Kwagh-Hir theatrical performance
Inscribed in 2019 (14.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Kwagh-Hir theatrical performance is a composite art form encompassing a spectacle that is both visually stimulating and culturally edifying. Kwagh-hir has its roots in the story-telling tradition of the Tiv people called ‘kwagh-alom’, a practice where the family was treated to a storytelling session by creative storytellers, usually in the early hours of the night after the day’s farming work. With time, creative storytellers began to dramatize these stories, culminating in the present stage and status of Kwagh-hir. The practice is a social performance with the potential to entertain and teach moral lessons through the dramatization and performance of past and current social realities. As a form of total theatre, Kwagh-hir incorporates puppetry, masquerading, poetry, music, dance and animated narratives in articulating the reality of the Tiv people. People’s daily struggles, aspirations, successes and failures are all given expression through creative dramatization. Khwagh-hir theatre is owned by the community, with knowledge and skills being transmitted through apprenticeship. People who indicate an interest in the troupe’s activities are trained and mentored until they reach a certain level of proficiency; they are then accepted into the troupe. Regular performances are held to ensure the art is kept alive and that the younger generation continues to identify with it.
- Kwa - the area restricted to non-members of the Kwagh-hir troupe. It serves as place for keeping of props and changing area for performers.
- Tor-cham (lead singer) giving instructions to the Kwagh-hir troupe before the commencement of a performance.
- Ter Kwagh-hir (Patron) - Custodian of traditional authority with potent cultural and spiritual powers to proctect and sustain the groupe. Sitting close to him are two community elders.
- Jov Gyuce, known as the eagle fairy, has sensitive perception to detect danger and evil. Other performers are the lights-man and female dancers dancing and singing in the background.
- Azembetuka - a young attractive girl, obedient and hard working. She is assisting her mother to fetch water and do other household chores.