Bagpipe culture

Inscribed in 2015 (10.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

© Slovak Intangible Cultural Heritage Centre, 2014
Bagpipe culture consists of a wide range of expressions and knowledge associated with bagpipes and their use, including music repertoire, style and ornamentation, songs, dances, instrument-making, folk customs and traditions and special verbal expressions. The bagpipe tradition exists throughout Slovakia, with regional differences concerning technical details, tuning, ornaments and know-how, and corresponding songs and dance repertoire. The main bearers and practitioners of the element are bagpipe makers and players, as well as other musicians, singers and dancers performing in groups with bagpipe players. Many of the attributes of bagpipe culture are hallmarks of traditional folk culture in Slovakia with links to the natural environment, such as construction methods (use of goat skin) or the aesthetic forms of instruments (other domains of local folk art), local and individual styles of interpretation of songs and repertoire. Bagpipe culture is transmitted from generation to generation within the family and community and via formal and non-formal education. A community is proud to have a bagpipe player and when a bagpiper attends a community social event, the music generates a sense of identity shared among all members of the community.
Bagpiper Adrián Matis (born 2001) from Oravská Polhora performing during the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Slovakia Proclamation Ceremony
Bernard Garaj - foreman of the Guild of the Slovak Bagpipers (born 1935) from Zlaté Moravce performing during the 'Bagpipers Carnival' festival
Bagpiper Pavol Kužma (born 1942) from Čadca town. Slovak Intangible Cultural Heritage Center photo documentation
Bagpiper L'ubomír Tatarka (born 1958) from Slovenská L'upča. Slovak Intangible Cultural Heritage Center photo documentation
Bagpipes - construction components: chanter handle with goat head shape called 'kozička', drone ans chanter handles. Slovak Intangible Cultural Heritage Center photo documentation
Bagpiper Jozef Luscoň and singer Margita Kuráková presenting to the children at primary school in the village of Oravská Polhora the traditional way of singing along the bagpipes
Bagpipers are preparing to perform at the 'Gajdovačka' festival
Bagpipers are preparing to perform at the 'Gajovačka' festival
A bagpiper and a violinist from the region of Orava - Jozef Luscoň (born 1932) and L'udovít Borovka (born 1941) - in parade of Folklore Festival 'Východná'
Bagpiper Jozef Rajnoha plays bagpipes behind the table, on the left side the bagpiper Gustáv Adamec, on the right side the bagpipe maker Michal Mokrý
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