some recent initiatives of patrimonialization of food, knowledge and eating practices at international and national levels. UNESCO analyzes the recognition processes, as an “intangible cultural heritage,” of the Mediterranean diet, the traditional Mexican cuisine, the gastronomic French food, Washoku (the Japanese culinary system), and Croatian gingerbread. IPHAN has recorded as intangible cultural heritage: the craft of acarajé from Bahia, the traditional production of cajuína in Piauí; the artisan way of making white cheese in Minas Gerais, and the traditional agricultural system of the Rio Negro, Amazonas state. There are other ongoing initiatives such as the craft of the tacacazeiras in Pará. The article discusses the main questions around such initiatives, and the potential improvements they can pose in promoting food diversity as an expression of cultural diversity

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Food, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 15: Life on Land, Agriculture, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gastronomic meal of the French

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.e-publicacoes.uerj.br/index.php/demetra/article/view/16054/18779

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santilli, J. 2005. Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santilli, J. 2005. Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santilli, Juliana
      Title Patrimônio imaterial e direitos intelectuais coletivos
      Book title Patrimônio imaterial e biodiversidade
      Year 2005
      Editor(s) Manuela Carneiro da Cunha
      Pages 62-79
      Publisher Instituto do Patrimonio Historico e Artistico Nacional
      Language Portuguese
    • Themes:

      Environment, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, Minority groups, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 15: Life on Land, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-27)

    • Public URL:

      http://portal.iphan.gov.br/publicacoes/lista?categoria=&busca=revista+do+patrimonio

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues. IN Bulgarian Folklore, Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research. 89–100.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. (2011) Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues. IN Bulgarian Folklore, Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research. 89–100.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      ISSN 0323-9861
      Journal Bulgarian Folklore
      Language English
      Number 37-1
      Pages 89--100
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Issues
      Volume Bulgaria – Slovenia: Research
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The problematic field of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) stirred enormous interest worldwide, which was particularly enhanced over the last ten years, after the General Conference of UNESCO accepted a special Convention on ICH. The adoption of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?lg=en&pg=00006), hereinafter called Convention 2003, was an extremely important step in this field undertaken by the member states of this international organization. Both Bulgaria and Slovenia were involved in the process of activated interest in the issues of ICH. An important element of the joint work in this sphere was the Seminar of experts in intangible cultural heritage of Southeastern Europe organized by the Bulgarian state in 2007 in Arbanassi, Bulgaria, with the kind support of UNESCO office in Venice. The Seminar led to the creation of the first network of experts of its kind in the region that involved participants from both countries.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. (2013) Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture, 2.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. (2013) Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture, 2.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      Journal Our Europe. Ethnography – Ethnology – Anthropology of Culture
      Language English
      Title Human Rights and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 2
      Year 2013
    • Themes:

      Human rights

    • Public URL:

      http://www.ptpn.poznan.pl/Wydawnictwo/czasopisma/our/OE-2013-santova.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2001. Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century. at Boyana Government Residence, Sofia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2001. Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century. at Boyana Government Residence, Sofia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Boyana Government Residence, Sofia
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Title Problems of the Protection of Folklore as Intellectual Property at the Dawn of the 21st Century
      Year 2001
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, WIPO

    • Public URL:

      http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/ip-conf-bg/en/wipo_ectk_sof_01/wipo_ectk_sof_01_3_3.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2007. Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare. at Paris.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2007. Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare. at Paris.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language French
      Title Construire un inventaire. L’exemple bulgare
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2008. Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2008. Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Santova, Mila
      Book title La polyphonie corse traditionnelle peut-elle disparaître  ?
      Editor(s) Guelfucci, Michèle and Salini, Dominique
      Language French
      Pages 133--141
      Publisher L'île de Corse
      Series Hommes et {Territoires}.
      Title Trésors vivants de l’humanité : l’exemple bulgare
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Living Human Treasure

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2009. Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage. at Safranbolu.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2009. Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage. at Safranbolu.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Safranbolu
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Pages 19--23
      Title Bulgaria and the Problems of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2009
    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More. at Riga.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More. at Riga.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Riga
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language Latvian
      Pages 8--16
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Effect of the Mirror and Something More
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2011. Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Vilnius
      Author Santova, Mila
      ISBN 978-9955-868-39-2
      Language English
      Pages 24--27
      Publisher Lithuanian Culture Research Institute
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Building of National Inventories and Culture Policies. Bulgarian Perspective
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      The Bulgarian national Inventory of ICH encompasses the basic domains of ICH according to Convention 2003, in agreement with the specificities of the Bulgarian ICH. The Inventory is based on elements of ICH and contains lists organized on two levels: national and regional. The elements enlisted in the Bulgarian National Inventory of ICH are arranged in “rows” at typological level. The choice of constructing the Inventory on elements or bearers involves the issue of man’s participation. With the approach based on bearers, the man is personified: only this person(s) as a performer(s) of only this element(s). With the approach based on elements, the man is more or less depersonalized – the element is centered in the meaning of the performance skill occurring or not in execution by and from various eligible people. The naming of elements in the Inventory signifies cultural practices as parts of the totality – ICH of the respective state. According to this perspective the Inventory is a framework – it arranges the perception of ICH (of community, region, and state). The knowledge provided is framed knowledge which indicates but does not participate in the occurring of the element. The function of element indication of the Inventory actually leads to a situation in which the constructed framework determines the perception of the cultural heritage of a given community in the sphere of intangibility. This function corresponds well with the so called today’s heritage construction policy(s). In the sphere of ICH at present, the Inventory, as a basic instrument of the state, is also a basic instrument participating intensely in the construction of alternative type of memory in terms of ICH.

    • Themes:

      Inventorying

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2012. Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2012. Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva. at Vilnius.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Vilnius
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language Latvian
      Publisher Lithuanian Culture Research Institute
      Title Nematerialusis kulturos paveldas: nacionalinio registro ir kulturos statinys. Bulgaru perspektyva
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santova, M. 2012. The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria. at Zagreb.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santova, M. 2012. The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria. at Zagreb.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Zagreb
      Author Santova, Mila
      Language English
      Title The Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Museums in the of Globalization Era. The Experience of Bulgaria
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Museums, Rapid sociocultural change

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santoyo, Á. 2006. Investigación para la definición de un marco conceptual sobre la política del patrimonio cultural inmaterial en Colombia. ICANH.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Santoyo, A. A. 2006. Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Santoyo, A. A. 2006. Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Editor(s) {Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia. Subdirección Científica}
      Language Spanish
      Title Observatorio de patrimonio MIA, material, inmaterial y arqueológico: mesa interdisciplinaria de patrimonio cultural inmaterial
      Year 2006
      Author Santoyo, Alvaro Andrés

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Satoru, H. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Satoru, H. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Satoru, Hyoki
      Language English
      Title Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Japan: Systems, Schemes and Activities
    • Themes:

      Legislation

    • Country:

      Japan

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Savova, N. D. (2007) Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte. IN The International Journal of the Arts in Society, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Savova, N. D. (2007) Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte. IN The International Journal of the Arts in Society, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Savova, Nadezhda Dimitrova
      Journal The International Journal of the Arts in Society
      Language English
      Title Community Creative Capital: UNESCO’s Intangible Heritage Politics Revisited at the Bulgarian Chitalishte
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Why is it that cultural policy cuts are hardly ever mentioned in the discourses on the inadequacies of welfare and education under the neo-liberalist logic after the collapse of the Soviet Union? Why, indeed, when there are joint ministries of culture and education pointing to their common function of formation of civic values? This paper attempts to describe how this is partially due to a misunderstood concept of cultural policy as an elitist, "high arts" master narrative, and uses an observable phenomenon in Bulgaria that presents an alternative kind of cultural politics focused on local arts. The study examines the chitalishte, or the Bulgarian state-funded community cultural centers, connected in a network of close to 4000 chitalishtes, where locals (amateurs) engage in various forms of performance and visual arts productions. The chitalishte represents a unique public tool for creativity encouragement pre-dating communism, as it localizes cultural policy and, simultaneously, de-professionalizes cultural production by affirming the role of the amateur artist in the making of what the research names "community creative capital," i.e. a locus of intersection between social and cultural capital enhancing creative forms of civil society participation. The"grounding"and"de-professionalization"of cultural policy in the Bulgarian case is analyzed within the international context of the "immaterialization of cultural policy," evident in UNESCO's conventions on heritage and development, where policy-makers are starting to comprehend the social salience of the arts down to the community level, as well as of the living - not archiving - of cultural heritage in society.

    • Themes:

      Register of good safeguarding practices, Community participation

    • Country:

      Bulgaria

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Bulgarian Chitalishte (Community Cultural Centre): practical experience in safeguarding the vitality of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Savova, N. D. (2009) Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum. IN Anthropological Quarterly, 82. 547–585.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Savova, N. D. (2009) Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum. IN Anthropological Quarterly, 82. 547–585.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Savova, Nadezhda Dimitrova
      ISSN 00035491
      Journal Anthropological Quarterly
      Language English
      month #apr#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Spring, 2009 / Copyright © 2009 The George Washington University Institute for Ethnographic Research
      Number 2
      Pages 547--585
      Title Heritage Kinaesthetics: Local Constructivism and UNESCO's Intangible-Tangible Politics at a "Favela" Museum
      Volume 82
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      In Providencia, Rio de Janeiro's oldest favela (shantytown), the Municipality created the "Open-Air/ Living Museum" to celebrate its history and link it to a larger infrastructure development project, within the agenda of Brazilian cultural policy to implement UNESCO's global recommendations on safeguarding local intangible heritage world-wide. How do local interpretations of cultural heritage affirm, modify, or enrich the institutional (municipality, state, and UNESCO) policies on tangible and intangible heritage? And how does tourism connect to the imagining of community cultural revival? I develop the concept of heritage kinaesthetics as the moving bodily practices that people imagine and enact to enliven the built environment's static aesthetic looks, or the immobile quality usually ascribed to historic sites. The five main heritage kinaesthetics practiced by residents and visitors include: visual (photographing; seeing vs looking), ambulatory (walking around as exploration), performative (enacting intangible cultural heritage such as samba, capoeira, football, and music; tour guides' performances), oral (telling stories/imagining history), and acoustic (re-creating place-specific sounds). Local heritage kinaesthetics practices are placed within the larger context of Brazilian and internationally UNESCO's cultural policy on heritage safeguarding conceptualized to enhance community quality of life.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Tourism

