Traditional Mauritian Sega

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Inscribed in 2014 (9.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

© Nelson Mandela Centre for African Culture Trust Fund, 2013/National Heritage Fund - University of Mauritius, 2013/Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund, 2013/Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation-MBC, 2013

Traditional Mauritian Sega Tipik is a vibrant performing art, emblematic of the Creole community and performed at informal private family events or in public spaces. Songs sung in a minor key gradually increase in tempo, as dancers move their hips and hands to a percussive beat, using short steps to manoeuvre around each other in a variety of different formations. Each soloist improvises lyrics in the Creole language, sometimes blended with other languages, while a frame drum, box rattle and triangle keep time and produce the rhythmic beat. Sega songs can talk of love or address everyday challenges and concerns, with the meaning often enacted through the choreography. Traditionally, women dancers wear long skirts and petticoats while men wear rolled-up trousers, colourful shirts and straw hats, in memory of the dress of their ancestors. The main practitioners are the singers, dancers and musicians, who transmit their skills both formally and informally through participation and imitation. Some practitioners also make the instruments, and transmit their skills through informal apprenticeship. Representing the multiculturalism of Mauritian society, Sega breaks down cultural and class barriers, creates opportunities for intercultural encounters, and unifies various groups around a shared Mauritian heritage.

Members of Lespri Ravann playing the instruments: (left to right) the maravann, the ravann and the triyang
An informal Sega Tipik performance improvised by the participants at the end of the Consultative Committee on 14 February 2014
An informal Sega Tipik performance among familiy members in the yard of the practitioner Michel Legris
A formal choreographed performance: female dancers with traditional costumes move while enacting the words in the song and moving to the beat of the ravann, maravann and triyang
Female and male dancers dancing to the beat of the instruments and manoeuvre among themselves
A performance which demonstrates improvisation with respect to instruments
Alain Muneean (Abaim Group) teaching the beginners how to play the ravann at Ravann School, Cite Barkly Beau Bassin
Marousia Bouvery beating the ravann with her students at the Ravann School, Cite Barkly Beau Bassin
Kirt O'clou of Lespri Ravann teaching how to make the ravann
A staged performance of the students of the Ravann School (Group Abaim)