Research references on the implementation of the 2003 Convention

Disseminate research for all stakeholders
© UNESCO

The 2003 Convention Research Bibliography provides an interactive bibliography of research references related to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and its implementation.

Based on work initiated in 2012, this project is hosted by UNESCO and led by an editorial group of independent researchers, with the support of volunteer researchers.

It intends to foster better communication among researchers working in the field of intangible cultural heritage and enhance dissemination of ICH-related research for all stakeholders involved in the implementation of the 2003 Convention (States Parties, communities, practitioners, civil society, UNESCO Secretariat and others).

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  • (2017). LE MÉCANISME DE DÉSIGNATION LÉGALE : QUELLES RETOMBÉES POUR LE PATRIMOINE IMMATÉRIEL ? Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      (2017). LE MÉCANISME DE DÉSIGNATION LÉGALE : QUELLES RETOMBÉES POUR LE PATRIMOINE IMMATÉRIEL ? Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title LE MÉCANISME DE DÉSIGNATION LÉGALE : QUELLES RETOMBÉES POUR LE PATRIMOINE IMMATÉRIEL ?
      Year 2017
      Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant
      Publisher Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant
      Language French
    • Themes:

      Policy making, Legislation, Nongovernmental organizations, Indigenous peoples, Civil society

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Suggested by:

      Antoine Gauthier (2019-11-08)

    • Public URL:

      https://patrimoinevivant.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Table-ronde-2.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • (2018) Intangible Cultural Heritage and Communities: UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) and Five Korean Cases1 2. IN Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 6. 117–123.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      (2018) Intangible Cultural Heritage and Communities: UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) and Five Korean Cases1 2. IN Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 6. 117–123.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage and Communities: UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) and Five Korean Cases1 2
      Journal Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies
      Year 2018
      Volume 6
      Number 4
      Pages 117-123
      month August
      ISSN ISSN: 2321 – 2799
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      ABSTRACT— This paper discusses the meanings and socio-cultural implications of “communities” in the context of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage (ICH), based on several pieces of relevant documents written by UNESCO and the experts in the field. The notion of “community” has been one of the key concepts in defining, safeguarding, and inscribing the intangible cultural heritages (ICH) in the context of UNESCO Programmes. In addition, the relationship between the communities and the ICH in academic analyses and policy-making is highly complex, multifaceted, and closely inter-related that the two cannot be discussed separately. Based on the analyses and examination of ethnographic cases, this paper concludes that, although the communities’ opinions should be taken seriously in planning and implementing ICH safeguarding, it is important to consider the fact that the members of the communities are not homogeneous or in the same opinion. Keywords— intangible cultural heritage, UNESCO, community, Korea

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    • Country:

      Republic of Korea

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Arirang, lyrical folk song in the Republic of Korea

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2020-04-01)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • (2020) Multinational Hıdırellez: Boundaries and Challenges. IN Millî Folklor, 16. 35–45.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      (2020) Multinational Hıdırellez: Boundaries and Challenges. IN Millî Folklor, 16. 35–45.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Multinational Hıdırellez: Boundaries and Challenges
      Journal Millî Folklor
      Year 2020
      Volume 16
      Number 125
      Pages 35-45
      month March
      ISSN 1300-3984
      Language Turkish
    • Abstract:

      UNESCO has prepared conventions devoted to safeguard cultural heritage which is regarded as the instrument for sustainable peace and intercommunal dialogue. The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, among these conventions, attaches importance to the safeguarding of heritage elements that are located in multiple countries in cooperation with related communities and groups and encourages multinational files in the case that they are submitted to international lists. Turkey, within this framework, has spearheaded an initiative to submit Hıdırellez and Saint George to the UNESCO list as a multinational file and an experts meeting has been organized with the participation of the countries that celebrate Hıdırellez and Saint George/Aya Yorgi from Middle East and South East Europe. It has been affirmed in these meetings that many Muslim and Christian communities in the countries of the region such as Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Serbia, Moldova, Romania and Ukraine celebrate the days of Hıdırellez, Saint George or Aya Yorgi together with similar rituals. In accordance with this information, the multinational file “Spring Festival: Hıdırellez/Saint George Celebration” was submitted by Turkey being the moderator along with Croatia, The Republic of North Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia and Romania in 2013. The Intergovernmental Committee has “returned” the file in 2014 for reasons that the information in the file isn’t sufficient to indicate that “Hıdırellez” and “Saint George” is a single element and that inventory records of some countries can not be clearly presented. Submitting states, therewith, reunited with Turkey playing the host and decided by majority of votes that the file be divided as “Hıdırellez” and “Saint George”, taking into account the Committee’s decision. Following this decision, while the moderator role of Turkey for the file Hıdırellez has been approved, as for Saint George, it has been adopted that the nomination process is started in line with a request from one of the countries in South East Europe. While this is the story of the multinational file, on the other side, Iraq submitted the national file “Khidr Elias Feast and Its Vows” to UNESCO on August 11, 2015 and the element was inscribed to the Representative List in the Committee meeting that was held on November 28-December 2, 2016. Turkey, meanwhile, has contacted the countries that have communities celebrating Hıdırellez and asked to prepare a multinational file. The file “Spring Celebration, Hıdrellez” was submitted to UNESCO with The Republic of North Macedonia, the only country accepting the invitation on March 17, 2016 and it was inscribed to the Representative List as the multinational file of two countries in the Committee meeting that was held on December 4-8, 2017. Despite Turkey’s persistent follow-up, invitation and calls for collaboration, it is significant that the countries that have communities celebrating Hıdırellez within their boundaries don’t include the element in their local or national inventories and accordingly that, they don’t participate in the multinational file which does not place a burden at all. This attitude doesn’t support the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage in local and national processes with the involvement of communities and also prevents the element from meeting the international community through multinational files. Consequently, this arises the problem that the Convention falls short of the expectations to protect and build values such as peace, dialogue, collaboration that UNESCO puts emphasis on. Therefore, administration of the Convention should generate more encouraging solutions by also activating Category 2 Centres with respect to inventory preparation processes that are conducted at the national level by states and multinational files that are conducive for the meeting of heritage elements with international community. Key Words UNESCO, Intangible Cultural Heritage, Multinational Files, South East Europe, Middle East

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, International cooperation, Policy making, Transnational heritage, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

    • Country:

      North Macedonia, Turkey

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Spring celebration, Hıdrellez

    • Suggested by:

      Ahmet Erman Aral (2020-04-04)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.millifolklor.com/PdfViewer.aspx?Sayi=125&Sayfa=37 (04.04.2020)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • 2018. Le patrimoine immatériel, pour la vitalité culturelle locale. Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant & ministère de la Culture et des Communications.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      2018. Le patrimoine immatériel, pour la vitalité culturelle locale. Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant & ministère de la Culture et des Communications.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Le patrimoine immatériel, pour la vitalité culturelle locale
      Year 2018
      Language English,French
      Publisher Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant & ministère de la Culture et des Communications
    • Abstract:

      Le Conseil québécois du patrimoine vivant (CQPV) est l’organisme de regroupement national reconnu et soutenu par le ministère de la Culture et des Communications (MCC) pour son action dans le secteur du patrimoine immatériel. Il compte plus de 90 organismes membres provenant des quatre coins du Québec. Le CQPV est également accrédité par l’UNESCO pour assurer des fonctions consultatives auprès du Comité intergouvernemental dans le cadre de la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel de 2003. Depuis l’entrée en vigueur de la Loi sur le patrimoine culturel en 2012, le patrimoine immatériel est officiellement reconnu comme une composante à part entière du patrimoine culturel du Québec. Le MCC encourage ses partenaires municipaux à favoriser la vitalité et le rayonnement des différents éléments de ce patrimoine, notamment en soutenant la réalisation de projets qui contribuent à leur essor. Dans ce document d’orientation, le MCC et le CQPV clarifient le concept de patrimoine immatériel et donnent des exemples d’actions concrètes pour soutenir les éléments qui le composent. Quelques lignes directrices sont proposées afin que les efforts consentis au développement des pratiques traditionnelles soient les plus profitables possibles.

    • Themes:

      Policy making, 2003 Convention governance, Legislation, Nongovernmental organizations, Community participation, Indigenous peoples, Civil society, Cities, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Suggested by:

      Antoine Gauthier (2019-11-07)

    • Public URL:

      https://patrimoinevivant.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Guide-Municipalites-CQPV-MCC-1.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Abdel-latif, A. 2008. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Abdel-latif, A. 2008. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Abdel-latif, Ahme
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property
      Book title Cultural Heritage and Development in the Arab World
      Year 2008
      Editor(s) Fekri Hassan – Aloisia de Trafford – Mohsen Youssef
      Pages 269-280
      Publisher Bibliotheca Alexandrina
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) is a landmark development in UNESCO’s efforts to safeguard the world’s intangible heritage. However, the Convention does not address issues arising in the context of intellectual property. At the same time, the Convention requires State Parties to safeguard intangible cultural heritage through measures, including documentation, which can inadvertently expose this heritage to misappropriation by the intellectual property system, This situation could become the source of a “dilemma” for Arab countries, whishing to implement the UNESCO Convention, considering that no binding international norms have been developed in international bodies specialized in the area of intellectual property, such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), to prevent such misappropriation. Furthermore, there is an urgent need to complement the UNESCO 2003 Convention by legally binding measure that would both prevent the misappropriation of this heritage and guarantee a number of rights to its owners. Without this, efforts towards preserving and protecting this heritage will remain partial, fragmented and of limited effectiveness.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Cultural identity, Indigenous peoples, Intellectual property, WIPO, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    • Country:

      Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco

    • Suggested by:

      Meglena Zlatkova (2019-12-27)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Abungu, G. 2012. Africa's Rich Intangible Heritage: Managing a Continent's Diverse Resources;.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Abungu, G. 2012. Africa's Rich Intangible Heritage: Managing a Continent's Diverse Resources;.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Abungu , George
      Title Africa's Rich Intangible Heritage: Managing a Continent's Diverse Resources;
      Book title Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage : touching the intangible
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) Michelle L Stefano, Peter Davis and Gerard Corsane.
      Pages 57-70
      Publisher Woodbridge : Boydell & Brewer, 2012.
      Language English
    • Suggested by:

      Elizabeth Matilda Abena Mantebeah (2019-10-26)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aceti, M. (2010) Des imaginaires en controverse dans la pratique de la capoiera : loisir, "métier" et patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Staps, . 109–124.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aceti, M. (2010) Des imaginaires en controverse dans la pratique de la capoiera : loisir, "métier" et patrimoine culturel immatériel. IN Staps, . 109–124.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aceti, Monica
      ISSN 9782804160920
      Journal Staps
      Language French
      Number 87
      Pages 109--124
      Title Des imaginaires en controverse dans la pratique de la capoiera : loisir, "métier" et patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      SDG 1: No Poverty

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Capoeira circle

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Adell, N. & Pourcher, Y. (2011) Transmettre, quel(s) patrimoine(s)?? Autour du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel Paris, Michel Houdiard Editions.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Adell, N. & Pourcher, Y. (2011) Transmettre, quel(s) patrimoine(s)?? Autour du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel Paris, Michel Houdiard Editions.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Author Adell, Nicolas AND Pourcher, Yves
      ISBN 978-2-35692-066-9
      Language French
      Publisher Michel Houdiard Editions
      Series Colloques
      Title Transmettre, quel(s) patrimoine(s)?? Autour du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel
      Year 2011
    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions, Aged practitioners, Diminishing participation, Educational standardization, Hampered transmission, Loss of knowledge, Reduced practice, SDG 4: Quality Education

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Adell, N. 2012. The French Journeymen Tradition: Convergence between French Heritage Traditions and UNESCO’s 2003 Convention. Paper read at Heritage Regimes and the Stateat Göttingen.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Adell, N. 2012. The French Journeymen Tradition: Convergence between French Heritage Traditions and UNESCO’s 2003 Convention. Paper read at Heritage Regimes and the Stateat Göttingen.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Göttingen
      Author Adell, Nicolas
      Book title Heritage Regimes and the State
      ISBN 978-3-86395-075-0
      Language English
      Pages 177--195
      Publisher Université de Göttingen
      Series Cultural {Property}
      Title The French Journeymen Tradition: Convergence between French Heritage Traditions and UNESCO’s 2003 Convention
      Volume 6
      Year 2012
    • Themes:

      Cultural diplomacy, Heritage institutions, Legislation, Policy making, Unintended outcomes

    • Country:

      France

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identities

    • Public URL:

      http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/univerlag/2012/GSCP6_Bendix.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Adell, N., Bendix, R., Bortolotto, C. & Tauschek, M. (2015) Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice: Participation, Territoritory and the Making of Heritage Göttingen, Universitätsverlag Göttingen.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Adell, N., Bendix, R., Bortolotto, C. & Tauschek, M. (2015) Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice: Participation, Territoritory and the Making of Heritage Göttingen, Universitätsverlag Göttingen.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Göttingen
      Publisher Universitätsverlag Göttingen
      Series Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property
      Title Between Imagined Communities and Communities of Practice: Participation, Territoritory and the Making of Heritage
      Year 2015
      Author Adell, Nicolas AND Bendix, Regina AND Bortolotto, Chiara AND Tauschek, Markus
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Community and participation have become central concepts in the nomination processes surrounding heritage, intersecting time and again with questions of territory. In this volume, anthropologists and legal scholars from France, Germany, Italy and the USA take up questions arising from these intertwined concerns from diverse perspectives: How and by whom were these concepts interpreted and re-interpreted, and what effects did they bring forth in their implementation? What impact was wielded by these terms, and what kinds of discursive formations did they bring forth? How do actors from local to national levels interpret these new components of the heritage regime, and how do actors within heritage-granting national and international bodies work it into their cultural and political agency? What is the role of experts and expertise, and when is scholarly knowledge expertise and when is it partisan? How do bureaucratic institutions translate the imperative of participation into concrete practices? Case studies from within and without the UNESCO matrix combine with essays probing larger concerns generated by the valuation and valorization of culture.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural diplomacy, Cultural identity

    • Public URL:

      https://books.openedition.org/gup/203 (2019-07-22)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Adra, N. (2004) Literacy through Poetry: A Pilot Project for Rural Women in the Republic of Yemen. IN Women's Studies Quarterly, 32. 226–243.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Adra, N. (2004) Literacy through Poetry: A Pilot Project for Rural Women in the Republic of Yemen. IN Women's Studies Quarterly, 32. 226–243.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Adra, Najwa
      ISSN 07321562
      Journal Women's Studies Quarterly
      Language English
      month #apr#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Women and Literacy: Moving to Power and Participation / Full publication date: Spring - Summer, 2004 / Copyright © 2004 The Feminist Press at the City University of New York
      Number 1/2
      Pages 226--243
      Title Literacy through Poetry: A Pilot Project for Rural Women in the Republic of Yemen
      Volume 32
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Gender issues, Nonformal education

    • Country:

      Yemen

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/40004404

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Adra, N. (2004) The relevance of intangible heritage to development. IN Anthropology News, 45. 24.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Adra, N. (2004) The relevance of intangible heritage to development. IN Anthropology News, 45. 24.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Adra, Najwa
      ISSN 1556-3502
      Journal Anthropology News
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 24
      Title The relevance of intangible heritage to development
      Volume 45
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Agudo Torrico, J. (2005) Patrimonio Etnológico y recreación de identidades. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Agudo Torrico, J. (2005) Patrimonio Etnológico y recreación de identidades. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Agudo Torrico, Juan
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title Patrimonio Etnológico y recreación de identidades
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      In principle, the nowadays concept of heritage arise from the political purpose of reflecting an univocal image, according to the rising of the nation-states during the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. However, at present the heritage have to provide answers to new identity images, developed because of the fragmentation of the identities that characterize our society, and his consumer good as economic resource.

