La tradition de l’empaako des Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda et Banyabindi de l’ouest de l’Ouganda

    

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Inscrit en 2013 (8.COM) sur la Liste du patrimoine immatériel nécessitant une sauvegarde urgente

© Engabu Za Tooro (EZT), 2013

L’empaako est un système d’attribution de nom pratiqué par les Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda et Banyabindi, qui consiste à attribuer aux enfants l’un des douze noms communs aux communautés en plus de leur prénom et de leur nom de famille. Le fait de s’adresser à quelqu’un par son nom empaako est une manière d’affirmer avec force l’existence des liens sociaux. L’empaako peut être utilisé pour saluer une personne ou en guise de témoignage d’affection, de respect, d’honneur ou d’amour. L’utilisation de l’empaako apaise les tensions ou la colère et envoie un message fort d’identité et d’unité sociale, de paix et de réconciliation. L’empaako est attribué au cours d’une cérémonie qui a lieu dans le foyer et qui est présidée par le chef du clan. Le bébé est remis aux tantes paternelles qui examinent ses traits. Ses ressemblances avec d’éventuels membres de la famille constituent la base du choix du nom. Le chef de clan déclare alors le nom à l’enfant. Les participants à la cérémonie partagent un repas à base de millet et de viande de bœuf fumée. Ils offrent des présents au bébé et plantent un arbre en son honneur. La transmission de l’empaako par des rituels traditionnels d’attribution de nom a considérablement diminué en raison du déclin général de l’appréciation de la culture traditionnelle et l’utilisation décroissante de la langue associée à l’élément.

Rapport périodique

Rapport périodique (USL)

A. Page de couverture

A.1.

État partie

Nom de l'État partie

Ouganda

A.2.

Date du dépôt de l'instrument de ratification, d'acceptation, d'approbation ou d'adhésion

Elle peut être consultée en ligne.

2009-05-13

A.3.

Élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente qui fait l'objet du présent rapport

Nom de l'élément

Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda

Inscrit en

2013

A.4.

Période considérée dans le présent rapport

Veuillez indiquer la période couverte par le présent rapport.

April 2015 - December 2017

A.5.

Autres éléments inscrits sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente, le cas échéant

Veuillez établir une liste de tous les autres éléments présents sur le territoire de votre pays qui sont inscrits sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente et indiquer en quelle année ils y ont été inscrits ; pour ce qui est des éléments multinationaux, veuillez indiquer quels autres États sont concernés.

Le bigwala, musique de trompes en calebasse et danse du royaume du Busoga en Ouganda (2012)

A.6.

Synthèse du rapport

Veuillez fournir une synthèse du rapport, qui permette au grand public de comprendre l'état actuel de l'élément, mentionne toute incidence positive ou négative de son inscription et fasse état des mesures de sauvegarde mises en œuvre pendant la période considérée et leur possible mise à jour les années suivantes.

This report concerns implementation of safeguarding measures for Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batagwenda, Batuku and Bunyabindi of western Uganda which was, in December 2013, inscribed on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. This is the first ordinary report but the second one following an extra ordinary which was approved in December 2015.

Empaako is a naming system whereby in addition to the family and given names, a child is given Empaako name selected from a fixed list of 12 of them, shared by the entire society. The use of Empaako is a declaration of respect, endearment or affection and the practice is associated with ceremonies and practices of which meaning form the basis of belief systems of the concerned communities. The practice is threatened by loss of knowledge of associated ceremonies, abandoning observance of these ceremonies, declining use of its language and attack from religious groups.

Safeguarding plan adopted at inscription and revised immediately after, outlines capacity building of practitioners, comprehensive documentation of ceremonies and practices, mobilization of practitioners to revitalize performance of naming ceremonies and raising awareness as key safeguarding measures. Others include linking its Safeguarding and documentation outputs to education, training scholarship for its language professionals, linking the meaning of the practice to programing on peace building and environmental sustainability and nomination for inscription on extended basis to include the emerging claimant bearer communities in the neighboring state territory of Democratic Republic of Congo.

The extra ordinary report covered 16months from inscription and mainly realized participatory review of the safeguarding plan, establishing mechanism for effective participation of all stakeholders and adopting a fundraising strategy that included elaboration and submission of an IAR to UNESCO. Other realized results were mobilization of practitioners through weekly radio talk shows, and monthly clan meetings and raising of awareness through several events which were celebrating inscription and artistic productions on the element by performing artists and constructing of an inscription memorial monument in the major town. A pilot project of using the meaning of the practice to promote tree planting, laid a foundation for realizing the result of adapting the meaning of this cultural practice into programming on peace building and environmental sustainability.

The current report which builds on the extra ordinary one that was approved in 2015, covers a period of two years and nine months from April 2015 to December 2017.

In this period the mobilization of practitioners to revitalize observance of naming ceremonies continued through the weekly radio talk shows and monthly clans meetings which activities are well adapted to the local resources. This has had a scale up effect of adopting a standing agenda item on encouraging revitalization of naming ceremonies, in every individual clan assemblies. Raising awareness continued through on going distribution of brochures and the produced artistic pieces which are integrated in community social activities, informal education and entertainment.

Empaako platform which is an online community and data bank was developed and launched in preparation for broad dissemination of documentation and effective sharing among the bearers of Empaako naming system wherever they live. Empaako heritage conservation project on using the cultural meaning of the practice, to promote tree planting was scaled up. The reporting period also realized review and follow up of the IAR from UNESCO up to getting approval, among other fundraising activities. This reporting period has successfully prepared for, and will be immediately followed by a full scale safeguarding project co-funded by Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund. The 21 months project, will consolidate and bring to a climax, most of safeguarding measures proposed in the general safeguarding plan.

A.7.

Personne à contacter pour la correspondance

Donnez le nom, l'adresse et les coordonnées d'une personne à qui toute correspondance concernant le rapport doit être adressée.

Titre (Mme/M., etc.)

Mr

Nom de famille

Rwagweri

Prénom

Stephen

Institution/fonction

Executive Director

Adresse

Engabu Za Tooro (Tooro Youth Platform for Action)
P.O. Box 886
Fort Portal

Numéro de téléphone

+256 772469751

Adresse électronique

engabuzatooro@gmail.com

Autres informations pertinentes


B. État de l'élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente

Veuillez vous référer au dossier de candidature ou aux précédents rapports, le cas échéant, pour savoir quand établir un rapport sur l'état actuel de l'élément et ne rendez compte que des changements pertinents survenus depuis la date de son inscription sur la Liste ou depuis le précédent rapport. Les dossiers de candidature, les calendriers spécifiques et les précédents rapports, le cas échéant, sont disponibles à l'adresse suivante : https://ich.unesco.org ou peuvent être demandés au Secrétariat.

L'État partie s'efforce de prêter une attention particulière au rôle du genre et d'assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus concernés ainsi que des organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes pendant le processus de préparation de ce rapport ; il lui est demandé au point D ci-dessous de décrire de quelle manière il y est parvenu.

B.1.

Fonctions sociales et culturelles

Expliquez les fonctions, les significations sociales et culturelles de l'élément aujourd'hui, au sein et pour ces communautés, les caractéristiques de ses détenteurs et de ses praticiens et décrivez, entre autres, toute catégorie de personnes exerçant un rôle ou des responsabilités spécifiques vis-à-vis de l'élément. Une attention particulière devrait être accordée à tout changement pertinent susceptible d'avoir des répercussions sur le critère d’inscription U.1 (« L’élément est constitutif du patrimoine culturel immatériel tel que défini à l'article 2 de la Convention »).

