Traditional skills of crafting and playing Dotār

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Inscribed in 2019 (14.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

The traditional skills of crafting and playing the Dotār are one of the most prominent social and cultural components of the folkloric music among the ethnic groups and communities of the Dotār regions. Bearers and practitioners are mostly farmers, including male crafters and players and female players. The Dotār is a folkloric plucked musical instrument with a pear-shaped bow crafted with dried wood or mulberry tree, a neck made of apricot or walnut wood, and two strings. Some believe one string is male and functions as the accord, while the other is female, playing the main melody. Performers play the Dotār on important social and cultural occasions such as weddings, parties, celebrations and ritual ceremonies. In recent decades, it has also been played in local, regional, national and international festivals. While playing, the players recount epic, historical, lyric, moral and gnostic narrations that are central to their ethnic history, pride and identity. Traditional knowledge relating to crafting and playing the Dotār is passed on informally through the master-student method, and the element is also present in local oral and written literature, which reflects the history and background of the bearers. The element fosters peaceful co-existence, mutual respect and understanding both among different communities and with neighbouring countries.

Master Hossein Ali Ghamkhar Ahmadi in his Dotār crafting workshop, Torbat-e Jam, Razavi Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Master Mohammad Divangahi in his Dotār crafting workshop, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Types of Dotār (large, medium and small sizes) in different places of Dotār-Domain region, Islamic Republic of Iran
Traditional transmission of Dotār (master-student method) by Master Mohsen Asgari, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
An urban class at Razavi Khorasan Music Association; Master Mojtaba Gheytaghi is teaching Dotār to a young girl, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Three young girls with local Kurmanji kurdish costumes trained by Master Mojtaba Gheytaghi, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Master (Bakhshī) Mr. Gol-Nabāt ‘Attaie, Kurmanji Kurdish Dotār Player, Bojnurd, North Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Master (Bakhshī) Ana Morād Rastegari, Turkmen Dotār playe, Jargalān, Bojnurd, North Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
Friendly meeting of two prominent Dotār player - right one: Master Othman Khwafi (Sunni, from Razavi Khorasan Province) and leftoOne: Master Ramazan Bardari (Shiite from Bardar Village, Razavi Khorasan Province), Islamic Republic of Iran
A symbol of Dotār installed in Mādar Sq. in Bojnurd, North Khorasan Province, Islamic Republic of Iran
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