    • Public URL:

      http://asana-andalucia.org/revista/uploads/raa/n2/jagudo.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Agullo Díaz, M. D. C. (2010) La voz y la palabra de los tesoros vivos: fuentes orales y recuperación del patrimonio histórico-educativo inmaterial. IN Educatio Siglo XXI, 28. 157–178.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Agullo Díaz, M. D. C. (2010) La voz y la palabra de los tesoros vivos: fuentes orales y recuperación del patrimonio histórico-educativo inmaterial. IN Educatio Siglo XXI, 28. 157–178.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Agullo Díaz, María Del Carmen
      Journal Educatio Siglo XXI
      Language Spanish
      Number 2
      Pages 157--178
      Title La voz y la palabra de los tesoros vivos: fuentes orales y recuperación del patrimonio histórico-educativo inmaterial
      Volume 28
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      La voz y la palabra tuvieron una importancia decisiva en los inicios de la historia. Su configuración como disciplina científica comportó que fueran desplazadas por los documentos escritos, considerados más objetivos. En la actualidad la nueva historia, con su reivindicación del sujeto y la subjetividad, vuelve a otorgar a las fuentes orales la importancia perdida. Es en este contexto en el que la historia de la educación intenta recuperar las historias de vida del profesorado, protagonistas del hecho educativo, construidas en base a sus relatos de vida que son obtenidos mediante entrevistas en las que entrevistador y entrevistado utilizan la oralidad como medio de comunicación y establecen una peculiar relación de empatía. Las historias de vida del docente, debido a su doble estatus como sujeto social y tesoro vivo, deben ocupar un lugar preeminente en todo proyecto de recuperación del patrimonio histórico-educativo inmaterial porque, por una parte, los protagonistas de la historia de la educación merecen, por sí mismos, un apartado con entidad propia. Por otra, sus testimonios, interpretados de manera científica, sin perder en ningún momento su subjetividad, forman parte y complementan la memoria colectiva e las aulas escolares, universitarias... En definitiva, las peculiares voces y palabras de los docentes de todos los niveles educativos, nos incitan a conservar los documentos sonoros originales por el caudal de datos y la emotividad que aportan, y a incorporarlos a un concepto museístico en el que objetos, tradiciones y personas disfruten de un merecido espacio propio.

    • Themes:

      Living Human Treasure, Oral traditions and expressions, Formal education

    • Public URL:

      http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CD4QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Frevistas.um.es%2Feducatio%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F112011%2F106331&ei=QPhaUde9COih0QXOpIGwAg&usg=AFQjCNEPKalgpBu3UeOSYO5TofmAeFw3nA&bvm=bv.44442042,d.d2k

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ahmad, Y. (2006) The scope and definitions of heritage: from tangible to intangible. IN International journal of heritage studies, 12. 292–300.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ahmad, Y. (2006) The scope and definitions of heritage: from tangible to intangible. IN International journal of heritage studies, 12. 292–300.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ahmad, Yahaya
      ISSN 1352-7258
      Journal International journal of heritage studies
      Language English
      Number 03
      Pages 292--300
      Title The scope and definitions of heritage: from tangible to intangible
      Volume 12
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Since the adoption of the Venice Charter in 1964, there have been many conservation guidelines in the form of charters, recommendations and resolutions that have been introduced and adopted by international organisations such as UNESCO and ICOMOS. This article focuses on the scope and definition of heritage as promulgated by the various charters across the globe. The term ‘historic monument’ used in the Venice Charter 1964 was reinterpreted by ICOMOS in 1965 as ‘monument’ and ‘site’; and by UNESCO in 1968 as ‘cultural property’ to include both movable and immovable. The different terminology between the UNESCO and ICOMOS was reconciled at the World Heritage Convention 1972. At national and regional levels the scope of heritage was broadened to include gardens, landscape and environment, and later reinterpreted and defined quite differently in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and China. Although the scope of heritage, in general, is now agreed internationally to include ‘tangible’ and ‘intangible’ as well as ‘environments’, the finer terminology of ‘heritage’ has not been streamlined or standardised, and thus no uniformity exists between countries.

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-faure, N. (2004) An historical overview of the preparation of the UNESCO International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum international, 56. 137–149.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-faure, N. (2004) An historical overview of the preparation of the UNESCO International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Museum international, 56. 137–149.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-faure, Noriko
      ISSN 1350-0775
      Journal Museum international
      Language English
      Number 1-2
      Pages 137--149
      Title An historical overview of the preparation of the UNESCO International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135868

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-faure, N. (2004) Panorama historique de la préparation de la Convention internationale pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'UNESCO. IN Museum international, . 137–149.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-faure, N. (2004) Panorama historique de la préparation de la Convention internationale pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'UNESCO. IN Museum international, . 137–149.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-faure, Noriko
      Journal Museum international
      Language French
      Number 221
      Pages 137--149
      Title Panorama historique de la préparation de la Convention internationale pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'UNESCO
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Public URL:

      http://portal.unesco.org/culture/fr/ev.php-URL_ID=21739&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html#view

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-Faure, N. (2004) Patrimonio cultural intangible: nuevos planteamientos respecto a su salvaguardia. IN Revista Museum International, UNESCO, . 137–149.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-Faure, N. (2004) Patrimonio cultural intangible: nuevos planteamientos respecto a su salvaguardia. IN Revista Museum International, UNESCO, . 137–149.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-Faure, Noriko
      Journal Revista Museum International, UNESCO
      Language Spanish
      Number 221/222
      Pages 137--149
      Title Patrimonio cultural intangible: nuevos planteamientos respecto a su salvaguardia
      Year 2004
    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001358/135852s.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-Faure, N. (2004) Visión Histórica de la Preparación de la Convención Internacional de la UNESCO para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. IN Revista Museum Internacional, . 140–155.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-Faure, N. (2004) Visión Histórica de la Preparación de la Convención Internacional de la UNESCO para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. IN Revista Museum Internacional, . 140–155.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-Faure, Noriko
      Journal Revista Museum Internacional
      Language Spanish
      Number 221-222
      Pages 140--155
      Title Visión Histórica de la Preparación de la Convención Internacional de la UNESCO para la Salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial
      Year 2004
    • Public URL:

      http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001358/135852s.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-Faure, N. (2008) Safeguarding of the African Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Preserving the cultural heritage of Africa: crisis or renaissance? . 96.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-Faure, N. (2008) Safeguarding of the African Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Preserving the cultural heritage of Africa: crisis or renaissance? . 96.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-Faure, Noriko
      ISSN 184701206X
      Journal Preserving the cultural heritage of Africa: crisis or renaissance?
      Language English
      Pages 96
      Title Safeguarding of the African Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2008

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aikawa-faure, N. (2009) From the proclamation of masterpieces to the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Intangible heritage, . 13–44.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aikawa-faure, N. (2009) From the proclamation of masterpieces to the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Intangible heritage, . 13–44.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aikawa-faure, Noriko
      Journal Intangible heritage
      Language English
      Pages 13--44
      Title From the proclamation of masterpieces to the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICHC) was adopted without dissenting vote by the General Conference at its 32nd session in October 2003 and entered into force on 20th April 2006. By September 2008, more than 100 states were parties to it. The early adoption of this Convention, and its swift entry into force, was without precedent. Since November 2006, the Intergovernmental Committee had been preparing operational directives for the implementation of the Convention that were approved by the General Assembly of the States Parties in June 2008. The first inscriptions on the two lists created by the ICHC, the ‘List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in need of urgent safeguarding’ (henceforth Urgent List) and the ‘Representative List of the ICH of Humanity’ (henceforth Representative List), will take place towards the end of 2009. Prior to this Convention, UNESCO had carried out a number of activities to promote the safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) worldwide. Among them, the landmark undertakings were the Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore 1989 (henceforth 1989 Recommendation), the dissemination of the Living Human Treasure system launched in 1993, and the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity established in 1998. Throughout these activities, the concept of ICH developed in response to political, economic, social and cultural environments. This chapter traces the development of the concept of ICH during the preparation of the ICHC. Since 1993, I was responsible for the programme of ICH in UNESCO Headquarters, and was directly involved in the assessment regarding the application of the 1989 Recommendation by the member states and the development of the Proclamation of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity (henceforth, Proclamation of Masterpieces) and the ICHC. First, the chapter examines how, and in what context, the Proclamation of the Masterpieces programme was launched. It identifies the speed with which the ‘cultural debates’ of the Marrakech meeting (1997) were transformed into political debates within UNESCO. Second, it describes how criticisms of the 1989 Recommendation triggered the creation of the ICHC. Third, it details the progressive development of the conceptual framework for the ICHC through a review of the debates held during three expert meetings: Turin (2001), Elche (2001) and Rio (2002). Each of these marked a significant stage for the elaboration of the definition and scope of the ICHC. I also describe how consensus emerged among different views and approaches, notably within the Turin meeting, which established the underpinning concepts of the Convention. The progressive and delicate transformation process from academic to political debates during these meetings, as well as subsequent meetings held in UNESCO, is also described. Moreover, I attempt to demonstrate how the Proclamation of Masterpieces programme and the process of the preparation of ICHC were interwoven in the course of their parallel development, notably through the Elche and Rio meetings, as well as UNESCO Executive Board sessions. This demonstrates how the Proclamation of the Masterpieces programme served as a lever for the creation of the ICHC. The concluding section reviews the difficult discussions that took place between 2006 and 2008 by the Intergovernmental Committee of the ICHC over the development of the operational directives. The key issue was how to identify appropriate mechanisms to ensure the participation of practitioner communities, an issue championed as one of the most significant principles throughout the conferences and meetings examined in this chapter.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Akagawa Natsuko, S. L. (Ed.), (2019) Safeguarding Intangible Heritage: Practices and Politics 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, Routledge, Taylord and Francis Group.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Akagawa Natsuko, S. L. (Ed.), (2019) Safeguarding Intangible Heritage: Practices and Politics 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, Routledge, Taylord and Francis Group.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Akagawa Natsuko, Smith Laurajane
      Title Safeguarding Intangible Heritage: Practices and Politics
      Publisher Routledge, Taylord and Francis Group
      Year 2019
      Series Key Issues in Cultural Heritage
      Postal address 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN
      ISBN 9781 138580756
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage came into force in 2006, framing the international and national practices and policies associated with intangible cultural heritage. This volume critically and reflexively examines these practices and policies, providing an accessible account of the different ways in which intangible cultural heritage has been defined and managed in both national and international contexts. As Safeguarding Intangible Heritage reveals, the concept and practices of safeguarding are complicated and often contested, and there is a need for international debate about the meaning, nature and value of heritage and what it means to ‘safeguard’ it. Safeguarding Intangible Heritage presents a significant cross section of ideas and practices from some of the key academics and practitioners working in the area, whose areas of expertise span anthropology, law, heritage studies, linguistics, archaeology, museum studies, folklore, architecture, Indigenous studies and history. The chapters in this volume give an overarching analysis of international policy and practice and critically frame case studies that analyze practices from a range of countries, including Australia, Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Taiwan, the UK and Zimbabwe. With a focus on conceptual and theoretical issues, this follow-up to Intangible Heritage, by the same editors, will be of great interest to students, scholars and professionals working in the fields of heritage and museum studies, heritage conservation, heritage tourism, global history, international relations, art and architectural history, and linguists.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Cultural identity, Intellectual property, Languages, Market economy, Digital technology, Ethics, Indigenous peoples, Migration, Tourism, 1972 Convention, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Australia, Botswana, Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Zimbabwe

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Gangneung Danoje festival

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Akagawa, N. & Sirisrisak, T. 2005. Intangible Heritage in urban planning process, Case Study: Chao Phraya Riverscape, Thailand.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Akagawa, N. & Sirisrisak, T. 2005. Intangible Heritage in urban planning process, Case Study: Chao Phraya Riverscape, Thailand.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Akagawa, Natsuko AND Sirisrisak, Tiamsoon
      Language English
      Pages 11--14
      Title Intangible Heritage in urban planning process, Case Study: Chao Phraya Riverscape, Thailand
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Cities, Economic and social development

    • Country:

      Thailand

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Akagawa, N. 2015. Intangible Heritage and Embodiment: Japan’s Influence on Global Heritage Discourse. 1-118-48666-8.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Akagawa, N. 2015. Intangible Heritage and Embodiment: Japan’s Influence on Global Heritage Discourse. 1-118-48666-8.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Chichester
      Author Akagawa, Natsuko
      Book title A {Companion} to {Heritage} {Studies}
      Edition Wiley-Blackwell
      Editor(s) Logan, William and Nic Craith, Mairead and Kockel, Ullrich
      ISBN 1-118-48666-8
      Language English
      Pages 69--86
      Title Intangible Heritage and Embodiment: Japan’s Influence on Global Heritage Discourse
      Year 2015
    • Abstract:

      A Companion to Heritage Studies is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art survey of the interdisciplinary study of cultural heritage. Featuring a substantial framework-setting essay by the editors and contributions from an international array of scholars, including some with extensive experience in heritage practice through UNESCO, World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and national heritage systems, this Companion offers a cutting-edge guide to this emergent and increasingly important field that is global in scope, cross-cultural in focus and critical in approach. The selected essays have been innovatively organized into three sections on the expansion, use and abuse, and the recasting of heritage. The Companion covers all of the key themes in research, including old and new outlooks on cultural heritage and its management, heritage as a form of cultural politics, emergence of critical heritage studies, the role of heritage in times of rapid change and conflict, heritage in environmental protection, the rise of intangible heritage, museums and digital heritage, World Heritage and tourism, and heritage ethics and human rights