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/25488282

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schaaf, T. & Rossler, M. 2010. Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schaaf, T. & Rossler, M. 2010. Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schaaf , Thomas AND Rossler, Mechtild
      Title Sacred Natural Sites, Cultural Landscapes and UNESCO’s Action
      Book title Sacred Natural Sites Conserving Nature and Culture
      Year 2010
      Editor(s) Bas Verschuuren, Robert Wild, Jeffrey McNeely and Gonzalo Oviedo
      Pages 161-169
      Publisher Earthscan
      Postal address Earthscan Ltd, Dunstan House, 14a St Cross Street, London EC1N 8XA, UKEarthscan LLC, 1616 P Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    • Abstract:

      The introduction of sacred natural sites to the international arena more than a decade ago has led to major actions by the international community concerned with environmental conservation. Beginning with research pilot projects on sacred natural sites, and discussions about definitions, key conferences and workshops involving concerned stakeholders have also taken place in India, Mexico, China, Japan and Mongolia. These have helped to formulate the IUCN-UNESCO Guidelines for the Conservation and Management of Sacred Natural Sites. This chapter discusses inscription of sacred natural sites and landscapes within the regulatory framework of the World Heritage Convention and the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. Despite legally protected area status, core areas of biosphere reserves are not always respected by local people, who are often compelled to revert to poaching or illegal logging even in the protected core areas so as to satisfy their immediate livelihood needs. In search for solutions this chapter outlines experience based on a UNESCO MAB research project in Ghana which studied sacred groves and the importance of sacred natural sites for biodiversity conservation and local livelihoods. The project employed an interdisciplinary approach for establishing baselines based on scientific knowledge of the natural world for the planning of restoration activities. These revealed higher biodiversity levels at the edges of sacred groves than inside the groves but also more birds, reptiles and mammals within the sacred groves than outside. Socio-cultural values and belief systems were also assessed in combination with the development of environmental educational programmes. Traditional beliefs regulating hunting activities helped to provide insight into traditional leadership enforcing the respect of responsibilities and taboos regarding the sacred groves. Incomegenerating activities beyond the confines of the sacred sites were developed in consultation with and for the benefit of local people. Because of their biodiversity values sacred natural sites can signal potential restoration sites for the elaboration of integrated conservation strategies. These should be supported by modern and legal instruments. The recognition of the importance of safeguarding sacred natural sites will not only serve the protection of species and the environment at large, but also the spiritual and qualitative well-being of humankind.

    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Indigenous peoples, Social practices, rituals and festive events, 1972 Convention, Convention on Biological Diversity, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 15: Life on Land, Environment

    • Country:

      Ghana, Kenya

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-12-26)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/5970179/Sacred_natural_sites_conserving_nature_and_culture_edited_by_Bas_Verschuuren_Robert_Wild_Jeffrey_McNeely_and_Gonzalo_Oviedo?email_work_card=view-paper

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scheermeyer, C. (2005) A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa. IN The South African Archaeological Bulletin, . 121–123.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scheermeyer, C. (2005) A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa. IN The South African Archaeological Bulletin, . 121–123.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scheermeyer, Colette
      ISSN 0038-1969
      Journal The South African Archaeological Bulletin
      Language English
      Pages 121--123
      Title A Changing and Challenging Landscape: Heritage Resources Management in South Africa
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      The purpose of the chapter is to unpack the meaning of heritage resources for those involved in management and further to put emphasis on the direct and indirect roles of municipalities, specifically as provided for in the applicable framework of South African law.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Legislation

    • Country:

      South Africa

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326914002_Heritage_resources_management

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scher, P. W. (2010) UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 197–202.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scher, P. W. (2010) UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource. IN Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology, 47. 197–202.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scher, Philip W.
      ISSN 0737-7037
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research: An International Journal of Folklore and Ethnomusicology
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 197--202
      Title UNESCO Conventions and Culture as a Resource
      Volume 47
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2444194/UNESCO_Conventions_and_Culture_as_a_resource

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit. IN Geographische Zeitschrift, 93. 237–253.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit. IN Geographische Zeitschrift, 93. 237–253.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 00167479
      Journal Geographische Zeitschrift
      Language German
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2005 / Copyright © 2005 Franz Steiner Verlag
      Number 4
      Pages 237--253
      Title Die UNESCO und der Platz Jemaa el Fna in Marrakech. Zur Genese eines Konzepts zum globalen Schutz immateriellen Erbes der Menschheit
      Volume 93
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      In 1998 UNESCO started a new programme for the declaration of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, a pre-project for the new UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakesh, known for its performers, story-tellers, musicians, fortune tellers, etc., was one of the first Masterpieces proclaimed by UNESCO in 2001. With the declaration of these Masterpieces and the forthcoming establishment of a Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. UNESCO has created a new kind of global cultural geography. The paper examines the background, genesis and history of this new UNESCO concept for safeguarding intangible heritage as a case study of global-local processes of interaction. The Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo, who has lived in Marrakesh on and off since the 1980s, gave the decisive impulse for the new UNESCO concepts in 1996 with his efforts to safeguard Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakesh. Fearing that current local authority plans would definitively change the character of the square and destroy its oral, musical and popular spiritual traditions, Goytisolo asked UNESCO to declare the square to be "oral heritage of humanity": This was the starting point for the new UNESCO measures. Goytisolo can be regarded as a scalar hybrid social actor, able to act – in the context of the case study - on a local social scale (in Marrakesh), as well as on a global scale (as an internationally known writer), able to create effective contact with the most important international organisation concerned with cultural policy. The paper compares the history of the new concept with hypotheses on the emergence of ideas in other international institutions, and discusses some basic elements of the new UNESCO concept and its relevance for Cultural Geography.

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/27819060

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences. IN The Arab World Geographer, 8. 173–195.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2005) Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences. IN The Arab World Geographer, 8. 173–195.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 1480-6800
      Journal The Arab World Geographer
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 173--195
      Title Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech: Changes to a Social Space and to a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity as a Result of Global Influences
      Volume 8
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      Jemaa el Fna Square in the Medina of Marrakech is known for its performing street artistes: story-tellers, acrobats, Arab and Berber musicians, and Gnauwa groups and seers, who work daily before a local, regional, and foreign tourist audience in the specific form of a halqa ("circle"). In 2001, following an initiative by the Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo, who sought to prevent the execution of plans to build a glass tower close by, the square was proclaimed a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. This proclamation and the growing popularity of Marrakech as a destination for international tourists can be seen as two global influences on the square. In addition, social changes in Morocco have influenced both the performers and the local audience in the square. This article examines the effects and the interconnection of these different global influences on Jemaa el Fna. The feasibility of "safeguarding" the oral and intangible traditions of the square, as required by UNESCO, and the difficulties this entails are discussed in light of the pressures of tourism and recent social changes.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, Rapid sociocultural change, Touristification

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274256696_Jemaa_el_Fna_Square_in_Marrakech_-_Changes_to_a_Social_Space_and_to_a_UNESCO_Masterpiece_of_the_Oral_and_Intangible_Heritage_of_Humanity_as_a_Result_of_Global_influence

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schmitt, T. M. (2008) The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 14. 95–111.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schmitt, T. M. (2008) The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 14. 95–111.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schmitt, Thomas M.
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 95--111
      Title The UNESCO Concept of Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: Its Background and Marrakchi Roots
      Volume 14
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      In 1998 UNESCO started a programme for the proclamation of ‘Masterpieces of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity’, a pre‐project for the new UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech was one of the first Masterpieces proclaimed by UNESCO in 2001. This paper examines the genesis and history of this new UNESCO concept of safeguarding intangible heritage. The Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo gave the decisive impulse for the new UNESCO concept in 1996 in order to safeguard Jemaa el Fna Square in Marrakech. Worrying that contemporary plans of local authorities would definitely change the character of the square and destroy its cultural traditions, Goytisolo asked UNESCO to proclaim the square as ‘oral heritage of humanity’. The wish to protect Jemaa el Fna Square on the one hand, and the existing Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on the other, can be seen as two reference points for the new UNESCO concept.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233251479_The_UNESCO_Concept_of_Safeguarding_Intangible_Cultural_Heritage_Its_Background_and_Marrakchi_Roots

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schramm, K. (2007) Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana. IN Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa, . 71–98.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schramm, K. (2007) Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana. IN Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa, . 71–98.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schramm, Katharina
      Journal Reclaiming heritage: alternative imaginaries of memory in West Africa
      Language English
      Pages 71--98
      Title Slave route projects: Tracing the heritage of slavery in Ghana
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Repressive policies

    • Country:

      Ghana

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305806046_Slave_Route_Projects_Tracing_the_Heritage_of_Slavery_in_Ghana

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Schreiber, H. 2017. Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Schreiber, H. 2017. Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Schreiber, Hanna
      Title Ten remarks on the 10th anniversary of entry into force of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Book title Intangible Cultural Heritage: Safeguarding Experiences in Central and Eastern European Countries and China. The 10th Anniversary of the Entry into Force of the 2003 Convention through the Prism of Sustainable Development.
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Hanna Schreiber
      Pages 475
      organization(s) National Heritage Board of Poland
      Postal address ul. Kopernika 36/40, 00-924 Warszawa
      Language English
      Note Full text aviable on the URL
    • Abstract:

      10 remarks: 1. The 2003 Convention has radically changed the way of thinking about and defining cultural heritage. 2. The 2003 Convention is a ‘sister’ of the 1972 and the 2005 Conventions. 3. The 2003 Convention is a legal, social, but also a political instrument, which in certain cases is misused and leads to ‘side effects’. 4. The Representative List is everything. And it lives its own life. 5. The 2003 Convention reinforces the prestige and the soft power of the countries and UNESCO itself. 6. The Convention evoked new processes of patrimonialisation (heritagisation). 7. The 2003 Convention created new fields of power for the research about the human and culture, especially for cultural anthropology (ethnology, ethnography, folklore studies). 8. The 2003 Convention was the first to give voice and subjectivity to communities, groups, and individuals. 9. The well-thought implementation of the 2003 Convention on the local level is its most powerful advantage, which may in practice ensure the realisation of the concept of sustainable development. 10. The Convention is the biggest achievement of the contemporary international cultural heritage law, and at the same time it leads to its further fragmentation.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Sustainable development, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-11-25)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/35837041/INTANGIBLE_CULTURAL_HERITAGE._Safeguarding_Experiences_in_Central_and_Eastern_European_Countries_and_China_Warsaw_2017

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scovazzi, T. (2007) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel. IN Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scovazzi, T. (2007) La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel. IN Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scovazzi, Tullio
      Journal Pour un droit commun de l'environnement: mélanges en l'honneur de Michel Prieur
      Language French
      Title La convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immateriel
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Scovazzi, T. (2009) Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel. IN L'Observateur des Nations Unies, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Scovazzi, T. (2009) Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel. IN L'Observateur des Nations Unies, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Scovazzi, Tullio
      Journal L'Observateur des Nations Unies
      Language French
      Title Le concept d'espace dans trois conventions UNESCO sur la protection du patrimoine culturel
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention, 2005 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2004) Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations. IN Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2004) Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations. IN Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Journal Propriedade Intelectual e Patrimônio Cultural
      Language English
      Title Audio And Audiovisual Archives, Intellectual Property, And Cultural Heritage: some comparative considerations
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2009) Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5. IN Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa, . 112–28.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2009) Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5. IN Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa, . 112–28.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Journal Laurajane Smith and Natsuko Akagawa
      Language English
      Pages 112--28
      Title Lessons Learned from the ICTM (NGO) Evaluation of Nominations for the UNESCO Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, 2001-5
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention, Nongovernmental organizations

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Seeger, A. (2015) Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 269–280.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Seeger, A. (2015) Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52. 269–280.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Seeger, Anthony
      Title Understanding UNESCO: A Complex Organization with Many Parts and Many Actors
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research
      Year 2015
      Volume 52
      Number 2-3
      Pages 269-280
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      When people attribute a position or action to UNESCO, they rarely specify to which of its many parts they refer. UNESCO is a nation-state based organization located in Paris, advised by hundreds of affiliated NGOs, with many national and regional centers and institutions and national commissions in many nations. Even when its member nation-states sign its conventions, their national cultural policies can vary widely in how the conventions are implemented. The complexity of UNESCO’s organization suggests that discussions of policies attributed to it must be grounded in an understanding of its structure and the relative autonomy, or lack of it, among its various parts. This essay presents such a description of UNESCO from the perspective of an international NGO, the International Council for Traditional Music (ICTM) and makes observations about the involvement of different parts of UNESCO in the discussions of on-the-ground events described in the other chapters.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance

    • Suggested by:

      Lisa Gilman (2019-11-08)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.2979/jfolkrese.52.2-3.269

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Segadika, P. (2006) Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo. IN Museum International, 58. 31.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Segadika, P. (2006) Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo. IN Museum International, 58. 31.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Segadika, Phillip
      ISSN 1350-0775
      Journal Museum International
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 31
      Title Managing Intangible Heritage at Tsodilo
      Volume 58
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Botswana

    • Public URL:

      https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/777e/781617e0a6547eeb0ad6e93b937b002e22bd.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sekik, N. (2010) À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sekik, N. (2010) À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sekik, Nozha
      Language French
      Title À propos du patrimoine immatériel : réflexion autour des savoir-faire des femmes en Tunisie
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, tel que défini par la Convention de l’Unesco de 2003, présente une évolution dynamique caractéristique, marquée par la tradition et l’innovation. Ainsi, les communautés se chargeant de préserver ce fragile équilibre héritent du savoir-faire de leurs ancêtres qu’elles transmettent aux nouvelles générations au fil d’un processus vivant et évolutif. En Tunisie, les artisanes de Sejnane constituent un modèle de sauvegarde du patrimoine immatériel. Les techniques utilisées par ces femmes pour modeler la céramique sont millénaires et, depuis des siècles, leur ont permis de vivre modestement du commerce de leurs œuvres.

    • Themes:

      Gender issues, SDG 5: Gender Equality

    • Country:

      Tunisia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Semedo, A. 2010. Práticas (i) materiais em museus. Paper read at Actas do I Seminário de Investigação em Museologia dos Países de Língua Portuguesa e Espanholaat Porto.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Semedo, A. 2010. Práticas (i) materiais em museus. Paper read at Actas do I Seminário de Investigação em Museologia dos Países de Língua Portuguesa e Espanholaat Porto.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Porto
      Author Semedo, Alice
      Book title Actas do {I} {Seminário} de {Investigação} em {Museologia} dos {Países} de {Língua} {Portuguesa} e {Espanhola}
      Editor(s) Noronha Nascimento, Elisa
      Language Portuguese
      Publisher Universidade do Porto
      Title Práticas (i) materiais em museus
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Serrano, K. & Stefanova, M. 2011. Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Serrano, K. & Stefanova, M. 2011. Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Serrano, Katarina AND Stefanova, Milena
      Book title Island Futures. Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region
      Baldacchino, Godfrey and Niles, Daniel
      Edition Springer Japan
      Language English
      Pages 19--36
      Title Between international law, kastom and sustainable development: cultural heritage in Vanuatu
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Developing island states often struggle to identify and manage natural resources in settings characterized by ‘legal pluralism’. The existence of multiple rule systems with competing claims to legitimacy is a hallmark of Vanuatu’s institutional landscape. The resilience of local systems, the limited reach of central institutions and the rhetorical support of state actors for kastom nevertheless present an opportunity to think creatively about governance in Vanuatu and to develop innovative tools and methods to manage the impact of development in a way that is beneficial for local communities. On the basis of a case study of Vanuatu’s Chief Roi Mata’s Domain an – official UNESCO world heritage site since 2008 – the article explores options for the utilization of international and regional agreements in the sustainable development and preservation of heritage sites. The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the impact such agreements have on the protection of Vanuatu’s cultural heritage, bearing in mind challenges that a small island country like Vanuatu may experience in the attempt to utilize international and regional conventions for the protection of cultural heritage. The ultimate question, however, is how indigenous culture can be protected and simultaneously sustainably accessed as a ‘development resource’.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Legislation, Sustainable development, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Vanuatu

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Severo, M. (2012) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux. IN Culture et recherche, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Severo, M. (2012) Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux. IN Culture et recherche, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Severo, Marta
      Editor(s) Hottin, Christian and Chaulac, Marina and Barbe, Noël
      Journal Culture et recherche
      Language French
      Number 127
      Title Le patrimoine culturel immatériel sur la Toile. Comparaison entre réseaux nationaux
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      La Convention de l'Unesco (2003) pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel (PCI) est explicitement adressée aux États et leur attribue plusieurs tâches, telles que « assurer la sauvegarde » (art.11), « dresser…un ou plusieurs inventaires » (art.12) et « assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus » (art.15). Sans doute, pourtant, aucun État ne pourrait accomplir toutes ces tâches sans l’assistance d'un vaste réseau d'institutions, d’associations, de professionnels et de particuliers. Les nouvelles pratiques de sauvegarde du patrimoine immatériel, mises en place par l’État, croisent, imbriquent et souvent transforment les routines existantes en modifiant les relations entre les acteurs. Les réseaux d’acteurs, construits ou reconstruits dans chaque État en raison de la Convention offrent un objet de recherche très prometteur puisqu’ils reflètent l'approche nationale dans la gestion du PCI. Cet article vise à comparer trois réseaux nationaux (France, Italie, Suisse) impliqués dans la mise en oeuvre de la Convention, afin de mettre en évidence les particularités majeures de chaque pays. L’analyse a été effectuée à travers l’application d’une méthode numérique1 particulièrement innovante : la cartographie du web. Il s’agit de retracer dans un graphe le réseau créé par les liens hypertextes présents sur un ensemble de pages web. En considérant les relations entre sites web comme représentatives des liaisons entre les acteurs, la cartographie du web s’avère une méthode à la fois robuste et utile dans l’étude des phénomènes collectifs. Bien qu’elle ne puisse fournir une description exhaustive du phénomène en question, cette méthode peut aider à en avoir une vision générale et à en identifier les directions de recherche les plus fécondes.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Heritage institutions

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Severo, M. & Venturini, T. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods. IN New Media /& Society, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Severo, M. & Venturini, T. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods. IN New Media /& Society, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Severo, Marta AND Venturini, Tommaso
      10.1177/1461444814567981
      Journal New Media /& Society
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Title Intangible cultural heritage webs: Comparing national networks with digital methods
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      The 2003 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention for the safeguard of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is addressed to the States and assigns them several tasks. However, no State can accomplish all these tasks without mobilizing a wide network of institutions, associations, and individuals. The national ICH policies intersect, overlap, and often transform the existing relationships among these actors. This study aims at comparing several national networks (France, Italy, and Switzerland) involved in the implementation of the 2003 UNESCO Convention to highlight national trends and specificities. The analysis has employed an innovative methodology based on digital methods and is aimed at exploring the landscapes of websites dedicated to the intangible heritage. By analyzing the hyperlinking strategies of ICH actors, we have identified the specific web topology of each nation, showing which actors are central and peripheral, whether clusters or cliques are formed, and who plays the roles of authority and hub.