This report concerns Safeguarding Empaako Tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of Western Uganda which, in 2013, was inscribed on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding.
Empaako is a naming system whereby in addition to the family and given names, children are given one name from a fixed list of 12 collectively called Empaako and shared across communities. They include Okaali which is exclusively for a king, Araali, Acaali, Bbala, and Apuuli which are exclusively for males, and Ateenyi, Akiiki, Abwoli, Atwoki, Adyeri, Amooti and Abbooki which can be given either sex.
Empaako practice is transmitted through a naming ceremony which has several rituals that have slight variations from community to community. The meaning and interpretations of the rituals are linked to the value systems of these communities. In the naming ceremony, the paternal aunties receive the baby and examine its features. Any resemblance to the living or living dead relatives forms the basis of the choice of Empaako to give the baby.
After discussion on proposals, the clan head rules and declares the chosen Empaako by addressing it directly to the baby. A shared meal of millet and smoked beef follows, gifts are presented to the baby and tree or banana is planted in its honour.
In case of a child born outside own clan or an out sider who comes to live in a community, a ceremony which involves sharing Omwani (coffee barriers) and milk and kubukara (a reception ritual involving sitting on the lap of the head of clan to receive blessings) is organized.
In greeting, the two address each other using Empaako and one asks Empaako only on first interaction. Addressing using someone’s exact Empaako, affirms that 'I know and recognize you as person' since they are only 12 shares by entire society.
The use of Empaako helps to define and categorize a web of social relationships and interactions. Addressing using Empaako to a parent, an elder, a leader, a spirit medium or god is a declaration of respect and honour and to a lover, a tender minor, a sick, a suffering, a missed or dead dear one is an expression of love or affection. Empaako is also used in expressing thanks, bidding farewell and appealing for favour from both human and super human beings.
The Empaako is used to affirm human dignity and enforce the acceptable code of social conduct. For instance when some one is found in unacceptable behavior will be asked "Do you have Empaako? "This sends serious message of caution. In the minds of the bearer, addressing using Empaako suspends other factors in order to affirm the supremacy of the common principle of humanity. This is why addressing by Empaako has an effect of diffusing and neutralizing tension and anger and then Empaako is used as a tool in the mechanisms of community conflict mitigation and resolution.

B.2.

Analyse de sa viabilité et risques auxquels il est actuellement exposé

Décrivez le degré actuel de viabilité de l'élément, en particulier la fréquence et l'étendue de sa pratique, la vigueur des modes de transmission traditionnels, la composition démographique des praticiens et des publics, et sa durabilité. Veuillez aussi identifier et décrire les facteurs qui, le cas échéant, constituent une menace pour la pérennité de la transmission et de la représentation de l'élément et indiquez le degré de gravité et de proximité de tels facteurs, en accordant une attention particulière à tout renforcement ou affaiblissement de la viabilité de l'élément suite à son inscription.

Many people in Empaako Communities are increasingly losing knowledge and meaning of the naming ceremonies and the associated practices and as a result don’t give their children Empaako and the adults who already had it increasingly stop using it in daily life. Some of those who are still giving and using Empaako have abandoned the naming ceremonies and Empaako given without the naming ceremonies is culturally regarded as meaningless and indeed the cultural meaning of the practice is rooted in the naming ceremonies.

The knowledge of the Empaako naming ceremony has not been documented as the number of elders with such knowledge increasingly reduces. Any cultural knowledge that is only transmitted orally in these communities is not accessible to the young people.

However the nomination exercise, inscription and participatory elaboration of international assistance request for documentation of Empaako, has raided awareness and interest and as a result people begin to exchange and scale up existing knowledge and carryout some documentation at individual levels. This individual desire to document has been consolidated into the design of a comprehensive and broad participatory documentation project that will begin in 2018.

Two religious groups preach against Empaako practice and their followers, who are estimated to 700,000 people out of a population of 5,000,000, do not give Empaako to their children and abandon their own on the day of conversion. The raised awareness after inscription and unveiled meaning of the practice, are beginning to form base for appreciation of the practice and dialogue with those groups.

The language of Empaako practice has been declining and fashionable expressions from the advancing dominant languages were replacing the social roles of Empaako practice like greeting and expressing affection and respect. Inscription of Empaako has raised appreciation of the traditional culture and bearers begin to value their language and use it as much as possible.

B.3.

Mise en œuvre des mesures de sauvegarde

Veuillez rendre compte des mesures de sauvegardes qui ont été décrites dans le dossier de candidature et dans un précédent rapport, le cas échéant. Décrivez de quelle manière elles ont été mises en œuvre et ont contribué de façon substantielle à la sauvegarde de l'élément au cours de la période considérée, en tenant compte des contraintes externes ou internes telles que des ressources limitées. Incluez en particulier des informations sur les mesures prises afin d'assurer la viabilité de l'élément en permettant à la communauté d'en poursuivre la pratique et la transmission. Fournissez les renseignements suivants en ce qui concerne la mise en œuvre de l’ensemble des mesures de sauvegarde ou du plan de sauvegarde :

B.3.a. Objectifs et résultats

Indiquez quels objectifs principaux ont été atteints et quels résultats concrets ont été obtenus pendant la période considérée.

Primary Objectives addressed
1- Increasing availability and accessibility for the present and future generations, to knowledge and information about ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system for its bearer communities.
2- Mobilization of practitioners and custodians of the traditional Empaako naming system for revitalization of performance of its associated ceremonies and observance of its practices.
3- Raising awareness of the bearers and stakeholders of the traditional Empaako naming system about its meaning and social values.
4- Adapting the meaning and social values of the traditional Empaako naming system to peace building and environmental sustainability programmes.
Results attained during the reporting period
1. An international assistance request on comprehensive documentation of ceremonies and practices as central safeguarding strategy successfully evaluated and approved for funding from the Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund.
2. An online platform for broad dissemination of documentation on Empaako naming system and sharing among bearers developed and launched.
3. Monthly clans’ representatives’ meeting and provision for space on agenda of individual clan assemblies consolidated as mechanisms for encouraging revitalization of Empaako naming ceremonies, sharing best practices and monitoring changes towards total restoration of viability of Empaako naming system.
4. The level of awareness and positive appreciation of the need to safeguard Empaako naming system increased among the bearers, resulting in micro-safeguarding actions at individual and small group levels.
5. Empaako Heritage Conservation Project which is using the meaning of Empaako naming system to promote environmental sustainability scaled up to 500 families.

B.3.b. Activités de sauvegarde

Dressez la liste des principales activités menées au cours de la période considérée pour obtenir ces résultats escomptés. Veuillez décrire les activités en détail en mentionnant leur efficacité et tout problème rencontré dans leur mise en œuvre.

1. Preparing for implementation of a project titled “Community-self documentation of ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system in Uganda.” This was elaborated and submitted as an International Assistance Request targeting eighty percent co-funding from the UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage fund. Activities which prepared for its implementation has included; following the evaluation process at UNESCO and providing additional information as was being requested, mobilizing and preparing the twenty percentage communities and local government co-funding and consolidating the structures and mechanisms for its implementation.
2. The Empaako heritage conservation project which was initiated and piloted on a small scale in 2015, has been scaled up to cover more families. The project which is implemented in one of the give Empaako Communities and funded by the Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda, involve using the planting of a tree as one of the rituals in Empaako naming ceremony to promote tree planting linked to environmental sustainability. The project avails tree seedlings to families to plant trees driven by beliefs and values of Empaako naming system. The number of participating families has grown to 500.
3. The monthly clans’ representative meetings has been consolidated and improved with new roles. They now share best practices in observing naming rituals in daily life of communities, report on changes as a result of raised awareness and have influenced provision of standing agenda item in individual clan assemblies, dedicated to encouraging observance of naming ceremonies whenever a child is born. It is also a standing consultation forum in elaborating proposals and reports.
4. Developing and launching Empaako platform www.empaako.org which is an online community and database of bearers of Empaako naming system. The platform is going to be an online repository of the outputs of the comprehensive documentation for broad sharing, dissemination and cultural engagement among the bearers of Empaako naming system both living in the land of Empaako and in diaspora. It will also enable sharing of cultural materials, information and forming subgroups for cooperation on cultural activities.
5. Guiding integration of education and information on Empaako naming system into routine community activities and processes.
Visual and performing artists have produced on Empaako naming system and now knowledge and information about it, are part of the daily community entertainment and informal education. The built monument in memory of Empaako inscription, in the main city in the land of Empaako, has evolved as a place of memory and cultural education and the community groups adopting it as identity symbol and a stop centre for visitors and tourists. All exhibitions at local and national levels have incorporated material items and symbols on Empaako naming system. This is in addition to all formal clan meetings, adopting a standing agenda item on encouraging revitalization of Empaako naming system as a niche of community’s identity and heritage. Guiding this integration has involved mobilizing the artists, interesting them into the theme, giving them the message to compose on and providing logistical facilitation as incentives.