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Albert Marie-Theres Bandarin Francesco, R. P. A. (Ed.), (2017) Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2 Cham : Springer.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Albert Marie-Theres Bandarin Francesco, R. P. A. (Ed.), (2017) Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2 Cham : Springer.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Albert Marie-Theres, Bandarin Francesco, Roders Pereira Ana
      Title Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2
      Publisher Cham : Springer
      Year 2017
      ISBN [13] 9783319571652 — [10] 3319571656
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      As mentioned previously, the idea for this publication emerged from a reflection on the problems, discourses and problem-solving strategies presented in the book Perception of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No1. Even though these discourses were, and still are, important and should be implemented, they reflect and represent mainly the European perspective. Today, more than ever it is important to identify strategies that take as starting points the documents adopted by UNESCO and other UN organs but move beyond them in a way which considers the challenges arising from their implementation at the national and/or local levels. The goal of this publication is to identify concepts for sustainable developments coming from all parts of the world and thus broaden the current discussions and approaches on heritage and sustainability in heritage studies. On this basis, this publication will present approaches to sustainable development in the area of cultural and natural heritage protection, and their corresponding impacts, in order to tackle the problems of sustainable heritage protection worldwide. The readers of this publication should be aware of the necessity to develop innovative concepts that can provide solutions to special cultural, social, ecological or economic challenges. This will also, for example, require a mobilization of new and/or alternative target groups from developing countries, as well as further resultant paradigms for the sustainability discourse. With our publication, going beyond existing political commitments, theoretical perceptions, paradigms, critical reflections and methods, beyond the mainstream, we hope to foster discussion and achieve a better understanding of the role of sustainability in heritage studies.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Economic and social development, Sustainable development, publication to be referenced article by article

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-18)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Albert, M. & Hüfner, K. Concepts of heritage–A comparison of the UNESCO conventions concerning tangible (1972) and intangible (2003) heritage.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Albert, M. & Hüfner, K. Concepts of heritage–A comparison of the UNESCO conventions concerning tangible (1972) and intangible (2003) heritage.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Albert, Marie-theres AND Hüfner, Klaus
      Language English
      Title Concepts of heritage–A comparison of the UNESCO conventions concerning tangible (1972) and intangible (2003) heritage
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Albert, M. 2017. The Potential of Culture for Sustainable Development in Heritage Studies.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Albert, M. 2017. The Potential of Culture for Sustainable Development in Heritage Studies.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Albert, Marie-theres
      Title The Potential of Culture for Sustainable Development in Heritage Studies
      Book title Going Beyond Perceptions of Sustainability in Heritage Studies No. 2
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Albert Marie-Theres, Bandarin Francesco, Pereira Roders Ana
      Pages 33-43
      Publisher Cham : Springer
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      In this paper, Marie-Theres Albert discusses the function of culture as one of the most important drivers of and for human development. She reflects upon the former discussion on the three pillars of sustainability and the new discourse on the four pillars. Based on a holistic concept of culture, she emphasizes how this relatively new paradigm has enriched not only the scientific discourse but also the discourses within the UN organs and agencies since Brundtland. Culture understood as driving force of human development is reflected within the Millennium Development Goals and its related social, economic and environmental strategies. The papers brings together what normally is discussed separately, namely, the function of culture within the tangible and intangible understanding of heritage.

    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Health, Tourism, SDG 2: Zero Hunger, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, 1972 Convention, 2005 Convention, Sustainable development, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-18)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Albert, M. The MUMA-ProjectAn Integrated Approach to Heritage Management. IN Training Strategies for World Heritage Management, . 26.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Albert, M. The MUMA-ProjectAn Integrated Approach to Heritage Management. IN Training Strategies for World Heritage Management, . 26.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Albert, Marie-Theres
      Journal Training Strategies for World Heritage Management
      Language English
      Pages 26
      Title The MUMA-Project–An Integrated Approach to Heritage Management

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Albro, R. (2005) Managing Culture at Diversity's Expense? Thoughts on UNESCO's Newest Cultural Policy Instrument. IN The Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society, 35. 247–253.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Albro, R. (2005) Managing Culture at Diversity's Expense? Thoughts on UNESCO's Newest Cultural Policy Instrument. IN The Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society, 35. 247–253.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Albro, Robert
      ISSN 1063-2921
      Journal The Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 247--253
      Title Managing Culture at Diversity's Expense? Thoughts on UNESCO's Newest Cultural Policy Instrument
      Volume 35
      Year 2005
    • Abstract:

      In a fourth round of negotiations in October 2005, the United Nations Education,Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) formally approved a “Convention on the Protection of the Diversity of Cultural Contents and Artistic Expressions.” Abbreviated as the “cultural diversity convention”, this new legal instrument takes its place alongside a growing list of UNESCO cultural policy initiatives. Negotiations for this convention were unusually hotly contested,however,generating more media attention than most UNESCO efforts. Sustained coverage of the protracted deliberations was a testament to the extent that culture has come to matter—if in a variety of different ways—for global affairs. Precisely because of the increasing attention given the culture concept for human rights,in social movements,for sustainable development,diplomacy,and new cultural industries,it is particularly incumbent on those of us working in diverse cultural fields to try to sort out where cultural policy making is heading.

    • Themes:

      2005 Convention, Policy making

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alexandre, C. (2013) L'insertion du concept de développement durable aux règles internationales et aux programmes nationaux et locaux de sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : regard croisé Québec - Maroc. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alexandre, C. (2013) L'insertion du concept de développement durable aux règles internationales et aux programmes nationaux et locaux de sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : regard croisé Québec - Maroc. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alexandre, Caecilia
      Title L'insertion du concept de développement durable aux règles internationales et aux programmes nationaux et locaux de sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : regard croisé Québec - Maroc
      Université Laval
      Year 2013
      Language French
    • Abstract:

      L’intérêt porté à la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel remonte aux années 1970 avec le premier instrument à vocation internationale visant la protection du Folklore, Opportunité d’assurer au plan international une protection du Folklore (1975). Jusqu’à l’adoption de la Convention de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel (2003), plusieurs instruments se sont succédés faisant avancer la notion de ‘patrimoine culturel immatériel’. Au même moment émerge le concept de ‘développement durable’. Mais le lien qu’entretiennent ces deux notions dépasse leur évolution simultanée. Cette étude aura pour objet d’analyser l’insertion du concept de développement durable dans les règles internationales de préservation du patrimoine culturel immatériel du début du XXe siècle jusqu’à nos jours. Aussi elle se penchera sur les programmes nationaux et locaux mis en oeuvre dans ce domaine par la province du Québec et le Royaume du Maroc.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, 2003 Convention governance, Lists of the 2003 Convention, SDG 4: Quality Education, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Sustainable development, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Canada, Morocco

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-10-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aliende Urtasun, A. (2005) Diversidad cultural e identidad. Una aproximación desde la República Dominicana. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aliende Urtasun, A. (2005) Diversidad cultural e identidad. Una aproximación desde la República Dominicana. IN PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aliende Urtasun, Ana
      Editor(s) {Junta de Andalucía} and {Consejería de Cultura.} and {Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico}
      ISSN 84-8266-567-7
      Journal PH Cuadernos, Patrimonio inmaterial y gestión de la diversidad
      Language Spanish
      Number 17
      Title Diversidad cultural e identidad. Una aproximación desde la República Dominicana
      Year 2005
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Country:

      Dominican Republic

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou-barakou, M., Kitsikidis, A., Tsalakanidou, F., Dimitropoulos, K. & Giannis, C. 2017. Intangible Cultural Heritage and New Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities for Cultural Preservation and Development.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou-barakou, M., Kitsikidis, A., Tsalakanidou, F., Dimitropoulos, K. & Giannis, C. 2017. Intangible Cultural Heritage and New Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities for Cultural Preservation and Development.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou-barakou, Marilena AND Kitsikidis, Alexandros AND Tsalakanidou, Filareti AND Dimitropoulos, Kosmas AND Giannis, Chantas
      Title Intangible Cultural Heritage and New Technologies: Challenges and Opportunities for Cultural Preservation and Development
      Book title Mixed Reality and Gamification for Cultural Heritage
      Year 2017
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is a relatively recent term coined to represent living cultural expressions and practices, which are recognised by communities as distinct aspects of identity. The safeguarding of ICH has become a topic of international concern primarily through the work of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). However, little research has been done on the role of new technologies in the preservation and transmission of intangible heritage. This chapter examines resources, projects and technologies providing access to ICH and identifies gaps and constraints. It draws on research conducted within the scope of the collaborative research project, i-Treasures. In doing so, it covers the state of the art in technologies that could be employed for access, capture and analysis of ICH in order to highlight how specific new technologies can contribute to the transmission and safeguarding of ICH.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Surge of new technologies, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-49607-8_5

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2004) Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Case Study of the Athens and London Theatre Museums. IN Unpublished MA Dissertation, University College London, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2004) Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Case Study of the Athens and London Theatre Museums. IN Unpublished MA Dissertation, University College London, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      Journal Unpublished MA Dissertation, University College London
      Language English
      Title Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Case Study of the Athens and London Theatre Museums
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      The aim of this paper is to assess the implications of the use of intangible heritage in museum practice and more precisely in the areas of collecting, making exhibitions and working with communities. The concept of intangible heritage has only recently been the focus of academic interest in Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies (Butler 2006; Galla 2003; Garton-Smith 2000; Hooper-Greenhill 2000; Kreps 2005; Kurin 2004a), and its impact on the understanding of cultural heritage and the work of museums is currently the subject of much debate as witnessed at the 2006 Conference of the Museum Ethnographers Group. In brief, intangible heritage suggests a holistic understanding of what is cultural heritage by acknowledging the significance and value of oral and living practices and expressions that are related to objects, monuments and cultural spaces. In other words, as will be elaborated later in this paper, the concept of intangible heritage focuses on the human element inherent in artefacts and cultural spaces and in this respect raises practical and theoretical issues for museum theorists and professionals to engage with. Thus the scope of this paper is limited to the examination of the use of intangible heritage in museum practice as a way for assessing the dynamics of an ‘unconventional’ relationship. Since museums are primarily concerned with collecting, conserving and displaying material traces of the past, their involvement with living culture at first might seem paradoxical. In this sense, museums may seem unsuitable for dealing with living cultural expressions. It is hoped that an assessment of this ‘unconventional’ relationship will challenge traditional museum practices and reveal that the engagement of museums with living culture can suggest new functions and roles for museums in the 21st century. This paper seeks to explain what intangible heritage is and is concerned with assessing its implications in the work of museums with a particular interest in the compilation of collections, the making of exhibitions and the collaboration with communities. It engages with contemporary discussions in Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies that question the traditional notion of the ‘modernist museum’ (Hooper-Greenhill 2000) and underline the need for a museum that is in line with current social, educational and cultural concerns. While the Eurocentric criteria for identifying, designating and displaying heritage are questioned both within and outside the Western canon (Bennett 2004; Bharucha 2000; Londres Fonseca 2002), it will be argued that the concept of intangible heritage significantly affects basic museum functions according to contemporary demands for inclusion and access. Thus the concept of intangible heritage challenges mainstream museum practice and makes a call for inclusive collection and exhibition policies.

    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Country:

      Greece, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2007) The UNESCO Programme for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity: A Critical Examination. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 34–42.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2007) The UNESCO Programme for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity: A Critical Examination. IN Journal of Museum Ethnography, . 34–42.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      ISSN 0954-7169
      Journal Journal of Museum Ethnography
      Language English
      Number 19
      Pages 34--42
      Title The UNESCO Programme for the Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity: A Critical Examination
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2008) Contextualising Intangible Cultural Heritage in Heritage Studies and Museology. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 3. 44–54.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2008) Contextualising Intangible Cultural Heritage in Heritage Studies and Museology. IN International Journal of Intangible Heritage, 3. 44–54.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      ISSN 1975-3586
      Journal International Journal of Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Pages 44--54
      Title Contextualising Intangible Cultural Heritage in Heritage Studies and Museology
      Volume 3
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      With this paper I make a proposal for the contextualisation of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) in the interdisciplinary field of heritage studies and museology, drawing on early research conducted during my internship at UNESCO and the first years of my doctorate. I examine emerging conceptualisations of the term starting with the national legislation of Japan and Korea in the 50s and 60s, and more recently with the interventions of UNESCO. In addition, I assess the development of ICH in terms of the academic/intellectual discussions around the ‘alternative heritage discourse’ and the ‘new museological discourse’. Finally, drawing on interviews with Professor Patrick Boylan, Dr Richard Kurin and Mr Ralph Regenvanu, conducted in 2006-2007, I draw some preliminary conclusions as to the wider impact of ICH on heritage and museum theory and practice. What emerges is a critical examination of the diverse conceptualisations and appropriations of ICH, and of its potential to constitute a new heritage discourse at the interface of ‘universalism’ and ‘particularism’.

    • Themes:

      Museums, Oral traditions and expressions

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2009) Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Dynamics of an 'Unconventional' Relationship. IN Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 17.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2009) Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Dynamics of an 'Unconventional' Relationship. IN Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 17.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      ISSN 2041-9015
      Journal Papers from the Institute of Archaeology
      Language English
      Title Museums and Intangible Heritage: The Dynamics of an 'Unconventional' Relationship
      Volume 17
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      The concept of intangible heritage can have significant implications for museums in the areas of collecting, making exhibitions and working with communities. Drawing on the model of the ‘post-museum' envisioned by Hooper-Greenhill (2000), some of the ways in which the concept of intangible heritage can affect museum practice are examined. The limitations and concerns around the engagement of museums with intangible heritage are analysed and future challenges are identified. It is hoped that this paper will provide practical insights and help explain how the concept of intangible heritage can contribute to the discussions around the ‘post-museum'. The aim is that the issues discussed will raise awareness with respect to the impact of intangible heritage and invite museums to extend their concern from objects 'per se 'to the human element inherent in objects.