    • Themes:

      Information technology

    • Country:

      France, Italy, Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shagdarsuren, N. 2012. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges. Paper read at Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shagdarsuren, N. 2012. Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges. Paper read at Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shagdarsuren, Nomindari
      Title Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia: Needs and Challenges
      Book title Asian Cooperation Program on Conservation Science The 1st ACPCS Workshop Establishing a platform for building a regional capacity Proceedings
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Pages 70-80
      organization(s) National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Publisher National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Adoption of UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2003 was definitely a milestone for the dissemination of the notion of intangible cultural heritage and the importance of its safeguarding all around the world. However, the main concepts and terms of this Convention have quite vague definitions, which lead the State members to interpret its spirit and principles from their own different point of views, depending on their diverse historical and socio-cultural backgrounds, as well as different political and economic interests. Mongolia is characterized by its unique nomadic culture and richness of its tangible and intangible expressions which have been transmitted throughout hundreds of years from generation to generations. As it recognized the fact that Mongolian traditional culture, oral and intangible heritage are strongly challenged in the face of the waves of globalization, industrialization and modernization, Mongolia ratified the Convention in 2005. Defining its development policy mainly relying on its rich natural resources, Mongolia has inscribed 9 elements in the UNESCO Lists of intangible cultural heritage so far. Although “listing” is a good practice and a tool to enhance and promote ICH elements all around the world, the “safeguarding” of ICH doesn’t limit to simply inscribe different ICH elements on the aforementioned Lists. It should be highlighted that we have to go further. While emphasizing the existing need for the Mongolians to express their cultural identity through diverse expressions of traditional nomadic culture, this paper aims to address the challenges face to the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage in Mongolia at the theoretical and practical levels. Through the examples, it notes the main shortcomings of the measures taken for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and offers some proposals for the future.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Awareness-raising, Heritage institutions, Nongovernmental organizations, Policy making, Civil society

    • Country:

      Mongolia

    • Suggested by:

      Nomindari Shagdarsuren (2019-11-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/8471758/Safeguarding_ICH_in_Mongolia_Needs_and_Challenges_Nomindari_Shagdarsuren

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shan, L. & Xiang-kui, Y. (2008) Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shan, L. & Xiang-kui, Y. (2008) Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shan, Liang AND Xiang-kui, Yao
      Journal Journal of Hunan Industry Polytechnic
      Language English
      Title Sun Zuoyun And the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sheng-jin, H. (2006) On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital". IN Nationalities Research in Qinghai, 4.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sheng-jin, H. (2006) On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital". IN Nationalities Research in Qinghai, 4.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sheng-jin, Huang
      Journal Nationalities Research in Qinghai
      Language English
      Title On the Conception and Value of Intangible Heritage from" Cultural Heritage" to" Cultural Capital"
      Volume 4
      Year 2006
    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shi, M. & Sun, M. (2010) Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing. IN Tourism Tribune, 6.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shi, M. & Sun, M. (2010) Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing. IN Tourism Tribune, 6.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shi, Mei-yu and Sun, Meng-yang
      Journal Tourism Tribune
      Language English
      Title Discussion about Three Key Components in the Utilization of Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism. Based on An Empirical Study of Beijing
      Volume 6
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shi, Y., Hao, J. & Sun, S. 2008. The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shi, Y., Hao, J. & Sun, S. 2008. The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shi, Yuanwu AND Hao, Jianfeng AND Sun, Shouqian
      ISBN 1-4244-3290-1
      Language English
      Pages 1196--1199
      Publisher IEEE
      Title The digital protection of intangible cultural heritage. The construction of digital museum
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This paper is going to discuss the application and researches of digital in the protection of intangible cultural heritage, and stresses on the issues involved in the construction of digital museum, such as the artistic form applied in the construction, the humanistic concerns in the construction, the psychological analysis of the intending visitors of the museum, and the interaction between the visitors and museum. In this way, while the goal of protecting intangible cultural heritage is reached, another bran-new visiting mode is created to make visitors find interaction and enjoyment in a larger degree.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology, Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Shitao, L. (2007) Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 3.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Shitao, L. (2007) Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage. IN Study of Ethnics in Guangxi, 3.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Shitao, Li
      Journal Study of Ethnics in Guangxi
      Language English
      Title Analysis on the Basic Characteristics and Properties of Immaterial Cultural Heritage
      Volume 3
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sibley, M. & Fadli, F. (2008) The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions. IN International Journal of Architectural Research, . 93.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sibley, M. & Fadli, F. (2008) The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions. IN International Journal of Architectural Research, . 93.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sibley, Magda AND Fadli, Fodil
      Journal International Journal of Architectural Research
      Language English
      Pages 93
      Title The surviving historic hammams of the medina of Tripoli-Libya: tangible and intangible dimensions
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Unlike the other medinas in the Arab-Islamic world, the medina of Tripoli (capital city of Libya), has never had many historic public baths. This is probably due to a more conservative tradition where most of the Libyan women use the hamm.m only once, as part of their pre-wedding preparation and celebration. This paper presents an analysis of the three and only remaining hamm.ms of Tripoli and the way they are used and perceived today. Based on the results of a survey conducted by the authors in July 2008 (as part of an AHRC funded research project on the historic hammams of North Africa) the architectural characteristics of these historic structures are presented along with their increasing usage by a cosmopolitan population (Tunisians, Moroccans and Sudanese) living inside the medina. This paper also outlines a number of guidelines for the sustainable use and adaptation of the hamm.m within the Libyan context.

    • Themes:

      Civil society, Halted transmission

    • Country:

      Libya

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sibley, M. 2006. The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sibley, M. 2006. The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sibley, M.
      Language English
      Pages 6--8
      Title The historic hammams of Damascus & Fez: Lessons of sustainability and future developments
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      The public bath, or hammām, is a building type which has been integral to the urban fabric of Islamic cities. Whereas other building types have attracted much attention and research in the past, studies of hammām buildings have remained scarce and far apart. Based on surveys carried by the author on the historic public baths of Damascus and Fez, this paper highlights the characteristics of this building type as a sustainable urban facility which not only promotes cleanliness and health of the urban dwellers but also social interaction and a support for a rich intangible heritage. The paper also highlights the lessons that this building type provides in terms of thermal comfort, under-floor heating system, water heating and management and recycling of by- products from local small industries. The paper then discusses possible future adaptive re-use of this building type in the light of Sustainable Development Agenda.

    • Themes:

      Cities, Health

    • Country:

      Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sicard, H. 2018. The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sicard, H. 2018. The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sicard, Hugues
      Editor(s) Valentinčič Furlan, Nadja
      Title The Role of Audiovisual Materials in the Listing and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO
      Pages 59-76
      Publisher The Slovene Ethnographic Museum
      Year 2018
      Postal address Ljubljana
      Language English,Slovenian
      Book title Visualizing Intangible Cultural Heritage
    • Abstract:

      Since 2000, UNESCO has developed mechanisms for the listing of intangible cultural heritage, which has raised a major interest all over the world. States nominating elements have to submit videos in the candidature files in addition to written texts, which is unique to all UNESCO programmes and Conventions. Based on public and internal documents, the author analyses the role played by videos in the examination of files, establishing that it was decisive during the initial years, while later videos became relatively marginal compared to written texts, although they offer a rare opportunity to hear communities speaking about their heritage. After describing technical processing of videos and publication strategies, he reveals that videos are essential for the indexers and general public. He hopes that UNESCO evaluators will feel increasingly comfortable in fully taking into account the wealth of information provided in nomination videos which encounter an exceptional success online with more than 30 million views.

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2019-07-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sicard, L. Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sicard, L. Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sicard, Lucy
      Language French
      Title Robert-Lionel Séguin : un collectionneur visionnaire
    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Public URL:

      http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/8160ac

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silberman, N. (2008) Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage. IN New heritage: new media and cultural heritage, . 81.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silberman, N. (2008) Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage. IN New heritage: new media and cultural heritage, . 81.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silberman, Neil
      ISSN 0415773563
      Journal New heritage: new media and cultural heritage
      Language English
      Pages 81
      Title Chasing the Unicorn? The quest for “essence” in digital heritage
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This book is assembled with a confident, if not always fully examined, assumption: namely, that the digital media – according to the announcement of the theme of the conference – have “the capacity to become a tool to capture both the tangible and intangible essence of both the cultural heritage and the society that created or used the sites” (New Heritage Conference 2006). Even the most enthusiastic promoters of the new cultural technologies admit that there are still a number of unresolved problems. The technology itself has to be developed, democratized, and made more widely accessible. Visualization alone should not be the primary goal. The profundity of the interpretation needs improving, as does the permanence of the data storage media. But since we all agree that we are at the very beginning of the process, there is faith that conferences like this one and other digital heritage initiatives will eventually overcome the existing obstacles “to capture the complexity of cultural heritage and the related social, political, and economic issues surrounding the sites or artefacts.”

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Digital technology, Social media

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/26548710/Chasing_the_Unicorn_The_Quest_for_Essence_in_Digital_Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silva Valejo, F., González, R. & Carrasquilla, D. 2006. Investigación e inventario del patrimonio oral e inmaterial musical de la región del Gran Magdalena, Colombia : informe final de actividades. Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta, Colombia.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silva Valejo, F., González, R. & Carrasquilla, D. 2006. Investigación e inventario del patrimonio oral e inmaterial musical de la región del Gran Magdalena, Colombia : informe final de actividades. Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta, Colombia.

