Traditional craftsmanship of Çini-making

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Inscribed in 2016 (11.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

© Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey, 2014

Çini are traditional, handmade glazed tiles and ceramics made in Turkey featuring colourful motifs of plants, animals and geometric patterns often found on facades of buildings and in homes throughout the country. Producing çini involves a series of processes. The clay is first shaped, lined, dried and fired in ovens specifically for çini making. Designs representing local customs and beliefs are then drilled on paper and transferred to the surface with coal dust. Outer contours of the patterns are hand drawn, the surface dyed in various colours and then the work is glazed and fired. Çini-making workshops involve craftspeople, supervisors and apprentices. Each craftsperson has a specific role – shaping, design and dye, polishing and undercoating or firing. Practitioners consider çini making as an outlet for self-expression, development and healing, as well as a means of maintaining an art form that is a symbolic aspect of Turkey’s cultural identity, strengthening links from the past to the present providing continuity. Çini making is not confined to workshop spaces. The tradition is also practised in the home, public education centres, vocation schools and universities throughout the country where neither age, gender nor ethnicity are barriers to knowledge sharing, transmission and skills development.

Potter wheeler (Çarkçı) and craftsman of çini Ali Buzkan is shaping the clay
Craftswoman of çini is decorating the biscuit
Çinili Mosque's exterior architectural ornamentation with çini in Kütahya
Bakery oven decorated with çini in Kütahya
Student decorating a plate in Vocational School of Higher Education at a university in İznik (Bursa)
Interior of a room in Harem /Topkapi Palace
Vase made by Mehmet Gürsoy (Living Human Treasures)
Approximately 150 years old wood-fire çini oven is still using by craftspeople in Kütahya
Çini workshop in Public Education Center of Eyüp Municipality in Istanbul
A woman is drinking Turkish coffee from çini coffee cup