    • Themes:

      Museums

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2011) Debating heritage authenticity: kastom and development at the Vanuatu Cultural Centre.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2011) Debating heritage authenticity: kastom and development at the Vanuatu Cultural Centre.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      Language English
      Title Debating heritage authenticity: kastom and development at the Vanuatu Cultural Centre
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      In October 2003, 28 cultural expressions from around the world were proclaimed Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, complementing the adoption of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. This proclamation has been part of the broader remit of the international organisation to protect the world’s cultural diversity from modernity and globalisation. Inherent in this is an underlying notion of cultural authenticity, implying that certain expressions, which are considered to be endangered and therefore in need of institutional protection, constitute ‘original’ and ‘pure’ manifestations of cultural identity. Taking forward debates on the safeguarding of intangible heritage, this paper examines cultural authenticity in the context of the Vanuatu Cultural Centre, the principal cultural organisation, museum and research institution of the Melanesian archipelago. The proclamation of the practice of sandroing (sand drawing) as a masterpiece of intangible heritage, and other heritage interventions taking place in Vanuatu and recorded during fieldwork in 2007, provide an interesting perspective for examining how global cultural initiatives are negotiated by local constituencies. Here, heritage preservation is coupled with calls for development, which invites new ways for thinking about authenticity not according to predefined criteria, but with respect to local understandings.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      Vanuatu

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Vanuatu sand drawings

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2011) Intangible Heritage and Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation and Contemporary Museum Practice. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 37–60.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2011) Intangible Heritage and Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation and Contemporary Museum Practice. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 37–60.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      Title Intangible Heritage and Erasure: Rethinking Cultural Preservation and Contemporary Museum Practice
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Year 2011
      Volume 18
      Pages 37-60
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This article builds on recent discussions on intangible heritage following the adoption of the relevant convention by UNESCO in 2003. The emergence of intangible heritage in the international heritage scene is tied up with fears of cultural homogenization and the need to protect the world’s diversity. For a number of critics, however, UNESCO’s normative framework raises questions around the institutionalization of culture as a set of endangered and disappearing ways of life. The article reviews these institutional approaches to cultural preservation in relation to the politics of erasure, the creative interplay of heritage destruction and renewal. This is then further examined against the backdrop of indigenous identity politics played out in two contested public arenas: the National Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in Wellington and the Quai Branly Museum in Paris.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Indigenous peoples, Museums, Surge of new technologies, Use of modern materials, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Country:

      France, New Zealand

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-05)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. (2012) Intangible Heritage and the Museum Left Coast Press, Inc.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alivizatou, M. (2012) Intangible Heritage and the Museum Left Coast Press, Inc.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alivizatou, Marilena
      Language English
      Publisher Left Coast Press, Inc.
      Title Intangible Heritage and the Museum
      Year 2012
    • Abstract:

      In this comparative, international study Marilena Alivizatou investigates the relationship between museums and the new concept of “intangible heritage.” She charts the rise of intangible heritage within the global sphere of UN cultural policy and explores its implications both in terms of international politics and with regard to museological practice and critical theory.Using a grounded ethnographic methodology, Alivizatou examines intangible heritage in the local complexities of museum and heritage work in Oceania, the Americas and Europe. This multi-sited, cross-cultural approach highlights key challenges currently faced by cultural institutions worldwide in understanding and presenting this form of heritage

    • Themes:

      Museums

    • Public URL:

      http://www.lcoastpress.com/book.php?id=376 (2012-05-09)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alivizatou, M. 2007. Intangible Cultural Heritage: A New Universal Museological Discourse?

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Alsalmo, A. (2011) La sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel en droit international.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Alsalmo, A. (2011) La sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel en droit international.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Alsalmo, Abdallah
      Language French
      Title La sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel en droit international
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel ne s’arrête pas aux monuments et aux collections d’objets. Il comprend également les traditions ou les expressions vivantes héritées de nos ancêtres et transmises à nos descendants ; ce qu’on appelle le patrimoine culturel immatériel. L’importance de ce patrimoine ne réside pas tant dans la manifestation culturelle elle-même que dans la richesse des connaissances et du savoir-faire qu’il transmet d’une génération à une autre. Cette transmission du savoir a une valeur sociale, économique, culturelle et juridique pertinente pour les groupes minoritaires et majoritaires et pour le monde entier. Le choix des techniques de protection internationale est directement lié aux objectifs poursuivis par l’UNESCO. Au-delà du texte de la Convention de 2003 et d’autres instruments internationaux adoptés par l’UNESCO, il peut être utile d’aborder plus largement les solutions juridiques de sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. L'objet de notre étude consiste à analyser l’action normative en matière de patrimoine culturel immatériel en mettant la lumière sur sa définition, les normes internationales relatives à sa protection, ainsi que sur la question de l’effectivité et de l’efficacité internationale de la sauvegarde de ce patrimoine. Pour conclure, les résultats de l’action normative et d’effectivité n’échappent pas à notre analyse. Il s’agit d’évoquer enfin la possibilité de mettre en place une feuille de route pour une meilleure protection à l’avenir.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Heritage institutions, Other international framework, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Amselle, J. (2004) Intangible heritage and contemporary African Art. IN Museum international, 56. 84–90.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Amselle, J. (2004) Intangible heritage and contemporary African Art. IN Museum international, 56. 84–90.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Amselle, Jean-loup
      ISSN 1468-0033
      Journal Museum international
      Language English
      Number 1?2
      Pages 84--90
      Title Intangible heritage and contemporary African Art
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, Educational standardization

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000135861

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ander, E., Thomson, L., Noble, G., Lanceley, A., Menon, U. & Chatterjee, H. (2013) Heritage, health and well-being: Assessing the impact of a heritage focused intervention on health and well-being. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 19. 229–242.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ander, E., Thomson, L., Noble, G., Lanceley, A., Menon, U. & Chatterjee, H. (2013) Heritage, health and well-being: Assessing the impact of a heritage focused intervention on health and well-being. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 19. 229–242.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ander, Erica AND Thomson, Linda AND Noble, Guy AND Lanceley, Anne AND Menon, Usha AND Chatterjee, Helen
      Title Heritage, health and well-being: Assessing the impact of a heritage focused intervention on health and well-being
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Year 2013
      Volume 19
      Number 3
      Pages 229-242
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Do museums and other heritage organisations have something to offer the healthcare sector? Do they have a role in improving health and wellbeing? Increasingly both heritage and healthcare organisations think they do. A broader definition of health including wellbeing and an emphasis on preventative medicine and multi-agency approaches to care within the UK’s National Health Service, has facilitated the work of museums and galleries in this area. However, there are still few specific heritage programmes in healthcare organisations and very little evaluation of these. Here we present key findings from a qualitative evaluation of a heritage focused intervention carried out in a range of health care settings. The aim of the research project was to assess the impact on well- being of taking museum objects into hospitals and healthcare contexts.

    • Themes:

      Awareness-raising, Health, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being

    • Country:

      United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    • Suggested by:

      Jeremy Wells (2019-11-13)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andrade, C. (2008) Dinâmicas do património imaterial: a candidatura galego-portuguesa à UNESCO. Dissertação de Mestrado. PhD ThesisLisboa,

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andrade, C. (2008) Dinâmicas do património imaterial: a candidatura galego-portuguesa à UNESCO. Dissertação de Mestrado. PhD ThesisLisboa,

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Lisboa
      Author Andrade, Constança
      Language Portuguese
      Title Dinâmicas do património imaterial: a candidatura galego-portuguesa à UNESCO. Dissertação de Mestrado
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      Portugal, Spain

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andrews, T. D. & Buggey, S. (2008) Authenticity in Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes. IN APT Bulletin, 39. 63–71.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andrews, T. D. & Buggey, S. (2008) Authenticity in Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes. IN APT Bulletin, 39. 63–71.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Andrews, Thomas D. AND Buggey, Susan
      ISSN 08488525
      Journal APT Bulletin
      Language English
      month #jan#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2008 / Copyright © 2008 Association for Preservation Technology International (APT)
      Number 2/3
      Pages 63--71
      Title Authenticity in Aboriginal Cultural Landscapes
      Volume 39
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Aboriginal cultural landscapes are living landscapes where authenticity involves authenticating change.

    • Themes:

      Indigenous peoples, 1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Canada

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/25433954

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andrieu, S. (2007) La mise en spectacle de l’identité nationale. Une analyse des politiques culturelles au Burkina Faso. IN Journal des anthropologues. Association française des anthropologues, . 89–103.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andrieu, S. (2007) La mise en spectacle de l’identité nationale. Une analyse des politiques culturelles au Burkina Faso. IN Journal des anthropologues. Association française des anthropologues, . 89–103.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Andrieu, Sarah
      Journal Journal des anthropologues. Association française des anthropologues
      Language French
      Number Hors-série
      Pages 89--103
      Title La mise en spectacle de l’identité nationale. Une analyse des politiques culturelles au Burkina Faso
      Year 2007
    • Abstract:

      In Burkina Faso, dances and traditional music staged in accordance with artistic and/or « cultural heritage » principles constitute resources used by the State in order to exhibit a desired « national identity ». Through an examination of the resulting discourses and types of staging, this article analyses the different cultural policies that have been implemented in the country since the 1980s. It shows that the ideal for the creation of a national identity in Burkina Faso oscillates constantly between a negation and a recognition of cultural diversity. This paradox is exploited by different cultural actors who, while situating themselves within one of the ideologies promoted by the State, contest the privilege which it exerts over the definition of identities.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Policy making

    • Country:

      Burkina Faso

    • Public URL:

      https://journals.openedition.org/jda/2977

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andris, S. (2010) Im Bilde sein oder nicht im Bilde sein? Gedanken zur Dokumentation von immateriellen Kulturerbe. IN NIKE Bulletin, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andris, S. (2010) Im Bilde sein oder nicht im Bilde sein? Gedanken zur Dokumentation von immateriellen Kulturerbe. IN NIKE Bulletin, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Andris, Silke
      Journal NIKE Bulletin
      Language German
      Number 4
      Title Im Bilde sein oder nicht im Bilde sein? Gedanken zur Dokumentation von immateriellen Kulturerbe
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel immatériel est par définition au-delà des objets, il est par nature «insaisissable». Comment, dans ces circonstances, pourra-t-on en conserver la mémoire pour la postérité? À bien des égards, le film semble être la bonne solution. Il permet en effet de «capturer» le patrimoine immatériel en «fixant sur la pellicule» des phénomènes culturels ordinairement fugitifs. De plus, les images d’un film constituent un flux ininterrompu, toujours en mouvement, comme le patrimoine culturel immatériel lui-même. Or, dans l’esprit de la convention de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel, les acteurs culturels locaux doivent être les premiers destinataires et le principal public d’une documentation. Ce ne sont donc pas les experts, mais les acteurs culturels concernés qui doivent déterminer la fonction et les objectifs d’un projet de film documentaire. Cela implique que ce sont aussi eux qui doivent décider quelles expressions culturelles seront enregistrées, répertoriées et conservées et définir le public auquel la documentation en question sera accessible. Cependant, un phénomène culturel qui est inscrit sur une liste de l’UNESCO, fait l’objet d’une documentation et reçoit une appréciation officielle, devient de ce fait quelque chose de particulier. Comme nous vivons aujourd’hui dans un monde dominé par les techniques de la vidéo et de la numérisation, les films documentaires ainsi réalisés finiront bien par tomber dans le domaine public, sans que les acteurs locaux ou les institutions compétentes puissent véritablement contrôler leur diffusion. Afin d’éviter que les phénomènes culturels documentés soient vidés de leur sens et réduits à de simples sensations culturelles lorsqu’ils parviennent au grand public, il convient donc de suivre de près les documentations établies à leur sujet et, si besoin est, d’apporter les correctifs qui pourraient s’avérer nécessaires.

    • Themes:

      Information technology

    • Country:

      Switzerland

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andris, S. (2010) Immaterielles Kulturerbe. Spurensuche einer Konvention. IN Museums, . 8–12.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andris, S. (2010) Immaterielles Kulturerbe. Spurensuche einer Konvention. IN Museums, . 8–12.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Andris, Silke
      Journal Museums
      Language German
      Number 5
      Pages 8--12
      Title Immaterielles Kulturerbe. Spurensuche einer Konvention
      Year 2010

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Andris, S., Coray, T., Dettling, M., Pesapane, G. & Steiner, C. Darstellende Künste als Lebendige Traditionen? Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der UNESCO Konvention zur Bewahrung des immateriellen Kulturerbes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Andris, S., Coray, T., Dettling, M., Pesapane, G. & Steiner, C. Darstellende Künste als Lebendige Traditionen? Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der UNESCO Konvention zur Bewahrung des immateriellen Kulturerbes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Andris, Silke and Coray, Tanja and Dettling, Melissa and Pesapane, Giulia and Steiner, Céline
      Book title Ästhetik des {Freilichttheaters}
      Language German
      Pages 352--402
      Title Darstellende Künste als Lebendige Traditionen? Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der UNESCO Konvention zur Bewahrung des immateriellen Kulturerbes

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Anfruns, J. 2009. The role of International Council of Museums for the safeguarding of intangible heritage and museums development of intangible assets.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Annis, B. & Petrillo, P. 2012. Le pratiche agricole tradizionali patrimonio culturale: il caso della candidatura de la coltivazione della vite ad alberello di Pantelleria”.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Annis, B. & Petrillo, P. 2012. Le pratiche agricole tradizionali patrimonio culturale: il caso della candidatura de la coltivazione della vite ad alberello di Pantelleria”.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Annis, Beniamino AND Petrillo, Pierluigi
      Title Le pratiche agricole tradizionali patrimonio culturale: il caso della candidatura de la coltivazione della vite ad alberello di Pantelleria”
      Book title Patrimonio culturale e creazione di valore. Verso nuovi percorsi
      Year 2012
      Editor(s) G. Golinelli, G. Scepi
      Pages 275-293
      Publisher CEDAM
      Language Italian
    • Abstract:

      The 2003 Convention is a valuable instrument for the protection of intangible cultural heritage equal footing with monuments. The contribution is focused on the traditional practice of cultivating head-trained bush vines (vite ad alberello) thaht is transmitted through generations of vine growers and farmers of the Mediterranean island of Pantelleria. The 2014 iscription in the ICH rappresentative list a way to preserve a traditional agricultural practice that performs an important economic function for the community of that island as well as for the maintenance of the typical landscape of that territory.