    • Bibliographic data:

      vu
      Author Silva Valejo, Fabio and González, Roosvelt and Carrasquilla, Deibys
      Language Spanish
      Publisher Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta, Colombia
      Title Investigación e inventario del patrimonio oral e inmaterial musical de la región del Gran Magdalena, Colombia : informe final de actividades
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silva, A. (2016) Diaita Nostra - Patrimoines alimentaire, identité et gouvernementalité en Méditerranée Unesco Chair of Intangible Cultural Heritage - University of Evora.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silva, A. (2016) Diaita Nostra - Patrimoines alimentaire, identité et gouvernementalité en Méditerranée Unesco Chair of Intangible Cultural Heritage - University of Evora.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silva, António
      Title Diaita Nostra - Patrimoines alimentaire, identité et gouvernementalité en Méditerranée
      Publisher Unesco Chair of Intangible Cultural Heritage - University of Evora
      Year 2016
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      This essay, at the crossroads of historical sciences and social sciences, aims to explain how the epistemic community which had prompted the UNESCO’s recognition of the Mediterranean Diet in 2010 succeeded in turning this nutritional model into an instrument of governmentality in very diverse areas of governance. The author argues that the Mediterranean transnational community, supposedly unified by a common identity based on a shared food tradition, is at the moment primarily a political project legitimizing the existence of the heterogeneous, cosmopolitan collective that has given emphasis to the preservation of the Mediterranean Diet after its inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Indeed, the UNESCO does a lot more than elevating the Mediterranean identity. By inscribing the Mediterranean Diet on the list, this international body objectified the invention of the idea of ‘the’ Mediterranean community as a homogeneous whole. The purpose of this reflection is to shift away from the methodological nationalism on which the unifying paradigm of this epistemic community is based by adopting a more ‘emic’ approach. This ‘emic’ path will allow for a new understanding of the current governmental usage of the Mediterranean food heritage, since it places more value on the point of view of the members of the Mediterranean communities than on the account of the epistemic community that has busied itself with the safeguarding of their identity and their food culture. The perspective of the historian will also be considered. The goal of this change of paradigm is to promote dialogue and mutual understanding between Mediterranean communities and, at the same time, to reconcile the praxis in the UNESCO’s fields of intervention with the current heritage doctrine and the constitutional mission of the organization.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Food, Migration, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      Portugal

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Mediterranean diet

    • Suggested by:

      António Silva (2019-11-16)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/30007288/DIAITA_NOSTRA_-_food_heritage_identity_and_governmentality_in_the_Mediterranean

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silva, A. (2016) Le régime UNESCO CreateSpace.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silva, A. (2016) Le régime UNESCO CreateSpace.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silva, António
      Title Le régime UNESCO
      Publisher CreateSpace
      Year 2016
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      We all love Mediterranean cuisine. We can even say that we all adore our common Mediterranean legacy. However, we are so far to feel the same passion for the fellow human beings, that perpetuate the shared heritage beyond the internal sea. Our reaction to the present refugees' crisis reveals that we are still afraid of the non-European inhabitants of the Mediterranean. We are now building walls and check points to stop war victims out of our frontiers. Inside our countries, the racism against them is growing too. These two facts prove that the exposure to the culture of the Other through World heritage doesn't make us more tolerant to the alterity. Sixty years after the rise of the travels abroad, the expectation that tourism will teach us to embrace human diversity seems to be a total disillusion. At the end, eating kebabs, falafel and visiting Palmyra or Aleppo only turned us into consumers of cosmopolitan experiences and nothing more. This book is written for the readers who wonder about the humanitarian purpose of the World heritage. It addresses the Mediterranean diet's translation into a transnational identity marker, currently underway following the inclusion on the list of the intangible cultural heritage of the Humanity in 2010, in this perspective. The author exposes the reasons behind the present consensus about the heritagization of this nutritional model, which being first an object of scientific discourse like any else, is today converted into an intangible expression of Mediterraneaness. Rather than tell the history of the metamorphose, he adopts here a genealogical approach, which brings him to reconnect this newcomer of the heritage's arena with other series of events, normative acts and ideas, sometimes remote in space and time, that configure the present social existence of the Mediterranean diet. The author tries to demonstrate throughout this less conventional approach that what distinguishes the 'UNESCO regime' of the food pyramid made famous in the 1990s is primarily the fact that its conversion into a cultural element is the direct consequence of the political will to inscribe this scientific invention on the list. He will also reveal the profound changes regarding the UNESCO's heritage doctrine during the last decades, including the rise of the discursive use of notions as cultural diversity, identity and community, to understand the reason of the proposal's success. He will then finally be able to explain the present popularity of the 'UNESCO regime' as a governmentality instrument in areas other than public health, such as the Euro-Mediterranean co-operation, ecology or cultural tourism. The critical analysis of this case study will reveal the lack of the reflection about the effectiveness of the current World heritage policies that UNESCO needs urgently to promote in response to the new challenges of the post-national era we live now.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Food, Heritage institutions, Lists of the 2003 Convention, SDG 2: Zero Hunger

    • Country:

      Portugal

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Mediterranean diet

    • Suggested by:

      António Silva (2019-11-16)

    • Public URL:

      https://uma-pt.academia.edu/Ant%C3%B3nioJos%C3%A9MarquesdaSilva

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silva, A. (2018) From the Mediterranean Diet to the Diaita: The Epistemic Making of a Food Label. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, , Volume 25. 573–595.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silva, A. (2018) From the Mediterranean Diet to the Diaita: The Epistemic Making of a Food Label. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, , Volume 25. 573–595.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silva, António
      Title From the Mediterranean Diet to the Diaita: The Epistemic Making of a Food Label
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Year 2018
      Volume , Volume 25
      Number , Issue 4
      Pages 573-595.
      month November
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The Mediterranean Diet was one of the first food-related nominations on the international cultural heritage list. By introducing the concepts of “epistemic community” and “governmentality” to analyze this heritagization process, I will evaluate the participation and consent of “the Mediterranean people” and their belief in a common identity based in a holistic conception of this food tradition—the so-called diaita. My goal is to demonstrate that the inscription’s proposal was motivated first by a long-term strategy aimed at promoting an “umbrella brand” of agro-food products extended to the whole Mediterranean space. Then, I will emphasize the attempt to design a model of property rights protection that is adequate for this food label, which was later presented within the realm of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization as a measure for safeguarding the diaita as an item of intangible cultural heritage. Finally, I will argue that this claim totally omits the rights of the numerous expatriates living outside this region.

    • Themes:

      Food, Legislation, Migration

    • Country:

      Portugal

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Mediterranean diet

    • Suggested by:

      António Silva (2019-11-16)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/39055026/From_the_Mediterranean_Diet_to_the_Diaita_The_Epistemic_Making_of_a_Food_Label

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silva, K. & Chapagain, N. K. (2013) Asian heritage management: Contexts, concerns, and prospects Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silva, K. & Chapagain, N. K. (2013) Asian heritage management: Contexts, concerns, and prospects Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silva, Kapila AND Chapagain, Neel Kamal
      Title Asian heritage management: Contexts, concerns, and prospects
      Publisher Routledge
      Year 2013
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The prevalent global heritage discourse has been primarily Euro-centric in its origin, premise, and praxis. Diverse cultural, historical, and geographical contexts, such as that of Asia, call for more context-specific approaches to heritage management. This book explores this complexity of managing the cultural heritage in Asia. Case studies include sites of Angkor, Himeji Castle, Kathmandu Valley, Luang Prabang, Lumbini, and Malacca, and the book uses these to explore the religious worldviews, heritage policies, intangible heritage dimensions, traditional preservation practices, cultural tourism, and the notion of cultural landscape that are crucial in understanding the cultural heritage in Asia. It critiques the contemporary regulatory frameworks in operation and focuses on the issues of global impact on the local cultures in the region. The book goes on to emphasize the need for integrated heritage management approaches that encompass the plurality of heritage conservation concerns in Asian countries. Themes are discussed from the vantage point of heritage scholars and practitioners in the South, Southeast, and East Asia. This book thus presents a distinctive Asian perspective which is a valuable source for students and practitioners of heritage within and beyond the Asian context.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Economic and social development, Ethics, Food, Gender issues, Heritage institutions, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, International tensions, Minority groups, Social conflicts, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe, Oral traditions and expressions, Performing arts, Social practices, rituals and festive events, Traditional craftsmanship, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal

    • Suggested by:

      Jeremy Wells (2019-11-13)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.routledge.com/Asian-Heritage-Management-Contexts-Concerns-and-Prospects/Silva-Chapagain/p/book/9780415520546

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Silverman, C. (2015) Macedonia, UNESCO, and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Challenging Fate of Teškoto. IN journal of Folklore Research, 52. 93–111.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Silverman, C. (2015) Macedonia, UNESCO, and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Challenging Fate of Teškoto. IN journal of Folklore Research, 52. 93–111.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Silverman, Carol
      Title Macedonia, UNESCO, and Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Challenging Fate of Teškoto
      Journal journal of Folklore Research
      Year 2015
      Volume 52
      Number 2-3
      Pages 93-111
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In Macedonia debates about heritage are played out along the fault lines of ethnic and religious conflict as well as a faltering economy and threats from neighbors about interpretations of history. The country’s 2002 and 2004 failed applications for a UNESCO Masterpiece of Intangible Cultural Heritage and its ongoing submissions of representative lists provide a valuable case study of how rural folklore symbols are selectively adopted into heritage discourse and elevated to iconic status. This essay analyzes Teškoto (the Heavy/Difficult Dance) as featured in two UNESCO Masterpiece applications as well as in village contexts, ensemble performances, an annual staged ritual, and tourist appropriations. The story of how Teškoto became a national symbol but failed to achieve UNESCO status as ICH illuminates the manner in which nationalist discourse shapes performance practices.

    • Themes:

      Social conflicts

    • Suggested by:

      Lisa Gilman (2019-11-08)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Simonič, P. (2013) The Scope of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Protected Areas: Pohorje Regional Park, Slovenia. IN Anthropos, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Simonič, P. (2013) The Scope of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Protected Areas: Pohorje Regional Park, Slovenia. IN Anthropos, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Simonič, Peter
      Title The Scope of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Protected Areas: Pohorje Regional Park, Slovenia
      Journal Anthropos
      Year 2013
      Language English
    • Themes:

      Agriculture, SDG 15: Life on Land

    • Country:

      Slovenia

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-20)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.jstor.org/stable/23510278?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Simpson, M. G. (2006) Revealing and concealing: museums, objects, and the transmission of knowledge in Aboriginal Australia. IN New Museum Theory and Practice, . 152–177.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Simpson, M. G. (2006) Revealing and concealing: museums, objects, and the transmission of knowledge in Aboriginal Australia. IN New Museum Theory and Practice, . 152–177.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Simpson, Moira G.
      ISSN 0470776234
      Journal New Museum Theory and Practice
      Language English
      Pages 152--177
      Title Revealing and concealing: museums, objects, and the transmission of knowledge in Aboriginal Australia
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, Museums

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Singer, S. (2006) Preserving the Ephemeral: the International Museum Day 2004 in Mexico. IN International Journal of Intengible Heritage, 1. 67–73.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Singer, S. (2006) Preserving the Ephemeral: the International Museum Day 2004 in Mexico. IN International Journal of Intengible Heritage, 1. 67–73.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Singer, Silvia
      Journal International Journal of Intengible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 67--73
      Title Preserving the Ephemeral: the International Museum Day 2004 in Mexico
      Volume 1
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This paper analyses the process by which intangible heritage has gradually been integrated into the conservationists’ awareness. Intangible heritage, whose creative products are expressed in skills, knowledge, and representations, constitutes a challenge for museums, which were conceived, from their start, around the value of objects. Even when these spaces have previously acknowledged the importance of intangible cultural expressions, they have rarely performed the tasks of collecting, conserving, or displaying this kind of heritage. The prevailing perspective in Mexican museums is, to this day, to present them only as part of a ‘glorious past’ –before the Spaniards’ arrival to the continent–so that only recently have museum professionals become interested in the vast amount of traditional knowledge, skills, and activities that indigenous peoples still keep alive, more than 500 years after the Conquest. The conservation of cultural diversity implies not only the sampling of a few customs or artistic expressions that dominant groups consider valuable, but rather the formulation of government and social programs which ensure the continuity of ways of life, customs, and a sustainable relationship with the environment which created a given culture.