6. Distribution of the developed brochure.
There has been wide distribution of the brochure which was produced as a summarized statement of Empaako naming system element because there is increasing search for information about the element by both the bearers and the visitors, following the inscriptions.

7. Weekly two hour radio talk show.
This is organized by Engabu Za Tooro NGO and attracts participation of all stakeholders. It is a forum of exchanging knowledge and information on safeguarding the Empaako and intangible Cultural Heritage in general.

8. Technical guidance and monitoring
The personnel of the department of Culture and Gender in the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development periodically move to the communities with a monitoring questionnaire to collect information on what is being done, give technical guidance and encouragement to practitioners and activity implementing groups. The collected information also feed into planning and report development.

As a challenge, the small group and individual safeguarding activities before a comprehensive participatory and focused documentation project have an aspect of distorting the overall safeguarding strategy of the element. It is only hoped that this challenge will be overcome when the main documentation project kicks off early 2018.

B.3.c. Participation de communautés, de groupes ou d'individus aux activités de sauvegarde

Veuillez décrire de quelle manière les communautés, les groupes ou, le cas échéant, les individus ainsi que les organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes ont participé de façon effective à l'exécution des mesures de sauvegarde, y compris en termes de rôles du genre. Décrivez le rôle joué par l'organisation ou l'organe chargé de l'exécution (dénomination, informations de référence, etc.) et les ressources humaines qui ont été mises à disposition pour la mise en œuvre des activités de sauvegarde.

Representatives of community groups as clearly demonstrated in the statement of activities above, initiated, executed, and contributed funding to most of the activities done.
Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action is a Ugandan NGO founded in 1999. Its mission is strengthening the capacity of communities through development of cultural enterprises and promotion of folk Art and indigenous knowledge research.
The organization is governed by a nine member Board of Directors and Annual General Meeting of 200 grassroots’ art and cultural groups, Youth, women and elders associations.
For the last 15 years it has continuously implemented projects in the areas of cultural research, documentation, inventorying, production of folklore, professionalizing cultural service providers and promotion of cultural enterprises and performing Arts.
The organization has been funded by the international partners including Hivos (Ten years), Common Wealth Foundation, Prince Claus Fund for Cultural and Development, CIDA, Concern Worldwide and Goal-Uganda among others.
It is a member of several national and international networks in the fields of Art and Culture. Since 2009 it has been accredited and participates, in observer capacity, in the discussions at WIPO aimed at establishing an international instrument for protection of genetic resources, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions. It was recommended in 2010 and subsequently accredited in 2012 to offer advisory services to the UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding the ICH. Since then, it has participated in most of the convention’s statutory meetings, activities of the forum of the NGOs’ accredited to the committee and two international capacity building workshops on the convention. At national level, it has supported the State Party to implement the convention through raising awareness, facilitating several inventorying projects and facilitating nomination of two elements so far and both of which are inscribed, currently facilitating implementation of Post-inscription safeguarding programmes.
The organization is currently holding the chair of a national forum of researchers, experts and scholars of intangible cultural heritage which promotes understanding of ICH and implementation of its UNESCO Convention in the country.
Engabu Za Tooro currently has a core team of 4 senior staff and a net work of volunteers and consultants.
The roles of implementing organization has included the following among others
• Providing secretariat for coordination of stakeholders who include different participating community, government and NGO institutions, and UNESCO secretariat.
• Providing technical backing and facilitation to community- led safeguarding initiatives.
• Ensuring strategic focus and complementarily of different initiatives and contributions towards an effective general safeguarding programme.
• Ensuring financial and technical accountability to the activities that are centrally organized.

B.3.d. Calendrier et budget

Indiquez, sous forme de calendrier, les dates de mise en œuvre de chacune des activités et quels fonds ont été utilisés à cette fin, en indiquant dans chaque cas l'origine du financement (sources gouvernementales, contributions en nature des communautés locales, etc.).

TIME TABLE
Duration: April 2015 to December 2017
No. Activity Time Frame Responsible Institution(s)
1. Reviewing International Assistance Request.
Mobilizing local Co-funding June to Sept 2016

May to Dec. 2017 Engabu Za Tooro

Engabu Za Tooro
2. Empaako Heritage Conservation Project. April 2015 – Dec 2017 The Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda, Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom.
3. Monthly Clans’ meetings April 2015 – Dec 2017 Communities and Clans
4. Development & Launching Empaako platform. www.empaako.org
June to Dec 2016 Ultimate Media Consult & Engabu Za Tooro
5. Guiding integration of safeguarding into community processes. April 2015 to Dec 2017 Engabu Za Tooro
6. Distribution of Brochures April 2015 to Dec 2017 Engabu Za Tooro
7. Weekly radio talk shows. April 2015 to Dec 2017 KRC fm / Engabu Za Tooro & sponsoring companies
8. Monitoring & Technical guidance. April 2015 to Dec 2017 Min. of Gender, Labour and Social Development.



BUDGET.
Duration: April 2015 to December 2017
No. Activity Funds in US$ Sources
1. Reviewing International Assistance Request.
Mobilizing local Co-funding 2,000

500 Engabu Za Tooro

Engabu Za Tooro
2. Empaako heritage conservation Project. 5,000 The Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda, Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom.
3. Monthly Clans’ meetings 5,000 Communities and Clans’
4. Development & Launching Empaako platform. www.empaako.org
10,000 Ultimate Media Consult & Engabu Za Tooro
5. Guiding integration of safeguarding into community processes. 15,000 Engabu Za Tooro
6. Distribution of Brochures 500 Engabu Za Tooro
7. Weekly radio talk shows. 20,600 KRC fm / Engabu Za Tooro & sponsoring companies
8. Monitoring & Technical guidance. 8,000 Min. of Gender, Labour and Social Development.
Total 66,600

NOTE TO THE TIME TABLE AND BUDGET
The activities are in two categories;
Those which were centrally initiated and coordinated by the lead implementing agency like reviewing international assistance request, mobilizing local co-financing resources, monthly clans meetings, Development of Empaako platform, distribution of brochure, guiding integration and weekly radio talk shows.

Those initiated voluntarily by other stakeholders like Empaako heritage conservation project. These had theirown independent timetable and budgets. The exercise of elaboration of report only captured and incorporated summaries of their time and resource estimates.

B.3.e. Efficacité globale des activités de sauvegarde

Procédez à une évaluation globale de l'efficacité des activités menées pour parvenir aux résultats escomptés et de l'utilisation des fonds nécessaires à leur mise en œuvre. Veuillez indiquer de quelles manières les activités ont contribué à l’obtention des résultats et si d'autres activités auraient été mieux adaptées à cette fin. Indiquez aussi si les mêmes résultats auraient pu être obtenus avec de moindres ressources financières, si les ressources humaines disponibles étaient appropriées et si les communautés, groupes et individus concernés auraient pu participer davantage.