    • Themes:

      Agriculture, Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

    • Country:

      Italy

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the ‘vite ad alberello’ (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria

    • Suggested by:

      chiara d'alessandro (2019-11-13)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ansano, R. 2017. Advances and Challenges in Safeguarding Traditional Medicine in Curaçao.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ansano, R. 2017. Advances and Challenges in Safeguarding Traditional Medicine in Curaçao.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ansano, Richenel
      Title Advances and Challenges in Safeguarding Traditional Medicine in Curaçao
      Book title Traditional Medicine: Sharing Experiences from the Field
      Year 2017
      Editor(s) Eivind Falk
      Pages pp. 105 -- 115
      Publisher ICHCAP
      Postal address 95 Seohak-Ro, Wansan-Gu, Jeonju, Republic of Korea 560-120
      Language English
    • Themes:

      Health, Indigenous peoples, SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Curaçao, Netherlands

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2020-02-06)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Antons, C. (2009) Traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions, and intellectual property law in the Asia-Pacific region Kluwer Law Intl.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Antons, C. (2009) Traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions, and intellectual property law in the Asia-Pacific region Kluwer Law Intl.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Antons, Christoph
      ISBN 90-411-2721-6
      Language English
      Publisher Kluwer Law Intl
      Title Traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions, and intellectual property law in the Asia-Pacific region
      Volume 14
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      The debate about traditional knowledge is conducted by a very diverse group of protagonists. Involved are intellectual property lawyers, environmental law experts, government representatives and representatives of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), geographers, biologists, anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, experts in public health administration and in agricultural development, archaeologists, artists and local and indigenous communities. Depending on whom one listens to, one gets a very different impression of the scope and content of terms such as ‘tradition’ and ‘knowledge’. The most wide ranging definitions of traditional knowledge use holistic concepts of knowledge and knowledge transmission and they encompass everything from artistic, literary and oral cultural expressions to signs and symbols to traditional medicines, plants, agricultural knowledge and knowledge about biodiversity and the environment.

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Antons, C. & Logan, W. (2016) Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage London, Routledge.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Antons, C. & Logan, W. (2016) Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage London, Routledge.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address London
      Author Antons, Christoph AND Logan, William
      Publisher Routledge
      Title Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Year 2016
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage examines various notions of property in relation to intangible cultural heritage and discusses how these ideas are employed in rights discourses by governments and indigenous and local communities around the world. There is a strong historical dimension to the book’s exploration of the interconnection between intellectual and cultural property, intangible cultural heritage and indigenous rights discourses. UNESCO conventions, discussions in the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Convention on Biological Diversity and the recent emphasis on intangible cultural heritage have provided various discourses and models. The volume explores these developments, as well as recent cases of conflicts and cross-border disputes about heritage, using case studies from Asia, Europe and Australia to scrutinize the key issues. Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage will be essential reading for scholars and students engaged in the study of heritage, law, history, anthropology and cultural studies

    • Themes:

      Intellectual property, Indigenous peoples, International tensions, WIPO, Conflicts

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Anxin, W. (2007) Jurisprudential Analysis of Guardians Interests in Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Journal of Jining University, 5.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Anxin, W. (2007) Jurisprudential Analysis of Guardians Interests in Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection. IN Journal of Jining University, 5.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Anxin, Wu
      Journal Journal of Jining University
      Language English
      Title Jurisprudential Analysis of Guardians Interests in Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection
      Volume 5
      Year 2007

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Apprédérisse, C. (2018) L’incidence juridique de la notion de développement durable dans la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Apprédérisse, C. (2018) L’incidence juridique de la notion de développement durable dans la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Master's Dissertation.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Apprédérisse, Camille
      Title L’incidence juridique de la notion de développement durable dans la Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel
      Université Laval
      Year 2018
      Language French
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Economic and social development, 2005 Convention, Other international framework, SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation, SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy, SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production, Sustainable development, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Suggested by:

      Caecilia Alexandre (2019-11-05)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aral, A. E. (2018) Somut Olmayan Kültürel Miras ve Eğitim: Eğitimin Periyodik Raporlardaki Görünümüne Bir Bakış. IN Millî Folklor, . 59–72.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aral, A. E. (2018) Somut Olmayan Kültürel Miras ve Eğitim: Eğitimin Periyodik Raporlardaki Görünümüne Bir Bakış. IN Millî Folklor, . 59–72.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aral, Ahmet Erman
      Title Somut Olmayan Kültürel Miras ve Eğitim: Eğitimin Periyodik Raporlardaki Görünümüne Bir Bakış
      Journal Millî Folklor
      Year 2018
      Number 120
      Pages 59-72
      month December
      ISSN 1300-3984
      Language Turkish
    • Abstract:

      Somut Olmayan Kültürel Mirasın Korunması Sözleşmesi’ne Taraf Devletler, mirasın korunması amacıyla yürüttükleri çalışmaları ve aldıkları yasal tedbirleri altı yılda bir hazırladıkları periyodik raporlara yansıtırlar. Bu raporlarda envanterler, bölgesel ve uluslararası iş birliği, korumada yetkili kurum ve kuruluşlar ve daha önce Temsilî Liste’ye kaydedilmiş unsurların güncel durumuna ilişkin bilgilerin yanı sıra Sözleşme’nin uygulanmasına yönelik tedbirler kapsamında eğitim faaliyetlerine de yer verilir. Hâlihazırda 178 ülkenin taraf olduğu ve 15 yıllık uluslararası bir deneyimi temsil eden Sözleşmedeki eğitim perspektifinin, gelinen nokta itibarıyla eleştirel analizinin önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Dolayısıyla bu çalışmada, somut olmayan kültürel mirasın korunmasına yönelik tedbirlerden biri olarak eğitim faaliyetlerinin periyodik raporlarda farkındalık artırma ve eğitim programları, bilginin yaygın aktarım kanalları, kapasite geliştirme ve miras için önemli doğal alanların ve hafıza mekânlarının korunması şeklindeki alt başlıklarında beliren yansımaları, yerel deneyimler açısından öne çıkan iyi uygulamalara ve UNESCO’nun seçim grupları sınıflandırmasını temel alan bakış açılarına da dikkat çekilerek Taraf Devletlerin periyodik raporlarının yanı sıra Sözleşme metni ve Uygulama Yönergesi üzerinden yorumlanacaktır. Analizde periyodik raporların temel alınmasının nedeni, bu dokümanların Taraf Devletlerin Sözleşme çerçevesindeki faaliyetlerine dair kapsamlı bilgiler içermesi ve Sözleşmenin hedeflerine ulusal ölçüde ne tür katkılar sağlandığının bu belgelerden öğrenilebilmesidir. UNESCO’nun son yıllarda somut olmayan kültürel miras eğitimine daha fazla dikkat çektiği ve 2018-2021 döneminde bu çerçevedeki eğitim çalışmalarına bütçe önceliği tanıdığı bilinmektedir. Bununla birlikte, çalışmanın çerçevesini oluşturan 2011-2017 yılları arasında Hükûmetler Arası Komiteye sunulmuş periyodik raporlar incelendiğinde, korumanın başarısını belirleyen aktarıma katkı açısından Taraf Devletlerdeki eğitim faaliyetlerinin Sözleşme’nin oluşturduğu beklentiyi karşılayamadığı, örgün eğitimdeki derslerin Sözleşmeyi merkeze alan özgün bir dikkatle yeterince tasarlanamadığı ve bilginin resmî olmayan vasıtalarla aktarımında periyodik raporların “beklentileri” içeren bir tabloyu yansıttığı söylenebilir. Bu noktada, Taraf Devletlerin periyodik raporlarında “gerçek durumu” değil, “UNESCO’nun beklentileriyle harmanladıkları” bir görüntüyü sundukları izlenimi doğabilmekte ve raporlar üzerinden sağlıklı çıkarımlar elde etmek zorlaşabilmektedir. Ayrıca, örgün eğitimin periyodik raporda farkındalık artırma ve bilgilendirme programlarıyla aynı alt başlıkta yer almasının, Taraf Devletlerin örgün eğitimle ilgili çalışmalarının sergi, fuar, anma ve kutlama haftaları gibi diğer kamusal farkındalığı artırma etkinliklerinin arasında kaybolmasına veya örgün eğitimdeki yetersizliklerin zaman zaman Taraf Devlet lehine arka planda kalmasına, bulanıklaşmasına neden olduğu iddia edilebilir. Örgün eğitimin farkındalık artırma ve bilgilendirme işlevi önemli olmakla birlikte örgün eğitimin raporlarda bağımsız bir başlıkta yer almasının daha faydalı olabileceği düşünülmektedir. Gözlemlenen bu problemlere ek olarak, raporların, Temsilî Liste’deki unsurların güncel durumu hakkında bilgi verilen bölümünde, koruma tedbirleri arasında eğitime pek yer verilmediği görülmüştür. Bu durum, unsurların eğitim alanına entegre edilmesi için ne yapıldığı konusunu karanlıkta bırakır. Listedeki unsurların korunmasına yönelik uygulamaları izlemek için kurulabilecek bir takip mekanizmasında eğitime ayrı bir alan açılmasıyla bu sorunun çözümüne katkı sağlanabilir. Raporlarda kapasite geliştirme çalışmalarının hitap ettiği kitlenin ağırlıklı olarak araştırmacı, uzman ve idarecilerden oluştuğu ve öğretmenlere yeterince yer verilmediği görülmüştür. Bu durum araştırmaların artması ve kültürel miras yönetiminin güçlenmesi açısından önemli olsa da kapasite geliştirmede öğretmenler aleyhine bir dengesizliğin ortaya çıkmasına neden olabilir. Dolayısıyla, kapasite geliştirme çalışmalarının hedef kitlesi arasına öğretmenlerin de dâhil edilmesi örgün eğitimden verim alınabilmesi açısından gerekli görünmektedir. Raporlarda, somut olmayan kültürel mirasın yaşayabilmesi için gerekli mekân ve alanların korunmasına yönelik eğitim konusunda kayda değer eksiklerin olduğu görülmektedir. Taraf Devletlerin bu kısımda eğitim uygulamalarından ziyade yapı, alan ve mekânların korunmasına dair kanun ve idari mekanizmalardan söz ettiği ve var olan seyrek uygulamaların ise somut kültür varlıklarının korunmasına yönelik dikkatin gölgesinde kaldığı ifade edilebilir. Dolayısıyla, bu durumun somut ve somut olmayan mirasın birlikte korunması çabasına yardımcı olmadığı belirtilebilir. Anahtar Kelimeler Somut olmayan kültürel miras, eğitim, periyodik rapor.

    • Themes:

      Formal education, Nonformal education, Schools, SDG 4: Quality Education, Periodic reporting

    • Country:

      Turkey

    • Suggested by:

      Ahmet Erman Aral (2019-11-09)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.millifolklor.com/PdfViewer.aspx?Sayi=120&Sayfa=59

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arantes, A. (2004) O patrimônio imaterial e a sustentabilidade de sua salvaguarda. IN Resgate - Revista Interdisciplinar de Cultura, 12.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arantes, A. (2004) O patrimônio imaterial e a sustentabilidade de sua salvaguarda. IN Resgate - Revista Interdisciplinar de Cultura, 12.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arantes, Antonio
      Title O patrimônio imaterial e a sustentabilidade de sua salvaguarda
      Journal Resgate - Revista Interdisciplinar de Cultura
      Year 2004
      Volume 12
      Number 1
      Language Portuguese
    • Abstract:

      O artigo reflete a maneira como se tem lilado com os conhecimentos e expressões da cultura popular no âmbito das políticas de preservação deste tipo de patrimônio, mostrando como falta ao processo a voz ativa das populações produtoras dessa cultura. Analisa as transformações sociais que geram o mercado da memória de grupos especificos e aponta para o constante embate das tradições com a politica e a economia e a necessidade de não se perder de vista a melhoria da qualidade de vida das diferentes comunidades.

    • Themes:

      Minority groups, Policy making, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production, Community participation, references illustrating linkages between SDGs and ICH

    • Country:

      Brazil

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/resgate/article/view/8645608

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arantes, A. (2019) Safeguarding. A key dispositif of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Vibrant, 16.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arantes, A. (2019) Safeguarding. A key dispositif of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Vibrant, 16.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arantes, Antonio
      Title Safeguarding. A key dispositif of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal Vibrant
      Year 2019
      Volume 16
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The expression ‘safeguarding intangible cultural heritage’ was formed within the context of transformations in the instruments and strategies for protecting cultural elements usually designated ‘folklore and traditional (and popular) culture’.1 The adoption of a ‘cultural heritage approach’ to this subject was a somewhat turbulent process that drew, since the mid-twentieth century, a winding path of dialogues with, and divergences from, common sense notions and mainstream preservationist culture. Throughout this process, political and conceptual possibilities for social engineering were envisaged, some were discarded, choices were legitimized and, no less importantly, networks were formed of agents and narrators of the political and legal negotiations that eventually lead to designing UNESCO ICH Convention as officially adopted. This path will be explored in the following comments on the formation of safeguarding as a cultural heritage policy dispositive2 and significant contrasts to other instruments, in relation to which it has acquired specificity, meaning and scope.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1809-43412019000100300&lng=en&nrm=iso

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arantes, A. (2019) The Governance of Safeguarding. Comments on Article 2.3 of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Vibrant, 16.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arantes, A. (2019) The Governance of Safeguarding. Comments on Article 2.3 of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Vibrant, 16.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arantes, Antonio
      Title The Governance of Safeguarding. Comments on Article 2.3 of UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Journal Vibrant
      Year 2019
      Volume 16
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Reflexions on the key dispositif adopted by Unesco’s Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Article 2.3). In these Comments, I initially situate the notion of ‘safeguarding’ in the context of transformations of other preservation instruments which it dialogues and to whose semantic field it belongs. Challenges to its implementation and possibilities opened by this treaty for the protection of what has been designated as ‘folklore and traditional (and popular) culture’2 are addressed. After offering an interpretation of its textual meaning in the Convention, I seek to explore how this device is articulated to others in this Convention, and to reflect on its possible practical reach.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-15)

    • Public URL:

      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1809-43412019000100301&lng=en&nrm=iso

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arantes, A. A. (2001) Patrimônio imaterial e referências culturais. IN Tempo Brasileiro, 1. 129–139.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arantes, A. A. (2001) Patrimônio imaterial e referências culturais. IN Tempo Brasileiro, 1. 129–139.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arantes, Antônio Augusto
      Journal Tempo Brasileiro
      Language Portuguese
      Number 147
      Pages 129--139
      Title Patrimônio imaterial e referências culturais
      Volume 1
      Year 2001

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arévalo, J. M. (2004) La tradición, el patrimonio y la identidad. IN Revista de estudios extremeños, 3. 925–955.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arévalo, J. M. (2004) La tradición, el patrimonio y la identidad. IN Revista de estudios extremeños, 3. 925–955.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arévalo, Javier Marcos
      Journal Revista de estudios extremeños
      Language Spanish
      Pages 925--955
      Title La tradición, el patrimonio y la identidad
      Volume 3
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      He organizado el texto en tres apartados, cada uno de los cuales se corresponde con las categorías del título del trabajo. En el primero, trato la tradición desde la perspectiva tradicional y desde el punto de vista de cómo es abordada actualmente por algunos antropólogos. Sobre el patrimonio cultural, material e inmaterial, las ideas que voy a exponer se basan en los estudios de antropología del patrimonio y en los documentos (programas, convenciones, recomendaciones, etc.,) que en los últimos años ha hecho públicos la UNESCO. Considero los procesos de identidad, por otra parte, como la asunción o toma de conciencia de los diversos grupos sociales de que poseen formas de vida específicas, relevantes y representativas. En este sentido la identidad está en relación dialéctica con la tradición, es decir con la cultura y el patrimonio.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Public URL:

      http://www.dip-badajoz.es/cultura/ceex/reex_digital/reex_LX/2004/T.%20LX%20n.%203%202004%20sept.-dic/RV000002.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. (2006) Los debates internacionales en torno al Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. IN Cuicuilco, Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México, . 13–27.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. (2006) Los debates internacionales en torno al Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. IN Cuicuilco, Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México, . 13–27.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arizpe, Lourdes
      ISSN 1405-7778
      Journal Cuicuilco, Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México
      Language Spanish
      month #sep#
      Number 38
      Pages 13--27
      Title Los debates internacionales en torno al Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      Se abre un nuevo debate en torno al patrimonio cultural como un “bien público” en los ámbitos nacional y global. El patrimonio cultural proporciona servicios culturales y económicos insustituibles y genera ventajas intra e intergeneracionales. No todo tiene significado universal, pero depende de cómo se define “patrimonio cultural” y “universal”. Se está echando mano de las culturas para promover la cohesión política y social, crear ventajas comparativas en un mundo competitivo y nuevas representaciones simbólicas. Sin embargo, esto puede atentar contra la libertad cultural y generar nuevas “tiranías” que limiten la creatividad y reconocimiento de las identidades múltiples. A la labor del inah durante 70 años le debemos el alto reconocimiento que tiene México en sus políticas de conservación, museología y apoyo a la creatividad cultural. La reciente responde a todas estas interrogantes e iniciativas. Al elaborarlo se dio especial atención a enmarcarla en principios de derechos humanos, sustentabilidad y participación de los creadores culturales.