    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Country:

      Mexico

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. (2009) The authentic illusion. IN Intangible heritage, . 74.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. (2009) The authentic illusion. IN Intangible heritage, . 74.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      ISSN 0415473969
      Journal Intangible heritage
      Language English
      Pages 74
      Title The authentic illusion
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. (2011) Elementi per una teoria del patrimonio immateriale. IN Antropologia museale, 28-29. 33–40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. (2011) Elementi per una teoria del patrimonio immateriale. IN Antropologia museale, 28-29. 33–40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      Journal Antropologia museale
      Language Italian
      Pages 33--40
      Title Elementi per una teoria del patrimonio immateriale
      Volume 28-29
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. (2011) The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Milli Folklore Magazine, 23 (89). 28–40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. (2011) The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Milli Folklore Magazine, 23 (89). 28–40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      Journal Milli Folklore Magazine
      Language English
      Pages 28--40
      Title The Lost Ring. UNESCO’s World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 23 (89)
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Heritage has become lately a scholarship field with multiple issues. An integral part of human cultures, heritage interests today both the decision maker, the researcher, the public but also the international organizations. UNESCO early felt all the potential of such a field, developing during the last half century, a normative arsenal covering various domains of heritage. These domains are so close that the standard-setting instruments inevitably overlap each other. This is the case of the World heritage and of the Intangible cultural heritage, respectively covered by the 1972 Convention and the 2003 Convention. This paper will consider the links that exist or not between these two conventions. It will try to make a first census of the World heritage List sites where elements of the Intangible cultural heritage Representative List exist and briefly examine the nature of the link between them. It will, finally, consider what can be the modalities of cooperation between the two standard-setting instruments.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, 1972 Convention

    • Public URL:

      http://www.millifolklor.com/tr/sayfalar/89/05_.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. & Tebbaa, O. (2003) La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. & Tebbaa, O. (2003) La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A. AND Tebbaa, O.
      Language French,Arabic
      Publisher Rabbat: Bureau de l’UNESCO pour le Maghreb
      Title La place Jemaa el Fna patrimoine culturel immatériel de Marrakech du Maroc et de l’humanité
      Year 2003
    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000160378

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. 2012. The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. 2012. The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, A.
      Book title World Heritage. Benefits Beyond Borders
      Edition Cambridge University Press and UNESCO
      Editor(s) Galla, A.
      Language English
      Pages 82--93
      Title The Red City: Medina of Marrakesh
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      A medina among medinas Marrakesh, known as the ‘Red City’, is the largest of the thirty-one historic living towns (medinas) in Morocco with an intramural surface of 640 ha (including the Aguedal and Ménara gardens), extensive ramparts and their majestic gates, numerous monuments and residences, preserved gardens, long-inhabited markets and a vibrant craft industry. The cultural space of Jamaâ El Fna square mediates between the Medina and the external world. As an attractive interface and place of integration of populations originating from diverse backgrounds, it adds heritage value to the special role played by the Medina and the whole of this urban area in Morocco (Bigio, 2010). The population of the Medina accounts for 17.17 per cent of that of the urban area of Marrakesh, i.e. 182,637 of 1,063,415 inhabitants, according to the 2004 census, and it represents a quarter of the population of the old cities of Morocco, i.e. 182,637 of 737,945 inhabitants (Taamouti et al., 2008). Marrakesh was born out of strategic necessity. It was founded by the Almoravid dynasty in AD 1070–1071 on what seems to have been a space of commercial exchanges between mountain and plains communities. It was quasi-sacred territory, Amur, in which violence was banished, under the protection of a Berber divinity, Akuch. The sacred space of Akuch, or more precisely Amur Akuch, became Marrakesh, thus giving its name to the early urban settlement (Toufiq, 1988; Skounti, 2004).

    • Themes:

      Cities

    • Country:

      Morocco

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skounti, A. Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 21.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skounti, A. Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel, . 21.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skounti, Ahmed
      Journal De l’immatérialité du patrimoine culturel
      Language French
      Pages 21
      Title Eléments pour une théorie du patrimoine culturel immatériel

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Skrydstrup, M. & Wendland, W. (2006) Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques. IN Nouvelles de l'ICOM, 59. 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Skrydstrup, M. & Wendland, W. (2006) Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques. IN Nouvelles de l'ICOM, 59. 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Skrydstrup, M. AND Wendland, W.
      Journal Nouvelles de l'ICOM
      Language French,English
      Number 2
      Pages 5
      Title Protéger le patrimoine culturel immatériel : des dilemmes éthiques aux meilleures pratiques
      Volume 59
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Ethics

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Slencska, A. (2005) La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Slencska, A. (2005) La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Slencska, Anne
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title La patrimonialización de la identidad en México : cultura indígena en la museología oficial y en el museo comunitario Yucu-Iti
      Year 2005

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smeets, R. (2004) Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum International, 56.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smeets, R. (2004) Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum International, 56.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smeets, Rieks
      Title Language as a Vehicle of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal Museum International
      Year 2004
      Volume 56
      Number 1-2
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      When faced with the question as to what domains belong to the Intangible Cultural Heritage, people almost invariably mention language, often alongside music and dance. Nevertheless, article 2(1) of the 2003 Convention, which defines the intangible cultural heritage that is to be safeguarded, does not mention ‘language’ as such. The article does speak about ‘practices, representations and expressions, knowledge and skills ... that communities, groups and in some cases individuals, recognize as part of their cultural heritage’. The same paragraph also states that the heritage that is to be safeguarded, is transmitted from generation to generation, that it is constantly re-created and that it provides groups and communities with a sense of identity and continuity. Well, languages are transmitted from generation to generation, they are constantly re-created, they presuppose knowledge and skills, and speech acts can be described in terms of linguistic practices and expressions. Finally, languages as a rule play important if not crucial roles in the identities of groups and individuals. In the course of 2002 and 2003, while the draft of the Convention was being prepared at expert and intergovernmental meetings, the question of language was extensively discussed. There were a few voices in favour of the inclusion of language as such under the definition of intangible cultural heritage that is to be safeguarded. However, it was decided to include in Article 2(2) oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage as one of the domains in which the intangible cultural heritage is manifested.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Languages, Other international framework, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-22)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smeets, R. (2004) Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 156–165.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smeets, R. (2004) Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Museum international, . 156–165.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smeets, Rieks
      Journal Museum international
      Language French,Arabic,English,Korean,Spanish
      Number 221
      Pages 156--165
      Title Les langues comme véhicule du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Languages, Oral traditions and expressions

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135870_fre

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2006) Uses of heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2006) Uses of heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane
      ISBN 0-415-31830-0
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Uses of heritage
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2007) Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 159–171.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2007) Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition. IN Cultural heritage and human rights, . 159–171.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane
      Journal Cultural heritage and human rights
      Language English
      Pages 159--171
      Title Empty gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      The politics of identity cannot simply be dismissed as empty or abstract gesturing. The conflicts that occur around the rights to control the expression of cultural identity have important material consequences for struggles over economic resources and struggles for equity and human rights. This chapter examines the role that archaeologists, often unwittingly, play in the arbitration of identity politics and the consequences this has for both the discipline and, more specifically, Australian Indigenous communities. Drawing on a critical reading of Foucault’s later work on governmentality (Foucault 1979), this chapter provides a theoretical framework for understanding the conflicts that arise when archaeological knowledge and expertise about the material past intersects with the use of that past as indigenous heritage.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Human rights, Indigenous peoples

    • Country:

      Australia

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2011251/Empty_gestures_Heritage_and_the_Politics_of_Recognition

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. (2015) Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse? IN La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès, 40.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. (2015) Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse? IN La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès, 40.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Smith, Laurajane
      Journal La Revista d’Etnologia de Catalunya, en anglès
      Language English
      Title Intangible heritage: a challenge to the authorised heritage discourse?
      Volume 40
      Year 2015
      Author Smith, Laurajane
    • Abstract:

      The Unesco Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has significantly raised international and community awareness of the legitimacy of the concept of intangible heritage. Although, in raising this awareness, the Convention has not yet provided a framework that privileges the community/sub-national orientation of intangible heritage. This paper argues that definitions and ideas of heritage developed by national and international agencies such as UNESCO and ICOMOS need challenging and reconsidering. The dichotomy between tangible and intangible heritage needs re-thinking, and indeed, I posit all heritage is intangible.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Heritage institutions

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/34518290/Intangible_Heritage_A_challenge_to_the_authorised_heritage_discourse