This report covers the period of 2 years and 9 months from April 2015 to December 2017. As it can be noted, more activities could have been done in that period. The majority of activities done like monthly clans meetings, on going distribution of brochures, weekly radio programmes, and reviewing IAR are those that are easily integrated in the routine work of participating NGO’s and the communities. The only special actions were development of online platform and Empaako heritage conservation project. So the period was constrained by limited funding to be utilized efficiently.
The results make partial contribution towards the primary objectives they target which means more actions are needed to completely realize the objectives.
The results of this reporting period have prepared a good ground for a full scale project that will sufficiently realize most of the objectives of the overall safeguarding plan.
Reviewing the IAR submitted to UNESCO and which is on comprehensive documentation and realizing its approval is a partial result, contributing to the objective of increasing availability of and accessibility to knowledge of the practice for the present and future generations. It equally laid the ground for capacity building of the practitioners, mobilization for revitalization of the ceremonies and practices and raising the awareness, all of which are key components of the intended project.
Development of Empaako platform was strategic to prepare and build towards impactful documentation, dissemination, raising awareness and mobilization of the bearers.
This online project for sharing was also cost effective in the situation of limited resources.
The Empaako heritage development project piloted in one community is building towards the objective of integrating the cultural meaning of Empaako naming system to programming on peace building and environmental sustainability. However, this action being piloted in only one of the five participating communities, is too limited and need to be scaled up to more communities. Moreover in the overall safeguarding plan as presented at inscription and later revised, the result of integration of the element in those sustainable development issues, is supposed to be realized last in the chronological order.
The element need to be first sufficient restored through comprehensive documentation, awareness raising, capacity building, mobilization for revitalization and contributing to strengthening development of its language, before its meaning can be adapted and used in sustainable development issues. The plan which is supposed to attract contribution from diverse sources cannot centrally be controlled on what should be done and when. Using the meaning of this practice to pursue sustainable development issues, is an aspect that can attract participants who even may not be in the cultural sector and who cannot be attracted by the direct cultural actions like documentation. Yet those who can fund the direct cultural actions like government and UNESCO have procedures which take long.
However with the UNESCO approval of a documentation project to begin early 2018, this challenge is now-overcome.
The inscription of Empaako naming system and subsequent safeguarding activities, have raised awareness beyond the five participating communities. More communities even beyond the territory of Uganda and particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo have claimed that they are also bearers of Empaako naming system and would like to be included in the inscription file. Inventory and nomination of ICH element, is demand driven from the concerned communities and such communities need to have information before a demand is generated in them. Making use of paragraph 16-19 of the Operational Directives, a fresh nomination of a multi national file on an extended basis, to cover those communities, may be carried out alongside implementation of the current safeguarding plan.

C. Mise à jour des mesures de sauvegarde

C.1.

Plan de sauvegarde mis à jour

Veuillez fournir une mise à jour du plan de sauvegarde inclus dans le dossier de candidature ou dans le précédent rapport. En particulier, veuillez donner des informations détaillées comme suit :

  1. a. Quels sont les objectifs principaux visés et les résultats concrets attendus ?
  2. b. Quelles sont les activités principales à mener pour atteindre ces résultats attendus ? Veuillez décrire les activités en détail et dans l'ordre d'exécution, en démontrant leur faisabilité.
  3. c. Comment le ou les États parties concernés soutiennent-ils la mise en œuvre du plan de sauvegarde mis à jour ?

a) Primary Objectives
1- Increasing availability of and accessibility to information and knowledge of ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system for its bearer communities for the present and future generations.
2- Strengthening of the capacity of the practitioners and custodians of the traditional Empaako naming system, to transmit to successive generations, its knowledge, skills, meaning and social values.
3- Mobilization of practitioners and custodians of the traditional Empaako naming system for revitalization of performance of its associated ceremonies and observance of its associated practices.
4- Raising awareness of the bearers and stakeholders of the traditional Empaako naming system about its meaning and social values.
5- Contributing to competitive development of the language of the traditional Empaako naming system.
6- Adapting the meaning and values of the traditional Empaako naming system to peace building and environmental sustainability programmes.
7- Extending the scope of inscription and its resultant safeguarding programmes to bearer communities in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Results
1- Increased availability of and accessibility for the present and future generations to knowledge of ceremonies and practices associated with the traditional Empaako naming system for its bearer communities.
2- Strengthened capacity of the bearers of the traditional Empaako naming system to transmit to successive generations, Its knowledge, skills, meaning and social values.
3- The practitioners and custodians of the traditional Empaako naming system, mobilized for revitalization of performance of its associated ceremonies and observance of its associated practices.
4- Raised awareness of the bearers and stakeholders of the traditional Empaako naming system about its meaning and social values.
5- Realized contribution to the competitive development of the vernacular of the traditional Empaako naming system.
6- The meaning and social values of the traditional Empaako naming system adapted to programming for environmental sustainability and peace building.
7- The scope of inscription and its resultant safeguarding programmes extended to the bearer communities of traditional Empaako naming system in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
b) Activities
1- Capacity building workshops of stakeholders and practitioners.
This will involve giving skills for documentation of ICH and sharing knowledge and skills for performing Empaako naming ceremonies. This will be preceded by developing a practical guide and TOT workshop.
2- Comprehensive documentation of knowledge of ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system.
This will include data collection and processing on ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system and producing a video, a document and art pieces.

3- Broad dissemination of documented knowledge through electronic media, formal education and online media.

4- Monthly clan’s representatives meetings.
This will be a regular forum of critical practitioners to review progress of safeguarding activities, observance of naming ceremonies and continuous planning, monitoring and sharing.
5- Weekly radio talk shows.
This will be a forum for participation of a wide community through listening and phone calling and sharing knowledge on the safeguarding of Empaako naming system.
6- Linking safeguarding of Empaako naming system to education and information institutions.
This will involve linking the outputs of documentation to curriculum development and education institutions for adoption as educational material in language, art and cultural education and training. This will also involve linking the output of documentation to library, museum and theatre institutions for adoption for informal education and entertainment.
7- Granting training scholarship to produce 20 Runyoro Rutooro language professionals to contribute to the preservation of the language where Empaako naming system finds expression and continuity.
8- Linking the cultural meaning of the traditional Empaako naming system to peace and environmental programing.
Training meetings will be organized with relevant NGO to sensitize them on how to adapt the cultural meaning of Empaako naming system to re-enforce design of project on environmental sustainability and peace building
1. To re-nominate and re-submit the traditional Empaako naming system as multi-national file with extended scope to include bearer communities in the DRC.
2. Monitoring and technical guidance

c) How the State Party concerned will support the implementation of the plan.
The relevant officers of the local governments which are covering the communities concerned with Empaako naming system, will form ICH Safeguarding committees which will manage a process of incorporating safeguarding of ICH in their Local Government Plans and Budgets and hence secure funding contribution to the safeguarding plan of Empaako naming system. These committees will also link up and be part of the monitoring committees for projects implementing this safeguarding plan.
The ministry in charge of Culture and Relevant National Government Institutions; including National Curriculum Development Centre, National Cultural Center, National Museum, National theatre and Uganda libraries Board, will provide technical guidance, monitoring support, distribution and knowledge dissemination infrastructure and support integration of documentation outputs into training and education system.

d) UPDATED OVER ALL WORK PLAN 2015 – 2019
DESCRIPTION ACTIVITY NUMBER TIME FRAME YEAR/MONTH
Capacity building actions 1 January 2018 – December 2018
Documentation of ceremonies and practices 2 January 2019 – December 2019
Broad dissemination actions 3 January 2018 – December 2019
Monthly clans meeting 4 January 2015 – December 2019
Weekly radio talk shows 5 January 2015 – December 2019
Linking safeguarding to education 6 January 2018 – December 2019
Giving scholarship for language professionals 7 January 2017 – December 2019
Linking Empaako meaning to peace and environmental programing 8 January 2015 – December 2019
Nomination on extended basis. 9 January 2018 – December 2019
Technical guidance and monitoring 10 April 2015 – December 2019

BUDGET ESTIMATES
DESCRIPTION ACTIVITY NUMBER AMOUNT IN US$
Capacity building actions 1 185,720
Documentation of ceremonies and practices 2 68,250
Broad dissemination actions 3 31,340
Monthly clan meeting 4 9,150
Weekly radio talk shows 5 37,200
Linking safeguarding to education 6 8,000
Giving scholarship for language professionals 7 40,000
Linking Empaako meaning to peace and environmental programing 8 8,000
Nomination on extended basis. 9 15,000
Technical guidance and monitoring 10 33,000
Grand Total 435,660

Sources
1. Government institutions – Personnel, Venues, Funds
2. Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund – Funds (US 232,120)
3. Engabu Za Tooro – Personnel, Venue, Rent, Equipment
4. Clans and Community Institutions – Services, Funds, Venues
5. Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda – Project Funds
6. Sponsors.