    • Country:

      Mexico

    • Public URL:

      http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=35103802

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. (2009) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial de México: ritos y festividades Miguel Angel Porrua.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. (2009) El patrimonio cultural inmaterial de México: ritos y festividades Miguel Angel Porrua.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arizpe, Lourdes
      ISBN 607-401-093-5
      Language Spanish
      Publisher Miguel Angel Porrua
      Title El patrimonio cultural inmaterial de México: ritos y festividades
      Year 2009
    • Abstract:

      À partir d'une analyse anthropologique et de témoignages, Arizpe participe avec son ouvrage à la construction de la mémoire de ceux et de celles qui pratiquent et qui jouissent du patrimoine culturel immatériel du Mexique. Arizpe s'intéressent ici à sept pratiques vivantes sociales, rituelles et culturelles du Mexique : la célébration du Jour des Morts, le troc, les processions et les défilés, la fête des Malinches, les rites de passage, le temazcal et le carnaval.

    • Themes:

      Social practices, rituals and festive events

    • Country:

      Mexico

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Indigenous festivity dedicated to the dead

    • Public URL:

      https://2019.vlex.com/#sources/20913

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. (2011) Compartir el patrimonio cultural immaterial, narrativas y representaciones Mexico, Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. (2011) Compartir el patrimonio cultural immaterial, narrativas y representaciones Mexico, Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Mexico
      Author Arizpe, Lourdes
      ISBN 978-607-455-660-5
      Language Spanish
      Publisher Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes
      Title Compartir el patrimonio cultural immaterial, narrativas y representaciones
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Cet ouvrage réuni les communications présentées lors du colloque "Partager le patrimoine culturel immatériel, discours et représentations", organisé en 2009 à Oaxaca par le CONACULTA et l'INAH. Les experts ayant participé à ce colloque ont coincidé sur le fait que c'est la voix des communautés qui doit orienter le choix du patrimoine culturel immatériel à sauvegarder, étant donné qu'il s'agit d'un heritage vivant en rapport avec la construction permanente et changeante des identités. Dans ce sens, les experts ont exposé leurs points de vue critiques au sujet des mécanismes établis par l'UNESCO pour la sélection des expressions qui feront partie de la Liste représentative du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel, selon la Convention pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel. L'ouvrage est structuré en quatre parties: 1. Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, un héritage à partager, 2. Patrimoine linguistique, littéraire et cosmogonique, 3. Musique: les tournants d'un patrimoine vivant, 4. Patrimoine culturel immatériel et migration.

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. (2013) Comment parvenir à un consensus. De la Commission sur la culture et le développement à la Convention de 2003. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 146–165.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. (2013) Comment parvenir à un consensus. De la Commission sur la culture et le développement à la Convention de 2003. IN Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts, . 146–165.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arizpe, Lourdes
      ISSN 0764-8928
      Journal Gradhiva. Revue d'anthropologie et d'histoire des arts
      Language French
      month #dec#
      Number 18
      Pages 146--165
      Title Comment parvenir à un consensus. De la Commission sur la culture et le développement à la Convention de 2003
      Year 2013
    • Abstract:

      Le patrimoine culturel immatériel constitue une stratégie de la politique internationale concernant la culture et le développement qui débuta dans les années 1990. Depuis la Conférence intergouvermentale sur les politiques culturelles (Mondiacult) de 1982, les pays émergents insistaient pour que la culture soit prise en compte dans le développement « endogène » ; ils réussirent à instaurer la Décennie 1987-1997 des Nations unies sur la culture et le développement et la Commission mondiale des...

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis

    • Public URL:

      http://gradhiva.revues.org/2738 (2013-11-28)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. & Amescua (Eds), C. (2013) Anthropological Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage Springer.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. & Amescua (Eds), C. (2013) Anthropological Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage Springer.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arizpe, Lourdes AND Amescua (Eds), Cristina
      Title Anthropological Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Publisher Springer
      Year 2013
      Volume 6
      Series Spriger Briefs in Envirinment, Security, Devlopment and Peace
      ISBN 978-3-319-00854-7
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      A decade after the approval of the UNESCO 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), the concept has gained wide acceptance at local, national and international levels. Communities are recognizing and celebrating their intangible heritage; governments are devoting importante efforts to the construction of national inventories; anthropologists and professionals from different disciplines are building a new field of study. The ten chapters of this book include the peer-reviewed papers of the First Planning Meeting of the International Social Sience Council's Commission on Research on ICH, held at the Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias (UNAM) in Cuernavaca, Mexico in 2012. The papers are based on fieldwork and direct inolvment in assessing and reconceptualizing the outcoms f the UNESCO Convention. The report in the Annex highlights the main points raised during the session.

    • Suggested by:

      Cristina Amescua chavez (2019-05-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arizpe, L. 2004. El patrimonio cultural intangible en un mundo interactivo.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arizpe, L. 2004. El patrimonio cultural intangible en un mundo interactivo.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Mexique
      Author Arizpe, Lourdes
      Book title Patrimonio {Intangible}. {Resonancia} de nuestras tradiciones
      Singer Socher, S. and Rosas Mantecón, A. and Castro Munóz, A.
      Language Spanish
      Pages 19--25
      Publisher CONACULTA, INHA, ICOM
      Title El patrimonio cultural intangible en un mundo interactivo
      Year 2004

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arnold, D. (2008) Digital artefacts: possibilities and purpose.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arnold, D. (2008) Digital artefacts: possibilities and purpose.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arnold, David
      ISSN 0754672883
      Language English
      Title Digital artefacts: possibilities and purpose
      Year 2008
    • Abstract:

      Developments in 3D scanning and recording technologies now mean that almost any level of accuracy is achievable in digitisation of historic artefacts. This capability poses challenges to cultural heritage professionals (archaeologist, historian, curator, etc.) who are now confronted with previously unimaginable opportunities and therefore must ask and answer questions of the underlying purpose of collecting digitized models of artefacts, archaeological contexts, historic monuments, buildings or ruins. As with many engineering challenges, there are significant issues of price/ performance in undertaking data capture and the range of solutions may lend themselves to addressing different heritage applications. In this discussion I will address some of the potential purposes for creating and using digital artefacts, ranging from analysis to public dissemination and pose more questions than answers in considering the fitness for purpose of data being collected and the challenges of re-purposing data collected for one purpose for use in a different context.

    • Themes:

      Information technology, Awareness-raising

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arruda, G. (2006) O patrimônio imaterial: a cidadania eo patrimônio dos “sem eira nem beira”. IN DIÁLOGOS. DHI/PPH/UEM, 10. 117–144.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arruda, G. (2006) O patrimônio imaterial: a cidadania eo patrimônio dos “sem eira nem beira”. IN DIÁLOGOS. DHI/PPH/UEM, 10. 117–144.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arruda, Gilmar
      Journal DIÁLOGOS. DHI/PPH/UEM
      Language Portuguese
      Number 3
      Pages 117--144
      Title O patrimônio imaterial: a cidadania eo patrimônio dos “sem eira nem beira”
      Volume 10
      Year 2006

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Arslan, A., Gekas, V., Mastorakis, N. E. & Stamatiou, E. 2008. Revival Of The Non-Existing Intangible Cultural Heritage In The Ancient Cities And Its Reflections On Tourism In Turkey.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Arslan, A., Gekas, V., Mastorakis, N. E. & Stamatiou, E. 2008. Revival Of The Non-Existing Intangible Cultural Heritage In The Ancient Cities And Its Reflections On Tourism In Turkey.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Arslan, Aytu AND Gekas, Vassilis AND Mastorakis, Nikos E. AND Stamatiou, Eleni
      ISBN 960-6766-89-6
      Language English
      Publisher WSEAS
      Title Revival Of The Non-Existing Intangible Cultural Heritage In The Ancient Cities And Its Reflections On Tourism In Turkey
      Year 2008
    • Themes:

      Cities, Tourism, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    • Country:

      Turkey

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Ashton, P. & Cornwall, J. (2006) Corralling Conflict: The Politics of Australian Federal Heritage Legislation Since the 1970s. IN Public History Review, 13.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Ashton, P. & Cornwall, J. (2006) Corralling Conflict: The Politics of Australian Federal Heritage Legislation Since the 1970s. IN Public History Review, 13.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Ashton, Paul AND Cornwall, Jennifer
      ISSN 1833-4989
      Journal Public History Review
      Language English
      Title Corralling Conflict: The Politics of Australian Federal Heritage Legislation Since the 1970s
      Volume 13
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      Legislation, Policy making

    • Country:

      Australia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Askew, M. (2010) The magic list of global status. IN Heritage and globalisation, . 19.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Askew, M. (2010) The magic list of global status. IN Heritage and globalisation, . 19.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Askew, Marc
      ISSN 0203850858
      Journal Heritage and globalisation
      Language English
      Pages 19
      Title The magic list of global status
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      In a world populated by global signifiers, paradigms and buzz words, ‘heritage’ (with locally equivalent terms in non-English-speaking countries) stands out as conspicuous in its normative resonance, particularly when linked to the expressions ‘cultural heritage’, ‘natural heritage’ or ‘world heritage’. These terms stand for an array of normative as well as commercialised values attaching to the preservation, restoration and display of history, culture and nature. For various purposes, heritage in its multifarious guises is endorsed simultaneously by a global bureaucratic apparatus (the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, UNESCO), a global tourist industry, and national governments. In the 1960s and 1970s ‘heritage’ was the catchcry for strident campaigns to save the endangered material and natural world from depredation, culminating at the global level in UNESCO’s adoption of the World Heritage Convention in 1972. As David Lowenthal (1998) has evocatively shown, the contemporary cult of heritage was a result of the successes of these movements, and the term is fully institutionalised and commercialised as a condensed label for the valorised past – or, as one critic has defined it: ‘a mode of cultural production that gives the endangered or outmoded a second life as an exhibition of itself’ (Kirshenblatt-Gimblett 2006: 168). Such is the iconic status of the heritage trope that although ‘heritage’ and its associated assumptions have been subject to continued interrogation and refinement, most professionals and academics who critique its application and definitions ultimately rely on the term, whether because there is no adequate alternative, or because they have a key stake in the term’s preservation as a carrier for their own alternative models (see, e.g., Tunbridge and Ashworth 1996; Smith 2006).

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Auderset, P. (2010) Collecter pour exposer : le parti pris du musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge. IN museums.ch, . 71–74.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Auderset, P. (2010) Collecter pour exposer : le parti pris du musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge. IN museums.ch, . 71–74.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Auderset, Patrick
      Journal museums.ch
      Language French
      Number 5
      Pages 71--74
      Title Collecter pour exposer : le parti pris du musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge
      Year 2010
    • Public URL:

      http://www.museums.ch/assets/ebooks/museums-n5/index.html#/1/

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aykan, B. (2013) How participatory is participatory heritage management? The politics of safeguarding the Alevi Semah ritual as intangible heritage. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 20. 381–405.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aykan, B. (2013) How participatory is participatory heritage management? The politics of safeguarding the Alevi Semah ritual as intangible heritage. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 20. 381–405.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aykan, Bahar
      Title How participatory is participatory heritage management? The politics of safeguarding the Alevi Semah ritual as intangible heritage
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Year 2013
      Volume 20
      Pages 381 -- 405
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      This article addresses the shortcomings of UNESCO’s intangible heritage program in developing effective mechanisms for community participation in heritage management. Contrary to its original intentions, by prioritizing national perspectives and interests on heritage, UNESCO’s program inadvertently allows for strengthening the control of the state over the heritage of minorities and other marginalized groups. This article explores the complexities of state-led intangible heritage management, using the Semah ritual of Turkey’s Alevi religious groups as a case in point. I first detail how Alevi voices were silenced during Semah ’s intangible heritage nomination process, despite those documents submitted by Turkey to UNESCO that claim Alevis’ active engagement and full support. Then I discuss in what ways the heritage making of Semah plays into the ongoing efforts of the Turkish government to integrate Alevis into dominant Sunni majority. I conclude by arguing that UNESCO’s intangible heritage program, though unintentionally, assists nondemocratic countries in their efforts to force marginalized groups to adopt the mainstream culture.