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Akagawa, N. (2009) Intangible heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Akagawa, N. (2009) Intangible heritage Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane AND Akagawa, Natsuko
      ISBN 0-415-47396-9
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Intangible heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This volume examines the implications and consequences of the idea of ‘intangible heritage’ to current international academic and policy debates about the meaning and nature of cultural heritage and the management processes developed to protect it. It provides an accessible account of the different ways in which intangible cultural heritage has been defined and managed in both national and international contexts, and aims to facilitate international debate about the meaning, nature and value of not only intangible cultural heritage, but heritage more generally. Intangible Heritage fills a significant gap in the heritage literature available and represents a significant cross section of ideas and practices associated with intangible cultural heritage. The authors brought together for this volume represent some of the key academics and practitioners working in the area, and discuss research and practices from a range of countries, including: Zimbabwe, Morocco, South Africa, Japan, Australia, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, USA, Brazil and Indonesia, and bring together a range of areas of expertise which include anthropology, law, heritage studies, archaeology, museum studies, folklore, architecture, Indigenous studies and history.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, International cooperation

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299410644_Intangible_Heritage

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Campbell, G. (2017) The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage. IN Heritage and Society, 10. 26–44.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Campbell, G. (2017) The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage. IN Heritage and Society, 10. 26–44.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Laurajane AND Campbell , Gary
      Title The tautology of 'Intangible values' and the misrecognition of intangible cultural heritage
      Journal Heritage and Society
      Year 2017
      Volume 10
      Number 1
      Pages 26-44
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This paper explores the contradictions of the advent, dissemination and use of the terms‘intangible value’ and ‘tangible value’. We examine their logical and grammaticalincoherence, and the ‘work’ that these strange terms, so often used in tandem, do todomesticate what are for some people the uncomfortable implications of the concept ofintangible cultural heritage. In developing our argument, the paper draws on a range of policyand academic documents to illustrate the extent of the professional and academic unease withthe concept of intangible heritage, and the degree to which this unease unintentionally fostersthe maintenance of the authorized heritage discourse.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, 1972 Convention

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-13)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2159032X.2017.1423225

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L. & Waterton, E. (2009) The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England. IN Intangible heritage, . 289–302.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L. & Waterton, E. (2009) The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England. IN Intangible heritage, . 289–302.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, L. AND Waterton, E.
      ISSN 0415473969
      Journal Intangible heritage
      Language English
      Pages 289--302
      Title The envy of the world?: Intangible heritage in England
      Year 2009
    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299410914_The_Envy_of_the_World_Intangible_heritage_in_England

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, L., Morgan, A. & Van Der Meer, A. (2003) Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 9. 65–80.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, L., Morgan, A. & Van Der Meer, A. (2003) Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 9. 65–80.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, L. AND Morgan, A. AND Van Der Meer, A.
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 65--80
      Title Community-driven research in cultural heritage management: the Waanyi Women's History Project
      Volume 9
      Year 2003
    • Abstract:

      Community involvement in heritage management is an issue that is increasingly being debated within heritage studies and management agencies. This paper examines a case study from Queensland, Australia, of a community-initiated and controlled heritage project. The paper outlines and discusses the implications that this project has to an understanding of the nature of heritage, the processes of its management and the role of expertise within management. It argues that the development of a management process that is meaningfully inclusive at a community level must overthrow the ways in which heritage is defined and understood. Not only must concepts of intangible heritage be developed, but also concepts of heritage must usefully incorporate an understanding of the nature of intangible experiences and values that are associated with the physical aspects of heritage. Moreover, it is important to understand that these experiences and values are themselves open to management and regulation. Subsequently, an inclusive management process requires a self-conscious evaluation of the role of heritage managers in the process and a conscious decision to support, or otherwise, local community aspirations.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Gender issues

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Smith, R. (2009) Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum. IN The International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 4. 14–25.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Smith, R. (2009) Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum. IN The International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 4. 14–25.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Smith, Rhianedd
      Journal The International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 14--25
      Title Finding the 'First Voice' in rural England: the challenges of safeguarding intangible heritage in a national museum
      Volume 4
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This paper is an attempt to explore the challenges of defining intangible heritage and ‘community’ in England. It uses as its case study the Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading: an urban museum with a rural theme. The paper examines current theoretical discourse around the concept of the ‘first voice’ and debate about the role of museums in the preservation of intangible heritage. It then examines the relevance of these concepts to the identification of ‘rural’ intangible heritage stake holders in England. In this way, it shows the potential for concepts of intangible heritage to influence national museums. However, by applying theory and practice which is designed to support work with well-defined ‘originating communities’ to a national museum, it also highlights the challenges of initiating community engagement in a multicultural society.

    • Themes:

      Museums, Community participation

    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Solanilla, L. (2008) The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, 3. 103–16.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Solanilla, L. (2008) The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions. IN International Journal for Intangible Heritage, 3. 103–16.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Solanilla, Laura
      Journal International Journal for Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 103--16
      Title The Internet as a Tool for Communicating Life Stories: A New Challenge for Memory Institutions
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      This paper argues that life stories and other personal biographical accounts should be considered as significant manifestations of the intangible cultural heritage. It addresses the consequences for 'memory institutions', i.e. museums, libraries, archives and similar bodies, in relation to the protection and safeguarding of this heritage. First, the main challenges that these institutions have to face in order to protect this special kind of heritage are considered. Second, there is consideration of the main changes caused by the introduction of new information communication technologies (ICTs) into the cultural heritage world, and specifically, the effect of ICT developments on the institutions responsible for autobiographical memoirs are examined.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Information technology

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/10085067/The_Internet_as_a_Tool_for_Communicating_Life_Stories_a_New_Challenge_for_Memory_Institutions_

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Soukup, B. (2006) Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity. IN Language Policy, 5. 209–218.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Soukup, B. (2006) Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity. IN Language Policy, 5. 209–218.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Soukup, Barbara
      ISSN 1568-4555
      Journal Language Policy
      Language English
      Number 2
      Pages 209--218
      Title Language News in Review: UNESCO and the Quest for Cultural Diversity
      Volume 5
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This article analyzes recent news-making initiatives by UNESCO and their implications for language policy on the international level. In particular, I focus on two conventions relevant to language policy-making, the ‘Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions’ (approved October 2005), and the ‘Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage’ (which entered into force in April 2006). The adoption of the former was preceded by a widely publicized controversy regarding the status of cultural activities and goods in relation to international trade agreements and protectionism. The latter is a complement to the UNESCO World Heritage program that provides for a similar listmaking of expressions of intangible heritage (including oral traditions). I discuss both conventions in the light of media response and analyze their potential for driving language policy in Member States; and I conclude with a brief description of other UNESCO efforts at shaping language politics.

    • Themes:

      Languages, 2005 Convention

    • Public URL:

      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225333611_Soukup_Barbara_2006_Language_news_in_review_UNESCO_and_the_quest_for_cultural_diversity_Language_Policy_52_209-218

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sousa, F. (2018). The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal: Memória Imaterial CRL.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sousa, F. (2018). The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal: Memória Imaterial CRL.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title The Participation in the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage The role of Communities, Groups and Individuals
      Year 2018
      Memória Imaterial CRL
      Author Sousa, Filomena
      Publisher Memória Imaterial CRL. R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal Memória Imaterial CRL. R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal
      Postal address R. da Colectividade 4, 2580-258 Alenquer. Portugal
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Under the DCHPII project ― Digital Cultural Heritage: Platforms and Inventories of the Intangible1 ― the Map of e-Inventories of the Intangible Cultural Heritage was published in 2017. In a preliminary analysis, it was concluded that among the 158 inventories registered in this Map, only 22 (14%) clearly announced the collaborative nature of the inventory, calling for direct participation of "Communities, Groups and Individuals" (expression hereinafter often replaced by the acronym CGIs).2 This call referred to the submission of elements to be inscribed in the inventories and instructions for filling in the online database. With few exceptions, we did not find in these platforms references to participation in other phases of the inventory, namely in the planning, structuring and evaluation of the process. Since the application of participatory methodologies is one of the research lines of the DCHPII project, and considering that CGIs’ participation has a central role in the implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (UNESCO, 2003) – i.e., in all measures of safeguards invoked in it, and not only in the inventory - the results of the Map analysis activated in the project the need to elaborate the state of art of the use of these methodologies. For this reason, a comprehensive perspective is presented in this publication, a work that addresses the issues of inventory and digital platforms, but supplants them by analysing the overall safeguarding process.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Community participation, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, Inventorying

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-21)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.memoriamedia.net/pci_docs/The_Participation_in_the_Safeguarding_of_the_ICH_Filomena_Sousa.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sørensen, M. L. S. (2009) Heritage studies: methods and approaches Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sørensen, M. L. S. (2009) Heritage studies: methods and approaches Taylor /& Francis.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sørensen, Marie Louise Stig
      ISBN 0-415-43184-0
      Language English
      Publisher Taylor /& Francis
      Title Heritage studies: methods and approaches
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This is the first volume specifically dedicated to the consolidation and clarification of Heritage Studies as a distinct field with its own means of investigation. It presents the range of methods that can be used and illustrates their application through case studies from different parts of the world, including the UK and USA. The challenge that the collection makes explicit is that Heritage Studies must develop a stronger recognition of the scope and nature of its data and a concise yet explorative understanding of its analytical methods. The methods considered fall within three broad categories: textual/discourse analysis, methods for investigating people’s attitudes and behaviour; and methods for exploring the material qualities of heritage. The methods discussed and illustrated range from techniques such as text analysis, interviews, participant observation, to semiotic analysis of heritage sites and the use of GIS. Each paper discusses the ways in which methods used in social analysis generally are explored and adapted to the specific demands that arise when applied to the investigation of heritage in its many forms. Heritage Studies is a seminal volume that will help to define the field. The global perspective and the shared focus upon the development of reflexive methodologies ensure that the volume explores these central issues in a manner that is simultaneously case-specific and of general relevance.