C.2.

Participation des communautés

Veuillez décrire comment les communautés, groupes et individus ainsi que les organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes ont été impliqués, y compris en termes de rôles du genre, dans la mise à jour du plan de sauvegarde et comment ils seront impliqués dans sa mise en œuvre.

The communities of Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi are represented by the 44 clan institutions of which membership cut across all the five communities. There are also represented by cultural institutions like chiefdoms and Kingdoms and voluntary community associations. These do not apply uniformly in all communities but each community has at least one of the above community collective mechanisms. The clan leaders represented up to family unit are the custodians of the community’s intangible cultural heritage. They cause and lead all traditional rituals and cultural ceremonies in the communities. Their mission is to ensure practice and transmission of the community’s intangible cultural heritage. Clans, collectively forms Cultural Institutions like Chiefdoms.

The community institutions have initiated, organized and contributed to financing of most of all the activities done so far, as illustrated hereunder;
• The general safeguarding plan and international assistance requests were developed by clan leaders, facilitated by the expert from Engabu Za Tooro NGO,
• All the festivals and events for awareness raising and launching safeguarding plans were initiated and organized by clan and community associations. Officials from the ministry and Engabu Za Tooro NGO were invited to facilitate.
• Empaako heritage conservation project was conceived and implemented by officials of Bunyoro Kitara kingdom with funding from Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda.
• Community-based music and visual artists initiated and executed the production of music and monument as their contribution to raising awareness and encouraging the communities to revitalize observance of ceremonies and practices.
The project management structure and mechanisms established to provide governance and monitoring of the safeguarding programme include representative of community institutions.

C.3.

Contexte institutionnel

Veuillez indiquer quelles institutions sont en charge de la gestion locale et de la sauvegarde de l'élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente, notamment :

  1. a. l'(les) organisme(s) compétent(s) impliqué(s) dans sa gestion et/ou sa sauvegarde ;
  2. b. l'(les) organisation(s) de la communauté ou du groupe concernée(s) par l'élément et sa sauvegarde.

The competent bodies involved in management and facilitating Safeguarding Empaako element include; Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action, a 15 years old cultural NGO, accredited to the IGC of the 2003 UNESCO Convention. The second is the Department of Culture and Family Affairs of the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development.

The community organizations concerned with Empaako element include, the 44 clan institutions currently having a monthly clans representative forum on the safeguarding concerns, Tooro Kingdom, Bunyoro Kingdom and Banyabindi culture and Development Trust.

D. Participation des communautés à l'établissement du présent rapport

Décrivez les mesures qui ont été prises pour assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus ainsi que des organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes concernés pendant la préparation du présent rapport.

A facilitator was identified by the implementing organization to coordinate and compile this report with the participation of the communities.
Updating meetings were organized by the leaders of the participating community institutions in the five participating communities. These leaders included the Executive of Banyabindi Culture and Development Trust, Ekoomi ya Batuku and contact persons for Batagwenda, Tooro Kingdom and Bunyoro Kingdom. The meetings facilitated by the expert, generated information on what the communities feel they have accomplished and the challenges that were met. This information fed into the draft report which was sent back to the communities through their contact persons for comments. The comments received from the communities were considered before a final draft was compiled. The established monthly clan representative forum that convene in Fort-Portal discussed this first report as an agenda item on two sittings.
The first meeting generated information for the report and the second considered the draft report. Through the activities executives the staff of the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development independently collected information provided by the communities which also fed into the process of report development.

E. Signature au nom de l'État partie

Le rapport doit être signé par un responsable habilité à le signer pour le compte de l’État, avec la mention de son nom, de son titre et de la date de soumission.

Nom

Titre

Date

Signature

Chargement du rapport périodique signé


Rapport périodique (USL)

Page de couverture

État partie

Nom de l'État partie

Ouganda

Date du dépôt de l'instrument de ratification, d'acceptation, d'approbation ou d'adhésion

Elle peut être consultée en ligne.

13-05-2009

Élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente qui fait l'objet du présent rapport

Nom de l'élément

Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda

Inscrit en

2013

Période considérée dans le présent rapport

Veuillez indiquer la période couverte par le présent rapport.

12-2013 - 03-2015

Autres éléments inscrits sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente, le cas échéant

Veuillez établir une liste de tous les autres éléments présents sur le territoire de votre pays qui sont inscrits sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente et indiquer en quelle année ils y ont été inscrits ; pour ce qui est des éléments multinationaux, veuillez indiquer quels autres États sont concernés.

La cérémonie de purification des garçons chez les Lango du centre-nord de l’Ouganda  (2014)
La danse et musique de lyre arquée ma’di (2016)
La tradition de l’empaako des Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda et Banyabindi de l’ouest de l’Ouganda (2013)
La tradition orale Koogere des Basongora, Banyabidi et Batooro (2015)
Le bigwala, musique de trompes en calebasse et danse du royaume du Busoga en Ouganda (2012)

Synthèse du rapport

Veuillez fournir une synthèse du rapport, qui permette au grand public de comprendre l'état actuel de l'élément, mentionne toute incidence positive ou négative de son inscription et fasse état des mesures de sauvegarde mises en œuvre pendant la période considérée et leur possible mise à jour les années suivantes.

On 4th December 2013, Empaako tradition of Batooro, Banyoro, Batagwenda, Batuku and Banyabindi of western Uganda was inscribed on the urgent safeguarding list. In the decision, the committee provided for an extra ordinary report to be submitted for consideration during the committees 10th session in November 2015.

Empaako is a naming system whereby in addition to family and given name, a child is given Empaako from a list of 12 of them shared by entire society. The practice is associated with rituals and ceremonies of which meaning form the niche of identity and belief systems of the concerned communities.

This report covers 16 months from the date of inscription in December 2013 to its submission in March 2015.
The period under review focused on resource mobilization activities, involving review of the safeguarding plan to address the gaps identified at inscription and developing international assistance request to UNESCO and other international sources. A structure and mechanism for effective community and stakeholder participation has been established and commissioned. The inscription has attracted contributions mainly from local and national sources, laying a foundation for implementation of a comprehensive and multi-stakeholders safeguarding plan.

According to the design of the reviewed safeguarding plan, raising awareness, comprehensive documentation of rituals, ceremonies and practices and mobilizing clans for revitalization of observance of these ceremonies, are the core activities and in appropriate progressive order. However different aspects of the element can attract supplementary interventions to build on the core activities and scale up the safeguarding impact.

In the period under review, many activities have been implemented which have, raised the awareness of the communities and national stakeholders on Empaako tradition and the need to safeguard it. Such activities have included national press conference, publication of brochure, organization of festivals and production of artistic expressions among others. The raising of awareness has set the ground for the documentation effort which is proposed in the international assistance request submitted to UNESCO.

In the period under review also a couple of activities have been implemented aimed at mobilizing clan and ritual leaders to revive the observance of empaako naming ceremonies. Such activities included the monthly clan’s representative forum and the Kings’ and Cultural Leaders’ pronouncements, encouraging their followers to revive observance of the ceremonies.

Inscription attracted diverse contributions but many institutions tend to identify and adopt aspects of Empaako tradition which easily link to their mandate but not necessarily the identified core safeguarding activities like documentation and revitalization. Aspects of Empaako tradition link very well to sustainable development issues like peace building, conflict resolution and environmental sustainability. While adopting the heritage to those issues may scale-up the safeguarding impact, if it comes before implementation of core activities, may distort the systematic progress of implementation of an effective safeguarding programme.
While the activities of raising awareness, fundraising and establishing mechanisms and programme structure, have assembled sufficient efforts for an effective safeguarding programme, they have not yet translated to significant changes to the viability of Empaako Tradition.