    • Themes:

      Social practices, rituals and festive events, Community participation, Minority groups

    • Country:

      Turkey

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual

    • Suggested by:

      Hugues Sicard (2019-07-22)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-cultural-property/article/how-participatory-is-participatory-heritage-management-the-politics-of-safeguarding-the-alevi-semah-ritual-as-intangible-heritage/92991BCFD383BF2D213F3AD9CFA18AA9 (2019-07-22)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Aykan, B. Whose Tradition, Whose Identity? The politics of constructing “Nevruz” as intangible heritage in Turkey. IN European Journal of Turkish Studies, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Aykan, B. Whose Tradition, Whose Identity? The politics of constructing “Nevruz” as intangible heritage in Turkey. IN European Journal of Turkish Studies, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Aykan, Bahar
      Journal European Journal of Turkish Studies
      Language English
      Number 19
      Title Whose Tradition, Whose Identity? The politics of constructing “Nevruz” as intangible heritage in Turkey
    • Abstract:

      This article problematizes the tendency of States Parties to use UNESCO’s 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage as a political tool for nation-building. Having overall control and authority over the administration and implementation of this Convention, States Parties often use it to promote an official version of intangible heritage to foster national identity and unity. Such state dominance may in some cases result in strengthening the state’s control over the heritage of minority groups and contribute to the appropriation of their heritage as national heritage, becoming a means to reject their identities and cultures. I discuss these politico-nationalistic issues surrounding the 2003 Convention through the case of “Nevruz”, a very controversial festival in Turkey.

    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention, Cultural identity, Misappropriation

    • Country:

      Turkey

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Nawrouz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nowrouz, Nawrouz, Nauryz, Nooruz, Nowruz, Navruz, Nevruz, Nowruz, Navruz

    • Public URL:

      http://ejts.revues.org/5000 (2015-06-02)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Azoulay, A. (2018) Culture for the 2030 Agenda UNESCO (Ed.), UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Azoulay, A. (2018) Culture for the 2030 Agenda UNESCO (Ed.), UNESCO.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Azoulay, A.
      Title Culture for the 2030 Agenda
      Publisher UNESCO
      Year 2018
      Editor(s) UNESCO
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MARKS A MAJOR TURNING POINT IN THE DEVELOPMENT LANDSCAPE. UNIVERSAL, INCLUSIVE AND TRANSFORMATIVE, IT HERALDS A SHIFT FROM ASPIRATION TO ACTION. This bold new framework covers a broad set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets that form the backbone of global and national development action for the next 13 years. The relevance of culture to the 2030 Agenda is paramount. No development is sustainable without considering culture. The 2030 Agenda has opened up new avenues to integrate culture into policies for social and economic inclusion and environmental sustainability with innovative solutions that are state-owned. This means harnessing the power of culture to envisage and shape a more inclusive, just and equitable world. Culture, as a resource and a transversal tool, is crucial to achieving this transformative vision.Building on a long-standing commitment to culture and sustainable development, UNESCO has aligned its work in culture to better address sustainable development challenges and opportunities. Sustainable development has increasingly been integrated into the guidelines, policies and strategies of UNESCO’s six main Culture Conventions, recommendations and programmes. As such, it has shaped a range of activities, from tangible and intangible heritage, the diversity of cultural expressions and creative industries, to the fight against the illicit tracking of cultural goods and the protection of culture in armed conflict. Similarly, culture-driven initiatives have advanced development outcomes, evidenced through economic growth, job creation, quality education, environmental management, peace-building and well-being. To date, culture and development has been the subject of six UN resolutions, confirming culture’s role as both an enabler and a driver of sustainable development.In recent years, UNESCO has worked to articulate culture’s contribution to sustainable urban development. The integral role of culture for urban development is reflected throughout the New Urban Agenda and in SDG 11 to ensure that the cities of tomorrow are ‘inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable’. UNESCO will further build on this momentum to support the implementation of SDG 11 and its target 4 to ‘protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage’.

    • Themes:

      SDG 2: Zero Hunger, SDG 4: Quality Education, SDG 5: Gender Equality, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, SDG 13: Climate Action, SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-19)

    • Public URL:

      https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000264687

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baghli, S. A. (2004) The convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and new perspectives for the museum. IN ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage, 57. 15–17.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baghli, S. A. (2004) The convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and new perspectives for the museum. IN ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage, 57. 15–17.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Baghli, Sid Ahmed
      Journal ICOM News: Museums and Intangible Heritage
      Language English
      Number 4
      Pages 15--17
      Title The convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and new perspectives for the museum
      Volume 57
      Year 2004
    • Themes:

      2003 Convention genesis, Museums

    • Public URL:

      http://archives.icom.museum/pdf/E_news2004/p15_2004-4.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baghli, S. A. (2006) La préservation du patrimoine : l’exemple du palais du dey d’El Djazaïr. IN Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 150. 555–562.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baghli, S. A. (2006) La préservation du patrimoine : l’exemple du palais du dey d’El Djazaïr. IN Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 150. 555–562.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Baghli, Sid Ahmed
      Journal Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
      Language French
      Number 1
      Pages 555--562
      Title La préservation du patrimoine : l’exemple du palais du dey d’El Djazaïr
      Volume 150
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention, Cities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baillie, B. (2006) Conservation of the sacred at Angkor Wat: further reflections on living heritage. IN Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 8. 123–131.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baillie, B. (2006) Conservation of the sacred at Angkor Wat: further reflections on living heritage. IN Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 8. 123–131.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Baillie, B.
      ISSN 1350-5033
      Journal Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 123--131
      Title Conservation of the sacred at Angkor Wat: further reflections on living heritage
      Volume 8
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This article reflects on and complements the paper 'Conservation of a “living heritage site”: a contradiction in terms? A case study of Angkor World Heritage Site', published by Keiko Miura Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 7(1), (2005) 3–18. It develops further the notion of conserving sacred heritage in the light of a case study of Angkor Wat within the World Heritage site. Heritage management is always a balance between preserving different values – historic, aesthetic, use, spiritual, etc. Each of these categories of value has its own set of needs which are often not fully compatible with one another. Heritage management originally stemmed from the desire to protect the aesthetic and historic values of tangible heritage. Yet an over-emphasis on preserving these values alone is not tenable in a 'living heritage site'. At Angkor Wat it causes spiritual degradation and secularization. Highlighting instances in which this phenomenon has been apparent, this article suggests a way forward.

    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    • Country:

      Cambodia

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baillie, B. & Chippindale, C. (2006) Tangible-intangible cultural heritage: A sustainable dichotomy? The 7th Annual Cambridge Heritage Seminar, 13 May 2006. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK. IN Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 8. 174–176.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baillie, B. & Chippindale, C. (2006) Tangible-intangible cultural heritage: A sustainable dichotomy? The 7th Annual Cambridge Heritage Seminar, 13 May 2006. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK. IN Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 8. 174–176.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Baillie, Britt AND Chippindale, Christopher
      ISSN 1350-5033
      Journal Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites
      Language English
      Number 3
      Pages 174--176
      Title Tangible-intangible cultural heritage: A sustainable dichotomy? The 7th Annual Cambridge Heritage Seminar, 13 May 2006. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK
      Volume 8
      Year 2006
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bainton, N. A., Ballard, C., Gillespie, K. & Hall, N. (2011) Stepping Stones Across the Lihir Islands: Developing Cultural Heritage Management in the Context of a Gold-Mining Operation. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 81–110.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bainton, N. A., Ballard, C., Gillespie, K. & Hall, N. (2011) Stepping Stones Across the Lihir Islands: Developing Cultural Heritage Management in the Context of a Gold-Mining Operation. IN International Journal of Cultural Property, 18. 81–110.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bainton, Nicholas A. AND Ballard, Chris AND Gillespie, Kirsty AND Hall, Nicholas
      ISSN 1465-7317
      Journal International Journal of Cultural Property
      Language English
      Number 01
      Pages 81--110
      Title Stepping Stones Across the Lihir Islands: Developing Cultural Heritage Management in the Context of a Gold-Mining Operation
      Volume 18
      Year 2011
    • Abstract:

      Large-scale resource extraction projects often create obstacles for the protection, maintenance, and inheritance of indigenous cultural heritage. In this article we detail some of the challenges and opportunities arising from our collaborative partnership with the community of the Lihir Islands in Papua New Guinea, which is seeking to establish, inform, and resource a formal cultural heritage management program in the context of a large-scale gold-mining operation. The general approach to this collaborative venture involves the application of a specific development tool, the Stepping Stones for Cultural Heritage program. This consultative process is innovative in both Melanesia and the context of resource extraction, but also more generally within the field of cultural heritage. We describe the outcomes of this process and some of the initial pilot projects, one of which was based on the recording of traditional Lihirian songs. We also argue that while the mine places greater pressure upon Lihirian cultural heritage, it also presents Lihirians with the opportunity to realize a vision of their cultural future that is beyond the reach of many other indigenous communities.

    • Themes:

      Mining, Environment

    • Country:

      Papua New Guinea

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baird Jackson, J. (2015) UNESCO on the Ground: Local Perspectives on Global Policy for Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baird Jackson, J. (2015) UNESCO on the Ground: Local Perspectives on Global Policy for Intangible Cultural Heritage. IN Journal of Folklore Research, 52.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Editor(s) Foster, Michael Dylan
      Journal Journal of Folklore Research
      Language English
      Number 2-3
      Title UNESCO on the Ground: Local Perspectives on Global Policy for Intangible Cultural Heritage
      Volume 52
      Year 2015
      Author Baird Jackson, Jason
    • Abstract:

      For nearly 70 years, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has played a crucial role in developing policies and recommendations for dealing with intangible cultural heritage. What has been the effect of such sweeping global policies on those actually affected by them? How connected is UNESCO with what is happening every day, on the ground, in local communities? Drawing upon six communities ranging across three continents―from India, South Korea, Malawi, Japan, Macedonia and China―and focusing on festival, ritual, and dance, this volume illuminates the complexities and challenges faced by those who find themselves drawn, in different ways, into UNESCO’s orbit. Some struggle to incorporate UNESCO recognition into their own local understanding of tradition; others cope with the fallout of a failed intangible cultural heritage nomination. By exploring locally, by looking outward from the inside, the essays show how a normative policy such as UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage policy can take on specific associations and inflections. A number of the key questions and themes emerge across the case studies and three accompanying commentaries: issues of terminology; power struggles between local, national and international stakeholders; the value of international recognition; and what forces shape selection processes. With examples from around the world, and a balance of local experiences with broader perspectives, this volume provides a unique comparative approach to timely questions of tradition and change in a rapidly globalizing world.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Ethics, Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      China, India, Japan, Malawi, North Macedonia, Republic of Korea

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bakker, K. A. & Müller, L. (2010) Intangible heritage and community identity in post-apartheid South Africa. IN Museum International, LXII(62). 245–246.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bakker, K. A. & Müller, L. (2010) Intangible heritage and community identity in post-apartheid South Africa. IN Museum International, LXII(62). 245–246.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bakker, Karel Anthonie AND Müller, Liana
      Journal Museum International
      Language English
      Note africa
      Number 1-2
      Pages 245--246
      Title Intangible heritage and community identity in post-apartheid South Africa
      Volume LXII(62)
      Year 2010
    • Abstract:

      The recent geopolitical transformation in South Africa from a society in conflict to one embodying consensus invites inquiry into the use of heritage in the production of community identity, and the manner of commemoration and presentation of intangible heritage. This article presents case studies to indicate that there is an emerging shift away from hegemonic representation by the post‐apartheid state in the form of very tentative individual or community‐based expressions of struggle history.

    • Themes:

      Cultural identity, Community participation, Repressive policies

    • Country:

      South Africa

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bakker, K. A. & Müller, L. (2010) Patrimoine immatériel et identité communautaire dans l’Afrique du Sud post-apartheid. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 62. 51–59.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bakker, K. A. & Müller, L. (2010) Patrimoine immatériel et identité communautaire dans l’Afrique du Sud post-apartheid. IN Museum International (édition francaise), 62. 51–59.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bakker, Karel Anthonie AND Müller, Liana
      Journal Museum International (édition francaise)
      Language French
      Number 1?2
      Pages 51--59
      Title Patrimoine immatériel et identité communautaire dans l’Afrique du Sud post-apartheid
      Volume 62
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Cultural identity

    • Country:

      South Africa

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bamo, Q. (2008) On the Intangible Cultural Heritage: From Conceptualization to Practice. IN Ethnic Arts, 4. 6–7.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bamo, Q. (2008) On the Intangible Cultural Heritage: From Conceptualization to Practice. IN Ethnic Arts, 4. 6–7.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bamo, Qubumo
      Title On the Intangible Cultural Heritage: From Conceptualization to Practice
      Journal Ethnic Arts
      Year 2008
      Volume 4
      Pages 6-7
      month January
      Note in Chinese
      ISSN 1003-2568
    • Abstract:

      From the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972) to the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003), with the untiring efforts of UNESCO, the international community has been concerned with verbal/intangible/intangible cultural heritage, In particular, cultural expression and the function and value of communities' practice have been explored for a long time. Behind this 30-year journey, the cognition, attention and consensus on the Common Heritage of Humanity, especially “intangible cultural heritage (ICH),” have also deepened with the continuous expansion and extension of the conceptualization process. Therefore, from concept to practice, to review the unremitting efforts made by the international community and related academic circles, there are also many issues worthy of taking consideration and paying attention by scholars in our social sciences and humanities.

