List the key activities that were carried out during this reporting period in order to achieve these expected results. Please describe the activities in detail and note their effectiveness or any problems encountered in implementing them.
- Increasing awareness of the communities and of the whole society on the values and significance of the safeguarding of Ca trù.
Inventorying and documentation of Ca trù were strengthened. The awareness of artists, practitioners and the communities on the safeguarding of the element was enhanced through their participation in inventory activities. The gained knowledge on Ca trù values increased the sense of pride and appreciation among communities. Particular results achieved include: documentation and inventory of traditional melodies, dance, instruments, books and other materials, objects relating to Ca trù; identifying artists, updating information and data on Ca trù in the cultural heritage database of the Institute of Musicology, Provincial Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Hải Dương, Nghệ An…
For the revitalisation of values and cultural functions of Ca trù, the responsible authorities and government agences have conducted research, dissemination and promotion activities inside and outside the country. Scientific conferences, studies, and researches have been implemented (Institute of Musicology, Quảng Bình province). Materials on Ca trù have been widely disseminated including: translation of Hán Nôm (Sino-Vietnamese) materials on Ca trù, DVD “Ca trù – a cultural heritage of Viet Nam”, Book “Ca trù Hà Nội in the past and the present” (2010) by Nguyễn Đức Mậu, “Ca trù Hải Dương” (2010), Documentary “Ca trù – the soul of Viet Nam” (2010), documentary CD “Ca trù in Hải Dương province” (2012) and “Ca trù clubs of Hải Dương” (2012).
Supported Ca trù clubs with their regular activities and stable operation, supported domestic and international research projects on Ca trù. Clubs receive not only domestic audience but also tourists and listeners from abroad, which indicates the increased interest in this art form, providing motivation and incentives for artists and practitioners to continue their work. There have been exchanges and performaces to promote Ca trù widely in Vietnam and abroad such as: series of performances and explaination of Ca trù organised for college and university students, for people living in Mỹ Đình and Cầu Giấy districts (Hà Nội) in 2012; performing troupes from Thái Hà Ca trù Club (Hà Nội), Hà Nội Ca trù Club, Tứ Kỳ Ca trù Club (Hải Dương) performed in Shanghai (China) at the 42th International Conference of the International Council for Traditional Music (ICTM) in 2013; singers from Thăng Long Ca trù Guild were invited to teach Ca trù at a university in Taiwan and to introduce Ca trù to university students of Cleveland, Ohio, USA in 2013, Ca trù performances organised in France, Australia, Korea, Thailand, etc.
- Revitalisation of old Ca trù repertoires and maintaining its viability in the communities
Through studies and collections of various govenrment agencies, clubs, and individuals, many traditional songs and melodies have been revitalised such as bài bông (disposing flowers) song and dance by master artist Phó Thị Kim Đức, the full performance of Hát Cửa đình (singing at the village’s communal house) with the full set of instruments and old melodies and dances (by Thăng Long Ca trù Guild). Besides these traditional repertoires, some Ca trù clubs have reintroduced the art to its orginal performing spaces at village communal houses, in traditional worshiping spaces.
Government agencies at all levels have provided support to Ca trù clubs to revitalise and transmit Ca trù to community members including: organising transmission classes taught by master artists in Hưng Yên, Hải Dương, Hà Nội, Quảng Bình, Bắc Ninh, Thái Bình, Bắc Giang, Phú Thọ, Vĩnh Phúc…; providing print and audio-visual materials on Ca trù as references for the revitalisation of the Hát Cửa đình (Hải Dương); compiling and choreographing traditional repertoires such as Bài bông and Tứ linh dances (Hà Nội). Besides regular practice and performaces, Ca trù clubs also organise transmission classes to other clubs. For example Thái Hà Ca trù Club shared and taught its 5 special melodies to 20 other clubs around the country.
Collaboration between government authorities and communities and groups who are traditional bearers to introduce Ca trù in schools (Nghệ An and Thanh Hóa provinces), organising classes of Ca trù and integrating Ca trù in the curriculum of art and cultural institutions in the provinces (Hải Dương and Hưng Yên);
- Promotion of the values of Ca trù in the spiritual and social life of communities through festivals and performances
In 2011, Institute of Musicology organised a National Ca trù Festival with participation of 23 troups from 14 provinces/cities. The festival showcased traditional repertoires in their original performing spaces such as: Hát Cửa đình, Hát Cửa quyền, Hát Chơi và Hát Thi. There are also regular Ca trù festivals at provincial, city, and district levels as well as performances by Ca trù clubs (Hà Nội, Hải Dương, Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh…).
The Institute of Musicology will organise the Second National Ca trù Festival in August 2014.
Ca trù festivals and Ca trù clubs’ practice and performances all indicate the viability and reach of Ca trù to the audience and to a broader society. Through these activities, many old melodies in danger of disappearing such as Hát thờ, Hát cửa đình, Hát cửa quyền, Hát Ca quán have been inventorised and safeguarded. Ca trù groups are also encouraged to be creative and to strengthen their capacity. For instance, Hồ Chí Minh city collaborated with Phú Thọ province to organise a writing workshop to create new rylics for old melodies.
- Promotion of tourism for sustainable development
Some Ca trù clubs have regular performances for both domestic and international audience, many among those are tourists (such as Hà Nội Ca trù Club, Thăng Long Ca trù Guild, Thái Hà Ca trù Club in Hà Nội). Particularly, Thái Hà Ca trù Club with its 7 generations of Ca trù practitioners and artists have attrached a large amount of audience.
Restoration of heritage sites relating to Ca trù was conducted in Phú Thọ, Bắc Ninh, Hà Tĩnh, Thái Bình. These sites served as venues for heritage practitioners, tourists and Ca trù admirers to learn, enjoy, and understand better about this art form.