The practice is still faced with losing of knowledge of rituals and ceremonies with the attendant meaning and social values among the bearers. This relates also to the decline in observance of the naming ceremonies and consequently reducing numbers of people who transmit and use them in daily life. The attack of the practice from some religious groups, mainly because of lack of knowledge about it’s meaning can still be observed. In addition, also there is diminishing use of its traditional language in favour of upcoming dominant languages with expressions replacing the roles of Empaako practice.

Personne à contacter pour la correspondance

Donnez le nom, l'adresse et les coordonnées d'une personne à qui toute correspondance concernant le rapport doit être adressée.

Titre (Mme/M., etc.)

Mr

Nom de famille

Rwagweri

Prénom

Stephen

Institution/fonction

Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action

Adresse

P.O.Box 886, Fort-Portal Uganda

Numéro de téléphone

+256 772 469751

Numéro de fax

Adresse électronique

engabuzatooro@gmail.com

Autres informations pertinentes


B. État de l'élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente

Veuillez vous référer au dossier de candidature ou aux précédents rapports, le cas échéant, pour savoir quand établir un rapport sur l'état actuel de l'élément et ne rendez compte que des changements pertinents survenus depuis la date de son inscription sur la Liste ou depuis le précédent rapport. Les dossiers de candidature, les calendriers spécifiques et les précédents rapports, le cas échéant, sont disponibles à l'adresse suivante : https://ich.unesco.org ou peuvent être demandés au Secrétariat.

L'État partie s'efforce de prêter une attention particulière au rôle du genre et d'assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus concernés ainsi que des organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes pendant le processus de préparation de ce rapport ; il lui est demandé au point D ci-dessous de décrire de quelle manière il y est parvenu.

B.1. Fonctions sociales et culturelles

Expliquez les fonctions, les significations sociales et culturelles de l'élément aujourd'hui, au sein et pour ces communautés, les caractéristiques de ses détenteurs et de ses praticiens et décrivez, entre autres, toute catégorie de personnes exerçant un rôle ou des responsabilités spécifiques vis-à-vis de l'élément. Une attention particulière devrait être accordée à tout changement pertinent susceptible d'avoir des répercussions sur le critère d’inscription U.1 (« L’élément est constitutif du patrimoine culturel immatériel tel que défini à l'article 2 de la Convention »).

This report concerns Safeguarding Empaako Tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of Western Uganda which, in 2013, was inscribed on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding.
Empaako is a naming system whereby in addition to the family and given names, children are given one name from a fixed list of 12 collectively called Empaako and shared across communities. They include Okaali which is exclusively for a king, Araali, Acaali, Bbala, and Apuuli which are exclusively for males, and Ateenyi, Akiiki, Abwoli, Atwoki, Adyeri, Amooti and Abbooki which can be given either sex.
Empaako practice is transmitted through a naming ceremony which has several rituals that have slight variations from community to community. The meaning and interpretations of the rituals are linked to the value systems of these communities. In the naming ceremony, the paternal aunties receive the baby and examine its features. Any resemblance to the living or living dead relatives forms the basis of the choice of Empaako to give the baby.
After discussion on proposals, the clan head rules and declares the chosen Empaako by addressing it directly to the baby. A shared meal of millet and smoked beef follows, gifts are presented to the baby and tree or banana is planted in its honour.

In case of a child born outside own clan or an out sider who comes to live in a community, a ceremony which involves sharing Omwani (coffee barriers) and milk and kubukara (a reception ritual involving sitting on the lap of the head of clan to receive blessings) is organized.
In greeting, the two address each other using Empaako and one asks Empaako only on first interaction. Addressing using someone’s exact Empaako, affirms that 'I know and recognize you as person' since they are only 12 shares by entire society.
The use of Empaako helps to define and categorize a web of social relationships and interactions. Addressing using Empaako to a parent, an elder, a leader, a spirit medium or god is a declaration of respect and honour and to a lover, a tender minor, a sick, a suffering, a missed or dead dear one is an expression of love or affection. Empaako is also used in expressing thanks, bidding farewell and appealing for favour from both human and super human beings.
The Empaako is used to affirm human dignity and enforce the acceptable code of social conduct. For instance when some one is found in unacceptable behavior will be asked "Do you have Empaako? "This sends serious message of caution. In the minds of the bearer, addressing using Empaako suspends other factors in order to affirm the supremacy of the common principle of humanity. This is why addressing by Empaako has an effect of diffusing and neutralizing tension and anger and then Empaako is used as a tool in the mechanisms of community conflict mitigation and resolution.

B.2. Analyse de sa viabilité et risques auxquels il est actuellement exposé

Décrivez le degré actuel de viabilité de l'élément, en particulier la fréquence et l'étendue de sa pratique, la vigueur des modes de transmission traditionnels, la composition démographique des praticiens et des publics, et sa durabilité. Veuillez aussi identifier et décrire les facteurs qui, le cas échéant, constituent une menace pour la pérennité de la transmission et de la représentation de l'élément et indiquez le degré de gravité et de proximité de tels facteurs, en accordant une attention particulière à tout renforcement ou affaiblissement de la viabilité de l'élément suite à son inscription.

Empaako is still faced with threats to its viability.
Some people from the traditional Empaako communities no longer give Empaako to their children and no longer use it in their daily lives. Majority of those who are still giving Empaako to their children and using it in daily life, have abandoned the naming rituals. They have lost the knowledge and meaning of the Empaako naming ceremonies and beliefs, practices and social values associated there with.
The knowledge of the naming ceremony is not documented as the number of elders with such knowledge reduces. In these communities any knowledge which is only transmitted orally, is currently not accessible to the young generation.
The cultural meaning and value of Empaako is rooted in the naming rituals. The Empaako received without carryout the ceremony does not carry the attendant meaning and value and is culturally dismissed as illegitimate. Members of the community ask the bearer of such ”Empaako Yaawe Bakagiriira oburo?” (Was the ceremonial millet meal taken for that Empaako of yours?) while dismissing it as valueless.
Two religious cults preach against Empaako and their followers do not give Empaako to their children and abandon their own Empaako on the day of conversion. These religious groups have an estimated number of 700,000= followers in the Empaako communities. The attack on the tradition thrives on mainly gross lack of information about its meaning and social values. Documentation can avail information that can facilitate dialogue with such groups.
The language of Empaako tradition (Runyoro-Rutooro) is declining in usage even among its own traditional communities. Fashionable expressions from advancing dominant languages are replacing some roles of Empaako practice especially among the Youth.

B.3. Mise en œuvre des mesures de sauvegarde

Veuillez rendre compte des mesures de sauvegardes qui ont été décrites dans le dossier de candidature et dans un précédent rapport, le cas échéant. Décrivez de quelle manière elles ont été mises en œuvre et ont contribué de façon substantielle à la sauvegarde de l'élément au cours de la période considérée, en tenant compte des contraintes externes ou internes telles que des ressources limitées. Incluez en particulier des informations sur les mesures prises afin d'assurer la viabilité de l'élément en permettant à la communauté d'en poursuivre la pratique et la transmission. Fournissez les renseignements suivants en ce qui concerne la mise en œuvre de l’ensemble des mesures de sauvegarde ou du plan de sauvegarde :

B.3.a. Objectifs et résultats

Indiquez quels objectifs principaux ont été atteints et quels résultats concrets ont été obtenus pendant la période considérée.