    • Suggested by:

      Qubumo Bamo (2019-11-22)

    • Public URL:

      DOI:10.16564/j.cnki.1003-2568.2008.01.012 (January 12 2008)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bamo, Q., Chao, G. & Niles, J. D. (2016) Documenting Living Oral Traditions: China’s Institute of Ethnic Literature as Case Study. IN Journal of American Folklore, 129. 270–287.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bamo, Q., Chao, G. & Niles, J. D. (2016) Documenting Living Oral Traditions: China’s Institute of Ethnic Literature as Case Study. IN Journal of American Folklore, 129. 270–287.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bamo, Qubumo AND Chao, Gejin AND Niles, John D.
      Title Documenting Living Oral Traditions: China’s Institute of Ethnic Literature as Case Study
      Journal Journal of American Folklore
      Year 2016
      Volume 129
      Number 513
      Pages 270-287
      month Summer
      ISSN 1535-1882
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The Institute of Ethnic Literature of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is in the forefront of efforts to record, document, and analyze the living oral traditions of China’s ethnic minorities, including works in the epic genre such as the three heroic epic cycles, namely the Gesar epic, the Janggar epic, and the Manas epic. In part, thanks to personal contacts between Chinese, North American, and European scholars, the Institute’s current research initiatives are formulated in close interaction with theoretical models known in the West. Moreover, these initiatives are grounded in a threefold “archive/base/network” approach to the living oral traditions of China as vital elements of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

    • Themes:

      Heritage institutions, Indigenous peoples, Minority groups, Oral traditions and expressions, SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities

    • Country:

      China

    • Suggested by:

      Qubumo Bamo (2019-11-22)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.muse.jhu.edu/article/629028 (2016-08-19)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Barbe, N. & Chauliac, M. (2015) Délibérations sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel Une expérience participative dans le parc naturel régional des ballons des Vosges. IN Pour, . 59–65.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Barbe, N. & Chauliac, M. (2015) Délibérations sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel Une expérience participative dans le parc naturel régional des ballons des Vosges. IN Pour, . 59–65.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Barbe, Noël AND Chauliac, Marina
      10.3917/pour.226.0059
      ISSN 0245-9442
      Journal Pour
      Language French
      Number 2015/2 (n°226)
      Pages 59--65
      Title Délibérations sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel Une expérience participative dans le parc naturel régional des ballons des Vosges
      Year 2015
    • Themes:

      Community participation, Environment

    • Country:

      France

    • Public URL:

      http://www.cairn.info/revue-pour-2015-2.htm

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Baron, R. (2016) Public Folklore Dialogism and Critical Heritage Studies. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 22. 588–606.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Baron, R. (2016) Public Folklore Dialogism and Critical Heritage Studies. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 22. 588–606.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Title Public Folklore Dialogism and Critical Heritage Studies
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Year 2016
      Volume 22
      Pages 588-606
      Author Baron , Robert
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Public folklore’s dialogic engagement with communities incorporates methodologies for sharing representational and interpretive authority, collaborative programme development, mutually constructed modes of presentation and stakeholder participation in policy-making. While recognising that heritage interventions inevitably involve power asymmetries, public folklore seeks to mitigate and diminish these imbalances as it develops approaches to enable communities to present their culture on their own terms. This paper explores dialogic public folklore practice through community self-documentation projects, folklife festivals, government folk arts funding programmes and a project promoting places of local cultural significance. It provides examples of the integration of multiple roles of public folklorists as scholars, administrators, producers of folklore presentations and government heritage officers. Public folklore praxis achieved through the integration of these roles is seen as a potential model for critical heritage studies praxis for scholars who are advisors and researchers in intangible cultural heritage (ICH) initiatives. Critical heritage scholars involved with ICH can learn from how public folklorists engage with communities and foster cultural self-determination. For public folklorists, collaboration and increased dialogue with critical heritage scholars could foster greater awareness of hegemonic discourses, reconceptualisation of the social base of ICH and recognition of the pitfalls of fostering economic development through heritage. Keywords: Intangible cultural heritage, public folklore, dialogism, critical heritage studies

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Unintended outcomes

    • Suggested by:

      Robert Baron (2020-03-06)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13527258.2016.1150320

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bazin de Jessey, L. (2002) Etre chevalier aujourd'hui : motivations pour servir au sein de l'ordre du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem Versailles, Mémoire /& Documents.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bazin de Jessey, L. (2002) Etre chevalier aujourd'hui : motivations pour servir au sein de l'ordre du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem Versailles, Mémoire /& Documents.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Versailles
      Author Bazin de Jessey, Laurent
      ISBN 2-914611-10-2
      Language French
      Publisher Mémoire /& Documents
      Title Etre chevalier aujourd'hui : motivations pour servir au sein de l'ordre du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem
      Year 2002

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Beardslee, T. (2016) Whom does heritage empower, and whom does it silence? Intangible cultural heritage at the Jemaa el Fnaa, Marrakech. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 22. 89–101.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Beardslee, T. (2016) Whom does heritage empower, and whom does it silence? Intangible cultural heritage at the Jemaa el Fnaa, Marrakech. IN International Journal of Heritage Studies, 22. 89–101.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Beardslee, Thomas
      Title Whom does heritage empower, and whom does it silence? Intangible cultural heritage at the Jemaa el Fnaa, Marrakech
      Journal International Journal of Heritage Studies
      Year 2016
      Volume 22
      Number 2
      Pages 89-101
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      Since the 2001–2005 Proclamations of Masterpieces and the highly successful 2003 Convention, the UNESCO paradigms of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) and safeguarding have become influential concepts in international, national and local cultural policy. But the thinking employed in the ICH model – where practitioners are ‘bearers’ of reified, bounded heritage practices – neglects the lived realities of practitioners, ultimately safeguarding little and potentially exacerbating existing inequalities. While the ICH model contains promises of community empowerment, its actual execution can in fact disempower many, merely replicating existing inequalities in the new context of ICH management. While existing literature addresses the theoretical shortcomings of UNESCO’s approach, the purpose of this article was to examine the ways in which they unfold in real life. As a practical case study, it is based on fieldwork among the performers at the Jemaa el Fnaa Square in Marrakech, a site addressed in the earliest rounds of the UNESCO ICH project. Using this case study, I discuss ways in which the issues of power inherent in the ICH paradigm have real consequences for those affected and implications for the success of the projects developed under its umbrella.

    • Themes:

      2003 Convention governance, Community participation, Economic and social development, Unintended outcomes, Diminishing participation

    • Country:

      Morocco

    • Related to one or more inscribed elements:

      Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna Square

    • Suggested by:

      Alice Thibault (2019-07-23)

    • Public URL:

      https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13527258.2015.1037333?journalCode=rjhs20

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Beazley, O. & Deacon, H. 2007. The Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage values under the World Heritage Convention: Auschwitz, Hiroshima and Robben Island.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Beazley, O. & Deacon, H. 2007. The Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage values under the World Heritage Convention: Auschwitz, Hiroshima and Robben Island.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Beazley, Olwen AND Deacon, Harriet
      Book title Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage - Challenges and Approches
      Editor(s) Blake, Janet E.
      Language English
      Pages 93--107
      Title The Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage values under the World Heritage Convention: Auschwitz, Hiroshima and Robben Island
      Year 2007
    • Themes:

      1972 Convention

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bedjaoui, M. (2004) La convention portant sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : un cadre juridique et des principes universellement reconnus. IN Museum international, 56. 150–155.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bedjaoui, M. (2004) La convention portant sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : un cadre juridique et des principes universellement reconnus. IN Museum international, 56. 150–155.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bedjaoui, M.
      Journal Museum international
      Language French
      Number 221-222
      Pages 150--155
      Title La convention portant sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel : un cadre juridique et des principes universellement reconnus
      Volume 56
      Year 2004
    • Abstract:

      Stresses the value of intangible cultural heritage as it embodies the identities of people. On that point, the author expresses that heritage is to nations what the soul is to human beings. This exceptional and fragile cultural diversity deserves to be protected against the dangers of globalization. The new international, standardized instrument, using the 1972 Convention as a model, was intended to ensure that intangible heritage retains its vitality and flexibility, somewhere between tradition and innovation. In that spirit, the 2003 Convention was created. Its founding basis is deemed realistic and capable of reconciling contradictory demands. Furthermore, the safeguarding of intangible heritage will contribute to 'cultural sustainability', which is an essential element for the sustainable development of humanity and therefore an indication of responsibility towards its preservation for future generations.

    • Themes:

      Community participation, Cultural identity, 1972 Convention, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bellagamba, A. (2006) Before It Is Too Late: Constructing an Archive of Oral Sources and a National Museum in Independent Gambia. IN Africa Today, 52. 29–52.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bellagamba, A. (2006) Before It Is Too Late: Constructing an Archive of Oral Sources and a National Museum in Independent Gambia. IN Africa Today, 52. 29–52.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bellagamba, Alice
      ISSN 00019887
      Journal Africa Today
      Language English
      month #jul#
      Note ArticleType: research-article / Issue Title: Memory and the Formation of Political Identities in West Africa / Full publication date: Summer, 2006 / Copyright © 2006 Indiana University Press
      Number 4
      Pages 29--52
      Title Before It Is Too Late: Constructing an Archive of Oral Sources and a National Museum in Independent Gambia
      Volume 52
      Year 2006
    • Abstract:

      This article discusses the cultural policy of the Republic of the Gambia in the aftermath of independence. It illustrates the establishment of an archive of oral sources and a national museum, considers the institutional and intellectual vision that inspired their creation, and comments on their relationships to internal political developments and external debates on the relevance of African sources for the reconstruction of African history. At the core of both initiatives was the idea of providing the emerging nation with a decolonized representation of its past, recovering the tangible and intangible expressions of the cultural and historical heritage of the Gambia River. The subsequent developments of the two institutions are analyzed, showing the declining interest for oral sources and the rise of "heritage politics," determined more by the needs of promoting The Gambia in the tourist market than by an appreciation of the complexities and richness of the country's cultural heritage.

    • Themes:

      Oral traditions and expressions

    • Country:

      Gambia

    • Public URL:

      http://www.jstor.org/stable/4187738

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bender, J. (2014) Intangible Heritage in the Maritime Realm: The Pedagogy of Functional Preservation. IN NU, .

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bender, J. (2014) Intangible Heritage in the Maritime Realm: The Pedagogy of Functional Preservation. IN NU, .

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bender, James
      Title Intangible Heritage in the Maritime Realm: The Pedagogy of Functional Preservation
      Journal NU
      Year 2014
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      The preservation and maintenance of locally built, handcrafted vessels is costly and time consuming, with skills of construction and operation both esoteric and rare. Functionally, such craft may be unable to fulfil their original missions to fish, carry cargo, or serve as a platform for other maritime trade. With modernization, the loss of local vessels is imminent, as are the skills, songs, work ethic and stories associated with them. This paper provides a conceptual framework for describing this quickly changing cultural dynamic, focusing on how vessel-related cultural knowledge in Croatia is preserved and transformed through various types of educational and interpretive practices.

    • Themes:

      Traditional craftsmanship

    • Suggested by:

      Simone Toji (2019-10-19)

    • Public URL:

      http://adriatic-maritime.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Bender-2.pdf

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bendix, R. (2009) Heritage between economy and politics. IN Intangible heritage: Routledge, London, New York, . 253–269.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bendix, R. (2009) Heritage between economy and politics. IN Intangible heritage: Routledge, London, New York, . 253–269.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bendix, Regina
      Journal Intangible heritage: Routledge, London, New York
      Language English
      Pages 253--269
      Title Heritage between economy and politics
      Year 2009
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bendix, R. F. 2016. Daily Bread, Global Distinction? The German Bakers’ Craft and Cultural Value-Enhancement Regimes.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bendix, R. F. 2016. Daily Bread, Global Distinction? The German Bakers’ Craft and Cultural Value-Enhancement Regimes.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bendix, Regina F.
      Title Daily Bread, Global Distinction? The German Bakers’ Craft and Cultural Value-Enhancement Regimes
      Book title Edible Identities: Food As Cultural Heritage
      Year 2016
      Editor(s) Ronda L. Brulotte, Michael A. Di Giovine, Professor Brian Graham
      Pages 185-201
      Publisher Routledge
      Language English
    • Abstract:

      From this cluster of press reports, inquiries, and facts on a potential bread- nomination, a number of research questions arise about the contemporary processes surrounding the “valuation of culture,” which I wish to address in turn. The goals pursued by the various actors involved are worthy of serious consideration, as they provide insight into what has been set loose by a now 40-year-old “World Cultural Heritage” regime and parallel value-added procedures. To shed light on the German bakers’ actions, I will examine why these actors develop the ambition to render a basic foodstuff into world cultural heritage. I will also study the role the state has been allotted within UNESCO’s heritage conventions and follow with an examination of the role that ethnological and anthropological fields of inquiry have played—or not played—in this particular heritage-making endeavor. Finally, I will probe the motivation of the German bakers more deeply and lay open the rationale for pursuing a UNESCO nomination for intangible cultural heritage for German breads rather than pushing for any other extant value-added regime.

    • Themes:

      Food, Heritage institutions, International tensions, Market economy, Traditional craftsmanship, Industrial production, SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production, 1972 Convention, Other international framework

    • Country:

      Germany

    • Suggested by:

      Kavya Iyer Ramalingam (2019-11-21)

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Bendrups, D., Barney, K. & Grant, C. (2013) An introduction to sustainability and ethnomusicology in the Australiasian context. IN Musicology Australia, Special Issue : Music Culture and sustainabillity. 153–158.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Bendrups, D., Barney, K. & Grant, C. (2013) An introduction to sustainability and ethnomusicology in the Australiasian context. IN Musicology Australia, Special Issue : Music Culture and sustainabillity. 153–158.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Bendrups, Dan and Barney, Katelyn and Grant, Catherine
      Journal Musicology Australia
      Language English
      Number 35 (2)
      Pages 153--158
      Title An introduction to sustainability and ethnomusicology in the Australiasian context
      Volume Special Issue : Music Culture and sustainabillity
      Year 2013

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Benhamou, F. (2010) L'inscription au patrimoine mondial de l'humanité. IN Revue Tiers Monde, . 113–130.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Benhamou, F. (2010) L'inscription au patrimoine mondial de l'humanité. IN Revue Tiers Monde, . 113–130.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Author Benhamou, F.
      Journal Revue Tiers Monde
      Language French
      Number 2
      Pages 113--130
      Title L'inscription au patrimoine mondial de l'humanité
      Year 2010
    • Themes:

      Lists of the 2003 Convention

    • Country:

      Lao People's Democratic Republic

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

  • Benhamou, F. & Cornu, M. (2010) Le patrimoine culturel au risque de l'immatériel : enjeux juridiques, culturels, économiques. Actes du colloque organisé par l'Institut national du patrimoine à Paris, les 3 et 4 avril 2008 national du patrimoine, I. (Ed.), Paris, l'Harmattan.

    • Bibliographic citation:

      Benhamou, F. & Cornu, M. (2010) Le patrimoine culturel au risque de l'immatériel : enjeux juridiques, culturels, économiques. Actes du colloque organisé par l'Institut national du patrimoine à Paris, les 3 et 4 avril 2008 national du patrimoine, I. (Ed.), Paris, l'Harmattan.

    • Bibliographic data:

      Postal address Paris
      Benhamou, Françoise and Cornu, Marie
      Editor(s) Institut national du patrimoine
      ISBN 978-2-296-13787-5
      Language French
      Note couv. ill. 24 cm.
      Publisher l'Harmattan
      Series Droit du patrimoine culturel et naturel
      Title Le patrimoine culturel au risque de l'immatériel : enjeux juridiques, culturels, économiques. Actes du colloque organisé par l'Institut national du patrimoine à Paris, les 3 et 4 avril 2008
      Year 2010
      Author Benhamou, Françoise AND Cornu, Marie
    • Themes:

      Economic and social development, Legislation

    The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The designations employed and the presentation in the texts and documents referenced in this bibliography do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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