    • Themes:

      Universities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Spennemann, D. H. r. & Graham, K. (2007) The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations. IN International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 7. 993–1001.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Spennemann, D. H. r. & Graham, K. (2007) The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations. IN International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 7. 993–1001.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Spennemann, Dirk H.r. AND Graham, Kristy
      ISSN 1466-8297
      Journal International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management
      Language English
      Number 6
      Pages 993--1001
      Title The importance of heritage preservation in natural disaster situations
      Volume 7
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      Disaster management for cultural heritage has been gaining recognition as an important issue for the long term management and conservation of these assets. Natural disasters are localised events and have the ability to cause widespread loss and destruction to a community's cultural heritage. The social benefits of heritage preservation are often cited as the justification for developing disaster management plans. These social benefits are generally presented in relation to the disaster recovery phase. However, these benefits are also attributable to the initial stages experienced during a disaster event. Applying these existing arguments to this initial stage may assist to transcend the existing attitudinal barriers and present the issue of disaster management for cultural heritage in a manner which is relevant to the diversity of stakeholders.

    • Themes:

      Emergency situations, Community participation, Environment, Natural disasters

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stamatoudi, I. (2004) The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. IN Revue Hellénique de Droit International, 57.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stamatoudi, I. (2004) The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. IN Revue Hellénique de Droit International, 57.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stamatoudi, Irini
      Journal Revue Hellénique de Droit International
      Language English
      Title The Protection of Intangible Property by Means of the UNESCO Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage and Intellectual Property Law
      Volume 57
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stavenhagen, R. (2005) The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance. IN Global Governance, 11. 17–23.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stavenhagen, R. (2005) The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance. IN Global Governance, 11. 17–23.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stavenhagen, Rodolfo
      ISSN 10752846
      Journal Global Governance
      Language English
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: Jan.–Mar. 2005 / Copyright © 2005 Lynne Rienner Publishers
      Number 1
      Pages 17--23
      Title The Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Closing a Gap in Global Governance
      Volume 11
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/27800551

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stefano M., D. P. (Ed.), (2017) The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stefano M., D. P. (Ed.), (2017) The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Stefano, M., Davis, P.
      Title The Routledge Companion to Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Publisher Routledge
      Year 2017
      ISBN 978-1-315-71640-4 (ebk)
      Language English
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Heritage institutions, Museums, Policy making, 1972 Convention

    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stefano, M., Davis, P. & Corsane, G. (2012) Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage UK, The Boydell Press.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stefano, M., Davis, P. & Corsane, G. (2012) Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage UK, The Boydell Press.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address UK
      Author Stefano, Michelle and Davis, Peter and Corsane, Gerard
      Language English
      Publisher The Boydell Press
      Title Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2012

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • şTiucă, N. A. (2009) L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      şTiucă, N. A. (2009) L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author şTiucă, Narcisa Alexandra
      Language French
      Title L'alimentation traditionnelle roumaine. Critères d’inclusion dans le registre du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2009
      Journal Bukovinian Academic Journal of History and Cultural Anthroplogy
    • Themes:

      Food

    • Country:

      Romania

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Stovel, H. (2004) The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level. IN Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage, . 129–135.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Stovel, H. (2004) The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level. IN Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage, . 129–135.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Stovel, Herb
      Journal Utaki in Okinawa and sacred spaces in Asia-community development and cultural heritage
      Language English
      Pages 129--135
      Title The World Heritage Convention and the Convention for Intangible Cultural Heritage: Implications for Protection of Living Heritage at the Local Level
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, 1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Strambi, G. 2011. I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea. Paper read at Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Strambi, G. 2011. I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea. Paper read at Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Strambi, Giuliana
      Book title Agricultura transgénica y calidad alimentaria: análisis de derecho comparado
      ISBN 84-8427-849-2
      Language Italian
      Pages 411--428
      Publisher Servicio de Publicaciones
      Title I prodotti tradizionali e la politica di qualità dell’Unione europea
      Year 2011

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. (2019) Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. (2019) Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie
      Title Managing Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Context of Tourism: Chinese Officials’ Perspectives
      Journal Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change
      Year 2019
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Government plays a key role in addressing the tension between the protection and the use of heritage in tourism. However, the diverse perspectives of heritage officials have not been well researched, particularly in regard to intangible cultural heritage (ICH) in the context of tourism. China is typical of a country where there is an obvious tension between protection and commodification of ICH for tourism. This research has studied the perspectives of officials from national to local levels in regard to the relationship between protection (in terms of the concepts of authenticity and integrity) and commodification of the ICH in Lijiang, a popular heritage tourism area in China. The research reveals the diversity and stratification of the officials’ perspectives in China. While the national ICH policy exerts profound influence in a top-down manner, the officials at the middle and lower levels mediate any divergence between the written policy and its implementation. In particular, local officials are more sympathetic to tourism commodification of ICH. As well as providing empirical evidence of the diverse understandings of individual heritage officials, this paper also contributes to the critical study of the ICH management system in China.

    • Themes:

      Policy making, Tourism, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Touristification

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2019.1604720

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Su, J. (2019) Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 17. 247–268.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Su, J. (2019) Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China. IN Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 17. 247–268.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Su, Junjie
      Title Understanding the Changing Intangible Cultural Heritage in Tourism Commodification: The Music Players’ Perspective from Lijiang, China
      Journal Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change
      Year 2019
      Volume 17
      Number 3
      Pages 247-268
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      While Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) emerges as a new topic in the fields of heritage studies and tourism studies, the changeability of ICH in tourism commodification is still underresearched. The tension between protection and commodification of ICH is intensified when ICH is regarded as a heritage to protect and a resource for commodification, such as in the case of China. With a musical ICH element in Lijiang, China as the case, this paper applies a Critical Heritage Studies approach to investigate the values and components of ICH from the perspective of the music players. From both the diachronic and synchronic dimensions, the research shows that the players construct the values of their ICH in a subject, diverse and dynamic process. The less- and the more commodified forms of performance are not clearly differentiated; rather, they are regarded as equally important to realise players’ dynamic and subjective needs. Provided practitioners can engage with their ICH freely, commodification can be seen as an indispensable form of the ICH-making process. This paper aims to reveal the dynamism of ICH, to rethink the commodification of ICH, and to rethink the relationship between the commodification and the making of ICH from a critical approach.

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Junjie Su (2019-10-29)

    • Public URL:

      https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2018.1427102

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Suarez, R., Alonzo, A. & Sandra, J. J. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. IN Journal of cultural heritage, 16. 239–243.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Suarez, R., Alonzo, A. & Sandra, J. J. (2015) Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. IN Journal of cultural heritage, 16. 239–243.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Suarez, Rafael AND Alonzo, Alicia AND Sandra, Juan J.
      Journal Journal of cultural heritage
      Number 2
      Pages 239--243
      Title Intangible cultural heritage: The sound of the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
      Volume 16
      Year 2015
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Since the end of the twentieth century the increasing importance of cultural heritage has been complemented with the recognition and protection of intangible heritage. This new approach to cultural heritage requires scientific knowledge supported by new technologies. This context is used as the starting point for furthering knowledge of the relationship between architecture, liturgy and music in Romanesque church architecture – the first artistic style to become widespread in the West – by including a new intangible dimension: sound. This case study of the emblematic cathedral of Santiago de Compostela uses computer simulation to expose the acoustic behaviour of the original Romanesque space – now covered by Baroque elements – and its effect on the functional and spatial structure.

    • Themes:

      Digital technology

    • Country:

      Spain

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sullivan, B. M. (2009) How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam. IN Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 21. 78–86.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sullivan, B. M. (2009) How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam. IN Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, 21. 78–86.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sullivan, Bruce M.
      ISSN 0943-3058
      Journal Method & Theory in the Study of Religion
      Language English
      Number 1
      Pages 78--86
      Title How Does One Study a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity? Ethnographic Reflections on Kerala's Kutiyattam
      Volume 21
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      This article presents issues encountered in ethnographic fieldwork in Kerala, south India, on a tradition of Sanskrit theatre called Kūtiyāttam. Key issues include recent changes in both the audience and performing troupes as Kerala's society has become more egalitarian, and reduced ritual activity by priests. Kūtiyāttam has been transformed from a devotional offering in temples to a cultural performance viewed as an art form. Ethnographic research on this tradition has contributed to international recognition and patronage. In this case, ethnographic fieldwork affects both the researchers and the subjects of their research.

    • Themes:

      Performing arts

    • Country:

      India

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre

    • Public URL:

      https://www.academia.edu/2140639/How_Does_One_Study_a_Masterpiece_of_the_Oral_and_Intangible_Heritage_of_Humanity_Ethnographic_Reflections_on_Keralas_Kutiyattam

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Sumin, H. (2003) UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters. IN North West Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Sumin, H. (2003) UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters. IN North West Minorities Research, 1.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Sumin, Hao
      Journal North West Minorities Research
      Language English
      Title UNESCO's New Motion: Thinkings on the Oral Heritages of the Northwestern Minorities Having Sparse Population and No Characters
      Volume 1
      Year 2003
    • Themes:

      Minority groups

    • Country:

      China

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Suremain, C. (. & Katz, E. (2008) Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Suremain, C. (. & Katz, E. (2008) Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine. IN Anthropology of food, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Suremain, Charles-édouard (De) AND Katz, Esther
      Journal Anthropology of food
      Language French
      Number S4
      Title Introduction: modèles alimentaires et recompositions sociales en Amérique Latine
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      « L’Autre, comme l’écrit Françoise Héritier-Augé, c’est d’abord celui qui ne mange pas comme soi » (1985 : 61). L’alimentation serait, autrement dit, le socle à partir duquel se développent les identités individuelles et collectives. Comme tout fait social, l’alimentation d’un groupe, d’une catégorie sociale ou d’une société particulière forme système et constitue un ensemble de représentations, savoirs et pratiques qui s’affirme dans ses différences par rapport à d’autres systèmes alimentaires. C’est d’ailleurs cet aspect qui est largement repris dans la littérature anthropologique : l’alimentation incarne et cristallise les différences culturelles et identitaires ; elle s’impose à ce titre comme l’un des fondements de l’existence historique des sociétés, des régions, des familles1… Pourtant, alors même que les controverses sur les phénomènes concomitants de destructions et de crispations identitaires se font de plus en plus vigoureuses, la question de la transformation des modèles alimentaires et des recompositions sociales n’est que rarement étudiée dans une perspective anthropologique.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Food

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/aof/4033

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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