General objectives
1. Increasing accessibility and availability, for the present and future generations, of information and knowledge of ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system for it’s five communities in Uganda.
2. Enhancing the capacity of bearers of the traditional Empaako naming system to transmit, to successive generations, it’s knowledge, meaning and social values through appropriate observance of its ceremonies and practices.
Specific Objectives
1- Participatory review of the general safeguarding plan in light of the gaps identified during inscription.
2- Establishing structure and mechanisms for effective community and stakeholders participation in safeguarding programme.
3- Establishing strategy for raising the required resources for implementation of the safe guarding plan.
4- Raising awareness of the communities and stakeholders on Empaako tradition and the need to safeguard it.
5- Mobilizing clans and ritual leaders to revitalize observance of Empaako naming rituals and ceremonies.
Results attained in the reporting period.
1- The safeguarding plan reviewed in light of the gaps identified at inscription and launched.
2- Safeguarding programme structure and mechanisms for effective community and stakeholders’ participation in implementation of safeguarding plan established and commissioned.
3- A strategy for raising resources from local, national and international sources established and requests developed and submitted to UNESCO and two other potential supplementary donors.
4- The awareness of the communities and stakeholders in Empaako tradition and need to safeguard it, raised through three festivals, pubic event involving the president, artistic productions (music and monument) and publication of brochure.
5- The leaders of rituals and 44 clans mobilized, to revitalize observance of naming ceremonies through the established monthly clans representative forum and pronouncement of Kings and Cultural Leaders.

B.3.b. Activités de sauvegarde

Dressez la liste des principales activités menées au cours de la période considérée pour obtenir ces résultats escomptés. Veuillez décrire les activités en détail en mentionnant leur efficacité et tout problème rencontré dans leur mise en œuvre.

1- Reviewing of the safeguarding plan.
A stakeholders participatory process to review a general safeguarding plan was initiated in December 2013 immediately after inscription. This aimed at addressing the gaps and strengthening the plan which was evaluated at inscription stage. An expert was engaged who facilitated the communities to come up with the plan. The process was coordinated and funded by Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action and received financial contributions from clans in Empaako communities.
2- In the same participatory way the International Assistance Request tailored to the technical specifications of Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund was elaborated and submitted to UNESCO. This request titled “Community Self-documental and revitalization of ceremonies and practices associated with Empaako naming system in Uganda” focuses on comprehensive documentation of rituals, Ceremonies and practices by practitioners themselves alongside established mechanisms for encouraging revitalization.
3- Two proposals, picking on specific aspects of the safeguarding plan tailored to specific requirements of particular potential donors, have also been submitted for possible supplementary resources to implement the plan.
4- An implementation structure and mechanisms for effective participation of communities and stakeholders has been established and commissioned. It includes a Project Management Committee constituted by stakeholders from government, NGOs and community institutions. It is structured from community to central level. Alongside this, a monthly clans’ representatives forum is established as a communication, consultative and advisory organ.
5- A three months pilot Empaako heritage conservation project was implemented by Banyoro communities. This project involved using aspect of planting a true during Empaako naming ceremonies to promote tree planting linked to environmental sustainability. The project is intended to scale up in its subsequent phases.
6- Three festivals were held in three communities on the theme of celebrating inscription and launching safeguarding plan. They include Banyabindi Empaako festival at Kinyamasoke 28th – 29th November 2014, Batuku festival at Rwebisengo 26 – 27 December 2014 and Batooro Empaako inscription celebrations on 17th June 2014. These events raised awareness on the need to safeguard Empaako heritage and cultural leaders used the forum to make pronouncements encouraging their followers to revive observance of the ceremonies and practices of Empaako heritage.
7- A brochure on the process of inscription and lay out of the safeguarding plan was produced and distributed to guide and inform community members on how safeguarding plan is progressing.
8- A monthly clans’ representative forum which started during nomination campaign was consolidated and focused on reviewing safeguarding plan, developing proposals and trickling down information to grassroots and mobilizing clans and ritual leaders to revitalize observance of naming ritual and ceremonies.
9- The inscription attracted different talent groups to express themselves on the social significance of Empaako heritage and contributed to raising awareness of the need to revive the ceremonies and practices. Performing Artists produced and launched three music items and the visual artists raised a monument in memory of inscription in Fort Portal, the biggest town in Empaako land.
10- The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development organized a national press conference presided over by the minister, to inform the country about the inscription and raise awareness about the need for safeguarding the element. The same message was passed on during several regional and national cultural workshops organized or presided over by the ministry. The ministry staff further visited communities to monitor implementation of safeguarding and established communication channels and reporting format and schedule.
11- The Batooro community organized a function presided over by the President of the Republic of Uganda and cultural leaders to officially acknowledge the certificate of inscription from UNESCO and pass it over to the communities. In his remarks, the president called on leaders in all categories of institutions to encourage communities to safeguard heritage for consolidation of national identity and development.
As a challenge the supplementary funding sources tend to pick on aspects of the safeguarding plan which easily link to their own focus and which are at a higher level in the systematic progress of implementation of the plan. This may attract efforts that are not systematically built. Documentation which is the core activity in the safeguarding plan do not easily link to mandates of supplementary funding sources and the targeted core funding from either government or UNESCO may over delay because completing priorities and long application processes.

B.3.c. Participation de communautés, de groupes ou d'individus aux activités de sauvegarde

Veuillez décrire de quelle manière les communautés, les groupes ou, le cas échéant, les individus ainsi que les organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes ont participé de façon effective à l'exécution des mesures de sauvegarde, y compris en termes de rôles du genre. Décrivez le rôle joué par l'organisation ou l'organe chargé de l'exécution (dénomination, informations de référence, etc.) et les ressources humaines qui ont été mises à disposition pour la mise en œuvre des activités de sauvegarde.

Representatives of community groups as clearly demonstrated in the statement of activities above, initiated executed, and contributed funding to most of the activities done.
Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action is a Ugandan NGO founded in 1999. Its mission is strengthening the capacity of communities through development of cultural enterprises and promotion of folk Art and indigenous knowledge research.
The organization is governed by a nine member Board of Directors and Annual General Meeting of 200 grassroots’ art and cultural groups, Youth, women and elders associations.
For the last 15 years it has continuously implemented projects in the areas of cultural research, documentation, inventorying, production of folklore, professionalizing cultural service providers and promotion of cultural enterprises and performing Arts.
The organization has been funded by the international partners including Hivos (Ten years), Common Wealth Foundation, Prince Claus Fund for Cultural and Development, CIDA, Concern Worldwide and Goal-Uganda among others.
It is a member of several national and international networks in the fields of Art and Culture. Since 2009 it has been accredited and participates, in observer capacity, in the discussions at WIPO aimed at establishing an international instrument for protection of genetic resources, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions. It was recommended in 2010 and subsequently accredited in 2012 to offer advisory services to the UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding the ICH. Since then, it has participated in most of the convention’s statutory meetings, activities of the forum of the NGOs’ accredited to the committee and two international capacity building workshops on the convention. At national level, it has supported the State Party to implement the convention through raising awareness, facilitating several inventorying projects and facilitating nomination of two elements so far and one of which is inscribed, currently facilitating implementation of Post-inscription safeguarding programmes.
The organization is currently holding the chair of a national forum of researchers, experts and scholars of intangible cultural heritage which promotes understanding of ICH and implementation of its UNESCO Convention in the country.
Engabu Za Tooro currently has a core team of 4 senior staff and a net work of volunteers and consultants.
The roles of implementing organization has included the following among others
• Providing secretariat for coordination of stakeholders who include different participating community, government and NGO institutions, and UNESCO secretariat.
• Providing technical backing and facilitation to community- led safeguarding initiatives.
• Ensuring strategic focus and complementarily of different initiatives and contributions towards an effective general safeguarding programme.
• Ensuring financial and technical accountability to the activities that are centrally organized.

B.3.d. Calendrier et budget

Indiquez, sous forme de calendrier, les dates de mise en œuvre de chacune des activités et quels fonds ont été utilisés à cette fin, en indiquant dans chaque cas l'origine du financement (sources gouvernementales, contributions en nature des communautés locales, etc.).

