Indigenous peoples and intangible cultural heritage

التقليد الشفهى لجماعة “مابويو” وخصائصه الرمزية فى أرض أجدادهم للمزيد من المعلومات بشأن العنصر
© Centro de la Diversidad, 2013

Indigenous peoples hold a rich diversity of living heritage, including practices, representations, expressions, knowledge and skills. The practice and transmission of this heritage contributes to the ongoing vitality, strength and wellbeing of communities.

To that end, the Convention provides an important opportunity for indigenous peoples to shape the international heritage discourse and ensure that their experiences and needs in safeguarding living heritage are taken into account.

Its Preamble recognizes that ‘communities, in particular indigenous communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals, play an important role in the production, safeguarding, maintenance and recreation of the intangible cultural heritage.‘

International Year of Indigenous Languages
The United Nations declared 2019 The Year of Indigenous Languages (IYIL2019) Indigenous languages are a vehicle of living heritage. They are vital for the transmission of knowledge systems passed on from generation to generation.

How to get involved

For indigenous peoples, there are many ways to get involved in the Convention.

  • Community-based inventorying: Inventorying involves identifying and defining elements of intangible cultural heritage always with the view to safeguarding. Community involvement is mandatory and countries must ensure the widest possible participation of communities, groups and relevant non-governmental organizations in the inventorying process.
  • Lists of the Convention: The Convention has a number of Lists to help safeguard different aspects of living heritage. All proposals to the Lists of the Convention must be made with the widest possible participation and free, prior and informed consent of the communities.
  • Technical and financial assistance: Technical and financial assistance is available to support communities in their safeguarding measures through the Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund.
  • Capacity-building programme: The programme provides the skills and knowledge needed to implement the Convention at the country level with the support of a global network of facilitators.
  • Non-governmental organizations: Indigenous non-governmental organizations with recognised competence in intangible cultural heritage can request accreditation.

Frameworks for engagement

  • The UNESCO Policy on Engaging with Indigenous Peoples guides the Organization’s work, in all areas of its mandate that involve or are relevant for indigenous peoples and of potential benefit or risk to them. It ensures that the Organization’s policies, planning, programming and implementation uphold the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Indigenous peoples’ involvement with the 2003 Convention

“الإنكيباتا” و”الأيونوتو” و”الأولنغ إشير”: الطقوس الثلاثة لبلوغ الفتيان في مجتمع الماساي للمزيد من المعلومات بشأن العنصر
© Danson Siminyu, Kenya, 2010

Indigenous languages

Indigenous knowledge, encased in language, is often transmitted and expressed through a myriad of practices and expressions. The disappearance of a language threatens the continued practice and transmission of living heritage and may result in the loss of vital cultural and ecological knowledge.

Andean cosmovision of the Kallawaya, Representative List (2008).

Community-based resilience

Living heritage contains locally-rooted knowledge that can provide a source of resilience against changing climatic conditions.

Suri Jagek, traditional meteorological and astronomical practice based on the observation of the sun, moon and stars in reference to the local topography, Urgent Safeguarding List (2018).

Quality education

Quality education is important for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage. Integrating indigenous language and knowledge into education programmes can enhance the intergenerational transmission of living heritage.

Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territory, Urgent Safeguarding List (2014).

Environmental sustainability

Living heritage can help protect biodiversity. Many local and indigenous communities have developed lifestyles and practices that are closely linked to nature and that respect the environment.

Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the Mijikenda, Urgent Safeguarding List (2009).

Presentation of the 2003 Convention at UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (22/04/2019)

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