Duration: 16 months from December 2013 to March 2015

Activity Month(s) & year Funds
(US $) Source of Funding
National Press Conference December 2013 Government
Reviewing safeguarding plan Jan 2014 – May 2014 20,000 - Engabu Za Tooro
- Communities.
Developing a Brochure June 2014 1,000 NGO – Engabu Za Tooro
Producings Music items March – July 2014 6,000 NGOs
Building monument May – July 2014 10,000 Bayimba Cultural Foundation-Artists
Empaako heritage conservation project August – Oct 2014 3,600 Cross cultural Foundation of Uganda
Batooro Empaako festival July 2014 9,000 Engabu Za Tooro & Communities
Banyabindi Empaako festival November 2014 3,000 Community
Batuku Annual Cultural festival December 2014 2,500 Community
Elaborating international Assistance request May 2014 – March 2015 10,000 Engabu Za Tooro
Twerwaneho Listeners’ Club
10 Clans
Developing proposal to two Donors Jan to March 2015 3,000 Engabu Za Tooro
Establishing structure and mechanism May 20 –Dec 2014 7,000 Government
Monthly Clan representative forum Dec 2013 – March 2015 25,000 NGOs
Communities
Monitoring and technical guidance Dec 2014 – March 2015 Government

The activities are in two categories;
Those which were centrally initiated and coordinated like review of Safeguarding Plan, Proposal development, establishing structures and mechanisms, clan representatives forum, development of brochure and general monitoring. There were also activities which were initiated by diverse voluntary stakeholders and targeting one or two communities.
These worked out their own time table at community level although coordinating with the secretariat. This work plan therefore combines the two activity categories and summarizes the individual work plans of specific activities.

B.3.e Efficacité globale des activités de sauvegarde

Procédez à une évaluation globale de l'efficacité des activités menées pour parvenir aux résultats escomptés et de l'utilisation des fonds nécessaires à leur mise en œuvre. Veuillez indiquer de quelles manières les activités ont contribué à l’obtention des résultats et si d'autres activités auraient été mieux adaptées à cette fin. Indiquez aussi si les mêmes résultats auraient pu être obtenus avec de moindres ressources financières, si les ressources humaines disponibles étaient appropriées et si les communautés, groupes et individus concernés auraient pu participer davantage.

It is important to note that the current report covers 16 months from the date of inscription to the submission of this report. (4th December 2013 to 30th March 2015). The activities therefore have an effect on raising awareness of the communities and the general society on the inscription of Empaako element and the need to safeguard it. This is the first and fundamental step envisaged in the Safeguarding Plan. The second area of effect under the constraint of this reporting time frame can only be launching of the Safeguarding plan and starting off efforts for revitalization of observance of ceremonies.

The activities and strategies based on the reporting period were very effective to raising awareness, not only on safeguarding the Empaako element in question but also intangible cultural heritage of the communities in general. The impact was not on the targeted concerned Empaako communities only but also on the general population of Uganda.

The monthly clans representative forum which receive information, discuss and plan safeguarding activities, have been effective in trickling down information and learning to the grassroots. Therefore the awareness of the grassroots people who are the bearers and custodians of the heritage was sufficiently raised. The organization of public events like national press conference, festivals and activities involving public leaders scaled up the awareness raising impact. It also underscored the importance of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage as a concern that is crosscutting all sections of society.

The contribution of performing and visual artists by adopting the message into their products opened up the spreading of safeguarding initiatives into all human talent areas, professions and activities. Moreover, their artistic products make the message permanently present or visible. The monument, for instance, raised in the center of the biggest town is now a place of memory, reflection and cultural education where people continuously gather and take memorable photographs. The brochure put the concrete message of the intended safeguarding plan on record, making it easily accessible and transferable.

The safeguarding plan, designed using a participatory approach and attracting diverse contributions both in the design and implementation, was effectively developed. However tasks that wholly targeted funding from community contributions, suffered disjointed implementation as contributions come in bits and such tasks can only survive on services of community volunteers but not hired consultants, experts and commercial service providers.

A general safeguarding plan that allows diverse contributions from diverse sources may face ca the focus and systematic progress. For instance pilot project which uses one of the rituals to promote planting of trees would better have come after implementation of documentation of rituals and meanings of the ceremonies. While it is not easy to get a funder of a project on documentation, except from government or UNESCO, it is easy to get one on using the heritage to promote peace building, conflict resolution or environmental sustainability which are aspects of the element. Yet in the proper progress of safeguarding plan those aspects should come after awareness raising, documentation and revitalization of observance of ceremonies.

B.4. Participation des communautés

Veuillez décrire comment les communautés, groupes et individus ainsi que les organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes ont été impliqués, y compris en termes de rôles liés aux genres, dans la mise à jour du plan de sauvegarde et comment ils seront impliqués dans sa mise en œuvre.

The communities of Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi are represented by the 44 clan institutions of which membership cut across all the five communities. There are also represented by cultural institutions like chiefdoms and Kingdoms and voluntary community associations. These do not apply uniformly in all communities but each community has at least one of the above community collective mechanisms. The clan leaders represented up to family unit are the custodians of the community’s intangible cultural heritage. They cause and lead all traditional rituals and cultural ceremonies in the communities. Their mission is to ensure practice and transmission of the community’s intangible cultural heritage. Clans, collectively forms Cultural Institutions like Chiefdoms.

The community institutions have initiated, organized and contributed to financing of most of all the activities done so far, as illustrated hereunder;
• The general safeguarding plan and international assistance requests were developed by clan leaders, facilitated by the expert from Engabu Za Tooro NGO,
• All the festivals and events for awareness raising and launching safeguarding plans were initiated and organized by clan and community associations. Officials from the ministry and Engabu Za Tooro NGO were invited to facilitate.
• Empaako heritage conservation project was conceived and implemented by officials of Bunyoro Kitara kingdom with funding from Cross Cultural Foundation of Uganda.
• Community-based music and visual artists initiated and executed the production of music and monument as their contribution to raising awareness and encouraging the communities to revitalize observance of ceremonies and practices.
• The project management structure and mechanisms established to provide governance and monitoring of the safeguarding programme include representative of community institutions.

B.5. Contexte institutionnel

Veuillez indiquer quelles institutions sont en charge de la gestion locale et de la sauvegarde de l'élément inscrit sur la Liste de sauvegarde urgente, notamment :

  1. le(les) organisme(s) compétent(s) impliqué(s) dans sa gestion et/ou sa sauvegarde ;
  2. la(les) organisation(s) de la communauté ou du groupe concernée(s) par l'élément et sa sauvegarde.

The competent bodies involved in management and facilitating Safeguarding Empaako element include; Engabu Za Tooro – Tooro Youth Platform for Action, a 15 years old cultural NGO, accredited to the IGC of the 2003 UNESCO convention. The second is the Department of Culture and Family Affairs of the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development.

The community organizations concerned with Empaako element include, the 44 clan institutions currently having a monthly clans representative forum on the safeguarding concerns, Tooro Kingdom, Bunyoro Kingdom and Banyabindi culture and Development Trust.

B.6. Participation des communautés a l'etablissement du présent rapport

Décrivez les mesures qui ont été prises pour assurer la plus large participation possible des communautés, des groupes et, le cas échéant, des individus ainsi que des organisations non gouvernementales pertinentes concernés pendant la préparation du présent rapport.

A facilitator was identified by the implementing organization to coordinate and compile this report with the participation of the communities.
Updating meetings were organized by the leaders of the participating community institutions in the five participating communities. These leaders included the Executive of Banyabindi Culture and Development Trust, Ekoomi ya Batuku and contact persons for Batagwenda, Tooro Kingdom and Bunyoro Kingdom. The meetings facilitated by the expert, generated information on what the communities feel they have accomplished and the challenges that were met. This information fed into the draft report which was sent back to the communities through their contact persons for comments. The comments received from the communities were considered before a final draft was compiled. The established monthly clan representative forum that convene in Fort-Portal discussed this first report as an agenda item on two sittings. The first meeting generated information for the report and the second considered the draft report. Through the activities executives the staff of the Ministry of Gender Labour and Social Development independently collected information provided by the communities which also fed into the process of report development.

C. Signature au nom de l'état partie

Le rapport doit se terminer par la signature du fonctionnaire compétent pour la signer au nom de l'État, accompagnée de son nom, de son titre et de la date de soumission.

Nom

Naumo Juliana Akoryo

Titre

For: PERMANENT SECRETARY

Date

18-03-2015

Signature


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